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Published the first of every month by the American Peace Society.

No. 1 Somerset St., Boston, Mass.

TERMS, $1.00 a year in advance; to ministers, 75 cents. Postage twelve cents a year. EDITED BY THE SECRETARY.


HON. AMASA WALKER, North Brookfield, Mass.
HOWARD MALCOM, D. D., Philadelphia, Penn.
WM. G. HUBBARD, Esq., Delaware, Ohio.
REV. WM. STOKES, Manchester, England.

ELIHU BURRITT, Esq., New Britain, Conn.

REV. J. H. BAYLISS, Chicago, Ill.

ABEL STEVENS, LL. D., Brooklyn, N. Y.

JULIA WARD Howe, Boston, Mass.


To the Editor of The Advocate of Peace:

DEAR SIR-One of the greatest wants that I have felt in my peace labors for the past five years is a good supply of peace literature to put into the hands of reading and thinking men, that will have sufficient moral and literary weight, to command the attention of the most profound. The tracts and pamphlets we have had have been good-have indeed, many of them been jewels worth their weight in gold. hitherto nearly all our documents have been small. subject is of sufficient magnitude to occupy many octavo volumes to give but a moderate discussion of its merits. And one of the most encouraging signs is the announcement of the new volumes on peace that we have recently heard of both in this country and in Europe. I am glad to add one more to the


But our

G. P. Putnam's Sons, of New York, have just issued a volume of 470 pages, entitled "Reason and the Gospel against the Sword." I have made arrangements to give away about two or three hundred copies to leading journalists and literary men of the country, for investigation and criticism. I shall be surprised if this volume does not make some stir in the literary world. This work can be had of the Publishers, G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York City, or of the undersigned, for $2.00 per copy. Men who wish to be up with the times will do well to purchase and read every new work on this living theme.



Address American Peace Society, Boston, sent by mail 25 for 15 cents, 100 for 50 cents, 250 for $1.00, 1000 for $3.00. Use them.

We present above a specimen of a new pictorial envelope, which we are sure will be regarded as one of the most beautiful and expressive things of the kind.

The Society has now four kinds of envelopes, three pictorial, and the object of Peace Societies. They are not only enveland one other containing brief paragraphs in relation to war opes, but peace tracts in miniature, and their use will promote the Cause perhaps a hundred or a thousand miles away. The price of these envelopes has been reduced to 15 cents a package, 50 cents a hundred, $1.00 for two hundred and fifty, and $3.00 per thousand. Being so cheap, and what almost every one has to purchase somewhere, we are selling thousands every week, and those who buy them are sending these messages of Peace all over the Continent.

We respectfully request all who use envelope and wish to SAVE YOUR MONEY! do good, to send to our office in Boston for these kinds, which will be sent by mail at the prices named without cost to them for postage.

Everybody should Buy the

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This remarkable work is receiving unwonted attention from the reading public. Orders come to the office almost daily for it. We are indebted to Mr. Robert Lindley Murray, one of the Trustees of the Lindley Murray Fund, of New York city, for a new grant of several hundred copies of this most excellent Peace Document. We call the special attention of ministers to

Corner of Shawmut Avenue and Indiana Place, the fact that it will be sent to them free, whenever they remit

(Opposite Morgan's Chapel,)


six cents postage. It is a book of 124 octavo pages. Its retail price 50 cents. Address all your orders to Rev. H. C. Dun ham, No. 1 Somerset St., Boston.

1874, June 22.





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We hope that in the settlement of this affair no encouragement may be left this class of men, for ever attempting to renew the wicked enterprise of the Virginius. If they will persist in such nefarious business, let them know beforehand that there will be precious few tears shed over them should they meet the fate to

The WAR cloud once more gathers; and the filibustering desperadoes are gleeful. We could certainly wish that the news from Cuba were better calculated to gladden the friends of peace. We see not how war, in any extended meaning of which so many of the Virginius' crew were doomed.-Watchthe word, is possible. We might be less averse to open hos-man and Reflector. tilities, if the wretches who are seeking to bring them on, were to be placed at the head of the regiments. But the cowards had rather fight with philippics in New York city. - Universalist.

