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for distillation, yet, in some parts of the country, it is becoming somewhat more cultivated, in place of rye, for the use of animals, &c.

The crop in Maine is thus characterized by one whose means of information are better than ordinary: “ The crops of barley, when cultivated, were good; but not so much was sown this year as heretofore. The reason probably was, that barley has been cultivated pretty extensively as a substitute for wheat, as it did not suffer by the weevil. Farmers, finding that this insect was not so frequent as formerly, have returned to wheat. Barley has, however, never been raised extensively in Maine before the weevil came, and little or none is shipped.”

Another person, speaking of the central part of the State, north, estimates the increase to be 10 per cent. more than in 1840; while, in the southwest section, it is thought to have “decreased yearly, for five years past, from 5 to 10 per cent.' On the whole, we believe that there was not so much raised, by 5 per

5 cent., in Maine.

In New Hampshire, on account of the drought in the lower part of the State, east, the barley crop is thought to have fallen two-thirds from the previous year. Further towards the Connecticut, in the southwest part of The State, it is thought to have been a slight gain, perhaps 15 to 20 per cent. On the central part of the State, west, on the Connecticut river, like all the grain crops, barley is thought to have been above an average. Perhaps the increase of the crop over that of 1843 would be safely fixed at from 5 to 10 per cent.

There is not much raised in Vermont, and hence but little account is taken of it. As the season, however, was propitious for the grain crop, it is thought that there may have been a slight increase in the aggregate, of perhaps 5 per cent. or more.

In Massachusetts, in the central section of the State, there seems to have been an increase of about 10 per cent. over the crop of 1843. In the northeast part, bordering on the Atlantic,.for the last five years there has been but little barley raised, on account of a worm in the straw.

In Rhode Island and Connecticut, there is very little attention paid to this crop, and scarcely any estimate can be formed, as it occupied so small a place in the view of the farmers. Seldom is there seen there a field of even a few acres devoted to barley.

The bulk of the barley crop of the whole United States is raised in New York. Yet, even here, there are large sections of the State where little or none is cultivated. It seldom, however, is the subject of distinct notice in the agricultural papers, so that it is not easy to trace the progress of the barley crop through the season of its growth. We find a few hints, which we give. Thus we notice it in the middle and also at the end of the month of July, in western New York, as “good," “proving better than for many years;" and in an agricultural paper for August, at New York, it is stated “ barley has come in finely, and the crop is an unusually good one. This city is the principal market, consuming annually about 20,000 bushels."

The accounts since the harvest, also, from other sources, speak of it in the northern part of the State “as a fair average;" and, with the exception of the following, in different sections, as “an average," "about as in 1843,"

, “fully an average crop," "full crop," &c.

In the county of Onondaga, it is estimated at one-fourth less than the year

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previous; while in the county of Jefferson, and its vicinity, it is thought that it exceeded the crop of 1843 by 15 per cent.

A good judge says, from the information he has been able to gather, that it is larger than in 1843. More of this grain is cultivated this year than for some time past, and the crop is a very good one. The season has been very favorable for most of the spring crops; and it is quite probable, therefore, that the crop may be one-quarter (perhaps one-third) larger than that of last year.

With this agrees the information from the western section of the State, that “the grain is of a better quality, and the crops larger.”

In Yates, Genesee, and Lycoming counties, the barley crop is estimated, by good judges, to be 50 per cent. better for 1844 than was that of 1843. In Niagara county, our informant says: “The growing of this crop has very much diminished within the last few years, on account of the progress of the temperance reformation. The crop of this year was about an average yield, though less land was sawn. Very little, comparatively, is now raised, except for horse feed and making pork, though brewers both at home and abroad get a portion.”

From the various information we are thus able to gather, we think there was an increase of this crop in the State of New York of from 15 to 20 per cent.

Were it not for the falling off in some of the counties, we might perhaps be justified in rating its advance over the crop of 1843 at 25 per cent.; but, all things considered, we prefer the lower estimate.

In New Jersey, and Pennsylvania little is raised, but it seems to have been an “ordinary crop;" “ as good as in 1843.” Still, the quantity is so small as to attract comparatively little notice, so that no very reliable estimate can be formed. Compared with the crop of 1843, it might have been perhaps 5 per cent. increase.

Others possibly would rather fix it at as much the other way. In but one district, the northwest section of the State of Pennsylvania, do we find any decided increase noticed. There it is said to have been 25 per cent. over the crop of 1843.

Though Virginia stands pretty high on the comparative list of the States raising this crop, yet we have been unable to obtain any data to enable us to speak with any assuredness as to the advance or decrease of the barley product.

