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EDUCATIONAL

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OUGHTON

Seminary

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For Young Women. Clinton, N.Y.
Our catalogue contains conclusions, based on
40 years' experience in training young women
mentally, physically, morally, socially that are
of value to anyone having the duty of selecting
a school-home for a girl. It describes the sur-
roundings and explains the methods and courses
of study which reach far into the domains of
the college and which have made Houghton
Seminary graduates efficient.
Copies free on application,

A. G. BENEDICT, A.M., Principal.

The University Preparatory School,

ITHACA, N. Y.
Prepares for all courses of Cornell University.
Certificate has been accepted since 1895.
Boarding and Day Departments. Complete Home.
Regents' Certificates in Law and Medicine. Sum-
mer Term from July 16th to September 15th.
Fall Term opens September 26th for year 1901-02.

Of the school, President Scburman says :-
" i give most cheerful testimony to the high quality of
work done in your school. The excellent management
and complete curriculum render it a most desirable pre-
paratory school for the University."

Send for illustrated catalogue.
CHAS. A. STILES, B.S., Headmaster,

Avenue F, Ithaca, N. Y.

THE WESTERN,
A COLLEGE AND SEMINARY FOR WOMEN

OXFORD, OHIO.
Beautiful and healthful location, one
hour from Cincinnati, on Monon and
Vandalia Express routes.

Full Classical courses and

many electives; Large Faculty and non-resident lecturers, Campus of 65 acres; and Special attention to physical culture. Forty-seventh year begins Sept. 11, 1901. Number limited. Address

LEILA S. McKEE, Ph.D., President.

Miss C. E. Mason's School for Girls.

THE CASTLE, Tarrytown-on-Jlud. son, N. Y. An ideal school. Advantages of N.Y.C. All departments. Endorsed by Rt. Rev. H.C. Potter, Hon. Chauncey M. Depew. For illus. circular V. address : Miss C. E. MASON, LL.M.

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6 Teachers. Prepares for any College. Boys 10 to 14 Co-educational. Prepares for any American College. New at time of entrance preferred. References:

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In making an inventory at the close of our recent Introductory Distribution, we find in stock a few sets of Criterion Library (in cloth only) of which the bindings are slightly rubbed—not enough to impair their real value, but sufficient to prevent their shipment as perfect stock at our regular price of $36 a set. There being only a limited number of these sets, we shall not go to the trouble of rebinding them, but have decided to let them go on easy payments of $1 down and $1.25 per month until paid for-less than half regular price. BY PROMPT ACTION NOW, therefore, a number of ambitious and deserving readers who desire 48 charming and instructive volumes, containing 17,000 pages of the best writings of the world, may now secure these special sets at about cost of making.

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Vol. XXIII., No. II

NEW YORK, SEPTEMBER 14, 1901.

WHOLE NUMBER, 595

Published Weekly by

FUNK & WAGNALLS COMPANY, 30 Lafayette Place, New York.

44 Fleet Street, London. Entered at New York Post Office as Second-Class Matter.

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immediately preceded the assault on Mr. McKinley are thus told by Secret Service Detective Ireland:

"A few moments before Czolgosz, the assassin, approached, a man came along with three fingers of his right hand tied up in a bandage, and he had shaken hands with his left. When Czolgosz came up I noticed he was a boyish-looking fellow, with an innocent face, perfectly calm, and I also noticed that his right hand was wrapped in what appeared to be a bandage. I watched him closely, but was interrupted by the man in front of him, who held on to the President's hand an unusually long time. This man appeared to be an Italian, and wore a short heavy black moustache. He was persistent, and it was necessary for me to push him along so that the others could reach the President. Just as he released the President's hand, and as the President was reaching for the hand of the assassin, there were two quick shots. Startled for a moment, I looked and saw the President draw his right hand up under his coat, straighten up, and, pressing his lips together, give Czolgosz the most scornful and contemptuous look possible to imagine. At the same time I reached for the young man and caught his left arm. The big negro standing just back of him, and who would have been next to take the President's hand, struck the young man in the neck with one hand, and with the other reached for the revolver, which had been discharged through the handkerchief, and the shots from which had set fire to the linen.

