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THE ADVOCATE OF PEACE.
ON EARTH PEACE,... NATION SHALL NOT LIFT UP SWORD AGAINST NATION, NEITHER SHALL THEY LEARN WAR ANY MORE.
THE CUBAN EXCITEMENT.
MR. SUMNER'S LETTER.
BOSTON, November 16.
law-not arbitrary, but by a noble example. We are not to seek the gratification of a moment's indignation, but we are to ask, what will give the world most confidence in the simple, impartial justice and kindness of the freest nation, or that which boasts itself the freest on the globe? She is to consider also Gentlemen-It is not in my power to be with you at your not the cause of justice in that island, but the cause of civilimeeting to ask for justice in Cuba. Allow me to add that long-zation, of progress, of free government, there and in all the ing for immediate emancipation in this neighboring island where world beside. Such a nation setting upon a hill cannot be hid. slavery still shows its infamous front, and always insisting that Like a lighted torch it rays out in every direction. Spain has delay is contrary to justice, I do not think it practicable at this been the victor and the victim of ages; a land full of noble moment on existing evidence to determine all our duties in the natures and ignominious governments a land full of generrecent case where civilization has received a shock. It is very ous impulses and debasing passion. Let us remember that in easy to see that no indignation at the dreadful butchery so in- our dealing with this question we have in Castelar a man of consistent with the spirit of the age, but unhappily aroused by noble manhood and intelligence." an illicit fillibustering expedition from our own shores kindred to that of the Alabama, for which England has been justly condemned in damages, can make us forget that we are dealing with the Spanish nation, struggling under terrible difficulties to ideas" to witness the excited and belligerent condition of the It is a striking commentary upon the present weakness of become a sister republic, and therefore deserving from us pres-press and public, so soon after the sessions of the late peace ent forbearance and candor; nor can we forget the noble pres- convention for the consideration of the subject of international ident, whose eloquent voice, pleading for humanity and invoking courts of adjudication, of the unarming of nations, and the cessaour example, has so often charmed the world. The Spanish tion of wars for the arbitrament of difficulties or the defense of republic and Emilio Castelar do not deserve the menaces of national honor. Every navy yard in the country is now ringing war from us. If watchwords are needed now, let them be: with ceaseless activities, and the quiet of the Sabbath is interrupt"Immediate emancipation and justice in Cuba; success to the ed to hurry our half disbanded navy into readiness for service. Spanish republic; honor and gratitude to Emilio Castelar, and The provocation is sharp indeed, but what is its real foundation? peace between our two nations." Bearing these in mind, there Cuba, an island near to us, is subject to Spain. Fillibusters, who will be no occasion for the belligerent preparations of the last are disfranchised natives, and our own citizens, many of them late few days, adding to our present burdensome expenditures sev-rebels, whose employment of running the blockade is gone, eral millions of dollars, and creating a war fever to interfere have been giving constant aid to a portion of the inhabitants of with the general health of the political body. the island now in a revolt against Spain. This war is not carried on in a civilized (?) way! And, indeed, what war is? Now, a blockade runner, under an ex-rebel, against the express warning of our Consul at Kingston, Jamaica, Rev. Thomas early to him the probable fate of himself and his crew, is taken by a Spanish cruiser. He knew his liabilities, and risked a "It is the duty of the people to act, and through their organ- pirate's death, as he said, for bread. The Cuban authorities, ized Government to do whatever may be done. But the Gov-who seemed to be lawless, without trial execute the master, ernment is not to be rashly driven forward by the irresponsible and a hundred, more or less, of the unhappy crew. It is an cries of the community. Much as I have sympathized with outrage upon the civilization of the 19th century; so is blockthe cause, still I say it is the duty of the Government to be ade running. We are indignant. But how, by declaring war thoughtful and deaf to the rash outpourings of an indignant with Spain and killing many hundreds of men, do we mend the community. They may be right and they may be wrong. Those at the head of this Government must not act simply with reference to their own feelings. They are bound to act with the consideration of what this nation is, what its relations are to all other nations, and to the cause of liberty everywhere. America is an example, and ought to be. She ought to give
I am, gentlemen, your faithful servant,
The following is from Rev. Henry Ward Beecher's sermon, H. Pearne, a well-known Methodist minister, who intimated Sunday, Nov. 16:
matter, and save the honor of the country? The flag ought to be respected, certainly; and wherever it flies should be defended; but it ought not to fly on piratical vessels. Diplomacy is not exhausted. The present administration of Spain is able and honorable. Good men and wise statesmen are better now than gunpowder and cannon balls.-Zion Herald.
