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out a program of voluntary repair and rehabilitation of buildings and improvements, (ii) plans for the enforcement of State and local laws, codes, and regulations relating to the use of land and the use and occupancy of buildings and improvements, and to the compulsory repair, rehabilitation, demolition, or removal of buildings and improvements, and (iii) appraisals, title searches, and other preliminary work necessary to prepare for the acquisition of land in connection with the undertaking of such projects. The contract for any such advance of funds shall be made upon the condition that such advance of funds shall be repaid, with interest at not less than the applicable going Federal rate, out of any, moneys which become available to

the local public agency for the undertaking of the project involved.”. SEC. 405. Subsection (a) of section 103 of said Act, as amended, is hereby amended to read as follows:

“(a) The Administrator may make capital grants to local public agencies in accordance with the provisions of this title for urban renewal projects : Provided, That the Administrator shall not make any contract for capital grant with respect to a project which consists of open land. The aggregate of such capital grants with respect to all the projects of a local public agency on which contracts for capital grants have been made under this title shall not exceed two-thirds of the aggregate of the net project costs of such projects, and the capital grant with respect to any individual project shall not exceed the difference between the net project cost and the local grants-in-aid actually made with respect to the project.".

Sec. 406. Section 104 of said Act, as amended, is hereby amended by striking "section 110 (f) of land” and inserting “section 110 (f) of the property". SEC. 407. Section 105 of said Act, as amended, is hereby amended

(1) by striking “Contracts for financial aid" and inserting “Contracts for loans or capital grants”;

(2) by amending subsections (a) and (b) to read as follows:

“(a) The urban renewal plan (including any redevelopment plan constituting a part thereof) for the urban renewal area be approved by the governing body of the locality in which the project is situated, and that such approval include lindir:gs by the governing body that (i) the financial aid to be provided in the contract is necessary to enable the project to be undertaken in accordance with the urban renewal plan; (ii) the urban renewal plan will afford maximum opportunity, consistent with the sound needs of the locality as a whole, for the rehabilitation of redevelopment of the urban renewal area by private enterprise; and (iii) the urban renewal plan conforms to a general plan for the development of the locality as a whole;

“(b) When real property acquired or held by the local public agency in connection with the project is sold or leased, the purchasers or lessees and their assignees shall be obligated (i) to devote such property to the uses specified in the urban renewal plan for the project area ; (ii) to begin within a reasonable time any improvements on such property required by the urban renewal plan; and (iii) to comply with such other conditions as the Administrator finds, prior to the execution of contract for loan or capital grant pursuant to this title, are necessary to carry out the purposes of this title: Provided, That clauses (ii) and (iii) of this subsection shall not apply to mortgagees and others who acquire an interest in such property as the result of the enforcement of any lion or claim thereon;" ;

(3) by striking the word "project" wherever it appears in subsection (c) and inserting the term “urban renewal”; and

(4) by striking out the proviso at the end of subsection (c), and substituting a period for the colon preceding said proviso. SEC. 408. Section 106 of said Act, as amended, is hereby amended by inserting the following proviso before the period at the end of subsection (b): “: Provided, That necessary expenses of inspections and audits, and of providing representatives at the site, of projects being planned or undertaken by local public agencies pursuant to this title shall be conupensated by such agencies by the payment of fixed fees which in the aggregate will cover the costs of rendering such services, and such expenses shall be considered nonadministrative; and for the purpose of providing such inspections and audits and of providing representatives at the sites, the Administrator may utiiize any agency and such agency may eccept reimbursement or payment for such services from such local public agencies or the Auministrator, and credit such amounts to the appropriations or funds against with such charges have been made."

SEC. 409. Section 107 of said Act, as amended, is hereby amended by striking out the words "redevelopment plan" and inserting “urban renewal plan”.

SEC. 410. Section 109 of said Act, as amended, is hereby amended to read as follows: "SEC. 109. In order to protect labor standards

“(a) any contract for loan or capital grant pursuant to this title shall contain a provision requiring that not less than the wages prevailing in the locality, as predetermined by the Secretary of Labor pursuant to the DavisBacon Act (19 Stat. 1011), shall be paid to all laborers and mechanics, except such laborers or mechanics who are employees of municipalities or other locall public bodies, employed in the development of the project involved for work. financed in whole or in part with funds made available pursuant to this title; and the Administrator shall require certification as to compliance with the provisions of this paragraph prior to making any payment under such. contract; and

“(b) the provisions of title 18, United States Code, section 874, and of title 40, United States Code, section 276c, shall apply to work financed in whole or in part with funds made available for the development of a project

pursuant to this title.”. SEC. 411. Section 110 of said Act, as amended, is hereby amended to read as follows:

"SEC. 110. The following terms shall have the meanings, respectively, ascribed! to them below, and, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, shall include: the plural as well as the singular number:

“(a) 'Urban renewal area' means an urban area that (1) the governing body of the locality determines to be blighted, deteriorated, or deteriorating and designates as appropriate for an urban renewal project, and (2) the Administrator approves as appropriate for a project under this title.