We rejoice to record a favorable change of feeling going on in Havana with reference to the delivering up of the Virginius with the surviving victims. We rejoice as much on account of the strength which is thus given to the Castelar republic, as on We are a little astonished that so sensible a man as Rev. account of our own government, and more than all because of George H. Hepworth should pour out such sulphurous and the improving prospect of escaping war, which is always horwretched nonsense, as the telegraph to the Saturday papers rid. In this country we are in no condition to open the doors gave him credit for, at the Cooper Institute meeting for sympa- of Janus. We are struggling to pay our great debt, to restore thy with Cuba. He thought the next message of the President our foreign commerce, to reconstruct our banking and financial to Spain "ought to be in the shape of a bombshell!" A basis, to rescue business and trade from the remorseless clutch “blood and thunder" minister is a pitiable sight. American of speculation, defaulting and fraud, and to recover the country sympathy of this description will not benefit the slaves of Cuba, generally from the intemperance, extravagance and demoralizaor hasten the rending of their chains. If Mr. Hepworth could tion which our late war opened upon us like another Pandora's aid in suppressing filibusterism in New York against Cuba, he Box.-News. would go far to bring about an early and peaceable solution of this question.-Zion's Herald.


The American people have had their fill of blood and the devastation and manifold horrors of war. They should be in It is a subject of congratulation among all good citizens that no hurry to taste them again. Instead of joining in the our difficulties with Spain are practically settled. The demands thoughtless clamor of war, let them insist that the peaceful of our Government are fully conceded by the Spanish Cabinet. methods of diplomacy be exhausted, and especially that a disThe peaceful settlement of this difficulty is a heavy disappoint- tinct offer to arbitrate be made before we return to the old and ment to a great multitude in this country. There are plenty of barbarous manner of redressing a national wrong.-Philadelphia men, without any moral principles, who are anxious for war on any ground or without any ground. These are men of broken fortunes, to whom peace with its honest ways and slow courses offers no hope of change. Army contracts present opportunities for accumulating wealth. Our late war enriched thousands. As many more thousands are longing for their turn in the next war. Cuba, too, is a tempting field. In case of the success of our arms, that gem of the ocean would, of course, be ours to appropriate. A host of our American adventurers would come in to share some way in the precious prize. We are glad that all this wretched, worthless crowd is doomed to disappointment. Hearth and Home.

We Americans have already shown the world that we prefer peace to war. We are a thrifty, business like people, and we know that war is an expensive luxury. We have a great many railroads and cities and churches and school-houses yet to build, and these give employment to all our spare cash and all our spare energies as well. We do not want to fight anybody. We rejoice in the smallness of our military establishment; and notwithstanding our thousands of miles of sea-coast, we maintain only a tenth-rate navy. Our policy is peace and not war.—

Commendation of the Peace Cause by Prominent Men. OFFICERS OF THE AMERICAN PEACE SOCIETY.

"The cause of Peace we regard as an eminently philanthropic and Christian enterprise of great importance, and worthy of sympathy and support. It has already accomplished much good, and would doubtless accomplish vastly more, if it possessed adequate means. We think it deserves, as it certainly needs, a large increase of funds. The American Peace Society, charged with the care of this cause in our own country, and whose management has deservedly secured very general approbation, we cordially commend to the liberal patronage of the benevolent."

A. P. Peabody, D. D. LL. D., Cambridge, Mass.

Hon. Charles Sumner, LL. D., Boston, Mass.

A. A. Miner, D. D., Pres't Tufis' College, Boston, Mass.

Hon. Wm. A. Buckingham, Ex-Gov. of Conn

Luke Hitchcock, D. D., Cincinnati, Ohio.

Leonard Bacon, D. D., New Haven, Conn.

Gardiner Spring, D. D., New York.

Stephen H. Tyng, D. D., "

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Howard Malcom, D. D, LL. D., Philadelphia.

Bishop Thomas A. Morris, Springfield, Ohio.

Rev. T. D. Woolsey, D. D, LL. D., Ex-President Yale College.

E. O. Haven, D. D., Evanston, Ill.

Hon. David Turner, Crown Point, Ind.