It seems probable that there may have been a slight increase, but so small that it will not vary much from the crop of 1843.

The State of Ohio furnishes a barley crop larger than any of the Western States but Michigan. The information for the most part from this State of this crop, for 1844, is, that it was a “ usual crop,' average."

In the central part of the State, north, comprising Delaware, Marion, and Richland counties, we are told that the crop was about ten per cent. over that of 1843. In the vicinity of Dayton, a good judge thus writes: “Owing to an increased demand for barley, it is probable that twice as much was reaped this year as last, but there was not more than half a yield.”

The cause of the failure is stated to have been “the wet weather. For the whole State, we think there may have been an increase on the crop of 1843 of from 5 to 10 per cent.

In Indiana and Illinois, although there was not much raised, yet it is thought to have been an average crop; and, in the western part of the latter, by some was estimated at 10 per cent. increase over the crop of 1843.

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Michigan ranks high among the barley-producing States; and compared with the crop of 1843, which was a poor one, there has been a gain.

In the eastern and northern section, it is estimated at an average crop, while at the west it is said to have been “unusually good,” and “more than an average crop.” Still, there have not been causes to produce an unusual demand, and therefore attention has not been more than ordinarily turned to it, so that the advance is to be attributed to other causes than the unusual occupation of a great quantity of field; and therefore the whole average for the State cannot be ranked higher than 10 per cent. over the crop of 1843. The whole barley crop for 1844 is supposed to have been 3,627,000 bushels.

Mention has been made in some of the papers of a kind of barley termed the Emur or wheat barley. The person said to possess it has been written to for a sample, and some further information respecting it.

The account, so far as given, is,“ that it has been raised in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania. The straw of the grain is similar to that of the common barley, with the same formed ear.externally; but it is not attached to the grain, that being formed like wheat, of course without husks; and this is the cause of its great weight, which is about 60 pounds to the bushel. Its growth is precisely similar to spring barley, requires to be sown at the same time, and used for the same purposes; and, thus far, has succeeded quite as well as the common barley." The original quantity, it is stated, was about a table spoonful, and has been cultivated for three years. It is hoped that some of the seed will ere long be received at the Patent Office for distribution, as it has been requested from the person said to have it.

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OATS.

On referring to the tabular estimate of the crops, it will be seen that the year 1844 has been a very favorable one for this crop, and that the increase or gain on the previous year is large. The year 1843, it will be recollected, fell off in the aggregate, from the year before it, which was more than an average one. The weather the past season seems to have been propitious to this great crop, which appears to be viewed with favor in nearly all the States.

The New England crop was evidently superior to that of the former year; though it will be seen there may have been sections which are exceptions. In Maine, it is estimated at “10 per cent. advance ;'' and our informant, well able to judge, writes : “ An excellent yield of oats has been harvested in Maine. This grain is extensively cultivated. Large quantities are used in the logging swamps, on stage routes, in stables, and a great amount is shipped. The spring was favorable for getting them in, and the cool summer congenial to ihem, and the berry filled well.” The advance we are inclined, from all we can ascertain, to set as high as 20 or 25 per cent. for the whole State.

In New Hampshire, the appearance of the crop seems to have been very similar. One person thinks it was about the same as last year;" another estimates it above the common average;" another, “an average crop;" another, perhaps better fitted than most to form a correct opinion, says that “oats sown before the 10th of May have been an excellent crop; those sown after run the risk of blight." The oat crop, for the whole, could

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not have been less than a gain on that of 1943 of 15 or 20 per cent.-perhaps larger.

In Vermont, likewise, the oat crop has increased. It is said to have been “ very good; better than the year previous," which somewhat fell off from that of 1842. In Franklin county, like the wheat, it is said to have been very fair. From all we can learn, we feel justified in fixing it as high as 15 to 20 per cent. better.

In the northeastern section of Massachusetts, though it was a good crop, yet it is thought to have been, perhaps, 10 per cent. less than in 1843.

In the central and other parts of the State, the product was better.

In Berkshire county, in July, the crop, though less popular of late than barley, is said to look well.

Probably, to estimate the whole crop of the State at an advance of 10 to 15 per cent., would not be very wide of the mark.

Rhode Island is supposed not to have shared in this gain, but either to have been about the same, or it may be a little less.

In the south western section of the State of Connecticut, the crop of oats has been a fine one, and well harvested; in the central section it has, in many fields, proved deficient, owing to the drought in the early part of the season.

