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of their cost in the custom-houses. This they will do from expert knowledge concerning the prices of all articles in the country of production, adding additional expenses of freight, insurance, discharge, &c., into the custom-house. In a large and yearly-to-be-increased class, however, the valuation is not made directly upon the cost of the articles, but upon the gross weight-the peso bruto-of the package. This is the change in the system to which I wish to call your particular atten. tion, and which I think is going to benefit a large class of American manufacturers.

About two months ago the first experiment under this new law was completed, and I inclose, under cover of this dispatch, marked No. 2, a translated copy of the new table of valuations established by the commission. Its translation has been a work of considerable labor, as you can readily perceive. If there are articles in the table untranslated in name it is because it has been impossible to learn the English name, if they have any.

I send you under a separate cover a printed copy of the tariff law, in the original text, from which the inclosed translation has been made.

As before said, the important item in this change of system is the direct fixing of valuation upon the gross weigbt of the package, including the boxing or case, of course, it being the purpose ultimately to establish this principle upon every class of article, manufactured or otherwise.

HOW THE TARIFF AFFECTS AMERICAN MANUFACTURES.

While I do not call to mind any class of our manufacturers who will be damaged by this change, there are many who must be benefited by it beyond a doubt. Take for example the case of furniture. The American furniture is much lighter, more elegantin pattern, and better made than that of any of the European nations. The latter is noted for heaviness and ungraceful styles. Upon the basis of valuation by gross weight the American furniture will have great advantage in the item of duty.

This is equally true of all kinds of agricultural and mining machinery, portable engines, saw-mills, &c., in the manufacture of which the Americans so greatly excel.

Still another class of articles may be mentioned in the same connection, which is that of silver-plated ware. The American manufactures are justly celebrated for their beauty and general superiority. Under the old system of valuation, according to individual articles, the duties were inuch higher than will now be the case, when the box may hold the finest of articles, paying duties upon the basis of weight only.

AMERICAN PACKING.

Bearing these facts in mind our exporters ought to make a special study of making the case or boxing as light as possible consistently with strength and durability. I have, therefore, to recommend that the foregoing facts be given such publicity as may make them available to our exporting merchants.

In the formation of the commission which established the accompanying table of valuations no American was appointed, chietly because, as it is said, there was no strictly American house in Valparaiso, at the time of appointment, to supply a representative. As it seems a very important matter that our people in the future should be represented upon the commission, I have to suggest the especial instruction of the consul in Valparaiso to look hereafter to our interests in that direction.

The table of valuations herein inclosed needs no further explanation, I think. A little attention to its details will enable it to be readily understood.

AMERICAN AND CHILIAN COMMERCE.

In connection with the subject of our commercial relations, I have thought it would interest you to see at a glance the trade movement of Chili with all the leading nations for the five years last past—that is, from 1878 to 1882 inclusive. I have therefore caused to be translated two tables, marked Nos. 3 and 4, showing the importation at the Valparaiso custom-louse from twenty-four nations during the period named, and the exportations to the nations named for the period of four years, the year 1882 not being included. These tables are taken from the report of the Chilian minister of finance, presented to Congress at its opening in June last.

Their study will convey a great deal of useful information. It appears from the figures that Chili increased her purchases from the United States during 1882 more than $500,000 over those of 1878, being, roughly, at the rate of 33 per cent. It will further appear that the United States bought of Chili, during the year 1881, products amounting to more than five times the sum of the purchases of 1878. Further, it will appear that the exports of Chili to the United States during the year 1881 were nearly double the amount of the imports for the same year, showing a balance of trade largely against us.

The importations from Great Britain were more than doubled during the five years mentioned, while the exports to that country during the four years were more than two and one-half times as great.

The imports from the United States during the year 1882 only amounted to something over $2,000,000, while the imports from Great Britain during the same year footed up to more than $17,000,000. The exports to the United States during the last year given, 1881, only amounted to something over $3,000,000, while the exports to Great Britain during the same year amounted to the large sum of more than $43,000,000.

The study of these tables will develop other interesting facts.

Before closing this dispatch I desire to communicate to you some further facts relating to the progress of this vigorous republic.

THE OUTLOOK FOR VALPARAISO.

Within a short time past a very fine mole or wharf has been built out into the Bay of Valparaiso, beside which the largest ships may lie during quiet weather, and, through means of improved machinery and appliances, load and discharge cargo with great facility, being a vast improvement upon the old system of performing the same work by launches. The Government has also completed a large number of very commodious and handsome storehouses. These works have been erected at a cost of about $4,000,000. For the use of a mole a charge of i per cent. upon the value of the merchandise is made, and for storage about 1 per cent. Goods may remain in storage for three years, with the privilege of an extension for three years longer. The articles in bond only pay duty when taken out.