J. M. Gregory, LL. D., Champaign, Ill.

R. M. Hatfield, D. D., Chicago, Ill.

John V. Farwell, Chicago, Ill.

Hon. Wm. R. Marshall, Ex-Gov. of Minn.

Hon. James Harlan, U. S. Senator, lowa.

Rev. P. Akers, D. D., Jacksonville, Ill.

Rev. Noah Porter, D. D., LL. D., Pres. Yale College.

Rev. Prof. Samuel Harriss, D. D., LL. D., Yale Theo. Seminary.

Mark Hopkins, D. D., LL. D., Williams College.

Emory Washburn, LL. D., Cambridge, Mass.

Hon. Reverdy Johnson, Baltimore, Md.

David Dudley Field, LL. D., New York.

Hon. Gerritt Smith, Peterboro', New York.

Hon. Peter Cooper, New York.

George H. Stuart, Esq., Philadelphia.

Hon. F. R. Brunot, Chairman Indian Commission, Pittsburg, Pa. Hon. Elihu Burritt, New Britain, Ct.

Hon. Edward S. Tobey, Boston, Mass.

Amasa Walker, LL. D., No. Brookfield, Mass.

George F. Gregory, Mayor of Fredericton, N. B.

Hon. Wm. E. Dodge, New York.

Hon. G. Washington Warren, Pres. Bunker Hill Mt. As'tion.

Hon. John J. Fraser, Provincial Secretary, N. B.

C. H. B. Fisher, Esq., Fredericton, N. B.

T. H. Rand, Chief Superintendent Education, N. B.

A. F. Randolf, Esq., Fredericton, N. B.

J. B. Morrow, Esq., Halifax, N S.

John S. Maclean, Esq., Halifax, N. S.

D. Henry Starr, Esq., Halifax, N. S.

M. H. Richey, Ex-Mayor, Halifax, N. S.

Geo. H. Starr, Esq., Halifax, N. S.

Jay Cooke, Esq., Philadelphia.

John G. Whittier, Amesbury, Mass.

Hon. Charles T. Russell, Cambridge, Mass.
Samuel Willetts, New York.

Joseph A. Dugdale, Iowa.

Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, Brooklyn, N. Y.


SIDNEY PERHAM, Governor of Maine.
JULIUS CONVERSE, Governor of Vermont.
SETH PADELFORD, Governor of Rhode Island.
ISRAEL WASHBURNE, JR., Ex-Gov. of Maine.
L. A. WILMOT, Governor of New Brunswick.
JOHN T. HOFFMAN, Governor of New York
JOHN W. GEARY, Governor of Pennsylvania
E. F. NOYES, Governor of Ohio.

C. C. CARPENTER, Governor of lowa.
P. H. LESLIE, Governor of Kentucky.
HARRISON REED, Governor of Florida.




HON. GERRITT SMITH, Peterborough, N. Y.
HON. JOHN JAY, New York City.

ANDREW P. PEABODY, D.D, LL.D., Cambridge, Mass.
HON. AMASA WALKER, LL.D., North Brookfield, Mass.
ELIHU BURRITT, Esq., New Britain, Ct.

JOHN G. WHITTER, A. M. Amesbury, Mass.

D. C. SCOFIELD, Esq, Elgin, Ill.

MYRON PHELPS, Esq., Lewiston, Ill.

Gov. CONRAD BAKER, Indianapolis, Ind.

BISHOP THOMAS A. MORRIS, Springfield, Ohio.

R. P. STEBBINS, D.D., Ithaca, N. Y.

HON. ROBERT C. WINTHROP, Brookline, Mass.

TUTHILL KING, Chicago, Ill.

HON. FELIX R. BRUNOT, Pittsburg, Pa.


THEODORE D. WOOLSEY, D.D., LL.D., New Haven, Conn. HON. EMORY WASHBURN, Cambridge, Mass.

HON. WM. CLAFLIN, Boston, Mass.

REV. MARK HOPKINS, D.D., LL.D., Williams College.
REV. W. A. STEARNS, D.D., LL.D., Amherst College.


HON. Wм. E. DODGE, New York.

GEORGE H. STUART, ESQ., Philadelphia.


