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ARGENTINE REPUBLIC.

TARIFF OF THE ARGENTINE REPUBLIC-1881.

REPORT BY CONSUL BAKER, OF BUENOS AYRES.

The following is a translation of the Argentine tariff for the year 1881, which I transmit to the Department of State as a matter of general interest to those trading with this republic:

CUSTOM-HOUSE LAW.

ARTICLE I. All foreign merchandise shall pay a duty of 25 per cent. upon its valuation, except the following articles, to wit:

1st. Fire-arms, powder, and all other munitions of war, which shall pay a duty of 50 per cent.

2d. Alcohol, beer, liquors, playing cards, boots and shoes, ready-made clothing, and confections in general, hats, ornaments, harness, carriages, perfumery, tobacco, cigars of all kinds, snuff, wines, arms and fixtures, and powder for other purposes than war, matches, fire-works, furniture, and objects of art, which shall pay a duty of 40 per cent.

3d. Sack-cloth; iron, not galvanized, in plates, bars, ingots or hoops; steam engines; white pine and spruce (unworked), and coarse salt, which shall pay a duty of 10 per cent.

4th. Stone coal, with the exception of that used for the manufacture of gas; jewelry; worked gold and silver; silk thread and fringe; every instrument or utensil having a handle or adorned with gold or silver, when these increase its value one-third; plows; telegraph and fencing wire; staves and casks; printed books in paper, pasteboard, or cloth, without gold edges; printing materials, with the exception of types; white printing paper; lithographic presses; threshing machines and separators; which shall pay a duty of 5 per cent.

5th. Precious stones unset, which shall pay a duty of 2 per cent.

6th. A duty of $1.75 for each 100 kilograms of wheat, and of 4 cents for each kilogram of flour, and the same duty for corn and corn-meal; a duty of 25 cents for each kilogram of tea; of 8 cents for each kilogram of coffee; of 5 cents for each kilogram of starch; of 5 cents for each kilogram of yerba (Paraguayan tea); of 7 cents for each kilogram of maccaroni; and of 9 cents for each kilogram of crackers or biscuits.

ART. II. The introduction of the following articles shall be free of duty, viz: Machinery for industrial establishments or steamboats; blooded animals for breeding purposes; fresh fish; fresh fruit; furniture and tools of immigrants; gold and silver coined or in bullion; live plants; iron rails; benches; cross-ties; spikes; switches, turn-tables; locomotives and wheels for railways or tramways; iron pipes (unpainted and ungalvanized) for gas or water which have at least 70 millimeters diameter; quick-silver; frames for casks; drills and special powder for mines; seeds which in the opinion of the executive are intended for agricultural purposes; specifics for curing sheep; church adornments asked for by ecclesiastics.

ART. III. Every class of products and manufactures shall be free from export duty except the following, viz: Animal oil; horns and horn-piths; jerked beef; bone ashes; hair; hide-cuttings; tallow and suet; bones; unwashed wool; all kind of skins, with the exception of washed sheep-skins; ostrich feathers; which shall pay a duty of 6 per cent. on the valuation.

ART. IV. All exemption from duty for imports or exports is hereby prohibited, except as determined by the present law or by contracts made antecedent to the law. ART. V. The duties shall be liquidated on a tariff of valuations, formed on the basis of the true value of the articles in deposit, in regard to those imported, and on the market value, at the time of shipment, of those exported.

Duties on all articles of imported merchandise not included in the tariff of valuations shall be liquidated on the values they represent in deposit, as declared by those introducing or dispatching them.

ART. VI. After a period of forty-eight hours, counting from the inspection of the "vista," the custom-houses may retain for account of the national treasury all articles of merchandise whose value, as declared, is considered too low, paying immediately to those interested the amount of the declared value with 10 per cent. added in

bills omitted by the administrations of the revenue, at 90 days' sight, payable in the form in which the custom-house pays its duties.

ART. VII. The executive of the nation shall designate and fix the values of the merchandise and products which are included in the tariff referred to in Article V. ART. VIII. For wines, oils, alcohols, beer, and liquors in casks there shall be allowed a leakage of 10 per cent. if they come from ports situated the other side of the equator; and of 6 per cent. if from ports situated this side, but no leakage will be allowed if from ports "inside the capes" (i.e., in the River Plate).

There shall also be allowed a wastage of 5 per cent. for breakage on the abovementioned articles when received in bottles.

The tare, leakage, and breakage on other articles shall be fixed in the tariff of valuations.

ART. IX. The duties on exports shall be paid at the first point of shipment, the merchandise being dispatched directly to their destination, transshipment from one point to another of the republic not being allowed except where the duties have been paid or secured.

ART. X. The payment of import duties, where they exceed the amount of $200, may be made by bills satisfactory to the administrator of the customs on stamped paper at 90 days' sight, at the bank rate of interest.

Export duties shall be paid in cash before the sailing of the vessel shipping the articles.

ART. XI. The payment of duties imposed by custom-houses may be made in each locality in the moneys which have been declared legal tender by the nation.

ART. XII. It is prohibited to transship into the interior merchandise which has not paid duty in some custom-house of the republic, except as follows:

1st. That which passes de transitu through the ports of Concordia, Federacion, Paso de los Libros destined to ports in Brazil on the Uruguay River.

2d. That which comes from Chili through the province of Salta for the customhouse of Jujuy.

3d. That which passes in transit from the custom-houses of Buenos Ayres and Rosario to those of Mendoza, San Juan, Salta, and Jujuy, and from these to those of Bolivia.

ART. XIII. The executive is authorized to establish the use of torna-guias (debenture or export certificates) provided custom-house agreements can be made with neighboring countries.

ART. XIV. The present law shall continue in force during the year 1881.
ART. XV. Let it be communicated to the executive.

The duties established by the foregoing law are recharged with the addition of 1 per cent. fixed by the third article of the law of the esti mates (Ley del presupuesto), which is as follows:

ART. III. All merchandise and products which, according to the customs law of 1881 are subject to duty, whether of import or export, shall pay an additional duty of 1 per cent. in accordance with existing laws.

In accordance with the requirements of Articles V and VII of the foregoing law, the Argentine Government has just issued from the press in tabular schedule a new tariff of valuations for the use of its customhouse officials. As a matter of convenience to American merchants engaged in trade with this country, I translate and transcribe the offi cial values of such articles as constitute principally the exports and imports to and from the United States.

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