With the view of making Valparaiso the great shipping center of the Southern Pacific, recent legislation has abolished every class of port

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dues, including even light-house taxes. Further than this, all provisions for the use of ships are admitted free of duty. This legislation virtually makes Valparaiso a free port for goods in bond, while it must operate to draw all the shipping of the South Pacific to that port for provisioning, &c. By means of the secure Government warehouses, merchants in all localities along the coast, including those of adjoining States, can store goods in Valparaiso and draw for them when needed, a great desideratum with those so far from the commercial centers of the world.

Under the operation of these sagacious measures Valparaiso must become to the South Pacific what San Francisco is to the North Pacific.

I may close this dispatch with the statement that all duties are pay. able in silver dollars, rated at 38 pence, the rate of exchange, in Chilian currency, upon London being fixed by Government decree on the first day of every month.

C. A. LOGAN. UNITED STATES LEGATION,

Santiago, August 24, 1883.

CHAP. IX.-ON THE TABLE OF APPRAISEMENT.

(Inclosure No. 1.)

ART. 65. The table of appraisement shall be formed in the port of Valparaiso by a commission formed of the superintendent of customs, the chief inspector, and of a number of merchants of different nations appointed by the President of the Republic in every especial case. The presiding officer shall be the superintendent, and, in his absence, the chief inspector.

Art. 66. The table of appraisement shall continue without change for the term of one year, counting from the day which the President of the Republic shall designate on approving it; but it shall not come into effect till a month after its promulgation.

ART. 67. Before the end of the year fixed in Art. 66, the President of the Republic shall take the necessary steps for the continuance of the same tariff, or for the partial or total reform that it may need.

ART. 68. The commission intrusted with the duty of forming the tariff shall make their estimate taking into consideration the price of the goods in bond.

ART. 69. Merchandise not specified in the tariff shall be valued by the appraisers, with reference to the last wholesale sales which have taken place in the custom-house. If this means of comparison be lacking, the goods shall be valued at the current market price for the same article, minus all duties; and if this also be wanting, the chief appraiser shall determine the value from the quality of the goods.

Art. 70. Complaints upon appraisements shall be laid before the superintendent of the respective custom-house, whose decision shall be tinal, after hearing two experts, one named by the custom house and the other by the complaining party; and consulting with the chief of the board of appraisers in Valparaiso, and in other ports to the inspector who has made the appraisal.

ART. 71. No complaint shall be received after a period of twenty-four hours has elapsed after making the valuation, nor after the complaining party has removed the goods from the custom-house.

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Albums for photographs : 39 Covers of wood, horn, or cloth

Dozen

$6 00 40 Covers of paste, ivory, or imitation tortoise shell..

16 00 41 Covers of tortoise sbell, ivory, Russian leather, or mother of pearl

..do

72 00 42 Same as No. 41, with engravings, incrustations, and mosaic work.

do

264 00 Almond paste of Peru, gross weight..

Kilogram

15 123 Billiard balls of ivory, or imitation ..

20 00 Balls : 124 Of stone, &c., for children's toys..

....do

16 125 Of marble, glass, or porcelain..

..do

27 979 Of rubber, for children's toys, plain or painted, gross weight

....do

1 50 Baskets : 192 Empty, of straw, rush, or willow, with or witbout other material, gross weight

..do

50 1 Beads of glass, gross weight.

75 338 Beads and bugles, gross weight .

....do

30 864 Beads of metals, all forms, gross weight

...do

4 00 865 Beads of glass, all forms, gross weight...

...do

75 Books: 761 Blank, with or without ruled spaces or paging

do

70 762 Printed, covers of tortoise shell, mother of pearl, irory or imitations, gilded or plated, with or without filagree or mosaic of gold or silver. Dozen

30 00 Boots and shoes: 162 Men's, of all classes.

36 00 163 Ladies', silk or mixed goods.

49 00 164 Ladies', all other classes

16 00 165 Children's, silk or cotton mixture, with less than 18 centimeters of sole.

24 00 166 Children's, all other classes, with less than 18 centimeters of sole

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8 00 167 Babies' gaiters, wool or mixed goods, gross weight.

Kilogram

4 00 168 Same, ot merino cashmere, gross weight....

Dozen

3 50 173 Men's spatterdashes, without sole, leather, cloth or other material less tban 18 centimeters high ...

12 00 174 Same, more than 18 centimeters high...

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30 00 176 Slippery, calt, kid, japanned or Morocco leather.

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15 00 177 Same, stanıped cloth, wool, plush, or felt..

....do

7 00 178 Men's overshoes, of calfskin, buttoned.

....do

14 00 179 Boys' overshoes, of calfskin, from 18 to 22 centimeters long

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7 00 180 Men's shoes, all other kinds

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20 00 181 Ladies' shoes, silk or cotton mixed

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24 00 182 Ladies' shoes, all other classes..

do

12 00 183 Children's shoes, all classes, less than 18 centimeters' length of sole. .do

6 00 184 Shoes of rubber, with or without lining, gross weight

Kilogram

2 00 183 Bath shoes, linen or jute, hemp sole.

