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(f) The mortgagee shall be entitled to receive the benefits of the insurance as hereinafter provided

“(1) as to mortgages meeting the reqiurements of paragraph (3) (A) of subsection (d) of this section, as provided in section 204 (a) of this Act with respect to mortgages insured under section 203; and the provisions of subsections (b) (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), and (h) of section 204 of this Act shall be applicable to such mortgages insured under this section, except that all references therein to the Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund or the Fund shall be construed to refer to the Section 220 Housing Insurance Fund and all references therein to section 203 shall be construed to refer to this section; or

“2) as to mortgages meeting the requirements of paragraphs (3) (B) of subsection (d) of this section, as provided in section 207 (g) of this Act with respect to mortgages insured under said section 207, and the provisions of subsections (h), (i), (j), (k), and (1) of section 207 of this Act shall be applicable to such mortgages insured under this section, and all references therein to the Housing Insurance Fund or the Housing Fund shall be construed

to refer to the Section 220 Housing Insurance Fund. “(g) There is hereby created a Section 220 Housing Insurance Fund which shall be used by the Commissioner as a revolving fund for carrying out the provisions of this section, and the Commissioner is hereby authorized to transfer to such Fund the sum of $1,000,000 from the War Housing Insurance Fund established pursuant to the provisions of section 602 of this Act. General expenses of operation of the Federal Housing Administration under this section may be charged to the Section 220 Housing Insurance Fund.

"Moneys in the Section 220 Housing Insurance Fund not needed for the current operations of the Federal Housing Administration under this section shall be deposited with the Treasurer of the United States to the credit of such Fund, or invested in bonds or other obligations of, or in bonds or other obligations guaranteed as to principal and interest by, the United States. The Commissioner may, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, purchase in the open market debentures issued under the provisions of this section. Such purchases shall be made at a price which will provide an investment yield of not less than the yield obtainable from other investments authorized by this section. Debentures so purchased shall be canceled and not reissued.

“Premium charges, adjusted premium charges, and appraisal and other fees received on account of the insurance of any mortgage accepted for insurance under this section, the receipts derived from the property covered by such mortgage and claims assigned to the Commissioner in connection therewith shall be credited to the Section 220 Housing Insurance Fund. The principal of, and interest paid and to be paid on debentures issued under this section, cash adjustments, and expenses incurred in the handling, management, renovation, and disposal of properties acquired under this section shall be charged to such Fund.

"Sec. 221. (a) This section is designed to supplement systems of mortgage insurance under other provisions of the National Housing Act in order to assist in relocating families to be displaced as the result of governmental action in a community respecting which the Housing and Home Finance Administrator has made the certification to the Commissioner provided for by subsection 101 (c) of the Housing Act of 1949, as amended. Mortgage insurance under this section shall be available only in those localities or communities which shall have requested such mortgage insurance to be provided : Provided, That the Commissioner shall prescribe such procedures as in his judgment are necessary to secure to the families to be so displaced, referred to above, a preference or priority of opportunity to purchase or rent such dwelling units : And provided further, That the total number of dwelling units in properties covered by mortgages insured under this section in any such commounity shall not exceed the total number of such dwelling units which the Commissioner determines to be needed for the relocation of families to be so displaced and who would be eligible to obtain the benefits of the insurance authorized by this section.

“(b) The Commissioner is authorized, upon application by the mortgagee, to insure under this section as hereinafter provided any mortgage which is eligible for insurance as provided herein and, upon such terms and conditions as the Commissioner may prescribe, to make commitments for the insurance of such mortgages prior to the date of their execution or disbursement thereon.

"(c) As used in this section, the terms 'mortgage', 'first mortgage', 'mortgagee', 'mortgagor', 'maturity date' and 'State' shall have the same meaning as in section 201 of this Act.

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"(d) To be eligible for insurance under this section, a mortgage shall

"(1) have been made to and be held by a mortgagee approved by the Commissioner as responsible and able to service the mortgage properly ;

