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between which points are the settlements of Axim, Discove, Secondee, Elmina, Cape Coast Castle, Anamaboe, Accra, and Addah. In 1672 a Company was formed, called the Royal African Company, which built forts at Discove, Secondee, Commendah, Anamaboe, Winnebab, and Accra, besides strengthening Cape Coast Castle, which was already in existence. This company was succeeded in 1750 by the African Company of Merchants, constituted by Act of Parliament, with liberty to trade and to form establishments on the West Coast of Africa, between 20° N. and 20° S. lat. This company was dissolved in 1821 by Act of Parliament, and the forts transferred to the Crown, by whom they were placed under the Government of Sierra Leone. Revenue and Expenditure.
Imports and Exports.
1869 213,491 281,913
1870 253,397 378,239
1871 250,672 295,207
1872 260,101 385,281
1873 225,525 330,624
1874 no trustworthy returns.
1869 416,895 689,598 Lagos.
1872 366,256 444,848
1873 258,883 406,986
1874 348,636 486,227
400,0001 Debt-Gold Coast, nil; Lagos, 11,6311.
62,021 * Exclusive of 40,0001, voted by Parliament. † 20,9991. proceeds of loans. † Estimated and including the Protectorate.
(From “ Colonial Office List, 1876.")
NATURAL PRODUCTIONS, ARTS, MANUFACTURES, &c.
1 small variegated Cloth, Wassaw. 1 Whydah Cloth.
2 Native Looms with cotton spinner, samples of Yarn and 2 Aguey Cloths.
specimens of Cloth in the loom. i Cape Coast Cloth, made entirely of native Cotton and 4 Specimens of Wool Knitting per Colonial School, Cape
Coast. 1 Akim Cloth.
2 Native Tanned Sheep or Goat Skins. 1 Ashantee Cloth, native printed,
2 Pair Yellow Slippers, Niger.Per Bishop Crowther. 1 Ashantee Silk Cloth.
5 Pairs Lagos Sandals. 1 ditto Sash.
1 , Gold Coast Chiefs Sandals ornamented with Gold. i King Kofi Calli’s Cloth.
1 Leather Satchel of native tanned leather. ; 1 Krobboe Cloth.
4 Goat-skin Fans, ornamented with leather work. i Check Nupè Tobe
10 Knife Sheaths. i ditto Man's.
Niger, per Bishop
1 Tranverse Section of Odoom Wood, showing the diameter 1 Woman's Upper Cloth
of the tree which furnishes the Building Wood of the Country 1 Igbo Cloth, open work
from the Gold Coast to Lagos,-hard and durable. 1 Grass Cloth, Niger.
1 Plank of Ditto, polished, with specimens of Panelling by I Bida Cloth,
native workmen of Engineer Department. 1 Agra Cloth,
1 Desk and Envelope case of Ditto, also made by native 1 Linzo Grass Cloth, Niger.
workmen— the Lock also of native workmanship.
1 Fiddle and Bow. 1 Guitar. 1 Kroo-boys Harp. 1 Knife-box Guitar, Lagos. 1 bundle and 1 coil Strings for Musical Instruments. 1 Flute. 1 Signal Horn.
A collection of specimens of Native Woods and i Stick Ebony.
8 Variously Carved Native Stools, cach made from a solid Block of Wood.
i Warree Board, carved ditto, ditto, for a game much in use on the West Coast of Africa.
3 Models of Canoes and Paddles.
1 Block of Native Granite, cut and polished by native workmen.
1 Sword of State with Carved wood handle, plated with Gold.
1 Ditto, ditto, two blades, ditto plain.
Figures, God and Goddess of Twins from Abeokuta.
7 Carved Ladles.
Image, exhibited at native Funerals. 5
Specimens of Natural History. 2 Wooden Combs. i Toy Doll. 4 Wooden Fans. 1 Fan. 26 Carved and Plain Calabashes. 3 Black Bowls, used for washing Gold. 1 Black Monkey Skin, an Article of Export. 2 Leopard Skins. 1 Light-Coloured Snake Skin. 4 Niger Mats (2 per Bishop Crowther). 5 Accra Baskets.