Dozen

2 00 186 Patterns, of wood

4 00 187 Same, of skins, wooden soles..

do

9 00 188 Pattens or brogans of hide, leather sole.

do

24 00 900 Billiard tables, cloth for....

Metert

3 00 * Chilian silver dollars. One Chilian silver dollar = 76 cents American. Meter=39.37 inches.

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A.- Articles which pay a duty of 35 per cent.-Continued.

a. GENERAL MERCHANDISE.

No.

Article, &c.

Unit.

Valua. tion.

1252 1262

984

985

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403 404 821 232 735

1342 1343 1344 1345

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113

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1333 1334 1335 1336 1337

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45 46 47

206 207 208 270 160

463 1065 627 225 346

Billiard cues:
Leather disks for..

1.000..

$4 00 Of wood ..

Dozen

8 00
Blinds, Venetian:
Wood, painted, slats less than 3 centimeters broad, without cornice
or ornaments..

One....... 4 00
With cornices or other ornaments, to be appraised.
Brooms :
Common, with or without handles...

Dozen

2 50 Of brushwood, for ships, with or without handles..

50 Broom-handles, wood, plain or painted, gross weight.

Kilogram

15 Brushes, for hair, table, hat, or clothes, fine..

D.Zen

900 Bricks or tiles of jasper or marble, polished, gross weight.

Kilogram.

05 Candles : Wax or imitation, plain or gilded, gross weight..

..do

1 00 Stearine, parafhine, or composition, boxes, gross weight.

40 Stearine, paraffine, or compusition, in large boxes, gross weight..

30 Sperm, gross weight..

...do

1 00
Canes or walking-sticks, to be appraised.
Carpeting:
Woven, of hemp or jute, gross weight..

70 Of wool, called Brussels, gross weight

...do

1 50 Of wool, all other classes, gross weight.

....do

1 00 With nap, Brussels, gross weight...

...do

2 20 With nap, all other classes, gross weight..

...do

1 80 Prayer-ruge, shaggy wool or velveteen, with or without cotton mix. ture, gross weight...

...do

2 00 Prayer-rugs, Brussels, gross weight.

1 60 Prayer-rugs, hides or skins.

One...

6 00
Prayer.ruya, fine, made up, to be appraised.
Carriages:
Two wheels, with or without harness..

..do

300 00 Four wheels, one seat, with or without harness.

..do

600 00 Four wheels, two seats, with or without harness

..do 1,000 00 For infants, all classes..

..do

6 00 Caskets, cardboard, wood, porcelain, glass, or zinc, for toilet table, with or without puffballs..

Dozen

2 00 Caskets, or empty jewol-cases, gross weight..

Kilogram. 6 00 Cheesos, gross weight...

....do

40 Cherries, dried, gross weight.

...do

15 Chestnuts, with or without the shells, gross weight.

..do

08 Chocolate, in cake or powder, gross weight.....

..do

40 Cigar-holders : Coarse, wood or rubber, including cases

6 00 Amber or imitation, with or without parts of other material, includ. ing cases..

200 00 All other classes, including the cases..

..do

25 00 Cigar-cases : Ordinary, Peruvian straw

Dozen

1 25 Medium or fine, Peruvian straw

....do

18 00 Russian leather or imitation.

...do

24 00 Ordinary loather

.do

4 00 With cover of common metal, gilded or plated, tortoise shell, mother of pearl, or ivory.

..do

30 00 Cloth: Linen, British, Hollands, Irish, &c., in cases, not elsewhere specified, gross weight.

Kilogram ...

2 50 Same, in small packages, not otherwise specified, gross weight. ..do

3 00 Clothing, ready-made: Babes' long clothes, of cotton, plain or bordered or ornamented. One.

4 00 Same, silk or merino. plain, bordered, or ornamented..

12 00 Ladies' gauze or cotton tulle fichu, with or without ornaments.

.do

1 25 Men's and boys' linen stockings, gross weight..

Kilogram

9 00 Drawers, cotton point

1 10 Drawers, wool, woolen flannel, or cotton mixture, gross weight ....do

3 50 Drawers, cotton stuff, gross weight...

..do

2 40 Drawers, linen or cotton mixed goods, gross weight

...do

2 65 Ladies' plain cotton hose..

Dozen

7 00 Ladies' edged or ornamented hose.

...do

12 00 Ladies' plain linen or cotton mixed bose.

...do

15 00 Ladies' liven or cotton mixed hose, edged or embroidered.

24 00 Striped cotton shirts for workmen, gross weights.

Kilogram

1 00 Men's and boys' white shirts, cotton, chintz., or percale, gross weight.'....do

1 25 Men's and boys' white shirts, with linen pieces, gross weight

....do

1 40 Men's and boys' white linen shirts, gross weight....

.do

3 80 Men's and boys' shirts of flannel wool or with cotton jixture, gross weight.

.do

2 75 Sailors' shirts of woolen baize.

7 00 Workinen's shirts of canvas or linen listing or with cotton listing.. .do

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6 00

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