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during the present year was not diminished in a corresponding degree with the falling off of the crop of 1843, compared with that of 1842. În consequence of the uncommon yield of the crop of 1842, and the deficiency of the market, much of it remained on hand. Such a portion of the old crop, which remained over, has been brought into market during the present year, as would probably make the entire delivery equal to an average crop.
“Upon the whole, I am of opinion that the product of the entire hempgrowing region of Kentucky, for the last two years, upon an average, would be about twelve thousand tons per annum.”
The season has not been so favorable for the hemp crop of Missouri. Thus, we find scattered notices to this effect:
Peltis county, Missouri, July 9, 1844.—“The wet weather, which has set in, has not only prevented any shipping, but has ruined the growing crop. I have heard but one opinion expressed--that the hemp crop of Missouri is a total failure."
Again: the St. Louis Gazette says: “ This important staple [hemp) of this section of the country, in consequence of the wet weather in the fore part of the season, will yield only about half a crop; the same cause produced a similar result last year, when the quantity was about 12,000 tons. This season there will be probably about 15,000 tons, which will be doubled next year of the season proves favorable.”
The estirnate above given, of 15,000 tons, is unquestionably an error: we suspect it is meant for 5,000 tons. A correspondent from this State says of the hemp crop," that in some parts it was not one-fourth of a crop, owing to the wet weather;" and again, not more than one-fourth; including flax, it is probable there may have been 10,000 or 12,000 tons." The returns of the hemp and flax being mingled, and the amount of flax raised in Illinois being very considerable, it is difficult to form any suitable estimate as to the hemp crop of this State. In the northern central counties we are told, “The hemp crop was very indifferent”_not more than one-third of a crop, owing to the bad season. There was a very great increase in the number of acres sown in hemp in Illinois during the past season. The attention of farmers is much turned to this branch of production, and there is a great prospect of a large increase in the article of hemp in Illinois hereafter."
From a correspondent in Kentucky we have the following statement respecting the hemp crop generally. It will be seen that it sets the hemp crop of that State higher than Judge Beatty has done, and we believe probably puts the crop of Illinois too low. His means of information, however, entitle his opinion to consideration. He says:
“ There are probably not 100 tons of hemp produced in Virginia. It is grown to a limited extent in the counties of Virginia bordering on the Ohio river. The product in Kentucky is about 15,000 tons; of Missouri, 6,000 to 8,000 tons; Indiana and Illinois, 500 tons; Ohio, 500 to 1,000 tons. Little or none in any other State. A great deal of flax in Kentucky, Indiana,
A , and Ohio, chiefly for seed and home-made linen.”
By the following extract from a public journal, we see that attention is turning to this crop somewhat in Mississippi :
The Vicksburg Whig notices the fact that General John H. Robb had produced at the rate of 1,200 pounds of hemp per acre at Shirt-tail bend, on the Mississippi; and also the fact that Messrs. Warfield had raised and manufactured in Mississippi, in one year, enough hemp to bale one hundred and fifty bales of cotton.
A correspondent in Orange county, New York, says: “ A portion of our county is admirably adapted to this crop, and it was formerly extensively cultivated; but, for some years past, its growth has been discontinued, for want of remunerating prices." In connexion with this crop, we have
' , gathered some particulars which may deserve mention here.
The following statement of hemp received at New Orleans may help to show the rapid increase of the cultivation of this important article: “In 1841–42, the entire receipts at New Orleans were only 1,211 bales; in 1842-'43, they rose to 15,000 bales; and in 1843–244, they reached 38,000 bales, or about 5,000 tons—the increase being almost exclusively from Illinois and Missouri.”
Again: “We notice 7 tons of water-rotted hemp, bought by Messrs. James Anderson & Co., of John Steele, Esq., of Fayette county, Kentucky, near Lexington, at $130 per ton. We have closely examined whole warehouses of Riga hemp in Boston, and we think we can say, with truth, that we never saw hemp superior to this lot in any respect. It is very heavy, of beautiful color, free from tow, and perfectly clean. It is fully equal to hemp for which our paternal Government pays Russia $235 a ton." -Louisville Journal.