Earthenware. i Goldsmith's Furnace and Crucibles.
A Variety of Domestic Articles.—Cooking Pots, Plates, Water-pots and Bottles, Palm Wine Pot, Bowls, Hearths, &c., also some curiously shaped and Ornamented Black Bottles and Lamp from Wassaw.
An assortment of Ashantee Clay Pipes.
1 Warrior's Hat, Lagos.
1 Gold Book, used for keeping Gold Dust, with Seals Weights, Shovels, &c.
White Clay, used in Medicine and to “chalk" divoreei wives; also in law suits and palavers those who are successful, and at marriage ceremonies as an indication of purity.
2 Ropes with bands, for ascending Palm Trees.
Oils. Specimens of Oils made at Cape Coast from African Natand Seeds, by W. Melton, &c., viz. :
1 glass barrel Palm Oil.
Oil, cold drawn, refined.
Palm Oil Nuts.
Palm Oil Nut Kernels. Sessamum. Bennie Seed.
Egusi or Bitter Gourd Seeds.
Ground Nut Kernels.
Marcrocarpa (?) Bitter.
Arms. 2 Niger Swords in Ornamented Leather Scabbards. 1 Iron War Dagger from the Niger, per Bishop Crowther. 2 Lagos ditto, in Leather Sheaths.
1 Bow and Quiver of Arrows from the Houssa Country near the Niger.
Musical Instruments, &c. 1 Large Drum. 1 Small ditto. 2 Arm ditto. 1 Ditto, with black cord and sash.
3 Wooden ditto, with snake skin tops used at the Amusements and Feasts of the natives.
2 Adenkos-long Calabashes, carved.
Guinea Grains, or Grains of Paradise.
Coffee, grown in 8 months after planting seed, by Mrs.
Kreppee, or Bitter Oil Nuts, the oil a remedy against the Tetse Fly, and all other insects.
One Bowl containing two masses Fragrant Gum, used for polishing and perfuming the skin after washing.
Two Cakes Bees Wax.
One fine Specimen of Gum Copal, Accra, and specimens of ditto.
Five Specimens of Coloured Powder Starch, a Novelty for the Laundry, by W. Melton.
One Pair Manillas, or solid Metal Ring Bracelets.
Shells of the Snail of the country, abounding in the forests, and largely consumed as an article of food at Cape Coast and Lagos.
One bundle Candlewood.
1 Water Bottle.
1 Albert Chain, cable pattern.
MAURITIUS. An island lying in the Indian Ocean, between 57° 17' and 57° 46' E. long., and 19° 58' and 20° 32' S. lat. It is 400 miles east of Madagascar. It comprises an area of 676 square miles.
The Mauritius was discovered by the Portuguese in 1507. They claimed possession of it during nearly the whole of the 16th century. The first who made any settlement in it were the Dutch in 1598, who named it Mauritius, in honour of their Prince Maurice. It was abandoned by them in 1710, and afterwards taken possession of by the French. Mauritius was for a long time during the war a source of great mischief to our merchant vessels and Indiamén, from the facility with which sorties might be made from it upon our traders by French men-of-war and privateers. The British Government determined on an expedition for its capture, which was effected in 1810. The possession of the island was ratified by the Treaty of Paris, 1814.
Mauritius pays 45,0001. per annum to the Imperial Government as military contribution, but this amount is subject to reduction when the garrison is below the standard fixed upon as necessary for the defence of the colony.
Total police force, 849.
Revenue and Expenditure.
638,067 602,279 1865 646,730 667,716 1866 639,576 700,048 1867 534,992 642,602 1868 577,686 641,272 1869 595,024 575,180 1870 608,166 591,579 1871 616,952 600,961 1872 703,159 650,327 1873 693,081 657,110 1874 720,130
1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874
Imports and Exports. £
£ 2,141,350 2,629,519 2,048,000 2,501,000 1,720,000 2,003,800 2,000,069 2,321,243 1,619,906 2,601,657 1,953,993 2,049,987 1,807,382 3,054,054 2,437,512 3,177,301 2,165,400 3,238,700 2,427,813 2,697,892
Public Debt, 895,6001., bearing interest 6 per cent.
