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specialties, but also upon the exhibition as a whole, and upon the American department. The honorary commissioners were also required to make reports, if designated by the artisan and scientific committee.

All commissioners were also required, both by the notification of appointment (par. 2) and the regulations (art. 11), to cooperate with the commissioner in charge of the American department, advising and assisting him in his special duties. Owing to the confusion prevalent in the American department at the opening of the exposition, caused by the suspension of the executive commission, many exhibitors were threatening to withdraw their goods and return to America. At this juncture the temporary executive commissioner was compelled to call upon the members of the reporting and honorary commissions, which had not been suspended, to take charge of certain groups in the exhibition and assist in arranging them, which they did. It is claimed that these services of technically skilled men were of the greatest benefit not only in presenting the department in the best shape possible with the limited number of articles sent over for exhibition, but also in allaying the bad feeling existing among exhibitors at that time. This extraordinary duty occupied most of those who were called upon to perform it until the end of May at least. The American department was not formally opened until the 10th of June.

The artisans and scientific men were also required by the regulations (articles 1, 2, and 3), in addition to making the individual reports provided for in the law and regulations, to constitute themselves into a committee, and to take charge of the whole matter of reports, designating the subjects and the persons to write upon thein. This duty, as shown by the records of the committee, took up considerable time.

By the fifth article of the regulations they were required to select the American jurors, a work of much difficulty, considering the disinclination of competent and disinterested Americans to come to Vienna and to perform nearly two months' service in the hot season without pay. The records of the committee show, also, the time and labor involved in this service.

By the fifth and sixth articles they, as well as the honorary commissioners, were themselves required to serve on juries, if necessary, and for this service, the most important and delicate of all connected with the exhibition, and on the proper performance of which its entire success depended, which was performed by all those affected by this bill, they received nothing, while the English jurymen, it is claimed, with a department not much larger or more important, were paid £300 a piece for jury duty alone, and the Swiss, French, German, and Italian jurymen in proportion. The catalogue of awards made on the 18th of August shows a list of between 500 and 600 prizes obtained by the exertions of the American jurors, certainly as large number, in proportion to the number of exhibits, as was given to other countries.

The extra duties above enumerated occupied the time of those who performed them all until the middle of July at least, to the exclusion of their reports. Where, as was frequently the case, the preparation of reports necessitated an extra expense, in the way of visiting factories where articles exhibited were produced, or other sources of information away from Vienna, no extra allowance was made by the Department.

The facts above stated are of record in the State Department, and the services performed and extra expenses incurred in the preparation of reports have been fully shown to the committee.

S. Doc. 231, pt 3— 49

If it be said, as it may, perhaps, with justice, that the allowance made the artisans and scientific men would have enabled them to visit the exhibition, gather material for a report, and return immediately home, or that, as regards the honorary commissioners, the honor of writing a report should be considered an equivalent for the labor which it involved, these extraordinary services and sacrifices would still remain uncompensated. A moment's reflection will satisfy any one that the amount limited in the bill (even in addition to the $1,000 already paid the artisans and scientific men) will not cover the “actual and reasonable expenses” of one person during a voyage of 4,000 miles each way and a six-months' stay at the most expensive city in Europe during the most expensive time in its history. It appears from the debates of last session of Congress that the Senate twice increased the allowance for expenses to $2,000, but the House refused to concur.

The scientific commissioners to the Paris Exposition of 1867 were paid $1,000 each, which, taking into consideration the relative distance, cost of living, and other circumstances, was equal to at least $2,000 at Vienna. In addition, the ten scientific commissioners at Paris had placed at their disposal a fund of $10,000 on which to draw in making up their reports.

The committee deemed it proper to request the opinion of the Secretary of State upon the merits of the bill. The Secretary replied, in a letter to the committee, that, after careful examination of the subject, he found that the extra services enumerated had been faithfully and patiently perfermed, and that, in his opinion, the gentleman performing them were entitled to compensation. The amount remaining unexpended from the appropriation is not stated by the Secretary. For fear, however, that contingencies which may yet have to be met will not authorize the payment of the full amount limited in the original bill, viz, $1,000 apiece, he suggests that it be reduced to $500, which suggestion the committee have adopted.


[Not of general nature--No. 124.] AN ACT to authorize the President of the United States to appoint one or more commissioners

to represent the Government of the United States at the international exposition of agriculture, industry, and fine arts, to be held at Vienna in eighteen hundred and seventy-three.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President of the United States be, and he hereby is, authorized, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to appoint one or more agents to represent the Government of the United States at the international exposition of agriculture, industry, and fine arts, to be held at Vienna in eighteen hundred and seventy-three: Provided. That such appointinents shall not impose on this Government any liability for the expense which they may occasion.

Approved June 10, 1872.

