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" The case law sets forth four elements necessary to establish liability under the essential facilities doctrine: (1) control of the essential facility by a monopolist; (2) a competitor's inability practically or reasonably to duplicate the essential facility;... "
The Interface Between Intellectual Property Rights and Competition Policy - 201. lappuse
laboja - 2007 - 572 lapas
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Refusals to Deal and Exclusive Distributorships

Richard M. Steuer - 1983 - 64 lapas
...explained that four elements arc necessary to establish liability under the essential facilities doctrine: (1) control of the essential facility by a monopolist;...and (4) the feasibility of providing the facility. Id. Applying the test, the court found that AT&T's refusal to interconnect constituted an act of monopolization...
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Antitrust Basics

...factors must be shown to exist: (1) control of the essential facility by a monopolist; (2) the inability to duplicate the essential facility; (3) the denial...competitor; and, (4) the feasibility of providing the facility.89 In Verizon Communications,90 The Supreme Court refused to find Verizon's alleged insufficient...
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Railroad Antimonopoly Act of 1986: Hearing Before the ..., 4. sējums

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Commerce, Transportation, and Tourism - 1986 - 355 lapas
...4 Tel. Co., 708 F.2d lOal, 11321133, (7th Cir. 1983), cert, denied, 464 US 891 (1983), as follows: (1) control of the essential facility by a monopolist;...and (4) the feasibility of providing the facility. See also Hecht v. Pro-Football, Inc., 570 F.2d 982, 99293 (DC Cir. 1977), cert, denied, ~436 US 956...
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The Railroad Antimonopoly Act of 1985: Hearings Before the Committee on the ...

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary - 1986 - 678 lapas
...tt Tel. Co., 708 F.2d 1081, 11321133, (7th Cir. 1983), cert, denied, 464 US 891 (1983), as follows: (1) control of the essential facility by a monopolist;...reasonably to duplicate the essential facility; (3) (FOOTNOTE CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE) tailored in a careful and specific fashion in recognition of the...
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Railroad Antimonopoly Act of 1986: Hearing Before the ..., 4. sējums

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Commerce, Transportation, and Tourism - 1986 - 355 lapas
...sets forth four elements necessary to establish liability under the essential facilities doctrine: (1) control of the essential facility by a monopolist; (2) a competitor's inability to duplicate the essential facility; (3) the denial of use of the facility to a competitor; and (4)...
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The Clayton Act Amendments of 1987 (railroad Antitrust Immunity ..., 4. sējums

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Antitrust, Monopolies, and Business Rights - 1987 - 186 lapas
...sets forth four elements necessary to establish liability under the essential facilities doctrine: (1) control of the essential facility by a monopolist; (2) a competitor's inability to duplicate the essential facility; (3) the denial of use of the facility to a competitor; and (4)...
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Captive Shipping in the Railroad Industry: The Clayton Act ..., 4. sējums

United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Monopolies and Commercial Law - 1989 - 268 lapas
...sets forth four elements necessary to establish liability under the essential facilities doctrine: (1) control of the essential facility by a monopolist; (2) a competitor's inability to duplicate the essential facility; (3) the denial of use of the facility to a competitor; and (4)...
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Railroad Antimonopoly Act: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Monopolies ...

United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Monopolies and Commercial Law - 1989 - 656 lapas
...sets forth four elements necessary to establish liability under the essential facilities doctrine: (1) control of the essential facility by a monopolist; (2) a competitor's inability to duplicate the essential facility; (3) the denial of use of the facility to a competitor; and (4)...
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Telecommunications Deregulation: Market Power and Cost Allocation Issues

John Robert Allison, Dennis L. Thomas - 1990 - 282 lapas
...denied, 464 US 891 (1983). In that case the Seventh Circuit held the doctrine consisted of four elements: (1) control of the essential facility by a monopolist;...facility; (3) the denial of the use of the facility; and (4) feasibility of providing [access to or use of] the facility. 708 F.2d at 1132-33. 49. United...
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Science, Technology and the Economy

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - 1996 - 104 lapas
...monopolist; (ii) a competitor's inability practically or reasonably to duplicate the essential facility; (Hi) the denial of the use of the facility to a competitor; and (iv) the feasibility of providing the facility.™ These conditions do not characterize the circumstances...
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