“(b) Urban renewal plan' means a plan, as it exists from time to time, for an urban renewal project, which plan (1) shall conform to the general plan of the locality as a whole and to the workable program referred to in section 101 hereof;. (2) shall be sufficiently complete to indicate such land acquisition, demolition and removal of structures, redevelopment, improvements, and rehabilitation as may be proposed to be carried out in the urban renewal area, zoning and planning changes, if any, land uses, maximum densities, building requirements, and the plan's relationship to definite local objectives respecting appropriate land uses, improved traffic, public transportation, public utilities, recreational and community facilities, and other public improvements; and (3) shall include, for any part of the urban renewal area proposed to be acquired and redeveloped in accordance with clause (1) of the second sentence of subsection (c) of this section, a redevelopment plan approved by the governing body of the locality.

"(C) 'Urban renewal project' or 'project' may include undertakings and activities of a local public agency in an urban renewal area for the elimination and for the prevention of the development or spread of slums and blight, in accordance with an urban renewal plan to achieve sound community objectives. for the establishment and preservation of well-planned residential neighborhoods. of decent homes and suitable living environment for adequate family life, and may involve sium clearance and redevolpment in an urban renewal area, or rehabilitation or conservation in an urban renewal area, or any combination or part thereof, in accordance with such urban renewal plan. For the purposes of this subsection, 'slum clearance and redevelopment may include (1) acquisition of (i) a slum area or a deteriorated or deteriorating area, or (ii) land which is predominantly open and which because of obsolete platting, diversity of ownership, deterioration of structures or of site improvements, or otherwise, substantially impairs or arrests the sound growth of the community, or (iii) open land: necessary for sound community growth which is to be developed for predominantly residential uses (except that the determination required by clause (1) of paragraph (a) of this section that the area is blighted, deteriorated, or deteriorating shall not be applicable in the case of an open land project) ; (2) demolition and removal of buildings and improvements; (3) installation, construction, or reconstruction of streets, utilities, parks, playgrounds, and other improvements. necessary for carrying out in the area the urban renewal objectives of this title in accordance with the urban renewal plan; and (4) making the land. available for development or redevelopment by private enterprise or public agencies (including sale, initial leasing, or retention by the local public agency itself) at its fair value for uses in accordance with the urban renewal plan. For the purposes of this subsection, 'rehabilitation' or 'conservation' may include

the restoration and renewal of a blighted, deteriorated, or deteriorating area by (1) carrying out plans for a program of voluntary repair and rehabilitation of buildings or other improvements in accordance with the urban renewal plan; (2) acquisition of real property and demolition or removal of buildings and improvements thereon where necessary to eliminate unhealthful, insanitary or unsafe conditions, lessen density, eliminate obsolete or other uses detrimental to the public welfare, or to otherwise remove or prevent the spread of blight or deterioration, or to provide land for needed public facilities; (3) installation, construction, or reconstruction, of such improvements as are described in clause (3) of the preceding sentence; and (4) the disposition of any property acquired in such urban renewal area (including sale, initial leasing, or retention by the local public agency itself) at its fair value for uses in accordance with the urban renewal plan.

“For the purposes of this title, the term 'project shall not include the construction or improvement of any building, and the term 'redevelopment and derivatives thereof shall mean development as well as redevelopment. For any of the purposes of section 109 hereof, the term “project shall not include any donations or provisions made as local grants-in-aid and eligible as such pursuant to clauses (2) and (3) of section 110 (d) hereof.

