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TRADE AND COMMERCE WITH FOREIGN NATIONS-FOREIGN

TARIFFS.

PORTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION.

May 14, 1884.

(Senate Report No. 551.) Mr. MILLER, of California, from the Committee on Foreign Relations, submitted the following report: The Committee on Foreign Relations, to whom was referred the resolution of the Senate, adopted January 22, 1881, which is as follows

Resolred, That the Committee on Foreign Relations be instructed to inquire into and report to the Senate such legislation as shall protect our interests against those Governments which have prohibited or restrained the importation of meats from the United States; and the committee is further instructed to report what discriminations are made against exports from the United States by the tariff laws of the principal countries of Europe and America, especially France, Germany, Mexico, and Brazil, by reason of commercial or other special treaties or agreements with more favored nations, and to report the causes which led to such discriminations, the efforts, if any, that have been made to remove them, and what legislation, if any, is necessary to place the United States on an equal footivg with the most favored nations. This investigation is not, however, to delay the action of the committee on the first branch of this resolutionharing made report on the 19th of March last (Senate Report No. 345, Forty-eighth Congress) upon the first clause of the foregoing resolution, beg leave to submit now the following report upon the second branch of the same: The documents hereto appended, and made a part hereof, which have been furnished the committee by the Secretary of State, with his letter of transmittal, under date of March 4, 1881, which are the tariff laws, import and export of the principal countries of the world, and comments thereon by various officers of the United States, contain much, it is believed, which will serve to answer the several questions propounded by the above resolution.

In answer to the question embraced in the resolution as to " what discriminations are made against exports from the United States by the tariff laws of the principal countries of Europe," &c., it may be stated, generally, that none of the tariffs of the countries of Europe or America contain specific discriminations against merchandise imported from the C'nited States, but the discriminations found in the tariff systems of some of the countries whose laws are hereto appended, particularly France and Austria-Hungary, against merchandise imported from nontreaty countries, necessarily result in placing importations from the United States at serious disadvantage. For example, on account of the great difference between the rates of duty imposed upon American goods by the general tariff, and the rates imposed upon like goods imported from treaty countries under the conventional tariff, much of our mer. chandise cannot reach the French markets, except through those coun. tries having commercial treaties with France, such as Great Britain, IN TIE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES,

January 15, 1901. Resolved, that there be printed as a Senate document the Compi. lation of Reports of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the United States Senate from seventeen hundred and eighty-nine to nineteen bundred, prepared under the direction of the Committee on Foreign Relations, as authorized by the Act approved Juve sixth, nineteen hundred, entitled "An Act making appropriations to supply deficiencies in the appropriations for the fiscal year ending June thirtietlı, nineteen hundred, and for prior years, and for other purposes." Attest:

CHARLES G. BENNETT,

Secretary.

TRADE AND COMMERCE WITH FOREIGN

NATIONS-FOREIGN TARIFFS.

III

TRADE AND COMMERCE WITH FOREIGN NATIONS-FOREIGN

TARIFFS.

FORTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION.

May 14, 1884.

[Senate Report No. 551.)

Mr. MILLER, of California, from the Committee on Foreign Relations, submitted the following report: The Committee on Foreign Relations, to whom was referred the resolution of the Senate, adopted January 22, 1884, which is as follows

Resolred, That the Committee on Foreign Relations be instructed to inquire into and report to the Senate such legislation as shall protect our interests against those Governments which have prohibited or restrained the importation of meats from the United States; and the committee is further instructed to report what diseriminations are made against exports from the United States by the tariff laws of the principal countries of Europe and America, especially France, Germany, Mexico, and Brazil, by reason of commercial or other special treaties or agreements with more favored nations, and to report the causes which led to such discriminations, the efforts, if any, that bave been made to remove them, and what legislation, if any, is necessary to place the United States on an equal footing with the most favored nations. This investigation is not, however, to delay the action of the committee on the first branch of this resolutionhaving made report on the 19th of March last (Senate Report No. 345, Forty-eighth Congress) upon the first clause of the foregoing resolution, beg leave to submit now the following report upon the second branch of the same:

The documents hereto appended, and made a part hereof, which bave been furnished the committee by the Secretary of State, with his letter of transmittal, under date of March 4, 1881, which are the tariff laws, import and export of the principal countries of the world, and comments thereon by various officers of the United States, contain much, it is believed, which will serve to answer the several questions propounded by the above resolution.

In answer to the question embraced in the resolution as to w what discriminations are made against exports from the United States by the tariff laws of the principal countries of Europe,” &c., it may be stated, generally, that none of the tariffs of the countries of Europe or America contain specific discriminations against merchandise imported from the United States, but the discriminations found in the tariff systems of some of the countries whose laws are hereto appended, particularly France and Austria-Hungary, against merchandise imported from nontreaty countries, necessarily result in placing importations from the United States at serious disadvantage. For example, on account of the great difference between the rates of duty imposed upon American goods by the general tariff, and the rates imposed upon like goods imported from treaty countries under the conventional tariff, much of our mer. chandise cannot reach the French markets, except through those coun. tries having commercial treaties with France, such as Great Britain,

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