HON. EDWARD S. TOBEY, OF Boston.
Commendation of the Peace Cause by Prominent Men. OFFICERS OF THE AMERICAN PEACE SOCIETY. "The cause of Peace we regard as an eminently philanthropic and Christian enterprise of great importance, and worthy of sympathy and support. It has already accomplished much good, and would doubtless accomplish vastly more, if it possessed adequate means. We think it deserves, as it certainly needs, a large increase of funds. The American Peace Society, charged with the care of this cause in our own country, and whose management has deservedly secured very general approbation, we cordially commend to the liberal patronage of the benevolent."
Howard Malcom, D. D., LL. D., Philadelphia.
Bishop Thomas A. Morris, Springfield, Ohio.
Rev. T. D. Woolsey, D. D., LL. D., Ex-President Yale College.
E. O. Haven, D. D., Evanston, Ill.
Hon. David Turner, Crown Point, Ind.
J. M. Gregory, LL. D., Champaign, Ill.
R. M. Hatfield, D. D., Chicago, Ill.
John V. Farwell, Chicago, Ill.
Hon. Wm. R. Marshall, Ex-Gov. of Minn.
Hon. James Harlan, U. S. Senator, Iowa.
Rev. P. Akers, D. D., Jacksonville, Ill.
Rev. Noah Porter, D. D., LL. D., Pres. Yale College.
Rev. Prof. Samuel Harriss, D. D., LL. D., Yale Theo. Semmary.
Mark Hopkins, D. D., LL. D., Williams College.
Emory Washburn, LL. D., Cambridge, Mass.
Hon. Reverdy Johnson, Baltimore, Md.
David Dudley Field, LL. D., New York.
Hon. Gerritt Smith, Peterboro', New York.
Hon. Peter Cooper, New York.
George H. Stuart, Esq., Philadelphia.
Hon. F. R. Brunot, Chairman Indian Commission, Pittsburg, Pa.
Hon. Elihu Burritt, New Britain, Ct.
Hon. Edward S. Tobey, Boston, Mass.
Amasa Walker, LL. D., No. Brookfield, Mass.
George F. Gregory, Mayor of Fredericton, N. B.
Hon. Wm. E. Dodge, New York.
Hon. G. Washington Warren, Pres. Bunker Hill Mt. As'tion.
Hon. John J. Fraser, Provincial Secretary, N. B.
C. H. B. Fisher, Esq., Fredericton, N. B.
T. H. Rand, Chief Superintendent Education, N. B.
A. F. Randolf, Esq., Fredericton, N. B.
J. B. Morrow, Esq., Halifax, N S.
John S. Maclean, Esq., Halifax, N. S.
D. Henry Starr, Esq., Halifax, N. S.
M. H. Richey, Ex-Mayor, Halifax, N. S.
Geo. H. Starr, Esq., Halifax, N. S.
Jay Cooke, Esq., Philadelphia.
John G. Whittier, Amesbury, Mass.
Hon. Charles T. Russell, Cambridge, Mass.
Joseph A. Dugdale, Iowa.
Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, Brooklyn, N. Y.
SIDNEY PERHAM, Governor of Maine.
C. C. CARPENTER, Governor of Iowa.
HON. GERRITT SMITH, Peterborough, N. Y.
HON. CHARLES SUMNER, LL.D., Boston, Mass.
JOHN G. WHITTER, A. M. Amesbury, Mass.
MYRON PHELPS, Esq., Lewiston, Ill.
Gov. CONRAD BAKER, Indianapolis, Ind.
BISHOP THOMAS A. MORRIS, Springfield, Ohio.
R. P. STEBBINS, D.D., Ithaca, N. Y.
HON. ROBERT C. WINTHROP, Brookline, Mass.
