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happen in the spring when it is time to plant sugar? Where will planters get money for that? You see what a crisis impends. The planter is at the end of his resources now; that is, he can have his present crop ground, but unless something is done for him, for Cuba, he has no hope for another crop.

“Now turn to this view of the case. On a plantation there are, say, a thousand employees. That means that fully 5,000 persons are dependent upon the plantation for their living. Stop work on the plantation—and whence will come the food for those 5.000 ?

“Are the men going to starve if there is any possible way in which to obtain food ? There are communities of thousands in Cuba in which there are no police officers, and not a chicken or a cow is stolen from one year's end to another. Will this condition continue if you throw the people out of employment? No, both the cow and the chicken would go in a moment. And there you have brigandage. President Roosevelt knows how much trouble a thousand or fire hundred men can make in a province if they set out stealing."

The New York Tribune (Rep.) says:

“Cuban purchases from the United States are decreasing, while Cuban purchases from Europe, especially from Great Britain and Germany, are increasing. That is the salient and significant feature of the situation. In 1899 we sold to Cuba $36,

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HE severer morals of our day menace even the supremacy of

Santa Claus, and the question is being seriously debated whether parents are justified in deceiving their children by making them believe that the Christmas legend is a true story. Says The Sunday-School Times (Philadelphia):

"A child's imagination is far more active than an older person's. And a child, even a very young child, knows the difference between fact and fancy, between dead literalism and the use of the imagination. It is therefore true that a child ought to be indulged in the proper exercise of his imagination or fancy in connection with Christmas and its enjoyments. But it is also true that a child, even a very young child, knows the difference between fancy and falsity, between 'making believe,' or pretending, and telling what is wholly untrue; and therefore it is not proper to overstep the line between fancy and falsity in dealing with a child, so that the child shall have his confidence shaken in the one whom he ought to trust absolutely. ..

"Christmas is the day observed in commemoration of the human birth of our Lord and Savior. It is fittingly observed by the giving of gifts, as Jesus was the Gift of gifts. The watching for gifts, at this season, and the wondering what they may be, meets the pleasant imaginings of the children. The securing and trimming of a Christmas tree, and keeping the sight of it from the children until Christmas Day, or the hanging and filling of the stockings of various members of the family after night has shut in on Christmas Eve, gives added play to the imagination of the little folks. Even the introduction of St. Nicholas, or Santa Claus, as a message-bearer and a gift-bringer, with words of 'make-believe' like those concerning ‘Jack Frost' on the window-pane, may be accepted, without harm to any, if all be properly said by parents and understood by children.

“But if the children be previously told as a reality that St. Nicholas, or Santa Claus, comes in his sleigh, drawn by reindeer to the house-top, and then comes down the chimney to give his gifts, or fill the stockings, that is a falsehood, as distinct from a fancy as to an imaginary personality, and there is harm, and only harm, in the deception."

The Chicago Tribune thinks that Santa's gray hairs, if nothing else, should protect his august personality from the hands of the vandals. “He has lived to see automobiles preferred to reindeer as a means of locomotion," it continues, “and to have his travels through chimneys marred by the odors from gas logs, yet he has persisted in his benevolent habits in spite of these drawbacks, and it seems a pity to add anything more to his pack of miseries." The Louisville Post pretends to stand aghast at any proposal to limit Santa Claus's dominion. It says:

“No child was ever the worse for Santa Claus. Kindness begets kindness; generosity begets generosity. Deceit finds no door here. As well speak of the injury done by Æsop's fables or the Arabian Nights. If Santa Claus is to be abolished, then abolish Robinson Crusoe and Alice in Wonderland and Lamb's Tales from Shakespeare, and King Arthur, and all the legendary tales of loyalty and love, truth and valor.

What, close the chimney to Santa Claus? What, refuse under orders to the police to permit the reindeer to use the roofs of our houses as their eternal thoroughfare? No stockings by the fireside! No watching for the first light of a Christmas morning! No fond delusions as to gift and giver! Notree made bright with stars of silver and lighted candles ! No hushed awe at the sound of distant bells drawing nearer! No breathless watching of door or chimney! No stranger, yet friend, clothed in the furs of the north, his beard white with the snows of many Christmases, but his eyes bright with love eternal! None of these! No whisper from the young. 'I am glad you came!' No waiting for the dawn of truth dispensing truth's twilight! These are among the dearest memories of those who dare remember. These are the soberest, sweetest, truest influences that mold life and character, under whose teachings truths ‘wake to perish never.""