REV. E. E. HALE, Boston.


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SAMUEL RODMAN, New Bedford, Mass.
JUDGE MAY, Lewiston, Me.

REV. SIDI H. BROWNE, Columbia, South Carolina.
REV. GEO. W. THOMPSON, Stratham, N. H.

WM. G. HUBBARD, Delaware, Ohio.

ABEL STEVENS, LL.D., Brooklyn, N. Y.


REV. G. N. BOARDMAN, D. D., Chicago, Ill.

HIRAM HADLEY, Esq., Chicago, Ill.

T. B. COOLEDGE, Esq,, Lawrence, Mass.

JAY COOKE, Esq., Phila., Pa,


HON. EDWARD LAWRENCE, Charlestown, Mass.
ALBERT TOLMAN, Esq., Worcester, Mass.

HON. C. W. GODDARD, Portland, Me.


DANIFL PALMER, ESQ., Charlestown, Mass.
REV. S. HOPKINS EMERY, Bridgport, Conn.

A. S. MORSE, Esq., Charlestown, Mass.

REV. D. K. PIERCE, D. D., Boston."


H. H. LEAVITT, Esq., Boston.
REV. L. H. ANGIER, Everett, Mass.
REV. WM. P. TILDEN, Boston.


HON. C. T. RUSSELL, Cambridge.

S. D. WARREN, Esq, Boston.



REV. S. E. HERRICK, Boston.

REV. JAMES B. MILES, Cor. Sec., and Asst. Treasurer. REV. H. C. DUNHAM, Recording Secretary.

REV. DAVID PATTEN, D. D., Treasurer.

REV. D. C. HAYNES, Financial Secretary.

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With this number of the Advocate we send out bills to our patrons who are in arrears for a long time. We do this not so much as a demand as a reminder and more on moral than legal grounds, and most of all to keep the wheels of peace moving in these times which try our resources. If in any case mistake we shall be most happy to correct. We intend the Advocate for 1874 shall be square up with the times on our great reform, and say to our friends let us in a friendly way jog along together in the paths of peace.

H. C. DUNHAM, Office Agent.



VOL. V. No. 1.

tween friendly nations; for inquiry without excitement, without invective, without threats, without bluster. Our course towards Spain ought to have been especially considerate and friendly, as from the only strong and firmly established republic upon earth towards one just tottering with infantile steps in imminent danger of falling, imperilled by its internal difficulties, by the hostility of neighboring monarchies, by the insubordination of its colonies. Whither should the noble Castelar look for hearty friendship, if not to us?

But what course has been pursued by our government? It has acted just as if we were to go to war with Spain, eagerly seizing upon a mere technical grievance where we ourselves supposed we had no real cause of complaint. The tocsin has been sounded through the country; the bustle and ring of headlong preparation have filled our navy-yards and arsenals; frigates, ironclads, monitors have been fitted out in hot haste; our op

Pres-pressive debt has been increased by millions to meet the worse than needless expense. What disgrace have we incurred before the nations by this clenching of the fist to shake it in the face of a young sister republic that had intended us no wrong, especially when we have so lately gloried in the superiority of arbitration to war! Is our motto to be," Arbitration with strong nations, war with weaker ones "?

A PETITION is in circulation for signatures, asking the ident and the House of Congress "to seek an express stipulation between nations, that they will not resort to war till PEACEFUL ARBITRATION has been tried, and never without a FULL YEAR'S PREVIOUS NOTICE." It was little expected, when the petition in behalf of this effort was prepared, that it would have, so speedily and even in our own country, so remarkable Now from all this irritation, expense and inconsistency we an illustration of its imperative need as the case of the Virginshould have been saved, if we had had a stipulation with Spain ius has furnished. A vessel carrying aid to Spanish insursuch as is stated in the petition referred to. Both nations gents has been taken by a national vessel of Spain, and a part pledged to arbitration, there would have been no thought of of the men on board hastily and vindictively punished. It was war; and even if arbitration should fail, the year of notice before not sailing from the United States, was not taken in our own waters, and had no right, it is believed, to carry the United war would save both nations the necessity of hostile preparaStates flag which it flaunted. It is not supposed to have had tions, till the notice came. Indeed, even if the notice were given, the year for sober second thought and for the mediation of any right whatever to American protection, or to have presentfriendly powers would probably prevent its execution. To ed any case justly meriting the interference of our government. The Spanish action was not at all intended against us, and the look beyond ourselves, with a stipulation of this kind, disarsevere treatment of the prisoners seems to have been disap-mament might at once commence among the nations of Europe, proved by the Spanish government itself.

