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LEGISLATIVE BRANCH APPROPRIATIONS FOR 1980
SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
SUBCOMMITTEE ON LEGISLATIVE BRANCH APPROPRIATIONS
ADAM BENJAMIN, JR., Indiana, Chairman JOHN M. SLACK, West Virginia
ROBERT H. MICHEL, Illinois NEAL SMITH, Iowa
SILVIO O. CONTE, Massachusetts ROBERT N. GIAIMO, Connecticut
ELDON RUDD, Arizona SIDNEY R. YATES, Illinois
EDWARD E. LOMBARD, Staf Assistant
Architect of the Capitol.
Page 1927 1621 1697 1131 1265 2207
Printed for the use of the Committee on Appropriations
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1979
COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS
JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi, Chairman EDWARD P. BOLAND, Massachusetts
SILVIO O. CONTE, Massachusetts WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky
ROBERT H. MICHEL, Illinois DANIEL J. FLOOD, Pennsylvania
JOSEPH M, McDADE, Pennsylvania TOM STEED, Oklahoma
MARK ANDREWS, North Dakota JOHN M. SLACK, West Virginia
JACK EDWARDS, Alabama NEAL SMITH, Iowa
ROBERT C. McEWEN, New York ROBERT N. GIAIMO, Connecticut
JOHN T. MYERS, Indiana JOSEPH P. ADDABBO, New York
J. KENNETH ROBINSON, Virginia EDWARD J. PATTEN, New Jersey
CLARENCE E. MILLER, Ohio CLARENCE D. LONG, Maryland
LAWRENCE COUGHLIN, Pennsylvania SIDNEY R. YATES, Illinois
C. W. BILL YOUNG, Florida DAVID R. OBEY, Wisconsin
JACK F. KEMP, New York EDWARD R. ROYBAL, California
RALPH S. REGULA, Ohio LOUIS STOKES, Ohio
CLAIR W. BURGENER, California GUNN MCKAY, Utah
GEORGE M. O'BRIEN, Illinois TOM BEVILL, Alabama
VIRGINIA SMITH, Nebraska BILL CHAPPELL, JR., Florida
ELDON RUDD, Arizona
CARL D. PURSELL, Michigan
KEITH F. MAINLAND, Clerk and Staff Director
LEGISLATIVE APPROPRIATIONS FOR FISCAL
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1979.
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
JOHN J. BOYLE, PUBLIC PRINTER
MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION
TENDENT OF DOCUMENTS BRYAN W. MERCER, COMPTROLLER W. SCOTT SONNTAG III, CHIEF, CONGRESSIONAL INFORMATION SECTION
Mr. BENJAMIN. We will consider the budget for the Government Printing Office.
The Public Printer, John Boyle, and members of his staff are with us. Welcome, Mr. Boyle. Please introduce the people that are accompanying you.
Mr. BOYLE. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.
On my right I have with me Mr. Carl LaBarre, who is the Assistant Public Printer, Superintendent of Documents. To his right is Mr. Samuel Saylor, the Deputy Public Printer. On my left is Mr. Walter DeVaughn, Assistant Public Printer for Management and Administration. To my rear is Mr. Bryan Mercer, who is our Comptroller. And seated to his right is Mr. Scott Sonntag, who is our Congressional Information Officer.
Mr. BENJAMIN. The 1980 budget as submitted totals $138,186,000, which is an increase of $29,549,000 over 1979 appropriations, including pending supplementals. The request includes an additional $19,396,000 for site acquisition and building design that was not considered last year.
At this point, we will insert the summary of your request in the record, page 1-1.
[The information follows:]
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE-SUMMARY OF APPROPRIATIONS REQUESTED
Fiscal year 1979
Congressional printing and binding.
$73,961,000 $73,961,000 $76, 212, 000 11, 476,000 11, 476, 000 15, 722, 000 1 24, 465, 000 23, 200,000 23,037, 000 18,000,000
19, 396, 000
33,819, 000 $127, 902,000 - $108, 637,000 $138, 186, 000
1 Fiscal year 1979 request includes the proposed supplementals for civilian pay increases ($285,000) and law libraries
Five percent shall be withheld from obligation and expenditure in accordance with P.L. 95-391.
Would you like to insert it in the record and summarize it for us?
Mr. BOYLE. Yes, sir, I would like to insert my general statement in the record, and I have a brief summary of the highlights of it.
Mr. BENJAMIN. It is submitted for the record.
GENERAL STATEMENT OF THE PUBLIC PRINTER The funds requested for Fiscal Year 1980 for the Government Printing Office aggregate $138,186,000. This amount consists of $76,212,000 for Congressional Printing and Binding; $19,541,000 for Printing and Binding authorized by law to be distributed without charge to the recipient; $23,037,000 for the various programs of the Office of the Superintendent of Documents; and $19,396,000 for Acquisition of Site, General Plans, and Design associated with the proposed construction of a new Government Printing Office building.
The amount requested for Congressional Printing and Binding for Fiscal Year 1980 is $2,251,000 more than the Fiscal Year 1979 appropriations, an increase of 3 percent. The increase is due mainly to increases in the costs of labor and materials. However, the increase has been materially offset by cost reductions resulting primarily from improvements in productivity, use of increased automation, and improved methods which have been factored into the appropriation request.
