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The University Preparatory School, ,

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HE Rosenthal Common.
Sense Method of Practical

Linguistry, which we use, has been endorsed by 853,000 pupils and teachers as the only system by which a Practical Speaking Mastery of Foreign Tongues can be acquired. We give our students not only the complete textbooks of the " Common-Sense Method," but by our Language 'Phone, Listening. Device, and Speaking Records, bring the living voices of Dr. Richard S. Rosenthal and his staff of able professors, who speak to you and teach you, at any moment most convenient to you, just as if you were in our own class-rooms.

Y our combination you learn

to speak from the very Pronunciation

first lesson in connected

practical sentences adapted to must be heard

your every-day necessities and

desires. No arduous, discouragin order to be ing efforts necessary. You study

at spare moments the living voices imitated le ve of Dr. Rosenthal and his assist

ants, enabling you to hear every This problem word clearly, repeating each word

or sentence thousands of times.
we have solved

You cannot help learning to speak,
and absolute mastery is attained
in a marvelously short time.

Prepares for all courses of Cornell University.
Certificate has been accepted since 1895.
Boarding and Day Departments. Complete Home.
Regents' Certificates in Law and Medicine. Sum-
mer Term from July 16th to September 15th.
Fall Term opens September 26th for year 1901-02.

Of the school, President Schurman says :-
"I give most cheerful testimony to the high quality of
work done in your school. The excellent management
and complete curriculum render it a most desirable pre-
paratory school for the University."

Send for illustrated catalogue.
CHAS. A. STILES, B.S., Headmaster,

Avenue F, Ithaca, N. Y.





I herewith enclose $5.00 as first payment, for which please send me the complete outfit for the..

.Language, consisting of Phone, Listening Device, 20 Records and set of Texi-Books if satisfactory I agree to pay balance of $25.00 in 5 monthly installments of $500 each Goods to remain your property until payments are completed.

It is also agreed that I can return the goods prepaid within three days of receipt, and my money to be returned provided the goods are received in perfect condition by you.



Name..... $5.00 Down $5.00 a Month

Town Good for 30


L. D.
Days Only

10 per cent, allowed to those making full cash payment.
If you have a phonograph or graphophone, deduct $5.00 from the

above price as our records can be used on either machine.

The Hudson River Institute.

A College Preparatory School and Seminary for young men and women. Location beautiful and healthful. A Christian school home. Music, Art, Elocution, Military Drill, Physical Culture. Address

J.O. SPENCER, PH.D., Principal, CLAVERACK, N. Y.



ACADEMY We prepare for any college, government academy, or business. Small classes. Large gymnasium. Healthful location. Address for catalogue JOHN G. MacVICAR.A.M., 9 Walden Place, Montclair, N.J.


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New York
Law School three years. Graduate classes


Sixty-seventh year opens Oct. 1,

The KLIPS and the Cover form the KLIP 1901. Day Classes with sessions

BINDER. You can cover a magazine or from 3:30 to 6 P. M. (LL B. after TAUGHT BY MAIL

bind a volume in ten seconds. Instantly two years.) Evening Classes, Learn at home to earn money at home, or in

removable. Sample dozen Klips, with keys, 10 a good salaried position, making designs for

mailed for 75 cents. Cover priee-list free. carpets, wall paper, book covers, advertise

H. H. BALLARD, 327. Pittsfield, Mass. lead to LL.M. Tuition, $100.

ments, menus, dress goods and decorating For circulars address

china and pottery. Write for free circular: L. J. TOMPKINS, Registrar,

"Ornamental Design" containing students' work.
Washington Square, N. Y. City.

International Correspondence Schools,
Box 1202 Seranton, Pa.

For CHURCHES and SUNDAY SCHOOLS. Finest Magic Lanterns, Stereopticons & views; all prices. Full particulars in 260 page illus, book; free.

