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FOREIGN TOPICS.

are as far advanced from a cultural standpoint as were the German Jews at the end of the eighteenth century. Old World no

tions die slowly, but the world does move, and the attempt to GREEK GOSPELS AND ATHENIAN STUDENTS. hide from the great mass of the people that which they want to HE agitation in a section of the Greek press for a translation

know is bound to fail in Athens, or in any other place where the THE

slightest trace of the modern spirit prevails. into vernacular modern Greek of the Gospel narratives,

“It may be that some of the opponents of the proposed translaafter precipitating riot and bloodshed in Athens, has led to the

tion are actuated by a desire to preserve classical Greek from fall of the ministry. The bewilderment of the European news- virtual extinction in the land which was its home and in which papers at the progress of events has given The Standard (Lon- its imperishable literature was created. The object is a laudable don) an opportunity to enlighten public opinion as follows: one, but there are other and better ways of accomplishing it.

The Mendelssohnian translation did not lessen the knowledge “There seems to be little mystery about the origin of the disor

of Hebrew amongst the Jews of Germany. That came as a ders. The Greeks have been threatened with an unwelcome

result of religious indifference, lack of historic pride, and a failchange in their religious ritual, a point on which all peoples have

ure to appreciate the value of a priceless heritage."Translation ever been sensitive. The populace has become very excited, and

made for The LITERARY DIGEST. there has been no want of agitators to profit by its anger. Students who cherish the use of the old language because it is supposed to be a standing proof of the direct connection of their race

GERMANY'S LATEST DUELING SENSATION. with the ancient Greeks have been joined by members of the opposition who saw a chance of damaging the Government."

OURNALS of every shade of opinion in the Kaiser's empire.

find in the Insterburg duel a topic of absorbing interest.. After stating that “the Greek Premier and his colleagues have

The Frankfurter Zeitung, declaring that “the more one learns taken the correct course” in resigning, this paper resumes:

of the affair the more abhorrent it becomes," states the facts of “A cry has been raised that the new authorized version which

the case as follows: has been favored by Queen Olga, who was a Russian Grand Duchess, is part of a scheme to discredit the Greek Church by

“Lieutenant Blaskowitz, shortly befo the time fixed for his depriving it of the cherished privilege of using the Scriptures in

contemplated marriage, gives his comrades a parting feast. the language believed to have been actually spoken by the apos

Two of his guests take him to his door, return later to look after tles. There may be a great deal which is overstrained and un

him, and when they try to set the slumbering man upon his feet fair in all this. Her Majesty is probably quite innocent of any

he, without realizing what is taking place, hits out with his fists. intrigue of this description, and has advocated the use of the

The day following, he retains no idea of what happened. This modern tongue from a pure desire for the good of her subjects.

is the whole incident, and it is laid by the two officers, without But, tho we are quite prepared to believe that this is the case,

any notice to their comrade and host, before the court of honor. we fail to see what justification there can be for ministers who

The latter summons Blaskowitz back to Insterburg on the eve of failed to point out the dangers of such an innovation. It is the

his wedding day. Blaskowitz does all that a man of honor can business of men who govern in all countries to know what their

do. He was willing to offer an ample apology, and the other countrymen cherish and believe. M. Theotokis and his col

two should have been satisfied. But the court of honor evidently leagues have manifestly failed to show the needful care in avoid

did not deem this adequate. . . . Yet if it was really decided in ing causes of offense. It is idle to argue that the Greeks would

the Insterburg affair that, owing to an insult from a sleeping í be better for hearing the Testament in the language of ordinary

man—which serious people can scarcely regard as an insult at | life, and not in an ancient tongue which can only be understood

all-a duel was unavoidable, then a heavy responsibility rests. by those who are especially educated. They detest the change,

upon those who had a share in the decision.” and that is sufficient reason why it should not be attempted.” “The thing cries to heaven !" With these words the conservaAthenian newspapers which have urged the desirability of the

tire Vossische Zeitung (Berlin). opens its editorial treatment of objectionable translations, notably the Akropolis and the Asty,

the theme. It proceeds: do not abandon their position. This inspires The Pilot (Lon