TUTHILL KING, Chicago, Ill.
HON. FELIX R. BRUNOT, Pittsburg, Pa.
HON. REVERDY JOHNSON, Baltimore, Md.
THEODORE D. WOOLSEY, D.D., LL.D., New Haven, Conn.
HON. EMORY WASHBURN, Cambridge, Mass.
HON. WM. CLAFLIN, Boston, Mass.
REV. MARK HOPKINS, D.D., LL.D., Williams College.
REV. W. A. STEARNS, D.D., LL.D., Amherst College.
REV. DORUS CLARKE, D. D., Boston.
HON. Wм. E. DODGE, New York.
GEORGE H. STUART, ESQ., Philadelphia.
HON. JACOB SLEEPER, Boston.
REV. E. E. HALE, Boston.
WILLIAM H. BALDWIN, ESQ., Boston.
SAMUEL RODMAN, New Bedford, Mass.
REV. SIDI H. BROWNE, Columbia, South Carolina.
WM. G. HUBBARD, Delaware, Ohio.
ABEL STEVENS, LL.D., Brooklyn, N. Y.
REV. PHILLIP BROOKS, Boston, Mass.
REV. G. N. BOARDMAN, D. D., Chicago, Ill.
HIRAM HADLEY, Esq., Chicago, Ill.
T. B. COOLEDGE, Esq,, Lawrence, Mass.
JAY COOKE, Esq., Phila., Pa,
SAMUEL WILLETTS, ESQ., N. Y.
HON. EDWARD LAWRENCE, Charlestown, Mass.
HON. C. W. GODDARD, Portland, Me.
ALPHEUS HARDY, Esq., Boston.
DANIEL PALMER, Esq., Charlestown, Mass.
A. S. MORSE, Esq., Charlestown, Mass.
H. H. LEAVITT, Esq., Boston.
HON. G. WASHINGTON WARREN, Boston.
S. D. WARREN, EsQ, Boston.
WALTER HASTINGS, ESQ., Boston.
REV. JOHN W. OLMSTEAD, D. D., Boston.
REV. S. E. HERRICK, Boston.
REV. JAMES B. MILES, Cor. Sec., and Asst. Treasurer.
REV. DAVID PATTEN, D. D., Treasurer.
REV. D. C. HAYNES, Financial Secretary.
NATION SHALL NOT LIFT UP SWORD AGAINST NATION, NEITHER SHALL THEY LEARN WAR ANY MORE.
SOMETHING TO BE
BOSTON, DECEMBER, 1873.
All Friends of Peace who receive the following petition, prepared by the Executive Committee of the American Peace Society, are requested to procure its insertion in the newspapers of their vicinities, with this paragraph preceding, and then to attach half a sheet or more of common-sized paper, date it, rule it for names, Post Offices and States, circulate the petitions for signatures, or at least leave them in public places for the same, and send them to Howard C. Dunham, Office Agent of the American Peace Society, at No. 1 Somerset Street, Boston. These petitions will then be forwarded to Washington, and placed in the hands of some interested and able Member of Congress for presentation and advocacy. Let men, women and children be invited to sign them, (for all are sufferers from war,) and let us send up to our Legislators an appeal for Peace, urged by so many that it will be heard and heeded. We shall have War with its horrors, or Peace with its blessings, as lic sentiment preponderates for one or the other.
VOL. IV. No. 12.
larly the latter. We are in entire accord with the opening sentence of the introduction:
"The Treaty of Washington, whether it be regarded in the light of its general spirit and object, of its particular stipulations, or of its relation to the high contracting parties, constitutes one of the most notable and interesting of all the diploof the correctness of this estimate of the events of the work, matic acts of the present age." There is no question at all and why it has not been more read, and written and talked about we cannot tell, unless the fact is due to a want of appreciation of the gravest matters.
The following extract, also from 'the introduction, it would seem, must open the eyes of those who have seen no great significance in the treaty of Washington:
"It disposes, in forty-three articles, of five different objects of controversy between Great Britain and the United States,
and some of them of such a nature as most imminently ing nations. Indeed, several of these objects of controversy to imperil the precious peace of the two great English speakare questions coeval with the national existence of the United pub-States, and which, if lost sight of occasionally in the midst of other pre-occupations of peace or war, yet continually come to the surface again from time to time, to vex and disturb the good understanding of both governments.