In the great State of New York, which stands foremost among the States which produce large crops of oats, from all our numerous notices, we have not a single one unfavorable. In every section it is spoken of as an abundant crop, or, at least, superior to that of 1843. It will be recollected that the crop of 1843 was decidedly less than that of the previous year.

In the month of July, in the vicinity of New York, it is stated, respecting the crop of oats: “ The fields look beautiful; the heads are now filling, and the color is turning to that bright yellow that denotes that the crop is nearly ready to be cut. There is every appearance of a good yield.” So in Queens county, oats are said to be most promising. Again: in western New York, from Buffalo, within the same month, we hear that “oats are generally good.” Again : early in Angust, from the same section, the report is: “Oats have given a full crop; and if we have only a moderately dry month, they will be secured in good order.” And yet, again: “Oats are all received, and the crop proved to be a very good one.'

In the central part of the State, in Onondaga county, in July : “Oats are much better than usual, and the farmers count on an abundant crop.”

So in the vicinity of Utica, about the same period, the crop of oats is said to promise well. An agricultural paper, also published in that vi.

. cinity, early in August, says, of this crop, that it “ promises to be incommonly heavy; straw not so large, but the heads are large and well filled. The season has been quite favorable to this grain."

In the neighborhood of New York, July 21, oats are described as being “heavy;" and a similar remark is made, that the straw is not so large, but it is said to be well headed, as the season was a good one.

The notices received since the harvest was gathered in correspond with these earlier promises of the abundant crop. On Long Island and in the vi. cinity of New York, it is described as being “a good crop; more than the usual yield.” In Westchester county the increase over the year preceding is said, by an informant, to be 100 per cent. In Dutchess and Putnam,

, as “good as in 1843.” The report with respect to Orange county, as given by one whose means of judging are better than ordinary, is highly favora

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ble. He says: “ This is one of the staple products of our county of Orange, and the favorable season and an improved system of culture have united to make the crop this year one of the largest which we have ever grown. The grain is of superior quality, and the total yield is probably nearly double that of last year. The best crop offered for premium to our society yielded the enormous, and, with us, unprecedented amount of one hundred and eight bushels to the acre; the second best yielded seventy-four bushels and twenty-four quarts to the acre."

In Ulster and Delaware, at least “one-third more.” In Columbia and Greene, “somewhat better.” In Rensselaer county, the crop was “an excellent one." On the Mohawk yalley, “as good as the year before.” In the northern section of the State, the oat crop was also a good one. And in Jefferson county, the increase is estimated to have been 40 per cent. above the crop of 1840. Along the region of Schoharie, in quantity, says one, it did not greatly vary " from the previous year, but in quality it was superior.” Another writes thus: “Oats are produced in large quantities; the average yield, however, is not higher than twenty bushels per acre, and should be forty. I raised this year from three acres one hundred and thirtytwo bushels of very large and heavy oats; this was on sod ground, ploughed up in the fall, ploughed again in the spring, dragged over carefully three times, and seed to the amount of three bushels per acre used.” In the counties of Oswego, Madison, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Cortland, this crop is considered “sull an average one;" "about the same in quantity” as in 1843, but “ better in quality.”

Still further west and south, we meet with similar statements. In Gen. esee and Wyoming counties, it is estimated, by one well qualified to judge, at one-third more than in 1843. And of Niagara connty it is said:

, 66 The crop of oats was good, though the quantity sown was less than in some preceding years, yet the average was 10 to 15 per cent. above that of 1843.”

In Cattaraugus county the report is not equally favorable, for, though the usual quantity was sown, it is said “there was hardly a medium crop.

An agricultural paper, speaking of this crop in the State generally, remarks thus: “ This as a grain crop may be considered as entitled to rank next to that of corn in importance. As food for horses, especially those which are employed in quick work, oats are preferable to any other grain, and constitute the most convenient food which can be given. The yield this year is generally good in most sections."

From the information we have been able to gather, we think we are authorized in estimating the oat crop for the whole State of New York, for 1844, at least 25 per cent. better than in the year preceding.

In New Jersey, likewise, the accounts are uniformly favorable. It is pronounced to have been a good crop, and by some is estimated at 50 per cent. advance on the crop of 1843. As the crop of the last year in this State was so much less than in 1842, we are inclined to believe that an advance of 30 per cent. may be allowed.

With scarcely an exception, the crop of oats in Pennsylvania which stands only second to New York, is pronounced to have been “a full crop; more than an average.”

In Lancaster county, our informant says: “There has been, I think, something less than an average, owing to ihe want of sutlicient rain.” The anguage of others in various sections of the State is, “ more than an aver

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