"The affair must move every man of principle deeply. ... don) to observe of the modernized Greek Testament that “if its

Was it called for? Did this promising, highly capable officer, language is that of the modern Greek newspaper, the rioters

the true and faithful comrade, really have to go untimely to his

grave? Was the unfortunate father, was the unhappy bride, have some excuse." Le Temps (Paris) comments upon the com

called upon to undergo this ordeal? Had it to be? If the anpleteness of the triumph of the Athenian students:

swer be 'yes,' then every father must tremble when his son be“They have not only secured the suspension of a metropolitan

comes an officer. For what happened to Kurt Blaskowitz may who did not excommunicate quickly enough to suit them, but

happen to any other officer.” they have upset a ministry which had an undoubted majority in The clerical Germania (Berlin) refers to the affair as "the Inthe Chamber."

sterburg duel murder," and the agrarian Deutsche Tages-Of the new Premier, Thrasybulus Zaimis, the same authority Zeitung (Berlin) says that “if the circumstances are correctly speaks in favorable terms, altho doubt of the duration of his min- reported, the decision of the court of honor is absolutely incomistry is apparent:

prehensible.” “He is a moderate conservative, whose loyalty to the dynasty

Other German papers recall with expressions of approval the is beyond question. He signed the treaty of peace with Turkey, fact that, some sixty years ago, the Prince Consort and the Duke and also the financial statute. He seems to be depended upon in of Wellington brought about the abolition of dueling amongst high circles to end an unfortunate crisis, to bestow upon Greece English officers. Reference is also made to the German Emperor's the moral credit which is even more essential to her than the

cabinet order of January 1, 1897, in which courts of honor are ! financial credit she can not dispense with, and finally to accom

urged to effect a peaceable settlement of officers' disputes wherplish for his country a work of consolidation, progress, and uplift."

ever possible. There is much complaint to the effect that the

court-martial which imposed a penalty of two years' arrest upon The Gospel agitation has suggested to The Jewish Exponent

Lieutenant Hildebrand (who killed Lieutenant Blaskowitz) did (Philadelphia) a comparison of an interesting kind :

its best to shield all concerned, and inflicted the lightest penalty “When Mendelssohn issued his translation of the Pentateuch

possible. ( into German, it was greeted with bitter opposition, which, whilst ; it did not lead to acts of physical violence, stirred up amongst

Papers outside Germany echo the general condemnation, The the Jews of Germany a fierce and prolonged conflict. It would

Daily News (London) saying : appear, therefore, that the student body of the Athens of to-day, "To a detached observer, dismissal from a service capable of presumably representing the enlightened elements of the people, such curiosities of barbarism might not seem an unbearable

bring himself to face such contingencies must not become an officer, for he knows beforehand what is in store for him. Let him instead seek safety from sword and shot behind the petticoats of his mother and his aunts."Translations made for The LITERARY Digest,

SIGNING OF THE CANAL TREATY.

THA

thing; but to a German officer it is unspeakable degradation. There seems to be some ground for the hope that public opinion may be roused to the pitch of bringing about a change in this matter. But there are strong influences arrayed against any attack on the duel, the Kaiser among them; and the Kaiser has a way of imposing his imperial will on the people, and particularly on the army. There comes a point, however, in public indignation at which the most absolute rulers must bow to the storm, and if anything can bring such a crisis about in Germany the death of Lieutenant Blaskowitz should do it."

