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reinstatement or retention of any person employed or seeking employment by any such corporation, and no such person shall solicit, obtain, exhibit, or otherwise make use of any such official request, recomm

mendation, certificate or endorsement in connection with any existing or desired employment by a public service corporation. Any person or corporation violating the provisions of this section shall be punished by a fine of not less than fifty dollars nor more than one hundred dollars for each offence.

SECTION 26. The offices of probation officer, notary public and Public offices justice of the peace, prison officer, agent of the prison commis- 1903, 320,

$ 2. sioners and agent of the state board of charity shall not be con- i908, 228. sidered public offices within the meaning of the preceding section.

SECTION 27. Whoever knowingly causes to be printed or pub- Fraudulent lished a false or fraudulent notice or advertisement for help or concerning

advertisements for obtaining work or employment shall be punished by a fine of

employment.

1908, 217. not more than five hundred dollars or by imprisonment for not more than three months or by both such fine and imprisonment. SECTION 28. Whoever corruptly gives, offers or promises to Corrupt in.

fluencing of an agent, employee or servant, any gift or gratuity whatever with agents or intent to influence his action in relation to the business of his

prohibited. principal, employer or master; or an agent, employee or servant 290.4, 343, who corruptly requests or accepts a gift or gratuity or a promise to make a gift or to do an act beneficial to himself, under an agreement or with an understanding that he shall act in any particular manner in relation to the business of his principal, employer or master; or an agent, employee or servant, who, being authorized to procure materials, supplies or other articles either by purchase or contract for his principal, employer or master, or to employ service or labor for his principal, employer, or master, receives directly or indirectly, for himself or for another, a commission, discount or bonus from the person who makes such sale or contract, or furnishes such materials, supplies or other articles, or from a person who renders such service or labor; and any person who gives or offers such an agent, employee or servant such commission, discount or bonus, shall be punished by a fine of not less than ten dollars nor more than five hundred dollars, or by such fine and by imprisonment for not more than one year. SECTION 29. No person shall be excused from attending, testi- Self

incriminating fying or producing books, papers, contracts, agreements and docu- testimony not ments before any court or in obedience to the subpæna of any 1904, 343,

§ 2. court having jurisdiction of the offence described in the

preceding section on the ground or for the reason that the testimony or evidence, documentary or otherwise, required of him

and whistles.

officers to be

when.

ized and

may tend to criminate him or subject him to a penalty or forfeiture. But no person shall be liable to any suit or prosecution, civil or criminal, for or on account of any transaction, matter or thing concerning which he may testify or produce evidence, documentary or otherwise, before said court or in obedience to its

subpæna or in any such case or proceedings. Use of bells

SECTION 33. Manufacturers and others who employ workmen R. L. 106, 8 9. may, for the purpose of giving notice to them, ring bells and use

whistles and gongs of such size and weight and in such manner and at such hours as the board of aldermen of cities and the

selectmen of towns may designate in writing. Non-resident SECTION 34. If, in an emergency, special police officers are special police

appointed under the name of police officers or any other name, employees,

to act as police officers for quelling a riot or disturbance or for R. L. 108, § 11.

protecting property no person shall be so appointed who is not a resident of this commonwealth unless he is a regular employee of the person or corporation whose property he is so appointed

to protect. Police protec- SECTION 35. A person or corporation may, at any time, if tion author

bis or its property is in danger, call upon the regular police regulated. R. L. 108,

authorities in this commonwealth for assistance in its protec$ 12.

tion, and the provisions of this and the preceding section shall not limit or diminish such rights; but no person or corporation shall request or authorize any person or body of persons not residents of this commonwealth, except regular employees, to assist such corporation with arms in the defence of its property, and no such request or authority shall justify an assault or attack with arms by a non-resident. Whoever, being an employer of labor, requests or authorizes assistance in violation of the provisions of this section and whoever renders such assistance with arms shall be severally liable in damages to each person

injured in person or property thereby. General

SECTION 36. Whoever violates a provision of this act for penalty. R. L. 106, which no specific penalty is provided shall be punished by a § 70.

fine of not more than one hundred dollars. Employees SECTION 45. No person entitled to vote at an election shall, to be allowed

upon the day of any such election, be employed in any manufacvoting.

turing, mechanical or mercantile establishment, except such as §§ 5, 413.

may lawfully conduct its business on Sunday, during the period 1904, 334. of two hours after the opening of the polls in the voting pre1907, 560, 88 5, 447.

cinct or town in which he is entitled to vote, if he shall make application for leave of absence during such period. An owner, superintendent or overseer in any manufacturing, mechanical or mercantile establishment, except such as may lawfully conduct

time for

R. L. 11,

1902, 384.

its business on Sunday, who employs or permits to be employed therein any person entitled to vote at a state election, during the period of two hours after the opening of the polls in the voting precinct or town in which such person is entitled to vote, if he shall make application for leave of absence during such period, shall be punished by a fine of not more than one hundred dollars.

SECTION 52. Except in cases of emergency or except at the Employees to request of the employee, it shall not be lawful for any person, day's rest in partnership, association or corporation to require an employee 1907, 577. engaged in any commercial occupation, or in the work of any industrial process, or in the work of transportation or communication, to do on the Lord's day the usual work of his occupation, unless such employee is allowed during the six days next ensuing twenty-four consecutive hours without labor. But the provisions of this section shall not be construed as authorizing any work on the Lord's day not now authorized by law; nor as applying to farm or personal services, to druggists, to watchmen, to superintendents or managers, to janitors, or to persons engaged in the transportation, sale or delivery of milk, food or newspapers. Whoever violates the provisions of this section shall be punished by a fine of not more than fifty dollars for each offence.