“(2) involve a principal obligation (including such initial service charges, appraisal, inspection, and other fees as the Commissioner shall approve) in an amount not to exceed $7,000, and not to exceed 100 per centum of the appraised value (as of the date the mortgage is accepted for insurance) of a property, upon which there is located a dwelling designed principally for a single-family residence: Provided, That the mortgagor shall be the owner and occupant of the property at the time of the insurance and shall have paid on account of the property at least $200 (which amount may include amounts to cover settlement costs and initial payments for taxes, hazard insurance, mortgage insurance premium, and other prepaid expenses) : Provided further, That nothing contained herein shall preclude the Commissioner from issuing a commitment to insure and insuring a mortgage pursuant thereto where the mortgagor is not the owner and occupant and the property is to be built for sale and the insured mortgage financing is required to facilitate the construction of the dwelling and provide financing pending the subsequent sale thereof to a qualified owner-occupant, and in such instances the mortgage shall not exceed 85 per centum of the appraised value;

or

“(3) if executed by a mortgagor which is a nonprofit corporation or association or other acceptable nonprofit organization, regulated or supervised under Federal or State laws or by political subdivisions of State or agencies thereof, as to rents, charges, and method of operation, in such form and in such manner, as, in the opinion of the Commissioner, will effectuate the purposes of this section, the mortgage may involve a principal obligation not in excess of $5,000,000 ; and not in excess of $7,000 per family unit for such part of such property or project as may he attributable to dwelling use, and not in excess of 100 per centum of the Commissioner's estimate of the value of the property or project when repaired and rehabilitated for use as rental accommodations for ten or more families eligible for occupancy as provided in this section; and

"(4) provide for complete amortization by periodic payments within such terms as the Commissioner may prescribe, but not to exceed forty years from the date of insurance of the mortgage; bear interest (exclusive of premium charges for insurance and service charge, if any) at not to exceed 5 percentum per annum on the amount of the principal obligation outstanding at any time, or not to exceed such per centum per annum not in excess of 6 per centum as the Commisioner finds necessary to meet the mortgage market; and contain such terms and provisions with respect to the application of the mortgagor's periodic payment to amortization of the principal of the mortgage, insurance, repairs, alterations, payment of taxes, default reserves, delinquency charges, foreclosure proceedings, anticipation of milturity, additional and secondary liens, and other matters as the Commis

sioner may in his discretion prescribe. (e) The Commissioner may at any time, under such terms and conditions as he may prescribe, consent to the release of the mortgagor from his liability under the mortgage or the credit instrument secured thereby, or consent to the release of parts of the mortgaged property from the lien of the mortgage.

“(f) The property or project shall comply with such standards and conditions as the Commissioner may prescribe to establish the acceptability of such property for mortgage insurance.

"(g) The mortgagee shall be entitled to receive the benefits of the insurance as hereinafter provided

"(1) as to mortgages meeting the requirements of paragraph (2) of subsection (d) of this section, as provided in section 204 (a) of this Act with respect to mortgages insured under section 203; and the provisions of subsections (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), and (h) of section 204 of this Art shall be applicable to such mortgages insured under this section, except that all references therein to the Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund or the Fund shall be construed to refer to the Section 221 Housing Insurance Fund and all references therein to section 203 shall be construed to refer to this sertion; or

(2) as to mortgages meeting the requirements of paragraph (3) of subsection (d) of this section, as provided in section 207 (g) of this Act with respect to mortgages insured under said section 207, and the pro

visions of subsections (h), (i), (j), (k), and (1) of section 207 of this Act shall be applicable to such mortgages insured under this section, and all references therein to the Housing Insurance Fund or the Housing Fund shall be construed to refer to the Section 221 Housing Insurance Fund; or

"(3) in the event any mortgage insured under this section is not in default at the expiration of twenty years from the date the mortgage was endorsed for insurance, the mortgagee shall, within a period thereafter to be determined by the Commissioner, have the option to assign, transfer, and deliver to the Commissioner the original credit instrument and the mortgage securing the same and receive the benefits of the insurance as here inafter provided in this paragraph, upon compliance with such requirements and conditions as to the validity of the mortgage as a first lien and such other matters as may be prescribed by the Commissioner at the time the loan is endorsed for insurance. Upon such assignment, transfer, and delivery the obligation of the mortgagee to pay the premium charges for insurance shall cease, and the Commissioner shall, subject to the cash adjustment provided herein, issue to the mortgagee debentures having a total face value equal to the amount of the original principal obligation of the mortgage which was unpaid on the date of the assignment, plus accrued interest to such date. Debentures issued pursuant to this paragraph (3) shall be issued in the same manner and subject to the same terms and conditions as debentures issued under paragraph (1) of this subsection, except that the debentures issued pursuant to this paragraph (3) shall be dated as of the date the mortgage is assigned to the Commissioner, and shall bear interest from such date at the going Federal rate determined at the time of issuance. The term "going Federal rate" as used herein means the annual rate of interest which the Secretary of the Treasury shall specify as applicable to the six-month period (consisting of January through June or July through December) which includes the issuance date of such debentures, which applicable rate for each such six-month period shall be determined by the Secretary of the Treasury by estimating the average yield to maturity, on the basis of daily closing market bid quotations or prices during the month of May or the month of November, as the case may be, next preceding such six-month period, on all outstanding marketable obligations of the United States having a maturity date of eight to twelve years from the first day of such month of May or November, and by adjusting such estimated average annual yield to the nearest one-eighth of 1 per centum. The Commissioner shall have the same authority with respect to mortgages assigned to him under this paragraph as contained in section 207 (k) and section 207 (1) as to mortgages insured by the Commissioner