In France, the national toleration of duels does not, according to leading editorial opinion, extend to the Insterburg affair, which Le Temps (Paris) calls “barbarous." It observes :

“The circumstances were so exceptional that it seemed impossible to maintain so rigorous a decision. . . . One of Lieutenant Blaskowitz's opponents signified his willingness to acquiesce in a peaceable settlement. The other was similarly disposed. It was at this stage that the court of honor again interposed-determined, apparently, to play the part of the Fate of antiquity. It decided purely and simply that a duel must be fought-unless indeed one or other of the parties involved withdrew from the jurisdiction of military honor and its peculiar conceptions by resigning. This solution was not inviting. Yet the relatives of Lieutenant Blaskowitz declared in favor of it—his father, who is a clergyman, and his betrothed, w dreaded the destruction of her happiness. Thus put, the question could have but one

Lieutenant Blaskowitz, at the order of his chief, stood up with one of the two officers whom he had no recollection whatever of having offended. The shots went off and Lieutenant Blaskowitz fell, mortally wounded. It was impossible that so cruel a climax should fail to impress the popular mind.

"The question suggests itself if this be really what William II. desires. He, too, concerned himself with the dueling mania a few years ago.

While refusing to suppress an institution which seemed to him calculated to stimulate in the army a chivalrous delicacy of sentiment and a susceptibility to considerations of honor, he felt the need of limiting recourse to the judgment of God. To this end, he widened the jurisdiction of the courts of honor, made them tribunals of first instance with reference to duels, and tried to substitute the unvaryingly impartial decision of a body sensible of its responsibilities for the occasionally homicidal caprice of individuals. The results have scarcely corresponded to the Emperor's design. There has been established, in connection with these courts of honor, a Draconian jurisprudence which seems inspired by a savage desire to pour forth as much blood as possibe.”

A certain section of the German press, however, takes a totally opposite view. The organs of the rural nobility and some defenders of the army warmly indorse the action of the court of honor, and assert that Lieutenant Blaskowitz had only himself to thank for his fate. Thus the Hamburger Nachrichten says:

“An officer should take care not to get into a condition that prompts him to acts he would never be guilty of were he sober. Every one ought to know when he has had enough, not only the officer, but the civilian. Drunkenness should, in inflicting punishment, be an aggravation instead of a palliation, in civil law as well as in military, at least so far as the cultivated classes are concerned. Hence it is unjustifiable, because of this affair, to raise new objection to the drinking habits of the officers' corps. We can not see why officers, in their sociable gatherings, in the casino, or on other occasions, should not cherish drinking customs like other people, if they feel so disposed. . . . It would be in the highest degree regretable were the spirit which now animates them modified in accordance with the views of those who, while they may be worthy individuals, lave not the slightest notion of the things that are involved. This is again made evident by the Insterburg affair. Such an uproar has been made over it that one would suppose the world had been thrown out of its orbit. But what happened? Nothing out of the ordinary or that could, under present conditions, be avoided. If the fallen officer did, in his intoxication, commit acts of violence—which, in view of the decision of the court of honor, we can not doubt for a moment,then matters had to come to a challenge and a duel. In this respect the weeping of old women of both sexes over this affair will not affect it a particle. Whoever can not

HAT the Senate will ratify the newly signed Hay-Paunce

fote treaty is the general opinion of the foreign press based upon the assumed advantages of the treaty to the United States. The London Times is fairly representative of British journalistic opinion when it observes: “So far as Great Britain is concerned, the arrangements which Lord Pauncefote has accepted as satisfactory are not likely to be objected to. It is to be hoped that Mr. Hay's authority will be regarded as equally binding and conclusive by his countrymen." From the naval and military point of view, the treaty impresses The Times as a good thing for the United States. The London Daily Chronicle takes the same view. It says: “The United States probably stand to gain nothing commercially by the new canal. The guaranty of neutrality in time of peace insures to us any commercial advantages which the canal may offer. The traffic on the interoceanic canal is not likely to be sufficient to make the concern a paying one. But strategically the undertaking may be of great consequence to the United States.” From the British standpoint, however, The Chronicle sees no particular reason for elation. It says:

"It may be objected that, if we had held out for a quid pro quo in the negotiations, we should have been acting the part of the dog in the manger. But, apart from the fact that we made certain sacrifices in 1850 to obtain the concessions of the ClaytonBulwer treaty, which we now sign away without the smallest equivalent, we cannot help thinking that it is rather a cheap diplomacy which comes to an agreement by 'surrerdering every disputed point without any compensation.' Lord Lansdowne can not be made subject to the reproach that Canning brought against the Dutch. He does not give too little, but all that is asked. He does not ask too much, but is content with nothing. Without being deterred by the dog-in-the-manger theory, we are

ansirer.