In view of the happy issue of our late arbitrations with Great Britain, now so promptly and faithfully fulfilled, and of the recent address of the British House of Commons to the Queen, praying her" to instruct her principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to enter into communication with Foreign Powers with a view to the further improvement of International Law, and the establishment of a general and permanent system of International Arbitration,"
We, the undersigned, citizens of the United States, earnestly pray His Excellency the PRESIDENT, and the Honorable SENATE and HOUSE of REPRESENTATIVES in Congress assembled, to use all suitable endeavors for the attainment of these great and beneficent objects; and, as a preliminary measure in the interest of general security and national disarmament, to seek an express stipulation between nations, that they will not resort to war till PEACEFUL ARBITRATION has been tried, and never without
FULL YEAR'S PREVIOUS NOTICE.
dents of our late civil war, were all the more irritating as being Other of the questions, although of more modern date, incifresh wounds to the sensibility of the people of the United States. If to all these considerations be added the fact that failed to resolve them in a satisfactory manner, it will readily negotiation after negotiation respecting these questions had be seen how great was the diplomatic triumph achieved by the Treaty of Washington."
not have been singular if persons who look no farther than to If as peace men we had said all this of the treaty, it would the parties speaking, should have doubted, but whose opinion is more to be regarded than that of the venerable and veteran lawyer and statesman, Caleb Cushing?
doubts forever) by the treaty? What were the questions amicably settled (and as no one the settlement of the so-called Alabama difficulties, so grave, Articles 1 to 17 provide for that few believed they could be thus disposed of, but they are gone without the firing of a gun with hostile intent. Articles 1873. 18 to 25, and taking in also Article 32, provide for the settleSTATES. ment of the long and vexing questions of "The Fisheries," on our shores and those of the British Colonies of this Continent. Articles 26 to 33 relate to the free navigation of the waters of the two powers, and free transit of their territory. Articles 34 to 42 settle the north-west boundary question.
THE TREATY OF WASHINGTON AND THE
BY REV. D. C. HAYNES.
What wonder that we doubted in regard to the amicable settlement of questions of such magnitude? Has the world ever seen such a triumph of amicable diplomacy?
But this is not all or most. We have now a president which must render war between the two countries nearly impracticable in the future; and if war is unnecessary between these powers why not between all others?
We promised other articles for the general reader in regard to this valuable book, when we published our first notice of it, and are glad of an opportunity, in part, to redeem our pledge. We have received a French edition (Le Traite De Wash- The influence of the treaty of Washington upon European ington, etc.) of the work, which is evidence that it is appre-nations cannot be doubted. They all have a sad experience of ciated abroad, and we predict that this will not be the only for- the unsatisfactory results of war. It settles nothing permaeign edition of it. The grave matters of which it treats, and nently. It is costly to the last degree. They have all inthe lucid and otherwise able account of them ought to give it curred debts on account of war. They find it difficult if not a large circulation. We must think that our people have not impossible to pay; the interest of war debts has become an inyet appreciated either the book or its momentous events, particu- tolerable burden. The withdrawal of the youth of the nations
from their productive industries and their sacrifice in war in- forget all past causes of strife, and for the future to quarrel no stead, has shocked and alarmed rulers and people. The emigrations from all Europe to America to avoid going into the army, is at once inevitable and disastrous. How are these evils to be averted? The Treaty of Washington shows the way. England and America have actually settled past differences by arbitration. Why may not other nations do the same? They can and will; this is the necessary tendency of the Treaty of Washington.
Besides, for many generations, able men in Europe have been insisting on such a disposal of differences, and at the same time of war. At the present period, especially philanthropists and scholars and statesmen, on the Continent, are exerting themselves in the interests of arbitration instead of war. Look at this English-American demonstration of the problem of our savans of formet times. They say, in heaven's name let us imitate this example, and imitate they must and will.