MCALLISTER, Mfg. Optielan, 49 fassaa St., New York. Clinton Preparatory School WANTED—Active, educated men. Weekly CLINTON, N.Y. (9 miles from Utica). 15 Boys. salary, or guarantee paid. Give age, experi.

of FAMOUS PERSONS 6 Teachers. Prepares for any College. Boys 10 to 14

AUTOGRAPH Bought and Sold. at time of entrance preferred. References: ence, and references. DODI, MEAD &


LETTERS 1125 Broadway, New York. COLLEGE PRESIDENTS. J. B. WHEELER, A.M., Prin. COMPANY, New York City.

SEND FOR PRICE LISTS. Readers of TIE LITERARY DIGEST are asked to mention the publication when writing to advertisers.


Modern Eloquence

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Hon. Justin McCarthy, M.P.

Rossiter Johnson
Albert Ellery Bergh Jonathan P. Dolliver
Edward Everett Hale Nathan Haskell Dole
John B. Gordon

James B. Pond George McLean Harper Lorenzo Sears

Edwin M. Bacon Champ Clark

Truman A. De Weese Clark Howell


A Library of Famous After-Dinner Speeches, Classic and Popular Lectures, the Best

Occasional Addresses, Anecdotes, Reminiscence, and Repartee. Ten Volumes. HON. THOMAS B. REED

Editor-in-Chief "MODERN ELOQUENCE” enters the literature of the Twentieth Century the most unique and attractive set of books published for a quarter century. It is a new view of the times, public men and questions, through the utterances of the representative men of brain and achievement, of the last fifty years; a Library containing the brilliant deliverances, often on occasions of international interest, of the foremost men of modern times—

MODERN their public Addresses, Lectures, After-Dinner Speeches, and bon mots, presented in artistic and durable form.

Herein vital questions, histori

cal personages ELOQUEN

and events, literatures, religions, financial problems, political theories, statescraft, discoveries and inventions, individual rights, and class and

social relations, are ably and eloquently discussed. Leaders of thought and creators of great, enterprises, men of gigantic affairs, and men whose victories of peace are no less renowned than those of war, men skilled in statescraft and great in invention, have discussed the themes that have filled their souls; each subject being presented with the concentration of training and experience, with the vigor of intellectual masterfulness, and with the charm and fascination of wit and genius. To enumerate the contributors would be to name the foremost modern Statesmen, Divines, Jurists, Orators, Diplomats, Writers, and Leaders in many walks of life.

EPITOME (1) Fifty Great Classical and Popular Lectures gathered from diversified fields, and repre. senting the highest type of spoken thought - Lectures which have held spellbound hundreds of thousands of persons who paid liberally to hear them. Every lecture is given complete, and most of them are here published for the first time; they are humorous, pathetic, critical,

ethical, reminiscent and expository, and deal with History, Science, Travel, Biography, Literature, Art, Philosophy, etc. They are marked by elevation, vigor, and catholicity of thought, by fitness, purity, and grace of style, and by artistic construction.

(2) About 150 Scholarly and Finished Addresses delivered on special occasions, including notable Literary, Scientific and Commemorative Addresses, and Eulogies. These Addresses represent the most eloquent and polished utterances of the most scholarly men of the last half century, and aside from their encyclopædic importance, possess an inestimable value to the lover of beautiful and classic English.

(3) About 300 Famous After-Dinner Speeches, constituting the first collection of postprandial oratory ever published. They abound in wit, wisdom and humor, and are enticingly entertaining, but they are much more; American literature does not elsewhere afford so valuable an exposition and discussion of the important cvents and questions of our national history.

(4) The brightest and most pungent collection of Stories, Reminiscences, Anecdotes and Repartee, such as only men like Thomas B. Reed, Champ Clark, Senator Dolliver, Congressman Allen, et al., could provide. Some of the Congressional Cloak-Room stories told by these men are rich indeed.

(5) Special Articles by special authorities on the various features and forms of oratory, reminiscent, suggestive and instructive.