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prepared to maintain that the chief principle of business is to gain an equivalent for what one does not want oneself, but some one else does. That business cabinet sighed for by Lord Rosebery seems more than ever needed.”

The London Daily Neu's thinks that the treaty is at least not hostile or injurious to British interests. Its comment is: “This great waterway, if it is ever finished, will be an immense advantage to the world's trade, and will be conferred at the expense of the United States. They will enrich themselves, but they will also enrich others." The Westminster Gazette (London) makes these comments upon the strategic value of the canal:

"Its possible use in time of war is a matter of speculative rather than of practical interest. An admiral who, in time of

.

This typical German view of the matter may be supplemented by that of Le Temps (Paris) no less characteristic of French opinion:

“It is a conspicuous demonstration of the mutual good will of two Powers long animated by less friendly sentiments for each other, and it reveals, above everything else, the importance which England attaches to the acquisition, even at the sacrifice of important interests, of the good graces of public opinion throughout the United States. . . . The American Senate, which has won this triumplı, should participate conspicuously in the general delight. Yet the question arises whether it will ratify its own victory. It is yet to be ascertained if the redoubtable Henry Cabot Lodge will lay down his arms. No one knows that the imperialists will declare themselves satisfied. In reality, the thing that lurks behind these jingo pretensions and big words is the influence—often sordid and always selfish— which threatens the interoceanic canal, that is to say, the great transcontinental railway corporations and all the land transportation interests." - Translations made for The LITERARY Digest.

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reason.

ANGLO-AMERICAN RELATIONS. The two cousins tell each other what success they have had as mountain climbers. They propose to keep it up.

-Kladderadatsch (Berlin).

SECRETARY CHAMBERLAIN AND THE GER

MAN PRESS. CHORUS of condemnation proceeds from the German press A

as a consequence of the recent speech in which Joseph Chamberlain, referring to charges of brutality made against the British troops in their struggle with the Boers, compared the course of the British army with that of the Russian army in its dealing with the Poles, and with that of the German army in 1870–71. Die Nation (Berlin), the scholarly organ of independent German thought, says:

“Mr. Chamberlain, in one of his speeches, has drawn a parallel between the South African campaign of the English and our own contests in France during the years 1870 and 1871. That we fought for national unity with a strict observance of the rules of civilized warfare, and that the Engiish are conducting a campaign of conquest of the liberties of freemen by letting loose the horrors of exterminating carnage, is evident. Hence the agitation over the comparison felt in Germany is only natural. In one public meeting after another, in seminary after seminary, protests are made against Chamberlain's comparison, and with good

The moral indignation felt amongst us in Germany has also its political significance. New antipathies are gathering against England and we have already, unfortunately, far too many and all of them, alas ! far too well founded. After all, however, it is most momentous that amongst ourselves a conviction of the incapacity and flippancy of English statesmen grows firmer. For it can only be from ignorance of the sentiments prevailing on the Continent that Mr. Chamberlain hurls, with so light a hand, a new firebrand at Germany. That he really intended this provocation seems out of the question. Only to gain the applause of an hour in England did he unthinkingly stir up the German people. The same flippant and frivolous politics which plunged England into the South African 'war does not shrink from inciting, by provocations here and there throughout the world, passionate feeling against the United Kingdom. This is, perhaps, the most ominous sign—that men of such a stamp must lead England out of an international situation beset with peril. When incidents of this character are constantly being repeated, the future of England seems seriously menaced."

