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APPROPRIATIONS FOR DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.
JANUARY 23, 1907.—Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the state
of the Union and ordered to be printed.
Mr. WADSWORTH, from the Committee on Agriculture, submitted the
[To accompany H. R. 24815.)
The Committee on Agriculture having had under consideration the estimates of appropriations required for the Department of Agriculture for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1908, respectfully submit the accompanying bill" (H. R. 24815) and report as follows:
The amount appropriated by this bill for what is known as the ordinary and regular routine work of the Department of Agriculture is $7,635,790 and the amount carried by the act for the current fiscal year (exclusive of $3,000,000 for meat inspection) is $6,560,440, an increase, for the same objects, of $1,075,350.
The following increases in existing statutory salaries have been allowed:
Chief of Forest Service (Forester), $3,500 to $4,500.
The increase in the salary of the Forester is justified not only by long and faithful service of the present incumbent of that office, but by the greatly increased work put upon him by the transfer of the Government national forests to his care and administration.
The increase granted to the Chief of the Bureau of Chemistry is also justified by reason of long and faithful service and by reason of greatly increased and responsible duties put upon him in the enforcement of the pure-food law.
Also the following:
Cashier and chief clerk, Division of Accounts and Disbursements, increase from $1,800 to $2,000.
Assistant Chief, Bureau of Statistics, increase from $2,200 to $2,500. Director of Office of Public Roads, increase from $2,500 to $2,750.
The duties of these officers are constantly increasing with the continuing growth of the Department, and the committee there
feel justified in granting these small increases in salaries in recognition of good service.
All other additions and increases in the statutory rolls of the Department are accounted for by the natural growth of the routine and ordinary work of the Department, and particularly to the great additional amount of work imposed upon the Department on account of the enforcement of the pure-food act, and are chiefly transfers from lump sums to statutory rolls.
The following increases in the lump sum appropriations have been allowed:
Weather Bureau.-$25,000. For establishment and equipment of from 3 to 5 additional stations.
Bureau of Animal Industry.—$85,000. For reconstruction and repair of buildings at the several quarantine stations.
Bureau of Plant Industry.—$81,100. To take over tobacco work formerly done by the Bureau of Soils, and for enlarging and increasing the demonstration work, especially in the Southern States.
Forest Service.-$370,160. To provide a "working capital” for the improvement and development of the resources of the national forests. The National Government having taken over the care of the national forests it behooves it to develop them as a business proposition and make them a source of profit, as is done with the government forests of the countries of continental Europe.
It is estimated by the Forester that in ten years the revenue from the national forests will equal $6,000,000, while the expenses of management and administration ought not to exceed $4,900,000; which would leave a balance of something over $1,000,000 to be annually turned into the Treasury of the United States. The Forester believes this estimate of receipts is extremely conservative and he is sanguine they will be exceeded.
Bureau of Chemistry.—$504,080. This increase is due solely to the fact that the enforcement of the pure-food act devolves upon this Bureau of the Department of Agriculture,
Bureau of Statistics.-$10,000. For the employment of additional special agents deemed necessary by the Secretary of Agriculture to insure greater efficiency in the work of the Bureau.
Office of Experiment Stations.—$51,300, divided as follows: $4,500 for new duties imposed by the act of March 16, 1906; $19,000 to extend to the Alaska, Hawaii, and Porto Rico experiment stations the same financial support as is accorded by act of Congress to the experiment stations in the States and Territories generally; $27,800 for irrigation and drainage investigations, to meet the constantly growing demands for that work.
The following emergency appropriations have been allowed:
Cotton boll weevil investigations, $190,000, of which $150,000 is for the use of the Bureau of Plant Industry and $40,000 is for the use of the Bureau of Entomology.
For preventing the spread of the gypsy and brown-tail moths, $150,000, to be used by the Bureau of Entomology.
From a very small experimental beginning this work was practically started with an appropriation of $82,500 carried by the current Agricultural appropriation act, and results already accomplished under that appropriation justify the hope that by a still more vigorous attack upon these dangerous pests they can be held in check and perhaps exterminated.
Eradicating cattle ticks, $150,000, to be used by the Bureau of Animal Industry. This work was also commenced under an appropriation of $82,500 carried in the current Agricultural appropriation act, and the good results already shown justify strong hopes that by still more extended and systematic operations the cattle tick, now inflicting so much loss upon the live-stock industry of the southern country, can be confined to a smaller area, if not completely exterminated.
These emergency appropriations swell the amount carried by this bill to $8,125,790.
The current Agricultural appropriation act carries $6,930,440 for the same purposes, showing a net increase of $1,195,350, which, as already shown, is due principally to the additional amounts necessary for the enforcement of the pure-food law and a "working capital” for the Forest Service.
In addition to the $8,125,790 carried by this bill for the use of the Department of Agriculture there is carried in other appropriation acts $3,000,000 for the enforcement of the meat-inspection law, and (estimated) for printing and other objects $1,647,000, making, in round figures, the grand total cost of the Department of Agriculture $12,772,790.
There has been omitted from the bill the paragraph making appropriation for what is commonly known as the Congressional free seed distribution. In its place there has been substituted a paragraph providing. for the "purchase, propagation, and testing of new, rare, and uncommon seeds, bulbs, trees, shrubs, vines, cuttings, and plants, foreign and domestic," the sum appropriated for this purpose being $238,000, the same amount carried by the bill last year for the general distribution.
The substitute paragraph was drawn in the office of the Secretary of Agriculture and is strongly indorsed by Secretary. Wilson, who expresses the emphatic opinion that he can render the farming interests of the country vastly more valuable service by carrying out the provisions of the present bill than would be possible under the old plan. This opinion seems to be fully concurred in by the National Grange, the State granges, and practically all the other farmers' organizations of the country, because with almost complete unanimity they have adopted resolutions protesting against the present plan as wasteful and useless. It can not be disputed that the original purpose of the law was to limit the distribution of seeds to the introduction of new and valuable varieties. Your committee believes the best interests of agriculture demand a return to this original purpose.
AUTHORIZING APACHE COUNTY, ARIZ., TO ISSUE
JANUARY 23, 1907.-Referred to the House Calendar and ordered to be printed.
Mr. SMITH, of Arizona, from the Committee on the Territories, sub
mitted the following
[To accompany H. R. 24648.]
The Committee on the Territories, to which was referred the bill (H. R. 24648) ratifying the act of the legislative assembly of Arizona approved February 13, 1905, authorizing the county of Apache to issue bonds in the sum of $15,000, to build a court-house at St. Johns, in said county, having considered the same, respectfully report:
Some doubt existing as to whether Apache County under the limitations of what is commonly known as the Harrison Act could legally issue bonds for any purpose, and the county standing in sore need of a court-house, appealed through its representative in the legislature for relief. The legislature passed the bill and prescribed in the act that it should take effect on approval by Congress, and this bill ratifies the said act. No charge on the Federal Treasury is made. The passage of this act will cause said bonds to sell readily, and give the people of Apache County the relief so much desired.
Your committee can see no objection whatever, and unanimously recommend the passage of the bill.