"Immediately a dozen men fell upon the assassin and bore him to the floor. While on the floor Czolgosz again tried to dis

TOPICS OF THE DAY.

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THE ASSAULT UPON PRESIDENT MCKINLEY.
FOR
POR the third time in the history of this country the hand of

an assassin has been raised against the President. But whereas in the cases of Lincoln and Garfield there were strong partizan feelings to account for assassination, in the present instance, as many papers point out, it is difficult to conceive a motive for such a crime. Lincoln lived in troublesome times, remarks the Philadelphia Public Ledger, "when sectional hatred burned fiercely in the breasts of the defeated hosts of the South"; and Garfield was stricken during a period “when partizan rancor filled the land with angry contention and clamor”; but McKinley has ever sought to "maintain social peace and amity" and to “make friends of all men and enemies of none." The Ledger continues:

“At the moment his life was attempted he was engaged in a voluntary act of devotion to the public good. He went to Buffalo to add to the Exposition the dignity and prestige of his office. The duty he discharged was not mandatory; it was discretionary, and rendered through pure good-will and patriotic impulse. And it is worthy of note that only on the previous day the President had addressed a multitudinous audience of his countrymen on the vital policies of the time, and never during his entire public career had he spoken with more assured wisdom or courage. His address on that occasion was sentient with the spirit of the most saga cious statesmanship and patriotism ; it was that of a shrewd, honest, brave, farseeing man of affairs; a recognition of economic conditions due to the changing influences of time and development.

"The President of the United States should have been at Buffalo immune from the perfidy of political, factional, or of personal enmity even. The faithful, willing servant of his countrymen, he was there in the sacred trust of serving them."

The attempted assassination of the President took place in the Temple of Music at the Pan-American Exposition, during a public reception. The events which

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PRESIDENT MCKINLEY.

ence,

charge the revolver, but before he could point it at the President ered tho it be by all the seas and loyal to differing flags, feels it was knocked from his hand by the negro. It flew across the the unity of commoii emotions, common sympathies, and an emfloor, and one of the artillerymen picked it up and put it in his bracing love and regard for its greater figures as they draw near pocket. On the way down to the station Czolgosz would not say the veil, it it be Victoria at Osborne House or the plain farmer's a word, but seemed greatly agitated.”

son at Buffalo, no less rerered and loved." The President's first thought, it is related in the press de- Interest has naturally centered very largely in the would-be asspatches, was for his wife. “Be careful about her. Don't let her sassin, and it seems probable that one of the most important reknow,” he said. His second thought was for his assassin, -- "Let sults of the assault on the President's life will be a new attempt no one hurt him.” His third expression was one of regret lest on the part of the European Powers, in conjunction with the he might be “the cause of trouble to the Exposition."

United States, to suppress the anarchist propaganda. Leon Mr. McKinley was wounded in the breast and the abdomen, Czolgosz, the assailant of the President, is of Polish blood. In and the physicians summoned to his attendance include Drs. P. a “confession,” reported in several papers, he says, in part: M. Rixey, M. D. Mann, Roswell Park, Herman Mynter, Eugene

"I am an anarchist. I do not believe in the American form of Wasdin, and Charles McBurney. The physicians' statement,

government. My faith in this government was destroyed by issued on the evening of the fatality, declared that the upper Emma Goldman, whom I leard deliver lectures in New York a bullet wound was a trifling one. The lower bullet inflicted a few years ago, and with whom I have since been in correspondvery dangerous wound, penetrating the stomach, and necessitat

I believe that any man who accepts the Presidency is a ing the closing with silk sutures of the front and back walls of

foe to the common people. He represents only the class of opthe stomach, but no other organic injuries were discovered.

pressors.

“I did my duty. I am sorry that Mr. McKinley has suffered. The disappearance of every trace of factional or political bias

I intended to kill him, and I regret that I did not succeed. in the press, in considering at this time the life and record of the

"I hope that no one will mistake my position. I am not a President, is a striking feature of the newspaper comment. The common assassin. Personally, I had little to gain as a result of most radical of the Democratic papers and the severest critics of th act. The shot that I fired was for the benefit of all manthe President's policy in the past join with the Republican press

kind. I intended to kill the President of the United States.