The conservative and semi-official Vossische Zeitung (Berlin) is careful to combine its denunciation of Chamberlain with intimations that the German Government can not take official cognizance of the incident. It thus comments:

“Had Mr. Chamberlain, in his unhappy defense of the English campaign, alluded only to Russia's military methods against the Poles, no one would have disputed the justice of such an utterance. For whether the subject is viewed as a contest between two states or as a civil war, the measures adopted by the ‘hangman of Wilna' are without excuse or palliation. The procedure was barbarous. It was also universally condemned. But Mr. Chamberlain was foresighted enough to refrain from making Russia alone an object of comparison. This was manifestly to

war, risked a fleet in an inland canal with several locks in it would deserve to be shot, even tho he could produce a whole sheaf of treaties establishing his right to do it. And, whatever treaties might say to the contrary, it is quite incredible that the United States would, if it were threatened with hostilities, either permit an enemy's fleet to effect a junction by way of the canal, or itself refrain from making use of the canal, if it thought it could safely do so. A joint guaranty of neutrality on our part would in such a case be a positive disadvantage, since it might easily involve us in any dispute between the United States and a third party. Whether the canal is used or not used in time of war will depend not on any guaranties that can be taken beforehand, but on the nature of the canal itself and on the naval forces and their disposition at the time being."

Continental opinion favors the idea that the United States has scored a diplomatic triumph. This is put as follows by the Frankfurter Zeitung :

“It was gradually perceived in London that matters had changed so much in favor of the United States that the maintenance of English rights was no longer possible. . . . But if the new treaty betokens a complete backdown on the part of England, it can only be said that the British Government did the most rational thing it could do in the present circumstances. The construction of a canal connecting the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific is to the advantage of all commercial and maritime nations, and it is therefore to be wished that the execution of the plan may no longer be delayed by the United States Senate."

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WORK FOR THE TIAGUE CONFERENCE.

avoid displeasing the Czar's Government, which, by its promise of absolute neutrality and discretion has greatly eased for Eng. land this struggle with the Boers, and saved her the fear of

developments elsewhere. He was, however, foolish enough to extend his comparison to other nations too far, and indoing so recalled

of 1870. Germany is above such attacks. But however justified be the repudiation of such calumnies, they will have no effect upon the fate of the Boers. Neither the Goyernment nor the

people's representaCHAMBERLAIN

tives nor the German people themselves will be moved to tal

measures Chiin up this Dog of War. --Humoristische Blätter (Vienna).

against England, or

to undertake or countenance any diplomatic intervention in the struggle."

Regret is expressed by the Hannoverschen Kurier at the German Government's failure to publish, in its official organ in Berlin, a formal repudiation of the insult. It notes with satisfaction that "the infamous Edinburgh speech of the English minister Chamberlain has not gone unanswered by German public opinion.” The Kreuz-Zeitung (Berlin) approves the resolutions of indignation passed by students' meetings throughout Germany, but it deprecates any calling upon the Government to take official notice of the matter. “It is enough to let them know in England that the German nation does not propose to be vilified without resenting it.” The Brunswick Landes-Zeitung says that some measures should be taken by the Government. The Berlin National-Zeitung deprecates the violent tone of some of the resolutions dealing with the Chamberlain speech. The Hamburger Nachrichten says no one in Germany has any idea of a breach with England, but it asserts that the German Government should give utterance in one of the official organs to its displeasure at Chamberlain's speech. The Cologne Zeitung, in voicing condemnation of Chamberlain, says that German excitement over his words is going to undignified extremes. The Socialist Vorwärts (Berlin) stands apart in its denunciation of the antiChamberlain Germans as hypocrites, and points out that Bismarck objected to the taking of prisoners in the war of 1870–71, preferring to have the French shot to save expense.—Transtutions made for THE LITERARY Digest.

their Government and ours should have settled outstanding differences and be working amicably together for the preservation of' an open door.'