It is also stated, in one of the public journals, that 800 bales of dew-rotted sold in New York (designed for the English market) at $100 per ton.
The better qualities are stated to have advanced $10 per ton, and the inferior $5. The Farmers' Visiter for July also says that “ nearly 5,000 bales (or 123,500 pounds) of American hemp were received at Boston from New Orleans, during the six months ending on the Ist instant.” A writer in the Dollar Farmer, published at Louisville, Kentucky, speaking of the encouragement respecting this crop, says: “From our own personal observation, and from the oft-tried experiment of a few pioneers in water-rotting hemp, we can safely say that the farmer will be able to realize, at the present low rate of hemp, from $6 50 to $7 per hundred weight, for fair, wellcleaned water hemp, without hackling from the hand beater; and for a very superior article, he may expect $8 or more. Fair dew-rotted rates something below these prices.”
The great difficulty still experienced is a process of water-rotting and a brake---such as would enable the farmer properly to prepare for the market much of the heinp which is now converted into bagging, or wasted. Several notices have been published in the Western journals, announcing from time to ime that the latter desideratum has been attained; but we have not seen any account of complete success having been reached. A writer on this subject says:
6. The custom of dew-rotting hemp would, so soon as these experiments are brought to a successful issue, and this machine is put in operation, be abandoned; because a more valuable article could be prepared at a less expense. But, forsooth, some of our practical farmers may ask, what is to be done with so much hemp wlien it is raised ? Let us see. Kentucky has raised, for the past two or three years, an average crop of 15,000 tons annually; the great bulk of which has been dew-rotted; and, with the exception of a few hundred tons for twine, bed cords, &c., all of this, owing to the mode of preparation, is fit only for bagging and rope.
“ In the manufacture of these articles, there are about 10,000 tons ann" ally consumed, leaving an over-production of 5,000 tons a year, which have to lie in the farmers' hemp houses until the bagging manufact are ready to buy it. There is, however, a greater increase in the
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tion of hemp than there is in the manufacture of it; because bagging and rope are articles of limited demand, and their consumption depends exclusively upon the extent of the cotton crop. These circumstances combine directly to reduce the price of dew-rotted hemp; and, owing to the facts that the annual production of our State and Missouri is not only 50 per cent, more than the consumption, but also that an estimated surplus of from 5,000 to 8,000 tons of the crops of 1842–43 is supposed to be at this time in the farmers' hands unsold, many persons are even now looking forward to the price of hemp ruling lower next year than it has ever done before. Supposing, on the other hand, instead of dew-rotting, the entire crop of Kentucky was water-rotled; what would be the condition of things then? Why, instead of keeping his crop until the bagging manufacturer was ready to buy it, the farmer, by drawing out some 25 per cent. of tow, could obtain for the clean hemp from $160 to $200 per ton, and for the tow he could get as much from the bagging manufacturer as he now gets for his best dew-rotted hemp. He then never need fear the markets being glutted; for the consumption of water.rotted hemp in the world amounts to several hundred thousand tons annually. Russia alone raises 120,000 tons; and, as I have before said, Kentucky could be made to produce 100,000 tons, if our farmers only knew how to prepare it properly, and a machine was in successful operation to compete with the serf labor of Russia.”
At a meeting of the American Institute, a communication was made by Mr. Knight, of Kentucky, respecting a new mode of rotting hemp, by water heated to 160 degrees of Fahrenheit, by which it forms an entirely new staple; it becomes silky, more delicate and beautiful than the first flax. The same gentleman made the following statement to the institute: “Governor Chambers communicated to me a very curious important fact in relation to hemp. He stated that some years since a few tons of hemp were brought to his factory in Kentucky, which his foreman pronounced worthless, in consequence of its being over rotted—the fibre not having safficient strength to bear twisting. It was, however, put away in one corner of the hemp house as tow, where it remained a year or more; when, being out of hemp, and wishing to keep the force employed, he directed the foreman to try the lot, and see if it could not be spun for bed cords; when it was found to be quite a good article, it having acquired tenacity by age. _It was accordingly worked up, and he paid the farmer the usual price. Experiments were afterwards made on lots of similar character, and the results were equally favorable.”