Against Mr. McKinley as a man I could have no feeling. I in paying warmest tributes to Mr. McKinley's character. The

have been told that he is a good man. I did not wish to inflict Washington Times (Dem.) declares that “personally, it would

suffering upon his family, but in accomplishing my purpose I be hard to find an inhabitant of the continent who is as free could not consider them. I say again that I did not assassinate from enemies as President McKinley.” The New York Journal the man. I intended to kill the President, because I believe it (Dem.) says:

would have a good effect upon this country and upon all man

kind.” “Honest efforts to obey the will of the people, a life devoted to that noblest of human pursuits, the duties of government, is re

Almost all the daily papers agree that in view of the present warded by the bullet of the assassin.

assault more repressive measures will have to be taken against "In all the breadth of the land whose laws he administered, the anarchists; but in discussing any proposed measures there whose will he studied and obeyed, there lives not one soul free

is a great conflict of opinion. Says the New York Evening Post: from deepest regret, from heartfelt sorrow.

"Eighty millions of Americans and countless millions of men “The problem of dealing with a sect which embraces at once and women in all lands where simplicity of life and purity of the most submissive non-resistants and the fiercest and most character are loyed mourn to-day. .

treacherous assassins is obviously difficult. The plan, occasion“What better farewell could Mr. McKinley possibly have ad- ally proposed in some European monarchy, of destroying, root dressed to the people of America and of the world than the con- and branch, all professors of the anarchist creed is not to be clusion of his address on Thursday last?

thought of for a moment. There is no safety for the individual

or for the republic if a citizen may not hold any personal belief * * Gentlemen, let us ever remember that our interest is in concord, not whatever as to the proper theory of government. He may give conflict; and that our real eminence rests in the victories of peace, not

his private assent to the doctrines of socialism, or of anarchism; those of war. We hope that all who are represented here may be moved to higher and nobler effort for their own and the world's good, and that out

or he may fancy that America should be ruled by the Man in the of this city may come not only greater commerce and trade for us all, but, Moon. In any one of these supposed cases he may be a proper more essential than these, relations of mutual respect, confidence, and subject for a commission de lunatico inquirendo; but if compefriendship which will deepen and endure. Our earnest prayer is that God

tent alienists allow him to range at large, the civil authorities will graciously vouchsafe prosperity, happiness, and peace to all our neighbors and like blessings to all the peoples and powers of earth.'”

must remain quiet. To regulate by law private opinions as to

religion or government would simply be a revival of that mode "To this prayer, which expresses so beautifully the aspiration of inquisition and dragooning which has always been a disasof the typical American citizen, millions of his fellow Americans trous failure.” will add another for the President's prompt recovery, for his restoration to the nation and to the devoted wife.”

The Post thinks that if arrest followed incendiary utterances

and any attempt to incite to violence, the anarchist propaganda From the kings and queens and presidents of the countries of

might be checked, but thinks that repressive measures must be the world, and from the leading European newspapers, have

undertaken cautiously, and that “the circumstances of each parcome messages expressing hope for the President's recovery

ticular case must determine the course in regard to it." The and execration for the act of his assailant. The London Times

Springfield Republican says: declares that “President McKinley's personal character is respected both in our own country and by foreign nations, and

“The plea of free speech, the pretext of political opinion, must

no longer avail to protect what is simply a criminal organization. the fatuous wickedness of the attempt on his life will meet with

Its members should be dealt with as criminals, and should be universal reprobation”; while the Berlin Vational Zeitung says

put under the surveillance that attends criminals. Every man that “the sympathy of the civilized worid goes toward the dan- of them should be marked and followed by the oversight of the gerously wounded President." Such international expressions, law, and be subject to arrest wherever found. There should be remarks the Philadelphia Press, can not fail to bind the nations permitted no more publications of their evil teachings; there closer together. It says:

should be no more meetings allowed, no more street parades

with ‘Death to tyrants' and other angry legends on their ban“The great tide of sympathy for the President's wound and of ners; they should be driven to holes and corners. We have execration for the crime has flowed around the world. No land tried the plan of keeping everything in the open, and it has is absent and no people silent. Most of all, at this moment of failed; now it is time to treat these conspirators to rigorous overwhelming national sorrow, the English-speaking race, sev- law. It might be well to consider whether the members of an

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