(6) Analytical Index and Cross References, giving the work an encyclopædic value.

In a sentence, the contents of the ten volumes are literally treasure-trove-Lectures of inestimable value, perhaps heard but once; Speeches that have set the world agog; Anecdote that reveals the public character and the tendencies of the hour like reading by lightning flashes ; and special articles which make this work a most notable contribution to English literature.

For an hour-for a whole evening in the easy chair at home-for the study of style and diction that have electrified brilliant assemblies, for the man ambitious to become a successful or popular public speaker, and for the one who has to prepare a toast or an address, this work is a never-failing source of charm and inspiration.

“MODERN ELOQUENCE” is sumptuously published, but moderately priced. To properly present this eclectic library, Portfolios comprising Table of Contents, fine photogravures, chromatic plates, sample pages and other interesting material, have been prepared. One of these Portfolios, with full particulars regarding bindings, prices, terms, etc., will be mailed on receipt of annexed inquiry coupon containing name and address.

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Joseph H. Choate Chauncey M. Depew
Lord Beaconsfield

Henry Ward Beecher
James G. Blaine

Mark Twain
William M. Evarts Henry W. Grady
John Hay

Joseph Jefferson
Oliver Wendell Holmes Robert G. Ingersoll
Sir Henry Irving

Seth Low
Charles A. Dana

William McKinley
Robert J. Burdette George William Curtis
Russell H. Conwell Artemus Ward
Canon Farrar

Paul du Chaillu
John B. Gough

John B. Gordon
Andrew Lang

Newell Dwight Hillis
Wendell Phillips

John Morley
Josh Billings

John Ruskin
John Tyndall

Henry M. Stanley
Wu Ting Fang

Champ Clark
Lyman Abbott

Charles Francis Adams
Charles Dudley Warner John L. Spaulding,
William Cullen Bryant Joseph Chamberlain
Rufus Choate

Grover Cleveland
Theodore Roosevelt Fisher Ames
Arthur J. Balfour Lawrence Barrett
Johnathan P. Dolliver Henry Drummond
Edward Eggleston James A. Garfield
William E. Gladstone Sir John Lubbock
Horace Porter

John M. Allen
Hamilton Wright Mabie

Special Articles
Introduction by Albert Ellery Bergh.
The Various Features and Phases of
Oratory by the Hon. Thomas B.
Reed. After- Dinner Speaking by
Prof. Lorenzo Sears. The Lec.
ture and the Lecture Platform
by Edward Everett Hale,
Literary and Occasional
Addresses by Hamilton
Wright Mabie. The
Use of Humor and

Anecdote in Public
Speech by Hon. JOHN D.MORRIS & CO
Champ Clark.
The Eloquence

NOI CHESTNUT ST. of the Stump

PHILADELPHIA by J. P. Dolliver.

GENTLEMEN : Referring to your advertisement of Hon.

Thos. B. Reed's library of Modern Eloquence in LITERARY DIGEST, I will be pleased to receive portfolio of sample pages, photogravures and chromatic plates ; also full particulars regarding bindings, prices, etc. L. D. 9-7 NAME. OCCUPATION. STREET.. CITY AND STATE.



1101 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia

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VOL. XXIII.. No. 10

New YORK, SEPTEMBER 7, 1901.


says the


Published Weekly by

is rapidly disintegrating." "Undoubtedly," obserres the FUNK & WAGNALLS COMPANY,

Brooklyn Standard-l’nion, “the strike has proved a failure." 30 Lafayette Place, New York.

