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to furnish
photometer.
1880, 230,
§ 4.
P. S. 61, § 13.
1885, 240,
$ 1.
Substitute.
1909, 483,

2.

Disc photometers to be

1909, 483,

twelve consecutive months shall be made if the consumer

during said time uses gas to the value of seven dollars. Gas companies [SECTION 13. Every gas light company which annually

manufactures more than fifteen million cubic feet of gas, made and sold for illuminating purposes, shall provide a suitable room, at least a quarter of a mile from the gas works, containing a disc photometer of a construction approved by the inspector, which shall be open to the inspector and his assistants on every working day from eight o'clock in the morning until six o'clock in the afternoon.]

Section 13. Every gas light company which annually provided, etc. manufactures or sells more than fifteen million cubic feet

of gas shall, when required by the board of gas and electric light commissioners, provide and maintain a suitable room at least a quarter of a mile from the gas works with a disc photometer and its appurtenances of a construction approved by the board, which shall be open to the inspector and assistant inspectors on every working day from eight

o'clock in the morning until six o'clock in the afternoon. Inspection [SECTION 14. The gas of every company which supplies

more than fifty consumers, except gas made and used exclusively for heating, cooking, chemical and mechanical purposes, shall be inspected at least twice a year, (and once additionally for every six million cubic feet of gas supplied by each company; but not oftener than once a week.] and as much oftener as the board of gas and electric light commissioners may determine. The gas of every company supplying not more than three hundred million cubic feet annually shall be inspected at least once for every six million cubic feet supplied, and the gas of every company supplying more than three hundred million cubic feet annually shall be inspected at least once a week. All such inspections shall be made by the inspector or one of his assistants, and one-fourth at least of all such inspections shall be made by the inspector. The gas shall be tested for illuminating power by means of a disc photometer and, during such test, shall be burned from the burner best adapted to it, which is at the same time suitable for domestic use, and at as near the rate of five feet an hour as is practicable. If the gas of any company is found on three consecutive inspections or on three inspections made within a period of thirty consecutive days, to give less light than sixteen standard English candles, or to contain more than

of gas by photometer. 1861, 168, § 10. 1880, 230, $ 5. P. S. 61, $ 14. 1885, 240, $ 1. 1886, 250. 1890, 252. 1892, 67. [1 Op. A. G. 550.1 Amended. 1903, 464. Substitute. 1909, 483, $ 3.

§ 3.

twenty grains of sulphur or ten grains of ammonia per hundred cubic feet of gas, or any sulphuretted hydrogen, a fine of one hundred dollars shall be paid by such company to each city or town supplied by it. If during the test the consumption of gas varies from five feet an hour, or the candle from one hundred and twenty grains an hour, a proportionate correction shall be made for the candle power. Upon such complaint and after such notice and hearing as are provided for in section thirty-four of chapter one hundred and twenty-one of the Revised Laws the board of gas and electric light commissioners may require a company to supply such a gas as will give, when tested in the manner prescribed in this section, a light equivalent to such! number of standard English candles, not less than sixteen, as said board may determine.]

Section 14. The gas of every company which supplies Inspection more than fifty consumers, except gas made and used exclu- 1909, 488, sively for heating, cooking, chemical and mechanical purposes, shall be inspected at least twice a year and as much oftener as the board of gas and electric light commissioners may determine. The gas shall be tested for illuminating power by means of a disc photometer and, during such test, shall be burned from the burner best adapted to it, which is at the same time suitable for domestic use, and at as near the rate of five feet an hour as is practicable. The board of gas and electric light commissioners shall, for the purpose of establishing a standard of purity for gas, and after a public hearing, determine how many grains of sulphur and ammonia per hundred cubic feet of gas may be permitted, and the board shall have power to change such standards from time to time, after a public hearing; but not more than thirty grains of sulphur per hundred cubic feet and no sulphuretted hydrogen shall be allowed.

If the gas of any gas company or of any city or town supplying gas is found on three consecutive inspections, or on three inspections made within a period of thirty consecutive days, to give less light than sixteen standard English candles, or upon such averaging of inspections as the board may prescribe, to be below the standard of purity fixed under this act, unless such defect is in the opinion of the board due to unavoidable cause or accident, a fine of one hundred dollars shall be paid by such company, city or town into the treasury of the commonwealth.

premises to examine meters, etc. 1861, 168, $ 11.

If during the test the consumption of gas varies from five feet an hour, or the candle from one hundred and twenty grains an hour, a proportionate correction shall be made for the candle power. Upon such complaint and after such notice and hearing as are provided for by section thirty-four of chapter one hundred and twenty-one of the Revised Laws the board may require a company to supply such gas as will give, when tested in the manner prescribed in this section, a light equivalent to such number of standard English candles, not less than sixteen, as said board

may determine. Entry on SECTION 15. An officer or servant of a gas light com

pany, who is duly authorized in writing by the president,

treasurer, agent or secretary of said company, may at any P. S. 61, § 15. reasonable time enter any premises which are supplied