A POLITE CROWD. EACH TO THE OTHER: "You first, my dear friend, you first!”

The Minneapolis Journal.

773,657 worth of goods, and in 1900 only $32, 197,019 worth, a loss of $4,576,638 in one year. This year the loss will probably be still greater. In the eight months ending with February, 1900, our sales to Cuba amounted to $24,415,649, and in the eight months ending with February, 1901, they amounted to only $19,050,457, a loss of $5,365, 192 in two-thirds of a year, or at the rate of $8,047,788 in a year. At the same time the British and German sales to Cuba increased from $11,855,915 to $13,446, 104, a gain of $1,590, 189 in eight months, or at the rate of $2,385,283 in a year. In 1900 the sales of those two countries to Cuba were three times as great as they were in 1895.

"That is the condition, as well as the theory, which confronts us in Cuba. It would seem to be high time for the farmers, manufacturers, and merchants of the United States to determine what they are going to do about it. There seems to be only one thing to do that will be consistent with both honor and interest. That is to make such a reciprocal arrangement with Cuba as will assure to us the major portion of her trade. Such an arrangement was made in 1890, under the direction of Harrison, McKinley, and Blaine, with the result that our sales to Cuba were doubled in two years. Republicans should not be afraid to restore the provisions of the McKinley bill. Americans should not refuse to free and independent Cuba that which they granted to a colony of Spain."

MR. CARNEGIE's Christmas lasts all the year round. The New York World.

CUBA's letter to Santa Claus is a long one. Also, Cuba's stockings will be found over the fireplace Christmas, New Year's, Fourth of July, Sun. days, holidays, and St. Patrick's day in the morning. - The Chicago News.

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ing to realize it. The Bible is one long series of such dreams, the means of extending them; but they are unclassified, unsortfrom the dream of Eden, the perfect country, at the beginning, ed, and unsystematized. To search for knowledge there is like to the dream of the New Jerusalem, the perfect city, at the end. trying to find pearls in a junkshop. It may be there, but it is The ancient Hebrews, forced to make bricks in captivity by the not accessible. With about $8,000,000 annually arailable for Egpytians, dreamed of a Promised Land, flowing with milk and the promotion of scientific research, there is evidently an unecohoney, where there should be plenty for all, and where each man nomical employment of the money. It is not wasted. Doubtless should enjoy the fruit of his labor. When finally under Moses the best use possible, under present conditions, is made of it. they struck against their tyrannical employers and their great But the conditions are haphazard and clumsy. The situation strike resulted in victory, they followed this dream across the may be likened to a splendid industrial plant all ready for the desert, and that great law-giver tried his best to make it a real- wheels to be set running, but standing silent and motionless for ity, and the great Sabbath idea which he wove into his legisla- lack of power. Mr. Carnegie now comes forward and proposes tion had this object in view. In Egypt, the Hebrews had worked to furnislı the power.” seven days in the week, as workmen still do in the Delta. The

Whether the "power" thus furnished is sufficient, however, is fourth commandment was a labor statute, establishing a six-day week, just as we pass law's fixing an eight-hour day. In Illinois

questioned by the Washington correspondent of the New York they have declared an eight-hour factory law for women uncon

Tribune, who says: stitutional, because it takes away their inalienable right to work While $10,000,000 is a very large sum of money, yet those twenty-four hours a day. On that principle they would have to

who are acquainted with the great educational institutions of this declare the fourth commandment unconstitutional, too."