and assigned to him under section 207 of this Act. “(h) There is hereby created a Section 221 Housing Insurance Fund which shall be used by the Commissioner as a revolving fund for carrying out the provisions of this section, and the Commissioner is hereby authorized to transfer to such Fund the sum of $1,000,000 from the War Housing Insurance Fund established pursuant to the provisions of section 602 of this Act. General expenses of operation of the Federal Housing Administration under this section may be charged to the Section 221 Housing Insurance Fund.

"Moneys in the Section 221 Housing Insurance Fund not needed for the current operations of the Federal Housing Administration under this section shall be deposited with the Treasurer of the United States to the credit of such fund, or invested in bonds or other obligations of, or in bonds or other obligations guaranteed as to principal and interest by, the United States. The Commissioner may, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, purchase in the open market debentures issued under the provisions of this section. Such purchases shall be made at a price which will provide an investment yield of not less than the yield obtainable from other investments authorized by this section, Debentures so purchased shall be canceled and not reissued.

“Premium charges, adjusted premium charges, and appraisal and other fees received on account of the insurance of any mortgage accepted for insurance under this section, the receipts derived from the property covered by such mortgage and claims assigned to the Commissioner in connection therewith shall be credited to the Section 221 Housing Insurance Fund. The principal of, and interest paid and to be paid on debentures issued under this section, cash adjustments and expenses incurred in the handling, management, renovation, and disposal of properties acquired under this section shall be charged to such Fund.”

SEC. 124. Title II of said Act, as amended, is hereby further amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section to transfer to title II the mortgage insurance program in connection with the sale of certain publicly owned property as contained in section 610 of title VI; the insurance of mort. gages to refinance existing loans insured under section 608 of title VI and sections 903 and 908 of title IX; and to authorize the insurance under title II of mortgages assigned to the Commissioner under insurance contracts and mortgages held by the Commissioner in connection with the sale of property acquired under insurance contracts :

"MISCELLANEOUS HOUSING INSURANCE “Sec. 222. (a) Notwithstanding any of the provisions of this title, and without regard to limitations upon eligibility contained in section 203 or section 207, the Commissioner is authorized, upon application by the mortgagee, to insure or make commitments to insure under section 203 or section 207 of this title any mortgage

(1) executed in connection with the sale by the Government, or any agency or official thereof, of any housing acquired or constructed under Public Law 849, Seventy-sixth Congress, as amended; Public Law 781, Seventy-sixth Congress, as amended; or Public Laws 9, 73, or 353, Seventyseventh Congress, as amended (including any property acquired, held, or constructed in connection with such housing or to serve the inhabitants thereof); or

(2) executed in connection with the sale by the Public Housing Administration, or by any public housing agency with the approval of the said Administration, of any housing (including any property acquired, held, or constructed in connection with such housing or to serve the inhabitants thereof) owned or financially assisted pursuant to the provisions of Public Law 671, Seventy-sixth Congress; or

(3) executed in connection with the sale by the Government, or any agency or official thereof, of any of the so-called Greenbelt towns, or parts thereof, including projects, or parts thereof, known as Greenhills, Ohio; Greenbelt, Maryland; and Greendale, Wisconsin, developed under the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of 1935, or of any of the village properties under the jurisdiction of the Tennessee Valley Authority; or

(4) executed in connection with the sale by a State or municipality, or an agency, instrumentality, or political subdivision of either, of a project consisting of any permanent hcusing (including any property acquired, held, or constructed in connection therewith or to serve the inhabitants thereof), constructed by or on behalf of such State, municipality, agency, instrumentality, or political subdivision, for the occupancy of veterans of World War II, or Korean veterans, their families, and others; or

(5) executed in connection with the first resale, within two years from the date of its acquisition from the Government, of any portion of a project or property of the character described in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) above;