The Daily Graphic (London) expresses amusement at the idea that the United States can, as suggested in the German press, be fomenting the disturbances. It thinks these crises in South American republics might be averted if the United States would take them in hand as regards their foreign relations.

A highly original view of the rise and progress of events in Colombia, Venezuela, and the isthmus is presented by The St. James's Gazette (London) in these words:

“No fighting has taken place; no soldiers have died glorious and terrible deaths; no President's brother has bitten the dust; in fact, the whole story is a fairication from beginning to end. For certain purposes-what they are we need not inquire too exactly here—it has been thought advisable by the correspondents of certain New York papers that there should be a war between Venezuela and Colombia—and there you are, there is a war. Astonishing as it may seem, it is still possible, in the twentieth century, for a successful attempt to be made to deceive the public of two continents as to the somewhat elementary question whether two states are at war or not at war. Probably, even as things now are, a large number of Englishmen will go down to their graves in the firm belief that in the autumn of 1901 Venezuela and Colombia were locked in a bloody conflict, just as we have not the slightest doubt that a general belief exists that in the tidal wave which wrecked Galveston last year, the whole of the shipping in the harbor was lifted on the crest of the billow's and deposited high and dry a couple of miles inland."

The figure of President Roosevelt is what most powerfully impresses Le Correspondant (Paris) in the Isthmian-ColombianVenezuelan crisis. It is a striking coincidence, according to this organ, that in his declaration of national expansion Mr. Roosevelt should have made mention, with unexpected precision, of the trans-isthmian canal, which will almost necessarily be a trans-Colombian canal.

In the Canadian press there are indications that the Dominion is not pleased at its measure of influence in American international affairs as compared with that of the United States. The Witness (Montreal), which usually finds disagreeable things to say-disagreeable, that is, from the United States point of view -observes :

“Besides the railway company there are a number of concerns and individuals in the United States whose interests in the Isthmus are considerable, and who desire nothing so much as the establishment there of the authority of their own Government. Once troops are landed, these people will exert their great political influence to keep them there, and Colombia's invitation may result in the permanent occupation of Panama by the United States. The Government of Colombia can not be unaware of this possibility, nor of the many historical precedents which go to show that when one faction in a country invites foreign interference and obtains it, the result is loss of territory or of independ

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ence."

THE CRISIS ON THE ISTHMUS. E

VENTS at Colon, related as they are to the Isthmian canal

and the Monroe Doctrine, have occasioned criticism in the press of the civilized world ; but the situation has not been clear to European journals. This may be because the trouble was originally a difference between Colombia and Venezuela, whereas the complications in which United States forces took part grew out of a revolution in Colombia. The inability to separate the threads of this tangle has been evident, especially in the German press. The French papers seem better informed. London comment is generally friendly. Says The Pall Mall Gazette:

“The course of events in Central America is showing how inevitable it is that the United States should be the principal performer in these isthmian games, and that it is just as well that

The Caracas press has been subject to a rigid censorship throughout the crisis, which may explain the persistence of The l'enezuelan Herald in the statement that “the republic is in profound peace throughout its entire territory." The attitude of the United States under its treaty obligations is warmly approved by The Star and Herald (Panama), in these words:

“Colombia, under the terms of the treaty of 1846, has had palpable experience of the generous discharge of all the contracted obligations without any lowering of her national dignity. Can it be supposed for a moment if one of the powerful nations of Europe occupied the position toward Colombia that the United States does, the like cordial relations would have subsisted and continue to subsist?

“One of our local contemporaries some days ago recounted a number of instances when the United States, under its treaty obligations, furnished protection to the Isthmus transit, and incidentally to other interests. Whether invoked, or under special exigencies, the purpose has always been obviously the exercise of a wuferred right and the fulfilment of treaty obligations. Colombia's sovereignty has never stood in danger nor thought to be by either of the two political parties who happened to be in power. No. Our European contemporaries can not engender distrust of American influence in this republic, or arouse a fear that if tis country stood in need of the good offices of her powerful friend, such would be rendered with covert motives."