country do not regard it as sufficient to establish such an instituNow, the writer goes on to say, the Sabbath has become tion on a basis that will give it a world-wide standing. It has day of imprisonment and restraint," with no suggestion of justice

been said that this sum of money is equal to the endowment of

Harvard University, for instance. While that is true, yet Harto the laborer. The Mosaic jubilee was an extension of the Sab

vard, it is said, in its buildings and grounds, has property worth bath idea , yet when Queen Victoria wanted a jubilee she could

probably $20,000,000. In addition to that, Harvard University think of no better way to celebrate than by marching troops has about four thousand students, and each of these students is through the streets of London all day long! Nevertheless the worth $150 a year to the university. This gives an enormous dreamers, including Christ, have continued to dream of a king- income, so it is probable that the $10,000,000 offered by Mr. Cardom of heaven that is to come upon earth. Mr. Crosby contin

negie for this purpose would have to be supplemented in order to

make the great university to be founded by him adequate to the ues :

educational facilities that would be expected from it. But this "And the Christmas festival has kept more of the original fla- fact is not regarded as of great consequence by those who are vor of tbat gospel than any other institution of the church. It friendly to the suggestion, as there is a firm feeling that the reinspires still a genuine feeling of good-will toward men. The mainder of the assistance the university may need will be readily gifts to children and to friends, the good dinners in asylums and forthcoming in the course of time." prisons, the gay Christmas-trees and lighted candles, are all symbols of a happier state of society of which we ought to go on

The Philadelphia Press comments on the Carnegie gift as foldreaming until it is established on earth as it is in heaven, for

lows: what is heaven but the ideal toward which we should be strug

"Mr. Carnegie has accomplished the difficult task in the crowdgling? Yes, dreaming is the duty, perhaps the most important ed field of education of duplicating nothing. He has found a duty of man. The man who dreams right, points the way that want. He has met it. Nothing like his proposed foundation the world will travel. If we ever lose that vision of justice and

exists anywhere. It is needed everywhere. Popular institutions fellowship which has ever shown itself to the greatest poets and

and free competition have produced it. Once more freedom and prophets and lovers of their kind, we shall become as the beasts

a free chance are justified of their children. of the field and cease to stand for humanity."

“A new university the country does not need, tho more than one old one needs more money. A mere university at Washing

ton would be a dubious advantage to education. For the FedPRINCELY GIFTS TO EDUCATION.

eral Government to found it would be most unwise.

“A research university the country needs. It is needed above WO gifts that, as the New York Tribune says, “must excite all else in the field of education. Clark University promised to

wonder and admiration even among the American people," do much; but its endowment is inadequate, and other conditions, were made last week by Mrs. Jane L. Stanford and Andrew

into which it is needless to enter, impose a narrowing environ

For its first fifteen years Johns Hopkins was primarily Carnegie. Mrs. Stanford's gift of $30,000,000 to the Leland

for research. It did much. None ever did more. But as its enStanford University in California is said to be the largest gist on

dowment diminished through the wreck of the Baltimore & Ohio record to the cause of education, and, as the New York Evening Railroad, and the claims of its undergraduate department grew, Post says, it makes that university “the richest institution of its resources for research were cut at both ends. learning in the United States, and probably in the world.” It "To the measure of its resources, each of our large universiexcites less comment than the smaller Carnegie gift, lowever, ties does something for pure research-Harvard probably most

of all. Columbia in this field ranks close. Chicago is steadily because the $30,000,000 has long been intended for the Stanford

productive. Research depends almost altogether on sheer University, and because Mr. Carnegie's gift of $10,000,000

ability. No university can stand far to the front in this field founds a new and unique institution. The Chicago Tribune,

without conspicuous figures in its faculty who outclass the men which keeps a record of great gifts to education, says that "dur- in their calling Research by dull men is but a dull thing. ing the present year 149 institutions of learning have been giv- “Able men a research university can secure. Men in it will en sums ranging from $5,000 to millions," and that “the total to not be dried up by teaching. They will be free from the exdate foots up to $81,415,220!” This makes the year 1901 "the

hausting pressure of classroom work. Their time will be enough

at command for long, far-reaching plans. A stimulating atmosrecord-breaker" in this regard, it says, and it asks what other

phere of fresh discovery will pervade such an institution. The country on earth can equal it.

pick of the land, not to say the world, can be secured for such a "The University of the United States,” which Mr. Carnegie university as Mr. Carnegie proposes to found. desires to found at Washington, is not to compete with other col- “Research is not much in the public mind. It is little enleges and universities, but is to be a post-graduate institution, dowed. But there is no science to-day in which there are not a where men who have already completed the courses that other

group of problems waiting for the long, patient work of men with colleges have to offer can come to pursue original investigation.

nothing to do but interrogate nature. If the government of the

new institution is properly guarded, if it is placed in the lands Says the Boston Transcript:

of men guiding other universities, the new research university “There are at Washington splendid educational resources, and will cap and crown our whole system of education with one



supreme, beneficent, well-ordered place, where knowledge is sought solely for its own sake, independent of all other considerations. Such a university will raise the level of the intellectual life of the nation and carry one step farther the vital organization of its resources. Elsewhere men will study, teach, and learn. In Carnegie University men will discover and the worid will learn."