44 Fleet Street, London.

It seems to many papers that President Schwab of the trust Entered at New York Post Office as Second-Class Matter.

has made up his mind to crush the Amalgamated out of existence, and the Pittsburg Commercial Gazette says that “the

declared attitude of the United States Steel Corporation leaves TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.

no room for hope that any of the offers of arbitration now being PRICE.-Per year, in advance, $3.00; four months, on trial, $1.00; single copies, 10 cents.

made will be entertained." The New York Sun and the BrookRECEIPT and credit of payment is shown in about two weeks by the date lyn Citizen, indeed, think the trust ought not to consent to arbion the address label attached to each paper.

tration. “An unqualified surrender of Shaffer," says the latter POST-OFFICE ADDRESS.-Instructions concerning renewal, discontinu

paper, "is what it ought to insist upon.” The New York Press ance, or change of address should be sent two weeks prior to the date they are to go into effect. The exact post-office address to which we appeals to President Shaffer to call off the strike at once for the are directing paper at time of writing must always be given.

sake of the men, and the Chicago Evening Post agrees that it is DISCONTINUANCES.-We find that a large majority of our subscribers

"time to sue for peace." That Mr. Shaffer has failed, prefer not to have their subscriptions interrupted and their files broken in case they fail to remit before expiration. It is therefore

Boston Herald, seems now to be generally admitted even by assumed, unless notification to discontinue is received, that the sub

those who greatly deplore his want of success." scriber wishes no interruption in his series. Notification to discontinue at expiration can be sent in at any time during the year.

The Pittsburg Times, published in the center of the strike disPRESENTATION COPIES.- Many persons subscribe for friends, intending

trict, says: that the paper shall stop at the end of the year. If instructions are

“The history of strikes makes it plain tliat to win in an unqualgiven to this effect, they will receive attention at the proper time.

ified degree strikers must win promptly-right off the bat, as it

were. The necessities of men's families, the possibility of havTOPICS OF THE DAY.

ing to remove to another neighborhood, the spectacle of men from other communities taking their places, the temptations and

weariness of enforced and unwelcome idleness, the lack of a tanFORECASTING THE RESULTS OF THE STEEL

gible issue, such as more wages and fewer hours of labor-all STRIKE.

these considerations eventually have their influence in weakenRACTICALLY all the newspapers that attempt to predict

ing the lines. When you add to these the lack of effectual and how the steel strike will end express the belief that the

general cooperation by other labor-unions and the absence of that

active and sympathetic public sentiment which has so often in strikers have lost the battle. The trust is gradually but steadily

the past been quick to respond to the appeal of a striking organistarting mill after mill with non-union labor, and has rejected zation, the dispassionate observer can not help but be puzzled to the offer to settle the strike by arbitration. Figures quoted in a discover in the pending contest any element or sign of ultimate comment given below show that the Amalgamated started the victory for the Amalgamated Association." fight with a much smaller force and with smaller resources than Some interesting figures showing the strength of the laborhad been commonly

union when it began supposed; and The

its battle with the Labor World of

trust are contained in Pittsburg calls for the

the following

comimpeachment of Pres

ment by the Louisident Shaffer “for

ville Courier - Jourplunging the Amal

nal: gamated into a strike that was unwarrant

"The more that is

learned about the .ed,” and declares

Amalgamated Assothat"the fight against

ciation and the slenthe steel trust is lost.”

derness of its reThe Washington

sources, the greater Times, too, thinks

the wonder both that

it dared to strike, and that “on the whole, the indications seem

that it poses as the

representative of to favor the idea that

union labor. Some the strike will not

two months before last much longer,"

the strike a careful and the New York

sketch of the organiEvening Post says


in the Courier-Jourthat “the numerous Officers Sitting (left to right)-Walter Larkin, V. P. 2d District ; M. F. Tiglie, Assistant Secretarr;

nal and other newsreports concerning John Williams, Secretary-Treasurer; Theodore Shaffer, President; Ben I. Davis, Editor "A. A." Journal; John Chappell, V. P. 8th District : David Rees, V. P. ist District,

papers, in which it the starting of mills Officers Standing (left to right)-Clem Jarvis, V. P. 5th District ; ('. H. Davis, V. P. 3d District;

was explicitly stated here and there show

John H. Morgan, Trustee; Fred. Williams, V, P. 7th District ; Elias Jenkins, Trustee : John
Ward, V. P. 6th District; W. C. Davis, V. P. 4th District; John Pierce, Trustee; John Hodge,

that the membership that the steel strike President Sieel Smelters' Association of England.

a little under

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14,000. The temerity displayed by President Shaffer in ordering a general strike and his talk of boundless resources gave the impression that some 40,000 skilled mechanics composed the Amalgamated membership, and that they had funds sufficient to carry on a protracted struggle.