The above important facts show the benefit that may yet be derived to this country by the hemp crop. The amount of hemp imported in nine months in 1843 reached in value $228,882. By the following extract of a circular of a house in New Orleans, dated September 12, 1844, we see what may be done:
“Hemp.—This important article to the growers of the Western country is beginniug to attract much attention, not only in this country, but in England. The consumption of it has greatly increased since the last year, which has been supplied by shipments from the West, a portion of which was placed upon the market at much less than its value, and in quantities sufficient to supply the immediate demand, at $75 and $85 per ton for American dew-rotted. All, or nearly all, thus held, has been taken; and prices have advanced to $92 50 a $95. Should the stock not be greatly increased, we expect to obtain $100; at which we are holding, and at which we have made some sales.
on should be paid to the preparation of hemp for the
be entirely clear of shives; neatly and securely baled. issia hemp this year are very small-only about 400 tons year. This will cause an increased demand for your ), which, if well cleaned, and of bright color, will be 3-say from $160 to $170 per ton.” le most perfcct kind is said to be in use in Europe, by nens (the superiority of which is seen by their being ") are fabricated. Similar applications might be made y.
into our appendix No. 10 some extracts from the report ne agent of the Russian Government, who was sent over re and report as to the best means of improving the ration, and fabrication of hemp.” A translation of this y published by order of Congress; but the extracts in in, in a short compass, some of the most important pary a correspondent of the Louisville Courier. own into the same appendix a circular published by article, which we take from the Prairie Farmer. From er, of August, we have also taken some extracts from m M. Peyton, of Virginia. Another from the Dollar ure of hemp, &c. Should time allow, it is, too, our in
extracts, in translation, from a German work, on the din spinning, &c. mp crop for 1844 is 22,800 tons.
some parts of our country for seed, and the amount ose is increasing. We have rich lands, and can raise Ivantage. There is little danger of overstocking the s the demand for the oil thus made is great. The oil will pay for the expressing of it. The quantity of oil wo gallons to the bushel; the yield per acre of seed is . Sometimes in Europe it is sown and mowed when the stalk thrown away. But since the new discover
made for enabling the manufacturer to spin it, and com it, by machinery, it must reduce the price of linen o competition with cotton goods. Flax is admirably copping of prairie land--the sod being turned over flat, first season. In this way, flax for seed may be obtained; or sowing commands a high price in England, where efore it is ripe, and where the climate is not so favor
seed. The amount of flaxseed, as well as of linen is of considerable value, though we cannot give any espect to them. The paper in appendix No. 11, on is been furnished by an experienced manufacturer of T., and contains much valuable information, gathered servation abroad. By the following extract from & ears that the business of raising the seed is one of no .e West: incinnati Atlas states that the cultivation of flax for come an important item among the farmers of Hamiljer having 20, and another 30 acres under culture. oil mills in our Western cities makes a home market, 'eil for the cultivation even of the seed alone."
pon Orei ; the
The Genesee Farmer, of September, 1844, speaking of this subject, remarks, that seed will bring in that vicinity $1 50 a bushel, in any quantity, both for home consumption and export. It is also stated that the price of flax is about $150 per ton.
In a Western journal, foreign flax is said to be held in Great Britain at
Maryland is a large tobacco-growing State. There is considerable con-
“ Maryland tobacco.–Lyford's Journal of Saturday says, in reference to the coming crop of Maryland tobacco, that all accounts agree in pronouncing it, from present appearances, the largest, and of as good quality in general, as the State has ever produced. Some portion of it is already housed.”
" The tobacco crop.-A tobacco planter of Anne Arundel county, Maryland, states that the article which we copied from Lyford's Journal on Monday last, relative to the extent and quality of this year's Maryland tobacco crop, is incorrect. In Anne Arundel, Prince George, and Calvert, the principal tobacco-growing counties in the State, he says the planters will be satisfied in having two-thirds of an average crop. This may be so, but Mr. Lyford is usually correct in his statements.”
“ Injury to the tobacco crop.-The Marlborough Gazette of Thursday last says: Much injury was sustained in the lower part of Prince George by the storm on yesterday week. We learn that several planters had their tobacco crops so much cut by the hail as to render them valueless."