HOSE who remember the resolute fight that the majority

of the newspapers, Republican and Democratic, made against the Frye-Hanna-Payne shipping subsidy bill in the last Congress will be interested to know that the new bill, introduced into the Senate on the 9th by Senator Frye, is meeting with a very cool reception. It is admitted by its enemies that the present bill is better than the last one, but such financial journals as the New York Journal of Commerce and Evening Post, and such Republican papers as the New York Press, the Philadelphia Ledger, the Chicago Inter Ocean, and the Chicago Tribune, and practically all the Independent and Democratic press, score the measure me

mercilessly. Among the inprovements in the new measure are counted the absence of the provision requiring the Secretary of the Treasury to sign twenty-year contracts to pay the subsidies to the shipowners; the new uniform scale granting the same subsidy rate to all vessels, fast or slow; the provision that a large fraction of the crew of a vessel receiving subsidy shall be Americans; and the requirement that each vessel subsidized shall carry one boy for each 1,000 tons gross register, to be trained in seamanship or engineering. A change that is considered to be for the worse is the omission of the proviso contained in the last biil that not more than $9,000,000 should be paid for subsidies' in any one year. In the present bill no limit is placed. Other changes in the new bill are an increased rate for carrying the mails, graded according to tonnage and speed ; an extra subsidy during the next five years for new vessels, and an annual bounty of $2 a ton

for deep-sea fishing-vessels, and of $1 a month for American citizens when engaged in deep-sea fishing.

The Baltimore Sun (Ind.) terms the measure an “unjustifiable grab," and the Detroit Free Press (Ind. Dem.) calls it “a brazen attempt to

loot the Government.”. The Baltimore American (Ind.) remarks: “Congress has not seen fit to offer the farmer a bounty of fifty cents a bushel on his corn, nor has it deemed it necessary to offer to the wage-earner a ten-per-cent. increase of his daily wages. This would be positively horrifying to the majority of Congressmen, and yet in principle it is the same as giving away the money of the people to a trust for building ships.” “If we can not build and sail ships in competition with the foreigner except at a loss,” observes the Detroit Journal (Rep.). “the fact of loss is not changed by forcing the general taxpayer to make up the difference between the cost of running a foreign-built ship and one built and manned at home"; and the Chicago Tribune (Rep.), commenting on the same point, says that “the proposition to coax Americans by subsidy grants to engage in a losing business does not commend itself to sensible business-men, who do not like to see capital sunk in unprofit. able enterprises.” The Louisville Courier-Journal (Dem.) says:

“The American shipyards are full of work and can not take contracts for immediate delivery. The owners of American ships are prosperous. There is no scarcity of ships in the foreign trade, but, on the contrary, more ships than cargoes. Freight rates are extremely low, grain being carried across the Atlantic as low as a penny a bushel. The interest of exporters does not demand the passage of this bill. Its object is simply to pay certain people who are doing a remunerative business higher profits. There is no reason why one particular branch of business should be singled out for this sort of favoritism."

Turning to the arguments in favor of the bill, the Pittsburg Chronicle- Telegraph (Ind.) says:

“There is no argument or sophistry of the enemies of a ship subsidy bill that can make it plain why this Government should longer submit to the singular anomaly of being a great leader in the commercial and industrial world, and yet suffer only a trilling and insignificant portion of its great commerce to be carried in ships of American build and ownership. Senator Frye's measure is a hopeful indication that Congress will seriously address

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itself to the task of remedying this great national error during Times calls it a "wild proposition " that is “utterly out of harthe present session."

mony with all civilized and modern ideas.” The Salt Lake Tribune (Ind. Rep.) says:

The scheme is indorsed by a number of conservative and influWe hope to see Senator Frye's bill passed ; if not as he in

ential journals. The Chicago Evening Post says: “This is certroduced it, then in amended form. All other branches of tainly an interesting and original suggestion, and if this free and American industry are at their greatest activity and profit. popular Government should, after full discussion, decide to They were put in that condition by the tariff. Without protec- adopt it, there is little doubt that Germany. France and othertion, our industries would be as dead as is American shipping. far less advanced-countries would gladly cooperate." "The The time has come to endow.that with new life, and to exemplity

experiment is well worth the trial," declares the Chicago Jouragain to the world that the American principle, so much derided

nal, “and we most sincerely hope that Senator Hoar will reduce and scorned in Europe (but followed as to ships and in many other lines), is sufficient to revive and make strong American

his suggestion to the form of a bill that Congress can pass.” The shipping, even as it has overshadowed the world with American

Kansas City Journal paints in vivid colors its idea of what manufactures."

would happen on Anarchy island. It says:

As a matter of fact, an Anarchist community, conducted upon

Anarchist principles, would be a diminutive hell. Might and AN ISLAND FOR THE ANARCHISTS.

greed would rule supreme. There would be no protection of life

or property and no respect for any human rights. Murder, rape, MONG the various suggestions made in Congress for rid

plundering, and every species of outrage would make short work ding the country of Anarchists, none has attracted so

of the settlement—if the wretched group of castaways should much attention as Senator Hoar's proposal that they be banished ever attain to the dignity of a settlement. There would be no to some far-away isle of the sea, where they can be allowed to industry, no production, no means of sustaining livelihood, for work out their ideas without harming anybody else. Anarchist

who would be at the trouble of laboring when there was no secur

ity for the results of labor? Starvation would speedily claim as gatherings in Chicago and New York, in the last two or three

victims the few who succeeded in resisting the encroachments of weeks, in which the name of Czolgosz has been cheered, have

their desperate fellows. The Anarchists know all this. They added to the feeling that some repressive measures should be

would regard as appalling any effort to take them away from the taken; but there does not seem to be any general agreement protection of laws and government they hate. They don't want upon a remedy. The New Orleans Times-Democrat thinks that to be deported. They don't want to be segregated upon any Senator Hoar's plan “will enlist the approval not only of the island or anywhere else. Already in New York they are searchAmerican people, but of all peoples whose governments have

ing for legal obstacles to save them from the operation of the leg

islation proposed in Congress. been assailed by the red hand of Anarchy," and adds that it dem

“What the Anarchists desire is the privilege of remaining unonstrates once more that he is “in intellectual insight and in

der a civilized government with full license to assault its rulers moral height, equaled by few members of the higher branch of

and its institutions. Illogical as such a demand is, that is what the national legislature.” On the other hand, the New York they insist on and what they will strenuously contend for. But

the American people have tolerated that condition of things as long as they are going to. The evil is going to be remedied, and it is going to be remedied speedily. Congress may or may not adopt Senator Hoar's plan, but it

will handle Anarchy with a strong hand. The NON-COM BREIVERY

disciples of Most and Goldman have assassi-

nated one President too many."

Many papers agree with the New York
Times, quoted above, that Senator Hoar's

scheme is ridiculous. The New York Eve.FRENCH SECTION


ning Post declares that “it is hard to discuss SECTION the matter seriously,” and the Springfield

Republican observes: “Mr. Hoar's Anarchy island would teach no new lesson-not even to the Anarchist of any intelligence. Whether

it could serve any other useful purpose is AMERICAN SECTION

decidedly doubtful. At least as effective in restraining violent Anarchy, and no more op

pressive, would be a home prison, and to this GERMAN

conclusion the discussion of the matter will ZWCOZ


finally circle around.” Other papers wonder SPANISH

how the officers will tell an Anarchist when

they see one. "Anarchy of certain sorts,"



BADEN remarks the Chicago Record-Herald, "boasts

VERBOTEN that it is mild and gentle and that it would ANARCHY ISLE | FORBIDDEN

not harm a fly, much less a human being. THE MODERN UTOPIA


Anarchy as a general term is too indefinite to



serve for a criminal definition." And the New York Sun says: “If there were any physical

mark by which the Anarchist and the potential A BAS EVERYTHING

assassin or incendiary could be identified, the idea of a distant penal colony might be a promising one. As it is, the proper subject for de

portation could be identified in most cases "ANARCHY ISLE," SUGGESTED BY SENATOR HOAR.

- The Chicago Record-Herald. only by his own confession, or by a process

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