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Doo with section 185(e) of the Tart Act of 1930.) (If this declaration is made by sa agent, bond must be given to produce the declaration of the consignee In whose name the entry is made, in accord

DECLARATION OF NOMINAL CONSIGNEE OR AGENT
I, tho undersigned, berewith declare that the consignes in whose name this entry is made is not the actual owner of the merchandise covered thereby.
but that this entry exhibits a full and complete account of all the merchandise imported in the vessel indicated therein by

Addr**
who is the actual owner or ultimate constened, except

I also declare to the best of my knowledge and belief, that all statements appearing in the entry and in the invoice or invoices and other documenta
presented berewith and in accordance with which the entry is made, are true and correct in every respect; that the entry and invoices set forth the true
prites, values, quantities, sod all informations required by the laws and the regulations made in pursuance thereof; that the invoices and other docu.
ments are in the same state as when received; that I have not received and do not know of any other invoice, paper, letter, document, or information
showing a different currency.price, value, quantity, or description of the said merebandise, and that if at any time hereafter I discover any information
sbowing a different state of lacts I will immediately make the same known to the collector of custotns at the port of entry

I further declare, if the merchandise is entered by means of a seller's or shipper's involce, that no certified invoice for any of the merchandise covered
by the said seller's or shipper's invoice can be produced due to cause beyond my control, and that if entered by means of a statement of the value or
the price paid in the form of an invoice it is because neither seller's, shipper's, nor certified Involce can be produced at this time.

of the corporation.

193

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19 The examination and appraisement of the merchandise covered by this invoice has been made in accordance with the law, and the fricts as found aro set forth below.

(A check mark () indicates that appraisement, classtication, or quantities are us entered or that packing charges are believed to be correct.)

(Title or designatio)
DECLARATION OF CONSIGNEE OR AGENT FOR MERCHANDISE OBTAINED IN PURSUANCE OF A PURCHASE OR

AGREEMENT TO PURCHASE
1. the undersigned, herewith declare that this entry exhibits a full and complete account of all the merchandise Imported by the consignee In whose
name the entry is made in the vessel indicated therein, and that the merchandise was obtained by him in pursuance of a purchase, or an agreement
to purchase, except..

1 also declare to the best of my knowledge and belief that all statements appearing in the entry and in the invoice or invoices
presented herewith and in accordance with which the entry is made, are true and correct in every respect; that the entry and invoice set forth the true
ments are in the same state as when received that I have not received and do not know of any other invoice, paper, letter, document, or information
prices, values, quantities, and all information is required by the laws and the regulations made in pursuance thereof; that the invoices and other docu-
showing a different currency, price, value, quantity, or description of the said merchandise, and that if at any time hereafter I discover any information
showing a different state of facts I will immediately make the same known to the collector of customs at the port of entry.

I further declare, if the merchandise is entered by means of a seller's or shipper's invoice, that no certified Involee for any of the merchandise covered
by the said seller's or shipper's invoice can be produced due to causes beyond my control; and that if entered by means of a statement of the value or the
price paid in the form of an involce it is because either seller's, sblpper's, nor certified Invoice can be produced at this time.

of the corporation

103

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(Title or dignation)

DECLARATION OF CONSIGNEE OR AGENT FOR MERCHANDISE OBTAINED OTHERWISE THAN IN PURSUANCE OF A

declare that this entry exhibits a full and complete account of all the merchandise Imported by the consignee in whose
namo the entry is made in the vessel indicated therein, and that the merchandise was obtained by him otherwise than la pursuance of a purchase, or an
Agreement to purchase, except

I also dechra, to the best of my knowledge and belief that all statements appearing in the entry and in the lo voice or invoices and other documents
presented herewith and in accordance with which the entry is made, are true and correct in every respect; that the entry and invoices set forth the true
foreign prions, values, quantities, and all information as required by the laws and the regulations made fa pursusce thereof; that the invoices and other
documents are in the same state as when received that I have not received and do not know of any other invoios, paper, letter, document, or information
a

of facts I will immediately make the same known to the collector of customs at the port of entry.
I further declare, if the merchandise is entered by means of a seller's or shipper's involce, that no certified invoice for any of the merchandise covered
by the said seller's or shipper's invoice can be produced due to causes beyond may control, and that I entered by means of a statement of the value or
the price paid in the form of an invoice it is because neither seller's, shipper's, or certified invoice can be produced at this time.

of the corporation.

123

Appraiser

Assistant Appralen ABBREVIATIONS.-Correct, "C."; advanced, "Adv.": roduced, "Red."; rato advanced, "R. A."; nato reduced, "R. R."; ascen quantity, "E."; shortage in quantity, "g."; not legally marked, "N. L.M."; importor's certified value, "1. O. V."; Warahouoo, "W."; prohibited, "P."

(Tido or designation)

Principal.

O Member of the form (Signature.) 0

(Tue) (Address.)

DAuthorized agent. Declared to under oath before mo at New York this

day of

Principal.

Member of the firm.
(Signature.) o....

(Title)

(Address.) Authorized agent. Declared to under oath before be at New York this

day of

PURCHASE OR AGREEMENT TO PURCHASE
I, the undersigned, herewith

O Principal

Member of the firm.
(Signatura.)

(Title)

(Address.) Ahorized agent. Declared to under oath before me st Now York this

day of

NOTATIONS

Figure 47.-Summary of examination and appraisement.

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FOREIGN QUARANTINE REGULATIONS Import quarantine regulations apparently were initiated by Denmark' in 1876 and the institution of similar regulations by other European countries proceeded at such a pace that by about 1900 regulations prohibiting or restricting the movement of plants and plant products were in existence in many European markets. It was not until August 20, 1912, that the United States Plant Quarantine Act was passed.

Plant quarantine regulations, scientifically established and of a degree of restriction commensurate with the risk involved, are desirable and necessary. If their promulgation is made as a result of scientific investigation, without political or economic influence, and with the opportunity being given to all interested parties, particularly including representatives of the appropriate foreign countries, to present their arguments pro and con, import quarantine regulations should represent only a minimum deterrent to the free movement of international trade.

UNITED STATES QUARANTINE REGULATIONS The procedure described above is essentially that followed in the United States. The Plant Quarantine Act as amended states “Provided that before the Secretary of Agriculture shall promulgate his determination that it is necessary to forbid the importation into the United States of the articles named in this section he shall, after due notice to interested parties, give a public hearing, under such rules and regulations as he shall prescribe, at which hearing any interested party may appear and be heard, either in person or by attorney”. It is understood that there have been few hearings in connection with a proposed import quarantine which were not attended by some representative of the foreign country interested. In this connection, however, it should be noted that the representative of the foreign country is normally not a technical man, and consequently is not fully equipped to present his country's case. In foreign countries it is the general rule that no public hearings are held in connection with proposed import quarantines.

CHANGES IN DUTY-RECIPROCAL TRADE AGREEMENTS Formerly duties on imports were changed only when a new United States tariff law was passed, or by proclamation of the President after investigation by the Tariff Commission under the so-called flexible clause of recent tariff laws. With the passage of the Reciprocity Tariff Act, duties are now changed on many items with the going into effect of each new trade agreement. The unconditional most-favored-nation clause in our treaties with many countries assures the application of the same rate of duty, on specific commodities imported from them, as is charged any other country on whose similar imported commodity we may reduce the import duty by a trade agreement. These new duties are made available to importers as soon as they become effective through proclamation of the President. Their application even to most-favored nations' imports may be withheld if the President finds that such a nation is discriminating against the United States in the administration of its own tariff laws.

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