Yet there was here a technical point against Spain, which our government felt called upon to notice. The Virginius had once an American ownership and registry, and was once entitled to carry the " Stars and Stripes." It was therefore manifestly proper for our government to institute a friendly inquiry, and to ascertain whether, as was stated and commonly sup. posed, the national status of the vessel had become entirely changed. The fact that she was taken under the American flag was also a national indignity, if the flag was rightfully used. This should also be investigated. The question ought also to be settled, whether any one entitled to our protection was wronged in the affair; and if so, proper satisfaction ought to be claimed; while, of course, we could demand nothing in behalf of others. even if we deemed them to have been treated with undue harshness. Now these were evidently points for friendly inquiry be

now so many bristling camps; without it, mutual suspicion, there is reason to fear, will long defer this relief from a terrific burden and curse. Let the nations mutually pledge themselves. first to arbitration, and in all events to a year's notice before war, and they will rise, as from the incubus of death,-rise to a new life of security, prosperity, culture, virtue and happiness.

A. C.

In the Senate, Monday, Dec. 15, Mr. Sumner of Massachusetts presented a petition of one thousand citizens of Pennsylvania, asking Congress to provide for the settlement of foreign difficulties by a system of arbitration. Mr. Sumner said that it was in response to a resolution recently developed in the British House of Commons looking to the settlement of difficulties in foreign affairs.

Taking the above as an example, let the friends of peace be active in circulating, and prompt in forwarding petitions of which we publish a good form in this Advocate.




Is this the peace of God, this strange, sweet calm?
The weary day is at its zenith still,

Yet 'tis as if beside some cool clear rill
Through shadowy stillness rose an evening psalm,
And all the noise of life were hushed away,

And tranquil gladness reigned with gently soothing sway. II.

It was not so just now. I turned aside

With aching head, and heart most sorely bowed; Around me cares and griefs in crushing crowd; While inly rose the sense, in swelling tide,

Of weakness, insufficiency and sin,

And fear and gloom and doubt in mighty flood rolled in.


That rushing flood I had no power to meet,

Nor strength to flee: my present, future, past,
My self, my sorrow, and my sin, I cast

In utter helplessness at Jesus' feet:

Then bent before the storm, if such His will.

H. D. Jencken, and Henry Richard were mentioned as representing England; Italy being represented by the celebrated Count Sclopis, the learned Mancini, professor of law at Rome, Senor Pierantoni of Naples, and Arturo Marcoartu representing Spain; Dr. Bluntschli, Heffter, and Baron Von Holtzendorff, Germany; C. Calvo, and C. Calvo, jr., the Argentine republic; M. Passy, M. Frank, Professor Giraud, M. Masse, France, and others. The learned president closed his address by a quotation from a letter received from Count Sclopis, the last sentence of which I cannot do better than render in extenso. "Let us seek," says the Count, "to agitate public opinion by means of the double forces, reason and sentiment; let us try and destroy the ridiculous importance of false honor; let us repeat, even to satiety, that it is not necessary to sustain the pillars of society on the battle-field. Whenever these sentiments have gained the adhesion of the laboring, industrial and intelligent classes of society we may then cry aloud for joy, 'Multus melior pax una triumphis.' Let this be our motto."

After the loud plaudits had subsided, Mr. D. D. Field arose and addressed the meeting. In the name of his American colleagues he thanked the Burgomaster and the other representatives of the city of Brussels, for the kind reception they had given to the conference, and for placing at their disposal the halls of the Hotel de Ville, an edifice so full of grand associations. "It is an honor of which we are proud," said the

He saw the winds and waves, and whispered "Peace be still!" learned jurist. "thus to be received with open arms by the mu


And there was calm! O, Saviour, I have proved
That Thou to help and save art truly near;
How else this quiet rest from grief and fear,
And all distress? The cross is not removed,

I must go forth to bear it as before,

But leaning on Thine arm, I dread its weight no more.