Estimated Population, exclusive of Military and Shipping, 31st December 1874.
Cl. 600 to 602.
Mauritius. Flore Mauricienne. 24 bottles preserved fruit, &c.
Horne, J., Mauritius Botanical Gardens,
Cabris, Bois Cerfs, &c.)
Natte grand feuille).
Bois de Natte).
XIV.–Prockia theæformis (Fandaman,
Tambour, Pomme Jacot, Pot de
marbré). XVII.-Calophyllum Sps. (Takamaka
blanc). XVIII.—Erythrosperum verticillatum (Bois
non). XXII.- ? (Bois Banane). XXIII.—Colophania Mauritiana (Bois de
Colophane). XXIV.- ? (Bois Lallo). XXV.–Syzygium species (Bois de Pomme
grande feuille). XXVI.-Calophyllum spectabilis (Bois de
Takamaka, ou Takamaka grande
oppositifolia (Bois Café).
Flore Mauricienne. Vanilla.
L. de Brugada & E. de Boucherville. Two Specimens of Ramie Fibre (Behmeria nivea).
Wiebe, Mr. J. 15 samples of Sugar :1. “Rose Belle" (Ceylon Company, Limited), White Vesou Sugar manufactured for Bombay and Australian markets ; 2. “ Astræa" (Ceylon Company, Limited), White Vesou manufactured for Bombay and Australian markets ; 3. “ Astræa” (Ceylon Company, Limited), White Syrup Sugar for Bombay and Australian markets ; 4. “Medine” (Mme. Vve. Kænig), fine White Vesou manufactured for Australian market; 5. “ Medine" (Mm. Vve. Kænig) fine White Syrup manufactured for Australian market ; 6. stance" (Heirs Pellegrin) fine White Crystallized for Bombay and Australian markets ; 7. “ Constance" (Messrs. Manes & Co.) finest White Sugar for Australian market ; 8. “ Constance” (Messrs. Manes and Co.), fine White Syrup for Australian market ; 9. “ Plaisance” (Messrs. Hart and de Bissy), Brewers Crystal manufactured for Australian market; 10. “ Plaisance" (Messrs. Hart and de Bissy) fine Brewers Crystal manufactured for Australian market; 11. Sebastopol” (Mr. E. Montocchio), Raw Sugar, fine Crystallized for European market; 12. “ Hewet.
(Mr. W. Hewetson) Raw Sugar, fine Crystallized, manufactured for European market; 13. “ Chamouny” (Mr. N. Tourrette), Raw Sugar, refining quality for European markets; 14. “ Walhalla” (Mr. C. de Lannux), Yellow Grocery for Australian market ; 15. “Mon Repos” (Mr. Nozaïc), Yellow Sugar for Australian market.
Marie, Mr. François. Sample of Arrow
Forne, J., Mauritius Botanical Gardens. List of Fibres :-Dracæna species, Cordia mixta, Hibiscus liliflorus, Pandanus utilus, Alpinia magnifica, Sanseviera zebrina, Livistona Mauritiana, Agave Americana, Theobroma cacao, Musa species, Rapolocarpus lucidus, Dracæna Mauritiana, Strelitzia regina, Pterospermum acerifolium, Ficus sp., Ficus P., Musa textilis, Latania aurea, Sanseviera Zeylanica, Ficus sp., Musa paradisiaca, Sagus Ruffia, Colocasia antiquorum, Agave Americana variegata, Sida glutinosa, Musa violacea, Agave Mexicana, Bæhmeria nivea, Heliconia gigantea, Sanseviera latifolia, Sanseviera cylindrica, Urania (Ravenala) Madagascariensis, Carludovica palmata, Sterculia species, Hibiscus sp., Guazuma ulmifolia, Fourcroya gigantea, Square fruited Banana, Ficus species, Ixora corylifolia, Melochia liliacefolia, Musa var (Otaheite), Paritium tiliaceum, Caladium species, Morus tartarica, Caladium purpurescens, Malvaviscus
arboreus, Sagus saccbarifera. 6 Walking Sticks, 2 Bottles Nutmegs, 1 Parcel Red Bark (Cinchona succirubra).