NOTABLE BOOKS OF THE DAY.

THE

and renders other services which enable Judas to use his scanty forces so effectively that he finally rescues the country from the grasp of the degenerate Antiochus.

But it is the presentation of character, even more than the narrative of stirring events, that furnishes the charm of the book. Deborah, rather than Judas, is the leading actor, and most of the important inci. dents develop some phase of her individuality. The love thread of the narrative especially does so ; called upon to choose between love and ambition, she thus communes with herself : “Love is the abiding thing. . . . Is admiration, or even reverence and self-sacrificing devotion-is this love? Or does the soul have depths as well as heights; and does worshipful regard dwell on the heights and love in the depths ?" Judas Maccabæus, called from his gigantic size and rude strength the “Hammer of Israel," is a soul that “dwells on the heights." His heart is on fire with hatred of the despoilers and defilers of his country. Tho implacable in war, he is magnanimous, generous, and solicitous of

REV. JAMES M. LUDLOW, D.D. others. Gladly sharing his triumphs with his compatriots, in suffering and defeat he seeks solitude.

Dion, the lover, altho a fine character, seems out of perspective in this otherwise well-drawn work. By education and temperament a Greek, the necessities of the story demand that he be a Jew. To perform this feat requires such labored effort that it seems as if literary license ought rather to step in and brush aside the Jewish law forbidding intermarriage with one of an alien race.

The Jews are treated from a much higher standpoint than that to which we are accustomed. Their patriotism and spirituality are strongly contrasted with the materialism and sensuality of the Greeks. All nature contributes to the mysticism of their religion ; in the winds they hear a voice, in the glory of the sunset they read a message. The style, while not that of a romanticist like Sienkiewicz, combines the poetic imagery of the East with a realism which carries the reader back over the centuries, and sets him down in person, as it were, among the people and events portrayed.

A CURIOUS STORY OF OLD STYRIA. THE GOD SEEKER. By Peter Rosegger. Authorized Translation by Francis Skinner. 12mo, cloth, 475 pp. Price, $1.50. G. P. Putnam's Sons. HIS book, which comes under the guise of an historical novel, has

the atmosphere of a fairy tale of the people, full of mysticism

and wonder, and at the same time fantastically real, with homely little details scattered throughout it, and shrewd flashes of human nature. It is as tho some one had really found an old record of the doings in the valley of Trawies, and had translated it into modern turns of thought, as well as into modern phraseology. The principal events of the story, the translator tells us, are founded on historical fact. But there is a curious and elusive glamour about the book that adds to its charm, while it robs it somewhat of historical verisimilitude. The author is at no great pains to make a closely connected plot, but rambles from one end of the Tarn forest to the other. As in "The Forest Schoolmaster," there is a singularly true feeling for nature in the story. The woods and hills are no mere drop scene, but are an integral part of the tale.

"The God Seeker" opers with the celebration of the midsummer's day feast, a survival of an old pagan custom, which even in the fifteenth century had not become extinct in this remote valley. Part of the cere. mony was the lighting of a fire from a spark of an ancestral fire which had never been permitted to go out, the fire-keeper being one of the most prominent men of the village. The village of Trawies, which had always lived happily, was burdened by an arrogant priest, who oppressed the people and insulted them ; but when he tried to suppress the midsummer's feast, and to this end fell upon the merrymakers with armed men, the outraged villagers called a council and decided to kill him. Lots were drawn, and Wahnfred the carpenter was chosen. He slew the priest with an ax on the high altar. The authorities came to

Trawies and arrested one peasant after another, to no purpose. At last they chose by lot twelve men to expiate the murder ; these they beheaded in the church, which was then closed. The parish of Trawies was excommunicated and the sacred Host taken from them. Left godless, Trawies became the gathering-place of all outlaws; the people neither reaped nor sowed. There remained no goodness in the valley, except in the families of Bärt-von-Tarn, who sheltered the murderer's wife and child, the firekeeper, and Wahnfred himself.

