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of States party to this Convention not members of any of the Unions, such States shall also vote. On all other amendments proposed, only States party to this Convention members of any Union shall vote. Amendments shall be adopted by a simple majority of the votes cast, provided that the Conference shall vote only on such proposals for amendments as have previously been adopted by the Assembly of the Paris Union and the Assembly of the Berne Union according to the rules applicable in each of them regarding the adoption of amendments to the administrative provisions of their respective Conventions.

(3) Any amendment shall enter into force one month after written notifications of acceptance, effected in accordance with their respective constitutional processes, have been received by the Director General from three-fourths of the States Members of the Organization, entitled to vote on the proposal for amendment pursuant to paragraph (2), at the time the Conference adopted the amendment. Any amendments thus accepted shall bind all the States which are Members of the Organization at the time the amendment enters into force or which become Members at a subsequent date, provided that any amendment increasing the financial obligations of Member States shall bind only those States which have notified their acceptance of such amendment.

Article 18
Denunciation

(1) Any Member State may denounce this Convention by notification addressed to the Director General.

(2) Denunciation shall take effect six months after the day on which the Director General has received the notification.

Article 19
Notifications

The Director General shall notify the Governments of all Member States of:

(i) the date of entry into force of the Convention, (ii) signatures and deposits of instruments of ratification or

accession, (iii) acceptances of an amendment to this Convention, and

the date upon which the amendment enters into force, (iv) denunciations of this Convention.

Article 20
Final Provisions

(1) (a) This Convention shall be signed in a single copy in English, French, Russian and Spanish, all texts being equally authentic, and shall be deposited with the Government of Sweden.

(b) This Convention shall remain open for signature at Stockholm until January 13, 1968.

(2) Official texts shall be established by the Director General, after consultation with the interested Governments, in German, Italian and Portuguese, and such other languages as the Conference may designate.

(3) The Director General shall transmit two duly certified copies of this Convention and of each amendment adopted by the Conference to the Governments of the States members of the Paris or Berne Unions, to the Government of any other State when it accedes to this Convention, and, on request, to the Government of any other State. The copies of the signed text of the Convention transmitted to the Governments shall be certified by the Government of Sweden.

(4) The Director General shall register this Convention with the Secretariat of the United Nations.

Article 21
Transitional Provisions

(1) Until the first Director General assumes office, references in this Convention to the International Bureau or to the Director General shall be deemed to be references to the United International Bureaux for the Protection of Industrial, Literary and Artistic Property (also called the United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property (BIRPI)), or its Director, respectively.

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(2) (a) States which are members of any of the Unions but which have not become party to this Convention may, for five

years from the date of entry into force of this Convention, exercise, if they so desire, the same rights as if they had become party to this Convention. Any State desiring to exercise such rights shall give written notification to this effect to the Director General; this notification shall be effective on the date of its receipt. Such States shall be deemed to be members of the General Assembly and the Conference until the expiration of the said period.

(b) Upon expiration of this five-year period, such States shall have no right to vote in the General Assembly, the Conference, and the Coordination Committee.

(c) Upon becoming party to this Convention, such States shall regain such right to vote.

(3) (a) As long as there are States members of the Paris or Berne Unions which have not become party to this Convention, the International Bureau and the Director General shall also function as the United International Bureaux for the Protection of Industrial, Literary and Artistic Property, and its Director, respectively.

(b) The staff in the employment of the said Bureaux on the date of entry into force of this Convention shall, during the transitional period referred to in subparagraph(a), be considered as also employed by the International Bureau.

(4) (a) Once all the States members of the Paris Union have become Members of the Organization, the rights, obligations, and property, of the Bureau of that Union shall devolve on the International Bureau of the Organization.

(b) Once all the States members of the Berne Union have become Members of the Organization, the rights, obligations, and property, of the Bureau of that Union shall devolve on the International Bureau of the Organization.

I.

Berne Convention of 1886 and annexed acts.

CONVENTION

CONCERNANT
LA CRÉATION D'UNE UNION INTERNATIONALE

POUR
LA PROTECTION DES EUVRES LITTÉRAIRES

ET ARTISTIQUES
SIGNÉE A BERNE LE 9 SEPTEMBRE 1886.
(Original text)

(English translation)
ARTICLE PREMIER

ARTICLE I Les pays contractants sont con- The contracting States are constitués à l'état d'Union pour la pro- stituted into a Union for the prorection des droits des auteurs sur tection of the rights of authors over leurs cuvres littéraires et artis- their literary and artistic works.

a

riques.

ARTICLE 2

ARTICLE II Les auteurs ressortissant à l'un Authors of any one of the coundes pays de l'Union, ou leurs ayants tries of the Union, or their legal cause, jouissent, dans les autres

representatives, shall enjoy in the pays, pour leurs cuvres, soit pub- other countries for their works, liées dans un de ces pays, soit non whether published in one of those publiées, des droits que les lois countries or unpublished, the rights respectives accordent actuellement which the respective laws do now ou accorderont par la suite aux or may hereafter grant to nationals. nationaux.

The enjoyment of these rights is La jouissance de ces droits est subject to the accomplishment of subordonnée à l'accomplissement the conditions and formalities predes conditions et formalités pre- scribed by law in the country of scrites par la législation du pays origin of the work, and cannot exd'origine de l'ouvre; elle ne peut ceed in the other countries the term excéder, dans les autres pays, la of protection granted in the said durée de la protection accordée dans country of origin. ledit pays d'origine.

The country of origin of the Est considéré comme pays d'ori- work is that in which the work is gine de l'oeuvre, celui de la première first published, or if such publicapublication, ou, si cette publication tion takes place simultaneously in a lieu simultanément dans plusieurs several countries of the Union, that pays de l'Union, celui d'entre eux one of them in which the shortest dont la législation accorde la durée term of protection is granted by de protection la plus courte.

law.

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