“It turns out that the earlier statement was correct. The se cret of the membership and the receipts and expenses for the past twenty-five years have leaked out, with the result that it is now known that when the Amalgamated Association entered upon its present warfare it had but 160 active subordinate lodges with a total of 13,892 members and a balance of only $74,898 in its treasury. Yet with this pitiful showing of strength, the infatuated leaders rushed into a war with the strongest and ablest managed corporation in the world. Small as the army was, all the force could not be controlled, and of the 9.392 employed by the steel trust probably not over 8,000 have gone out, tho in all some 80,000 or 90,000 laborers have been inade idle.

"It is obvious that the Amalgamated Association never had more than the ghost of a show for victory. Shaffer's mind and those of his associates have been full of misconceptions. In the first place he counted upon the popular antipathy to trusts to bring the force of public opinion to his support, and in the next place he relied upon producing a panic in the stock-market, wliich should frighten the steel stockholders into conceding the association's demand. In both these matters he was disappointed. The public could not approve a causeless strike and there was no headlong decline in the value of steel shares. The lowest range reached after the announcement of the failure of the conference between the manufacturers and labor leaders only put down the market about ten points, and such effective support was received that a rally has been steadily going on ever since.

“Under the circumstances the failure of the strike was a foregone conclusion from the start."

been indifferently dismissed with a few lines each in some obscure corner of the newspaper. Many note, too, that lynching seems to increase crime instead of acting as a deterrent, and the Columbia State declares that legal hangings would accomplish the purpose much more effectually: "In substantiation of this,” it says, “.

"we might direct attention to the fact that in the above list (of recent lynchings] South Carolina does not appear, and in connection with that fact recall that the only assaults which have occurred in this State within the last three years have been punished by the law, and further, that since the two or three trials, convictions, and executions for such crimes within that time, there has not been an assault committed by a negro on a white woman in this State." In Wetumpka, Ala., last week, a member of a lynching party was convicted of murder in the first degree and sentenced to life imprisonment, six men are in jail in Nashville on a similar charge, and warrants are out for others.

The Southern papers denounce these mob executions as strongly as those of the Norti). The Rome (Ga.) Tribune says there is not a community in the South where men who chained a mad dog or a mad bull to the stake and burned it alive would not be prosecuted, and it adds that the people of the South must call a halt upon the “horrible practise " of burning negroes, “or the South will go back into darkness and barbarism.”


Where Will it End ?—“Lawlessness feeds on lawlessness. Formerly the mob was satisfied to hang its victim. When the Texas mob burned a negro it was a shock to the country. The world regarded it with horror. But as crime becomes familiar its repulsiveness grows less. The first burning of a victim by a mob suggested the crime to others, and it has been repeated so often it has ceased to be more shocking to the benumbed public mind than an ordinary hanging formerly was. It has grown to be the common method of the mob. It will grow more common and on smaller provocation until some more fiendish and brutalizing method is resorted to. Cannibals eat their victims. We have not arrived at that point-yet. The enlightened mind can not fail to realize that such crimes can not be committed without injury to those who commit them. The fire may consume the victim, but the crime leaves black scars on the living which do not heal. There is a penalty for all this which we shall not escape. The thoughtful must shudder as they contemplate this downward drift. Where will it end?" -- The Nashville Ameri

THE frequency of lynchings in the South of late, in spite of


the efforts of such sheriffs as those mentioned in these columns last week, is stirring up comment in every part of the country. In the last few weeks these mob executions have sometimes occurred as often as one a day, the victim usually being burned alive. The Atlanta Constitution says that this state of affairs "has, perhaps, never been more acute than at the present time.” Many papers note the fact that while the burning of Sam Hose a few years ago sent a thrill of horror throughout the country, the negro burnings of the past few weeks have

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CHINA: “Thank goodness, it's Turkey's turn to be down for a while.'