The work of the peace societies now is to keep in agitation these great peace problems, to push on to completion the peace education of the world. Success has crowned our efforts, not only in the Treaty of Washington, but in Mr. Richard's motion in the Parliament of England, and in other significant moveSuccess is encouragement. Let us accept it and renew and increase our efforts.
A LIGHT IN THE DARKNESS.
BY WILLIAM STOKES.
From Bologna he proceeded to Padua, where the city authorities met him several miles on the road, and conducted him in the state coach into the town itself, with all the honors due to so great an occasion. Here again, "the preaching of the peace," received the acclamations of the assembled thousands, who acknowledged the power of his eloquence by consenting to bury at once the hatred of years.
He then proceeded to visit all the principal cities and towns of Lombardy, and with such signal success was his labor crowned in effacing old standing differences, that he was universally hailed as the "healer of the breaches."
The nobles, the proud lords of the soil, submitted their disputes to his impartial arbitration, and under the bewitching influence of his eloquence, forgot in a day the enmity of whole generations. To complete his great work of peace, he convoked a solemn assembly of the population of Lombardy, in the plain of Paquarra, on the banks of the Adige, where he received an enthusiastic welcome from the assembled thousands who had come from all parts to listen to his teachings. "On the appointed day," says Robert Robinson," in a spacious field near Verona, there were assembled at his preaching the people of Brescia, Mantua, Padua, Trevisa, and Vicenza, in a variety of carriages, and a great multitude of the inhabitants of Bologna, Ferrara, Modena, Reggio, Parma, and adjacent places; so that it was computed, there were more than four hundred thousand persons of all descriptions." M. Sismondi, whose well-known accuracy as an historical writer is beyond all question, confirms this At the risk of a slight digression from the historic order of account of the great assembly, and adds some other particulars events, the memorable case of John of Vicencia, will find a fit in the following graphic description of this extraordinary meetting place here, if but to show the utter impossibility of a total ing. Never had a grander spectacle been presented to the eyes extinction of the pure light of the Christian faith, even in the thickest gloom of an Egyptian darkness. He commenced his Brescia and Padua, and eight of the principal cities of LomThe entire population of Verona and Mantua, of pacific mission about the year 1230, A.D., and by a bold exposure bardy, surrounded by their respective magistrates, assembled and denunciation of the fierce contests that were indulged in under their national standards, while a numerous company of that period, acquired the honorable title of an Apostle of Peace, bishops and nobles appeared at the head of their vassals. From above the claim of any other man of that age. The two great factions of the Guelphs and Ghibellines, had ravaged both a lofty seat, elevated in the midst of the plain, the voice of the Germany and Italy for the greater part of three centuries, and preacher was distinctly heard by every individual of that vast scattered the seeds of discord through the cities, towns and assemblage, and might well seem to their heated imaginations to descend from heaven. His text was the affecting bequest: even remote villages of both those countries. One party favored the Popes, and the other supported the claims of the Emperors. These contests created strife in families, division in cities, and ferocious hatred between man and man, in every district of the land. The whole region bore the appearance of a fiery volcano, whose rumbling forces were felt wherever the foot trod the soil, or labor's weary head sought the midnight pillow. Escape from the all-pervading spirit of malignity was an utter impos- which was to be cemented by the union of families once inimi"He then dictated to them a treaty of universal pacification, sibility, for, like the ancient pestilence, it "walked in the dark-cal, and devoted to everlasting malediction those who should ness," and spread" destruction at noonday." These " unap peasable contests," according to Schlegel, filled Germany and Italy with discord and bloodshed for several ages, and converted fathers, brothers, husbands and wives, into bitter enemies of one another, and frequently prompted them to sever the dearest ties of the domestic circle in their mad rage on behalf of their own favored faction.