(6) given to refinance an existing mortgage insured under section 608 of title VI prior to the effective date of the Housing Act of 1954 or under section 903 or section 908 of title IX: Provided, That the principal amount of any such refinancing mortgage shall not exceed the original principal amount or the unexpired term of such existing mortgage and shall bear interest at a rate not in excess of the maximum rate applicable to loans insured under section 203 or section 207, as the case may be, except that in any case involving the refinancing of a loan insured under section 608 or 908 in which the Commissioner determines, that the insurance of a mortgage for an additional term will inure to the benefit of the applicable insurance fund, taking into consideration the outstanding insurance liability under the existing insured mortgage, such refinancing mortgage may have a term not more than twelve years in excess of the unexpired term of such existing insured mortgage: Provided, That a mortgage of the character described in paragraph (1), (2), (3), (4), or (5) shall have a maturity satisfactory to the Commissioner, but not to exceed the maximum term applicable to loans insured under section 203 or section 207, as the case may be, and shall involve a principal obligation (including such initial service charges, appraisal, inspection, and other fees as the Commissioner shall approve) in an amount not exceeding 90 per centum of the appraised

or

value of the mortgaged property, as determined by the Commissioner, and bear interest (exclusive of premium charges and service charges, if any) at not to exceed the maximum rate applicable to loans insured under section

203 or section 207, as the case may be. "(b) The Commissioner shall also have authority to insure under this title any mortgage assigned to him in connection with payment under a contract of mortgage insurance or executed in connection with the sale by him of any property acquired under title I, title II, title VI, title VIII, or title IX without regard to any limitation upon eligibility contained in this title II.”

Sec. 125. Title II of said Act, as amended, is hereby amended by adding at the end thereof the following new sections :

"INTEREST RATES AND MORTGAGE TERMS “Sec. 223. The Commissioner shall make such rules and regulations in connection with his functions under this Act as may be necessary to carry out limitations relating thereto established by the President pursuant to the authority vested in him by section 201 of the Housing Act of 1954.

"OPEN-END MORTGAGES

"SEC. 224. Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Act, in connection with any mortgage insured pursuant to any section of this Act which covers a property upon which there is located a dwelling designed principally for residential use for not more than four families in the aggregate, the Commissioner is authorized, upon such terms and conditions as he may prescribe, to insure under said section the amount of any advance for the improvement or repair of such property made to the mortgagor pursuant to an 'open-end' provision in the mortgage, and to add the amount of such advance to the original principal obligation in determining the ralue of the mortgage for the purpose of computing the amounts of debentures and certificate of claim to which the mortgagee may be entitled : Provided, That the Commissioner may require the payment of such charges, including charges in lieu of insurance premiums, as he may consider appropriate for the insurance of such 'open-end' advances : And provided further, That the insurance of 'open-end’ advances shall not be taken into account in determining the aggregate amount of principal obligations of mortgages which may be insured under this Act."

ADDITIONAL AMENDMENTS RELATING TO FEDERAL HOUSING ADMINISTRATION

SEC. 126. Title VI of said Act, as amended, is hereby amended by adding the following new section at the end thereof:

"Sec. 612. Notwithstanding any other provision of this title, no mortgage or loan shall be insured under any section of this title after the effective date of the Housing Act of 1954 except pursuant to a commitment to insure issued on or before such date."

Sec. 127. Title VII of said Act, as amended, is hereby repealed. The Housing Investment Insurance Fund established to carry out the purposes of said title shall be terminated as of the effective date of the Housing Act of 1954, at which time all of the remaining assets of such Fund, shall be transferred to the National Defense Housing Insurance Fund. The amount remaining of funds appropriated to the Secretary of the Treasury by the Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1949 (Public Law 904, Eightieth Congress), to be made available to the said Housing Investment Insurance Fund shall be carried to the surplus fund of the Treasury.

SEC. 128. Section 803 (a) of said Act, as amended, is amended by striking out “July 1, 1954” and substituting therefor “June 30, 1955."

SEC. 129. Section 104 of the Defense Housing and Community Facilities and Services Act of 1951, as amended, is hereby amended by striking out the material within the parentheses in clause (a) and substituting therefor "except pursuant to a commitment to insure issued on or before such date.”

TITLE II-HOME MORTGAGE INTEREST RATES AND TERMS SEC. 201. On the basis of reviews, which shall be made from time to time at the request of the President by officers of the Federal Government designated by him, of conditions affecting the mortgage investment market (including current market yields on comparable investments such as long-term obligations of

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