- The Detroit News-Tribune.


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imitative of Apache Indians at their worst—and of an old man barbarous. Is it not about time, then, for lynchers to ask why burned in his own home, and all negroes being chased from their prescription fails, and for the people of the South to detertowns in Missouri, including a number of entirely respectable mine that the enforcement of law is a more effective remedy, and and inoffensive citizens of that race. Despite the smug declara- that the punishment of crime by the commission of crime is a tions that the race problem will solve itself, made by those who failure wherever tried ?”The Chicago Tribune. wish to elude the trouble of considering a very complicated question, the race conditions are worse than they were twenty-five years ago. The burning of human beings by white men was then unheard of. Now, it is a custom, and the newspapers have

CONGRESSMAN LITTLEFIELD'S CRITICISM OF ceased to discuss it. Our people have become hardened to the

THE INSULAR DECISIONS. horror. We are destroying our own instincts of civilization and putting ourselves on the level of the vilest savages. “State sovereignty is the most valuable principle of our Gov

sular decisions of the Supreme Court before the recent ernment, and should be maintained at all hazards. Yet, if the session of the American Bar Association at Denver has attracted States continue to permit horrors like those in Texas and Mis- national attention, and has had the effect of bringing once again souri, it will be a serious question with thinking people whether

into prominence the the general Government should not be asked to interfere, even if

whole issue involved an amendment to the Constitution should be required. It may

in the insular cases. be better to impair a great principle than to bring up our children to regard the burning and slow torture to death of men by mobs

Mr. Littlefield's critias the common and proper method of punishing crime. Such cism is considered all acts revenge themselves gradually but surely. The race guilty the more noteworthy of them suffers more in the end, by degradation and loss of cir

on account of the fact ilization, than the race that is the victim of them."The Rich

that he is a Republimond News.

can, and the Kansas Statistics of Lynching.—“The number of lynchings during City Times (Dem.) goes the present year to date has been ninety-nine. In no other year

so far as to say that he is during the last decade has the number been so large during the same period. Of this total there have been thirteen in the North

"acknowledged by his and eighty-six in the South. This is not stated invidiously, but

colleagues to be the because the relations between lynching and crime are most con- ablest member of his spicuous and most easily studied in the South. If the theory of party in Congress.” the advocates of lynching be true, then this unusual increase in

Mr. Littlefield said, in the number of lynchings should have been accompanied by an

part (we quote from unusual decrease in crimes committed. Has such been the case?

the Denver News) : “Far from it. While crime has increased all over the country, it has increased most rapidly in the South, and in the four States, “With the greatest Mississippi, Georgia, Alabama, and Louisiana, where lynchings respect for the court are most frequent. In Mississippi the record of the last thirty and without intimatdays shows forty-five murders committed. In other States there ing, either directly or

CONGRESSMAX (HARLIS F. LIT I LEFIELD, OF has been a corresponding increase. Evidently lynching does not indirectly, that any prevent murder. In the South criminal assault is characterized justice was actuated as 'the usual cause' of lynching, tho it is not so, murder being by any censurable motive, I feel bound to say it seems to me the principal cause year by year. Lynching, however, has been that they were too profoundly impressed with the supposed conregarded as the remedy for that crime, but, instead of preventing sequences of an adverse decision. or even decreasing it, it is rapidly increasing, and most rapidly "The insular cases, in the manner in which the results were in the sections where lynchings are most numerous and most reached, the incongruity of the results, and the variety of incon



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