SANITARY AND PROTECTIVE PROVISIONS. SECTION 78. All manufacturing establishments within this Drinking commonwealth shall provide fresh and pure drinking water to provided for which their employees shall have access during working hours. 1982, 322. Any person, firm, association or corporation owning, in whole

§ 5. or in part, managing, controlling or superintending any manufacturing establishment in which the provisions of this section are violated shall, upon complaint of the state inspectors of health, of the board of health of the city or town, or of the selectmen of the town in which the establishment is located be punished by a fine of one hundred dollars for each offence.

SECTION 79. Every factory in which five or more persons Sanitary proare employed, and every factory, workshop, mercantile or other factories, establishment or office in which two or more children or women

workshops, are employed, shall be kept clean and free from effluvia arising BL. 106,

47 from any drain, privy or nuisance, and shall be provided, within reasonable access, with a sufficient number of proper water closets, earth closets or privies; and wherever two or more males and two or more females are employed together, a sufficient number of separate water closets, earth closets or privies shall be

etc.

Occupant
may recover
expense of
changes.
R. L. 106,
§ 48.

Notice of
defective
sanitary ar-
rangements.
R. L. 106,
8 49.

provided for the use of each sex, and plainly so designated; and no pers

shall be allowed to use a closet or privy which is rovided for persons of the other sex.

SECTION 80. The owner, lessee or occupant of any premises which are used as described in the preceding section shall make the changes necessary to conform thereto. If such changes are made upon the order of the inspection department of the district police, by the occupant or lessee of the premises, he may, within thirty days after the completion thereof bring an action against any other person who has an interest in such premises, and may recover such proportion of the expense of making such changes as the court adjudges should justly and equitably be borne by the defendant.

SECTION 81. If it appears to a state inspector of health that any act, neglect or fault in relation to any drain, water closet, earth closet, privy, ashpit, water supply, nuisance or other matter in a factory or workshop included under the provisions of section seventy-nine, is punishable or remediable under the provisions of chapter seventy-five of the Revised Laws or any other law relative to the preservation of the public health, but not under the provisions of this chapter, he shall give notice in writing thereof to the board of health of the city or town in which such factory or workshop is situated, and such board of health shall thereupon inquire into the subject of the notice and enforce the laws relative thereto.

SECTION 82. A criminal prosecution shall not be instituted against a person for a violation of the provisions of sections seventy-nine and eighty until four weeks after notice in writing by the inspection department of the district police of the changes necessary to be made to comply with the provisions of said sections has been sent by mail or delivered to such person, nor if such changes shall have been made in accordance with such notice. A notice shall be sufficient under the provisions of this section if given to one member of a firm, or to the clerk, cashier, secretary, agent or any other officer who has charge of the business of a corporation, or to its attorney; and in case of a foreign corporation, to the officer who has the charge of such factory or workshop; and such officer shall be personally liable for the amount of any fine if a judgment against the corporation is returned unsatisfied.

SECTION 83. A factory in which five or more persons and a workshop in which five or more women or young persons are employed shall, while work is carried on therein, be so ventilated

Prerequisites
to criminal
prosecution.
R. L. 106,
$ 50.

Ventilation
of factories,
etc.
R. L. 106,
$ 51.

ventilation.

to criminal

that the air shall not become so impure as to be injurious to the
health of the persons employed therein and so that all gases,
vapors, dust or other impurities injurious to health, which are
generated in the course of the manufacturing process or handi-
craft carried on therein shall, so far as practicable, be rendered
harmless.
SECTION 84. If, in a workshop, or factory which is within the Health

inspectors to provisions of the preceding section, any process is carried on by enforce which dust is caused which may be inhaled to an injurious extent R. L. 106, by the persons employed therein, and it appears to a state inspec- $ 52. tor of health that such inhalation would be substantially diminished without unreasonable expense by the use of a fan or by other mechanical means, such fan or other mechanical means, if he so directs, shall be provided, maintained and used.

SECTION 85. A criminal prosecution shall not be instituted Prerequisites for any violation of the provisions of the two preceding sections prosecution.

R. L. 106, § 53. unless such employer neglects, for four weeks after the receipt of a notice in writing, to make such changes in his factory or workshop as shall be ordered by a state inspector of health.

SECTION 91. In every manufacturing establishment in which communicathe machinery is propelled by steam, communication shall be engineer's provided between each room in which such machinery is placed R. L. 104,

§ 38. and the room in which the engineer is stationed by means of speaking tubes, electric bells or appliances to control the motive power, or such other means as shall be satisfactory to the inspectors of factories and public buildings, if in the opinion of the inspectors such communication is necessary. Whoever, being the occupant or controlling the use of any such manufacturing establishment, violates the provisions of this section shall forfeit to the commonwealth not less than twenty-five nor more than one hundred dollars.

SECTION 92. No prosecution for a violation of the provisions Commenceof the preceding section shall be commenced until four weeks

prosecutions. after notice in writing by an inspector has been sent by mail to

39. such person,

firm or corporation of any changes necessary to be made to comply with the provisions of said section, nor if such changes shall have been made in accordance with such notice.

SECTION 93. No outside or inside doors of any building in Doors not which operatives are employed shall be so locked, bolted or other- during hours wise fastened during the hours of labor as to prevent free egress. R. L. 104,

§ 40. The owner, lessee or occupant of any such building shall, five days after receiving notice in writing from an inspector of factories and public buildings, comply with the provisions of this section.

ment of

R. L. 104,

to be locked

of labor.

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