At this particular crisis a number of Dominican monks, possibly repenting of their cruel treatment of the unoffending Albigenses, came forth from their cloisters to allay the strife that was rapidly reducing society to a condition of absolute barbarism, and to stay the effusion of blood which had so long desolated and disgraced the cities and plains of those two unhappy kingdoms. At the head of these benevolent ecclesiastics there stood John of Vicencia, whose commanding eloquence moved the masses to the most distant corners of the land. first appeared in the city of Bologna, which was then the seat of the most celebrated University in Italy. Here he unfurled the standard of a peaceful Christianity, and, by an almost magic power, drew around him crowds from all classes of society, and so profoundly impressed them with the evil of strife and bloodshed, that they solemnly pledged themselves to forget their long-cherished animosities, and to bury in oblivion every former cause of contention. Among those who voluntarily united in this pledge, there were magistrates, citizens, peasants and soldiers; all of whom, at least for the time being, engaged to
My peace I give unto you; my peace I leave with you!" picture of the miseries of war; he described the spirit of Chris"With an eloquence till then unknown, he drew a frightful tianity as a spirit of peace, and in the name of God and of the Church, he commanded the Lombards to renounce their en
violate this amicable adjustment of differences.
apostle of peace, that, for a time, a universal cessation of war
honorable to the historian and the subject of his eulogy:-but
LIVE FOR SOMETHING.
Life is the divinest of heaven's gifts to man; and consider it as we may, something divine should come of it. Yet to how many is life but an unsolved problem, a profound mystery! They know not why it was given, nor wherefore it tends; they know not its mighty possibilities both of receiving and doing; and stranger still, they care not to know. They live as they list, and that is for themselves.
Many a one is wasting his life instead of using it. Many are prodigal of life's powers instead of husbanding them for the
nobler purposes of being. The possibilities of human life are grand and sublime. How glorious the field that opens before each, for accomplishing results changing the actual destiny of many-bringing joy and peace to hearths and hearts. Life's ministry may truly become a divine ministry. Was it not such in John Howard, in Florence Nightingale, and equally so in one thousand imitators in fetid wards and hospitals?
There is, in the order of Providence, a particular assignment in the duties and responsibilities of daily life. Each has his sphere and his work, and has power with which to fill the one and perform the other. There is no conflict in God's plan so worked out, either in creation or human life. Blessed are they who know their sphere and keep it-their abilities, and use them their duties, and do them.
God keeps us in the world to make it better. We are to be reflections of heaven's light-almoners of heaven's spiritual bounty. "Give!" is the great word of command that touches upon every life. Our gifts are for using as well as enjoying. Why this gift of sympathy? Why this power of love? Man without us needs them, and so the author of our being has surcharged our hearts that we may be as batteries, inspiriting all hearts with whom we come in contact. In this light, life is earnest, life is real." It is not a quantity to be wasted, nor a quality to be vitiated. We are of the earth, but this does not necessitate that we become earthy. Rather so much the more should be the soul-struggle for the heavenly.
Happiness, as an object, is not unworthy of man. It is the within, social and spiritual. But the ways by which we would attain it are often unworthy his being, and frustrate the very end he has in view. Man is made happy in proportion as he contributes to the happiness of others. This is law. The Great Teacher said, "Blessed are the peace-makers, blessed are the merciful." Blessed are they who help to make them better; blessed are they who are filled with the Samaritan spirit of kindness and show it; blessed are they who remove stumbling-blocks and bear burdens; blessed are they who honor their Master by loving their fellows!
We sit in solitude and mourn when we might rejoice amid unnumbered comforts and blessings; we sow so sparingly, is why our harvestings are so meager. Our garners of joy ought to be large and well filled, from which we may draught daily. Life was given us for noble work in behalf of others, not for selfishness; not to be whiled away in aimless dreams, but for self-profit and the profit of our brethren. To live for something implies the necessity of an intelligent plan and a definite action. Splendid day-dreaming is but splendid fooling. Living to purpose involves a definite plan. It may not be written, but it is a plan as fixed as the truth. It takes hold of the spirit within us and crystalizes its energies. Thousands fail in life just because they have no commanding purpose of life. They work hard, but to little profit. The means they use are not adjusted to take hold upon definite and glorious results. Reader, live for something; live for your fellow-men and your God; live so that others will rejoice that you do live. Make somebody the better, and nobler, and wiser, and happier for your living, and this will be living for something-this is Bible teaching-this is highest life.-Home Journal.