“(d) 'Local grants-in-aid' shall mean assistance by a State, municipality, or other public body, or (in the case of cash grants or donations of land or other real property) any other entity, in connection with any project on which a contract for capital grant has been made under this title, in the form of (1) cash grants; (2) donations, at cash value, of land or other real property (exclusive of land in streets, alleys, and other public rights-of-way which may be vacated in connection with the project) in the urban renewal area, and demolition, removal, or other work or improvements in the urban renewal area, at the cost thereof, of the types described in clause (2) and clause (3) of either the second or third sentence of section 110 (c); and (3) the provision in the urban renewal area, at their cost, of public buildings or other public facilities (other than publicly owned housing) which are necessary for carrying out in the area the urban renewal objectives of this title in accordance with the urban renewal plan: Provided, That in any case where, in the determination of the Administrator, any park, playground, public buildings, or other public facility is of direct benefit both to the urban renewal area and to other areas, and the approximate degree of the benefit to such other areas is estimated by the Administrator at 20 per centum or more of the total benefits, the Administrator shall provide that, for the purpose of computing the amount of the local grants-in-aid for the project, there shall be included only such portion of the cost of such park, playground, public building, or other public facility as the Administrator determines to be appropriate : And provided further, That for the purpose of computing the amount of local grants-in-aid under this section 110 (d), the estimated cost (as determined by the Administrator) of parks, playgrounds, public buildings, or other public facilities may be deemed to be the actual cost thereof if (i) the construction or provision thereof is not completed at the time of final disposition of land in the project to be acquired and disposed of under the urban renewal plan, and (ii) the Administrator has received assurances satisfactory to him that such park, playground, public building, or other public facility will be constructed or completed when needed and within a time prescribed by him. With respect to any demolition or removal work, improvement, or facility for which a State, municipality, or other public body has received or has contracted to receive any grant or subsidy from the United States, or any agency or instrumentality thereof, the portion of the cost thereof defrayed or estimated by the Administrator to be defrayed with such subsidy or grant shall not be eligible for inclusion as a local grant-in-aid.

“(e) 'Gross project cost’ shall comprise (1) the amount of the expenditures by the local public agency with respect to any and all undertakings necessary to carry out the project (including the payment of carrying charges, but not beyond the point where the project is completed), and (2) the amount of such local grants-in-aid as are furnished in forms other than cash.

"(f) Net project cost shall mean the difference between the gross project cost and the aggregate of (1) the total sales prices of all land or other property sold, and (2) the total capital values (i) imputed, on a basis approved by the Administrator, to all land or other property leased, and (ii) used as a basis for determining the amounts to be transferred to the project from other funds of the local public agency to compensate for any land or other property retained by it for use in accordance with the urban renewal plan.

“(g) 'Going Federal rate' means (with respect to any contract for a loan or advance entered into after the first annual rate has been specified as provided in this sentence) the annual rate of interest which the Secretary of the Treasury shall specify as applicable to the six-month period (beginning with the sixmonth period ending December 31, 1953) during which the contract' for loan or advance is made, which applicable rate for each six-month period shall be determined by the Secretary of the Treasury by estimating the average yield to maturity, on the basis of daily closing market bid quotations or prices during the month of May or the month of November, as the case may be, next preceding such six-month period, on all outstanding marketable obligations of the United States having a maturity date of fifteen or more years from the first day of such month of May or November, and by adjusting such estimated average annual yield to the nearest one-eighth of 1 per centum. Any contract for loan made may be revised or superseded by a later contract, so that the going Federal rate, on the basis of which the interest rate on the loan is fixed, shall mean the going Federal rate, as herein defined, on the date that such contract is revised or superseded by such later contract.

“(h) 'Local public agency' means any State, county, municipality, or other governmental entity or public body, or two or more such entities or bodies, authorized to undertake the project for which assistance is sought. "State' includes the several States, the District of Columbia, and the territories and possessions of the United States.

"(i) 'Land' means any real property, including improved or unimproved land, structures, improvements, easements, incorporeal hereditaments, estates, and other rights in land, legal or equitable.

"(j) 'Administrator means the Housing and Home Finance Administrator."

SEC. 412. Notwithstanding the amendments in this title to title I of the Housing Act of 1949, as amended, the Administrator, with respect to any project covered by any Federal aid contract executed, or prior approval granted, by him under said title I before the effective date of this Act, may extend financial assistance for the completion of such project in accordance with the provisions of said title I in force immediately prior to the effective date of this Act.

SEC. 413. The provisos with respect to the appropriation for capital grants for slum clearance and urban redevelopment contained in title I of the First Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1954 (Public Law 176, Eighty-third Congress) are hereby repealed.

SEC. 414. The Housing and Home Finance Administrator is authorized to make grants, subject to such terms and conditions as he shall prescribe, to public bodies, including cities and other political subdivisions, to assist them in developing, testing, and reporting methods and techniques, and carrying out demonstrations and other activities for the prevention and the elimination of slums and urban blight. No such grant shall exceed two-thirds of the cost, as determined or estimated by said Administrator, of such activities or undertakings. In administering this section, said Administrator shall give preference to those undertakings which in his judgment can reasonably be expected to (1) contribute most significantly to the improvement of methods and techniques for the elimination and prevention of slums and blight, and (2) best serve to guide renewal programs in other communities. Said Administrator may make advance or progress payments on account of any grant contracted to be made pursuant to this section, nothwithstanding the provisions of section 3648 of the Revised Statutes, as amended. The aggregate amount of grants made under this section shall not exceed $5,000,000 and shall be payable from the capital grant funds provided under and authorized by section 103 (b) of the Housing Act of 1949, as amended.