Since God had forsaken the village, Wahnfred, who had been chosen leader, went to the mountain and brought back with him a new

god-the God of Fire—and the outlawed village joined with him in fire-worship. A temple was built, and on midsummer's day feast Wahnfred the high priest locked the entire village in the temple and set fire to it, offering himself and them a burnt offering in expiation for their crimes.

This story, so wild and so bloodthirsty in plot, is told throughout with a gentle naïveté. It is a curious tale, a breath from the Middle Ages, superstitious and devil-ridden. It differs from all other historical novels in the utter lack of a resourceful and beautiful heroine and an un. vanquished hero.

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THE “ENORMOUS DIFFERENCE” OF A DATE. TRISTRAM OF BLENT. By Anthony Hope Hawkins. 8vo, cloth, 426 pp. Price, $1.50. McClure, Phillips & Co.

R.

MR with the best he has written. This is praise enough for the

PETER ROSEGGER.

A STORY OF GREAT SOULS.

author of " The Prisoner of Zenda," " The Dolly Dialogues," "Rupert of Hentzau," Phroso," and “The Heart of the Princess Osra." "Tristram of Blent," the seventeenth novel from his exuberant pen, is in as romantic a vein as any, the characters are drawn with incisive vigor and convincingness, despite their violent idiosyncrasies, and the invention is bubblingly amazing. Best of all, the human interest is exceedingly strong and of the most wholesome type, in the main. (Poor Addie Tristram !)

It is really another feather in Anthony Hope's cap that, while not as utterly disdainful of circumscription as to time and place as is his wont (the whole story hinges on a date), by a creative touch in characters he invests modern life and a quiet background of English country with a romantic spell equal to that of his most unbridled gallop of fancy. The consequences of the difference between the Russian calendar (old style) and the German and English reckoning supply the motif.

Tristram of Blent is son of Addie Tristram. The “Tristram way" of living life was a unique one that recognized no standards but its own. Addie's simple method was to get all she wanted in whatever way she could. She eloped with Sir Robert Edge and lived a month or two of married life with him in Paris before he departed. Then she affiliated with an English captain, whom she married when the news of Sir Robert's death in Russia reaches her, in time, as was at first thought, to make her son's

ANTHONY HOPE. subsequent birth legitimate. Then the mistake about the death is learned. Nevertheless the son succeeds to the estate and title of the Tristrams of Blent upon the death of his mother, tho in a moment of repentance she confides to him that he is entitled to this only by blood, not by law. But she wants him to have it, and he wants it very much ; for he loves Blent. When Addie Tristram died, as inconsequently and lightly as she had lived, she bade

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DEBORAH. By James M. Ludlow, D.D., L.H.D. Illustrated. Crown 8vo, cloth, 406 pp. Price, $1.50 net. Fleming H. Revell Company.

HIS tale of the brilliant campaign of the hero of the Apocrypha,

of , .

liar value to lovers of historical fiction, in that the Maccabæan era is comparatively little known. The story opens with the capture of Jerusalem by the hired soldiery, mos:ly Greek, of Antiochus. The city is given over to their lawlessness, but Deborah, the daughter of Elkiah, the last living member of the Sanhedrin, is protected by Dion, who is one of the captains of Antiochus, and who falls in love with her. Elkiah is seized by the mob and dragged to the Temple, where he dies, and Deborah is so wrought upon by the tragedy of his death and by the scenes of horror about her that she dedicates herself to the deliverance of her people. She escapes to the mountains, where she meets with Judas and his brothers, who are already planning to drive out the legions of Antiochus from the Jewish strongholds, most of which they have seized. To the titanic personality and astute generalship of Judas Deborah adds the intrepidity and craftiness born of her new spiritual condition. She goes as a spy into the camp of the Greek general,

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