with gas by such company for the purpose of examining or removing the meters, pipes, fittings, and works for supplying or regulating the supply of gas and of ascertaining the quantity of gas consumed or supplied; and if any person, directly or indirectly, prevents or hinders such officer or servant from so entering such premises or from making such examination or removal, such officer or servant may make complaint to any court or magistrate authorized to issue criminal process who may thereupon issue a warrant directed to the sheriff or to either of his deputies, or to a constable of the city or town in which such company is located, commanding him to take sufficient aid and repair to said premises accompanied by such officer or servant, who shall examine such meters, pipes, fittings and works for supplying or regulating the supply of gas, and ascer tain the quantity of gas consumed or supplied therein, and shall, if required, remove any meters, pipes, fittings and

works belonging to said company, Company may SECTION 16. A gas or electric light company may stop

gas or electricity from entering the premises of any person who neglects or refuses to pay the amount due therefor or for the use of the meter or other article hired by him from such company; and, for such purpose, the officers, servants or workmen thereof may, after twenty-four hours' notice, enter his premises between the hours of eight in the forenoon and four in the afternoon and separate and take away such meter or other property of the company, and may disconnect any meter, pipe, wires, fittings or other

shut off gas
for arrears.
1861, 168,
§ 12.
P. S. 61, § 16.
1894, 316.
199 Mass. 325.

.

4 Allen, 308.

works, whether they are property of the company or not, from the mains, pipes or wires of the company.

SECTION 17. A gas or electric light company shall not Refusal of refuse to supply gas or electricity for any building or stricted. premises to a person applying therefor who is not in ar- 199 Mass. 325. rears to it for any gas or electricity previously supplied to him because a bill for gas or electricity remains unpaid by a previous occupant of such building or premises.

SECTION 18. Whoever wilfully or fraudulently injures Penalty for or suffers to be injured any meter, pipes or fittings which meter, etc. belong to a gas light company, or prevents a meter from 1861, 188 duly registering the quantity of gas supplied through the RS. 61, 8$ 17, same, or in any way hinders or interferes with its

proper action or just registration, or fraudulently burns or wastes the gas of such company, or whoever attaches a pipe to a main or pipe belonging to a gas light company or, without the written consent of such company, uses or causes to be used any gas supplied by it, unless the same passes through a meter set by the company, shall for every such offence forfeit to the company not more than one hundred dollars and the damage sustained thereby.

[Section 19. The provisions of this chapter shall apply Application to all companies which manufacture or distribute gas for 1861, 168, sale, and the term “gas company” shall include all per- P. 8: 61, $ 19. sons who own or operate works for the manufacture and 1886, 346, $ 7. sale of gas for heating or illuminating purposes. ]

Section 19. The provisions of this chapter shall apply Application to all persons, corporations and municipalities which man- 1909, 483, ufacture or distribute gas for sale and the terms gas company and gas light companyshall be construed as including all persons, companies and municipalities owning or operating works for the manufacture and sale of gas for heating or illuminating purposes.

1909, 483, § 4.

§ 4.

CHAPTER 110.
OF MANUFACTURING AND OTHER CORPORATIONS.

(Omitting sections which expressly do not apply to gas or electric companies.)

SECTION 1. — Commissioner of Corporations.
SECTIONS 2, 3. Corporations Governed by this Chapter.
SECTIONS 4-21. — Formation of Corporations.
SECTIONS 22–68. — Powers and Liabilities.
SECTIONS 69, 70. — Co-operative Associations.
SECTION 71. — Fishing Associations. (Omitted.)
SECTIONS 72–75. — Swine Slaughtering Associations. (Omitted.)
SECTIONS 76–81. — Gas, Pneumatic, etc., Companies.
SECTIONS 82, 83. — Confirmation of Organization or Proceedings.
SECTIONS 84, 85. - Penalties for omissions to File Certificates, etc.
SECTION 86. — Fees.

Commissioner of corpora tions. 1870, 224, § 61. 1879, 288, $ 1. P. S. 106, § 1. 1900, 261.

COMMISSIONER OF CORPORATIONS. SECTION 1. The commissioner of corporations shall be sworn to the faithful performance of his duties.. He shall examine the certificates submitted to him under the provisions of these statutes, and make suitable indorsements

upon such as conform to the requirements of law. He shall Jio Mass. 329, keep a record of the names of corporations which submit 184 Mass. 567. certificates to his inspection, with the date of inspection

and of his certificates when given, and the result in brief of his inspection. He shall bring instances of neglect or of omission on the part of corporations to comply with the provisions of this chapter to the knowledge of the attorney general, for the enforcement of the penalties therefor. He shall receive no fees for the performance of his duties. If a vacancy exists or if the commissioner is absent from his office, the first clerk shall perform the duties of the commissioner, and legal process served upon said clerk shall have the same force and effect as if served upon the commissioner.

CORPORATIONS GOVERNED BY THIS CHAPTER. Corporations SECTION 2. All corporations organized or chartered governed by this chapter. under or subject to the provisions of this chapter, of chapR. S. 38, § 1. G. S. 60, § 1. ter one hundred and six or one hundred and seven of the $

$ 13, 64, 65. Public Statutes, of the statutes in amendment thereof or in 1874, 295, $ 1.

addition thereto, of chapter two hundred and ninety-five P. S. 106,

of the statutes of the year eighteen hundred and seventy§ 3; 107, § 1.

four, of chapter two hundred and twenty-four of the stat

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