TITLE V--LOW-RENT PUBLIC HOUSING

SEC. 501. The United States Housing Act of 1937, as amended, is hereby amended

(1) by striking the words follow the first colon up to and including the words "such families" in subsection 10 (g) and inserting the following: "First, to families which are to be displaced by any low-rent housing project or by any public slum-clearance, redevelopment or urban renewal project, or through action of a public body or court, either through the enforcement of housing standards or through the demolition, closing, or improvement of dwelling units, of which were so displaced within three years prior to making application to such public housing agency for admission to any low-rent housing: Provided, That as among such projects or actions the public housing agency may from time to time extend a prior preference or preferences: And provided further, That, as among families within any such preference group"; and

(2) by striking the words "or was to be displaced by another low-rent housing project or by a public slum-clearance or redevelopment project" in clause (ii) of subsection 15 (8) (b) and inserting the following: "or was to be displaced by any low-rent housing project or by any public slum-clearance, redevelopment or urban renewal project, or through action of a public body or court, either through the enforcement of housing standards or through

the demolition, closing, or improvement of a dwelling unit or units". Sec. 502. Subsection 10 (h) of said Act, as amended, is hereby amended to read as follows:

"(h) Every contract made pursuant to this Act for annual contributions for any low-rent housing project initiated after March 1, 1949, shall provide that no annual contributions by the Authority shall be made available for such project unless such project is exempt from all real and personal-property taxes levied or imposed by the State, city, county, or other political subdivisions, but such contract shall require the public housing agency to make payments in lieu of taxes equal to 10 per centum of the annual shelter rents charged in such project or such lesser amount as (i) is prescribed by State law, or (ii) is agreed to by the local governing body in its agreement for local cooperation with the public housing agency required under subsection 15 (7) (b) (i) of this Act, or (iii) is due to failure of a local public body or bodies other than the public housing agency to perform any obligation under such agreement: Provided, That, if at the time such agreement for local cooperation is entered into it appears that such 10 per centum payments in lieu of taxes will not result in a contribution to the project through tax exemption by the State, city, county, or other political subdivisions in which the project is situated of at least 20 per centum of the annual contributions to be paid by the Authority, the amounts of such payments in lieu of taxes shall be limited by the agreement to amounts, if any, which would not reduce the local contribution below such 20 per centum : Provided further, That, with respect to any such project which is not exempt from all real and personal personal property taxes levied or imposed by the State, city, county, or other political subdivisions, such contract shall provide, in lieu of the requirement for tax exemption and payments in lieu of taxes, that no annual contributions by the Authority shall be made available for such project unless and until the State, city, county, or other political subdivisions in which such project is situated shall contribute, in the form of cash or tax remission an amount equal to the greater of (i) the amount by which the taxes paid with respect to the project exceeds 10 per centum of the annual shelter rents charged in such project, or (ii) 20 per centum of the annual contributions paid by the Authority (but not in excess of the taxes levied ): And provided further, That, prior to execution of the contract for annual con. tributions the public housing agency shall, in the case of a tax-exempt project, notify the governing body of the locality of its estimate of the annual amount of such payments in lieu of taxes and of the amount of taxes which would be levied if the property were privately owned, or, in the case where the project is taxed, its estimate of the annual amount of the local cash contribution, and shall thereafter include the actual amounts in its annual reports. Contracts for annual contributions entered into prior to the effective date of the Housing Act of 1954 may be amended in accordance with the first sentence of this subsection."

Sec. 503. Section 10 of said Act, as amended, is hereby amended by adding the following new subsection:

"(i) Every contract made pursuant to this Act for annual contributions for any low-rent housing project for which no such contract has been entered into prior to the enactment of the Housing Act of 1954 shall provide that

“(1) after payment in full of all obligations of the public housing agency in connection with the project for which any annual contributions are pledged, and until the total amount of annual contributions paid by the Authority in respect to such project has been repaid pursuant to the provi. sions of this subsection, (a) all receipts in connection with the project in excess of expenditures necessary for management, operation, maintenance, or financing, and for reasonable reserves therefor, shall be paid annually to the Authority and to local public bodies which have contributed to the project in the form of tax exemption or otherwise, in proportoin to the aggregate contribution which the Authority and such local public bodies have made to the project, and (b) no debt in respect to the project, execpt for necessary expenditures for the project, shall be incurred by the public housing agency;

"(2) if, at any time, the project or any part thereof is sold, such sale shall be to the highest responsible bidder after advertising, or at fair market

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