Is it indeed thy peace? I have not tried
To analyze my faith, dissect my trust,
Or measure if belief be full and just,

And therefore claim Thy peace. But Thou hast died. I know that this is true, and true for me,

And, knowing it, I come, and cast my all on Thee.


It is not that I feel less weak, but Thou

Wilt be my strength,—it is not that I see
Less sin; but more of pardoning love in Thee,
And all-sufficient grace. Enough! And now
All fluttering thought is stilled; I only rest,

And feel that Thou art near, and know that I am blessed.


We promised in the last Advocate to publish in our present issue, the addresses given at the first session of the Brussels Conference, but find them quite too voluminous for our columns, and can only give abstracts, which we are sure will interest our readers, and, on the whole, be as satisfactory as the able ad

dresses in extenso.

After a short pause M. A. Visschers read an elegant address, to the effect that for some months past the American gentlemen aided by their friends in Europe, had been active in organizing meetings with a view of ultimately forming a society for the purpose of effecting the much-to-be-desired object of framing rules for an international code. To Dr. J. B. Miles, who had devoted two years of his time to promoting this great object, and to Mr. D. D. Field, the author of the draft outlines of an international code, great praise was due for their devotion to the subject, aided as they had been by Elihu Burritt, President Woolsey, and other eminent Americans. The president then mentioned in rapid succession the names cf eminent men, who had given in their adherence to the project now for consideraThe names of the Right Hon. Mountague Bernard, George Wyatt Hastings, Sir Travers Twiss, Thomas Webster,


nicipal authorities of this beautiful and ancient capital. We come without office and without official representation, but as citizens of our country to confer with citizens of other countries upon matters of common concern, and tending to the benefit of all. It is fitting we should meet here in Belgium, the happy country of Neutrality and Peace, after so many years of war. You exhibit the spectacle of a free and prosperous people, governing yourselves without molestation from your neighbors, and living in security under the guaranty of public law, while the storm of war has raged on the other side of your frontiers. For ages this fair country was the battle-field of Europe. None respected your rights, while your fertile fields were traversed with armies and your beautiful cities were destroyed. But now you repose in security, etc., etc., by reason of the control of law, whose dominion we seek to make universal." No sooner had the cheers subsided than Mr. Jules Anspach, the burgomaster of Brussels, rose to address the meeting. After alluding to the importance of the object in view, the speaker referred to the antiquity of the building in which we had met, and that its halls had always been devoted to the uses of progress and liberty, adding that now, more than ever, the cordial sympathy of the town and Belgium was favoring the present movement, and he doubted not that the assent of every right-feeling and honest man would support the promoters of the reform of the international laws, with a view of making peace permanent. The worthy burgomaster then concluded by inviting the guests to partake of a banquet, prepared for them certainly the spectacle was of no ordinary interest. Down the in the adjoining hall. There the guests soon assembled, and long row of tables a truly remarkable vista of faces might have been noticed. There was the veteran M. Rogier, Ancien minbers of the conference, the attorney general of Belgium, the ister, opposite him Preliers, representing Holland; the memminister of the interior and a host of eminent men, all grouped together to enjoy the princely liberality of the town of Brussels. At the extreme end a separate table had been laid for the dignitaries of Brussels. In the midst of speeches and toasts, Mr. Richard, M. P., entered the hall, greeted with cheers and a hearty welcome. No sooner seated than he had to give an account of himself, and well did he acquit himself of his task. The Right Hon. Mountague_Bernard, Mr. H. D. Jencken and Mr. D. D. Field spoke in French, the other members of the Anglo-Saxon family, among them Dr. J. P. Thompson and Dr. J. B. Miles, preferring their own language.

It would be hopeless to give all that was said. Suffice it to say, the greatest good will prevailed, and the meeting closed with an exeellent speech from the burgomaster. No sooner had the guests withdrawn than the members of the conference were ushered into a separate room, admirably adapted for the purpose, M. Visschers, the president, taking the chair.


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