ernment had practised toward the United States a general neutrality, the wealthier classes of England would not in the main have sided with the insurrectionary slaveholding planters. If the newspapers here had then dealt in the spirit of fairness with our transatlantic kinsmen, the dispute settled by the treaty of 1872 would not have arisen. The conduct of the Administration in reference to that treaty and the subsequent arbitration under its provisions had added a nobler page to the history of England than had all the bloody battles recorded in its history. The Earl of Derby was praised for initiating the method of settling international disputes by arbitration, for the reduction of qualifications necessary to the exercise of county franchise, for the redistribution of representation in Parliament, and for moving for the reform of the game and the land laws. He said that among the questions which demand an early solution the last one especially of interest to the agricultural laborers of the country, whom the present system, tending to the acquirement of large landed estates, debars from all hopes of proprietorship of soil.
He acknowledged the harshness of the operation of tax upon incomes, reviewing forty years of the supremacy of the Liberals in government as years of progress and prosperity to the country. He animadverted severely upon the Conservative obstructiveness and their present lack of policy, and urged the country to continue to support the Liberal party.
HEROISM FOR PEACE.
The papers abound in recognitions of heroism in connection What is with the sad sickness South, and well they may. nobler than for men and women to stand by sick and dying neighbors to the sacrifice of their time and health and risk of their lives. There have been also heroes of splendid type without number in war, and the most radical peace man will not and cannot deny it. Is there no opportunity for heroism in connection with the peace cause? Bravery, courage, integrity" are the characteristics of a hero anywhere. through the fifty years of war for peace these qualities have been indispensable in our work in the midst of the poverty and contempt and indifference which have surrounded it. But now, now when almost every one feels the grip of the financial panic, when the Peace Society has larger expenses with its larger work than ever, will not true heroes and heroines come to its aid? We hope and believe they will, and pray they may.
The giving of money, for good works, requires a high order of heroism. The masses are not endowed with large sums of money. The home wants of most people are very pressing. Selfishness puts in its huge claim at all times, and so on without end. In the meantime what are charitable societies to do? They must rely upon God and his noble children, and wise
D. C. H.
ITALY AND PEACE. - Notwithstanding the deplorable waste of Italian taxpayers' money upon extravagant military and naval armaments, and the general indifference of the King and his Court to questions of Peace and economy, there is no country on the Continent which contains more earnest advocates of International Arbitration than Italy. The name of Count Sclopis, of Turin, for example, has attained a world-wide fame as JOHN BRIGHT ON NATIONAL TOPICS. one of the five members of the illustrious Tribunal of Geneva John Bright addressed an assemblage, at Birmingham, Arbitrators, and as the author of able letters in support of paOct. 22d, estimated at 16,000. He commended the adminis-cific ideas and efforts. Among the members of the Italian Partration of Gladstone for past legislation, with the exception of liament who have distinguished themselves by their speeches the Education act, which he said was framed in a hasty man- and writings in the same direction, Signor Benedetti Castiglia, ner, and was incomplete. He advocated the repeal of clause 25, by which denominational schools are allowed to receive payment from public rates. In his opinion a general re-examination of the question is necessary.
Of the war against the Ashantees, Bright said no one is more anxious than the administration for reasonable pacific adjustment. He believed that the interests and honor of the country would be best consulted by the absolute withdrawal of the British colonists from the Ashantee coast.
of Florence; Signor P. S. Mancini, of Turin, Signor Mauro Macchi, of Milan; Signor S. Morelli and Signor Sella, of Turin, may be specially named. A number of Italian jurists and others have also manifested great interest in the question, as for example, Professor Pierrantoni, of Naples; Professor Strobel, of Parma; Signor Ricciardi, of Naples; Signor Levy of Rome; Signor Domenico, Jaccarino, of Naples, and many others. From many Italians also (both individuals and corporate bodies) numerous letters and telegrams were promptly forAs to the relations between Great Britain and the United warded to Mr. Richard immediately after the Parliamentary deStates he said, some Englishmen had spoken of the Treaty of bate on his recent motion, congratulating him in the most corWashington as humiliating to Great Britain. The humiliation dial terms, and expressing the wide-spread interest felt in the was between 1861 and 1865. If at that time the British Gov-question by themselves and their fellow-countrymen.-Ex.