The amount requested for Printing and Binding which is not directly related to the Congress is $8,065,000 more in Fiscal Year 1980 than appropriated for Fiscal Year 1979. The increase is due mainly to an increase in labor and material costs both for Fiscal Years 1978 and 1979 resulting in a deficiency of $3.8 million for those fiscal years which is included in our Fiscal Year 1980 request. The remaining $4.2 million is applicable to Fiscal Year 1980 and is 11 percent above the Fiscal Year 1979 revised estimate, even with a 35 percent increase in the price of paper, as a result of cost increases for labor and material in all categories
GPO COST REDUCTION EFFORTS As I indicated above, our appropriation request had been moderated by our efforts at cost reductions. In this connection, last year I promised this Committee that I would establish a study group to look into ways to cut back on Government-wide printing and binding costs. Many worthwhile suggestions were developed by my staff. Those suggestions pertaining to cost savings in areas under my control have been implemented and are helping to avoid rate increases in many areas of production and distribution. Suggestions pertaining to areas not under my direct control have been submitted to the Joint Committee on Printing for consideration and we are working with staff in the implementation of those suggestions.
One example of a suggestion by a member of my staff which was adopted and implemented just prior to the beginning of this session of Congress was to eliminate the printing of the tailpiece on certain classes of Senate bills and resolutions and all House bills and resolutions. The appropriate officials in both houses agreed to the change and the discontinued requirement will save an estimated $250,000 annually in the printing of bills and resolutions.
The latest edition of the United States Code, which had formerly been produced from standing hot metal type, was converted to a computer data file, photocomposed electronically, and reprinted in its entirety during Fiscal Year 1978 and the first quarter of Fiscal Year 1979 at a reduced cost as anticipated in our prior years appropriation requests. These savings will again surface when the complete U.S. Code is revised in its entirety in 1982.
The photocomposition of congressional bills originating in both the House and Senate was initiated, experimentally, in August 1978. The success of this project has made it possible to convert production of bills from hot metal to photocomposition. The savings from this conversion have been built into the Fiscal Year 1980 request for Congressional Printing and Binding.
MODERNIZATION OF EQUIPMENT GPO is continuing to modernize its press and bindery operations. Three new web presses were installed in the Offset Division in Fiscal Year 1978 and the photopo İymer plate room has been completed in the Letterpress Division. Photopolymer plate production has been increased to enable us to accept photocomposition or repro copy on the Congressional Record which provides increased flexibility and will permit conversion from hot metal to photocomposition. The development and use of photopolymer plates will extend the useful life of several expensive web presses thus precluding the necessity of purchasing replacement equipment costing approximately $10 million.
The Binding Division in fiscal 1979 will continue its efforts to modernize the equipment in the Congressional Record room which will increase productivity and reduce costs for the Congressional Record and Federal Register. The benefits for these improvements will not be realized for approximately three years.
On August 18, 1978, GPO graduated its last class of graphic arts apprentices. The graduation of that class brought to an end an era of formal apprentice training which began in 1922. Over a span of 56 years, GPO's apprentice training system turned out several thousand skilled craftsmen and we are sorry to have to discontinue this program but we have a reduced requirement for additional workers in the crafts. GPO is making every effort to deal with the human problems stemming from the impact of new technology. To insure that positions created by new technology are made available to the current workforce, we instituted a cross training program and stopped hiring journeymen from the outside more than two years ago. We are committed to retraining the maximum number of employees affected by technology and we believe that we can reduce the workforce and make the transition to the new processes through the use of attrition.
QUALITY ASSURANCE THROUGH ATTRIBUTES PROGRAM We have begun implementating the Quality Assurances through Attributes Pro gram by including measurable quality provision in all of our printing and binding specifications. This program, when fully implemented, is expected to improve quality and reduce the overall cost of Government printing. The program is proving to be successful and will be expanded to the Regional Procurement Offices and Field Printing Offices during Fiscal Year 1979.
Improvements have been made in many of our administrative areas. GPO is now participating in the Treasury Department's Simplified Intergovernmental Billing and Collecting (SIBAC) which provides for rapid collection of payments from customer agencies. We have expanded the Production Reporting for Operations, Budgeting, and Expenditures (PROBE) system so that more than 80 percent of the Cental Office labor and production statistics are collected on terminals which transmit the data automatically to computers. This technique has eliminated the need for timekeepers and has reduced costs. Managers are receiving assistance through formal presentations which analyze and tie together financial, budgetary, productivity and management by objectives data. Additional emphasis has been placed on automation of reporting systems to provide needed data while simultaneously reducing administrative personnel.
În fact, throughout the entire Government Printing Office we are handling more work with fewer people. As of September 30, 1978 there were 7,574 employees on the rolls which is a decrease of 340 people from a year earlier and a decrease of nearly 1,000 employees within the past three years. We have the fewest number of employees at GPO since January 1967. The decreases are occurring across the board in all areas of production, administration, and documents.