APPENDIX B. JOINT RESOLUTION to enable the people of the United States to participate in the advantages of the international exposition to be held at Vienna in eighteen hundred and seventy. three.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Čongress assembled, That in order to enable the people of the United States to participate in the advantages of the international exhibition of the prod. ucts of agriculture, manufactures, and fine arts, to be held at Vienna in the year eighteen hundred and seventy-three, there be, and hereby is, appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of two hundred thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary for the purpose herein specified, which sum shall be expended under the direction of the Secretary of State: Provided, That the President be authorized to appoint a number of practical artisans, pot exceeding eight, and of scientific men not exceeding seven, who shall attend said exhibition and report their doings and observations to him, and whose actual and reasonable expenses, not to exceed one thousand dollars each, shall be paid from such fund; and that the President be further authorized to appoint a number of honorary commissioners, not to exceed one hundred, who shall receive no pay for their expenses or otherwise: And provided further, That no person so appointed shall be interested, directly or indirectly, in any article exhibited for competition: And provided, That not more than fifty thousand dollars shall be expended for salaries and expenses of all persons receiving appointmeuts to places authorized in this resolution, and not more than five thousand dollars shall be paid for salary and expenses to any one person.

SEC. 2. That the governors of the several States be, and they are hereby, requested to invite the patriotic people of their respective States to assist in the proper repre. sentation of the handiwork of our artisans, and the prolific sources of material wealth with which our land is blessed; and to take such further measures as may be necessary to diffuse a knowledge of the proposed exhibition, and to secure to their respective States the advantages which it promises.

SEC, 3. That it shall be the duty of the Secretary of State to transmit to Congress a detailed statement of the expenditures which may have been incurred under the provisions of this Iesolution.

Approved February 14, 1873.


April 6, 1880.

(Senate Report No. 449.)

Mr. Hill, of Georgia, from the Committee on Foreign Relations, submitted the following report:

The Committee on Foreign Relations, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 270) for the relief of Charles Dougherty, beg leave to report as follows:

Charles Dougherty, a resident of the State of Pennsylvania, was duly appointed consul to Londonderry, Ireland, and received his commission from the State Department, signed by William H. Seward, Secretary of State, on the 17th day of November, 1866. Having filed the necessary bond, which was duly approved, he received the necessary instructions as to his duty as consul, passport, and all the necessary papers pertaining to the office. On the 12th of December following he sailed with his family from the port of New York, and in due time reached Londonderry. On the 23d of November 1866, the Department of State notified the legation at London, requesting an exequatur to be issued for him. After his arrival at Londonderry, and before the exequatur was issued, the Senate rejected the nomination of the said Dougherty.

All the foregoing facts appear from official papers of the State Department. There is no salary attached to the consulate at Londonderry—the only pay of the consul are the fees incident to the appointment. So Mr. Dougherty was informed by the Secretary of State.

Ile claims allowance for his expenses in going to and returning from Londonderry, loss of time, etc.

There being no default on the part of Mr. Dougherty, the committee are inclined to allow him $1,000. He was duly appointed and commissioned to the office of consul to Londonderry, and he was ordered by

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the Government to enter upon the discharge of the duties pertaining to it. He was appointed during the recess of the Senate, and being ordered upon duty, how was he to anticipate its action? Had the appointment been made while Congress was in session, it would have presented a different case. It would then have been the part of a prudent man to have asked permission of the Secretary of State to await the action of the Senate; but the appointment being made in vacation, and he ordered to enter upon the duties of his office, it would seem to be unjust that he should incur the expense of going to his post, and, because he was rejected on the meeting of Congress, to be without remedy or redress.

Under this view of the case, it is recommended that the bill be reported to the Senate with a request that it pass.


March 31, 1882.

(Senate Report No. 354.)

Mr. Lapham, from the Committee on Foreign Relations, submitted the following report:

The Committee on Foreign Relations, to whom was referred the bill (S. 1128) entitled “A bill to authorize the Secretary of State to allow for the expenditures of James Rea, late consul at Belfast, Ireland,” having considered the same, submit the following report:

The committee, after a careful examination, based upon the memorial of the petitioner and the letters of the Secretary of State, find that Mr. Rea was appointed the consul to Belfast on the 16th of April, 1869, and that he entered upon the duties of his office on the 3d day of August, 1869, and served until the 11th of August, 1873. That prior to the time of his taking the charge of said office it was customary, with the knowledge of the State Department, for the officers of said consulate to charge fees for the preparation and verification of certain papers at a sum which, in the aggregate, amounted to from $1,500 to $2,000 per year in addition to the salary of $2,000 provided by law. In that way Mr. Rea's predecessor in office received as a compensation for his services, office rent, and clerk hire about $3,700 per annum. By the act of Congress approved March 3, 1869, the fees aforesaid were abolished, and the net receipts of the office were reduced to the sum of $2,200 per year. Adopting the consular invoice fees during Mr. Rea's incumbency of the office as a basis of computation, the amount he would have received, but for the prohibition of the statute aforesaid, would have been about the sum of $4,500. While Mr. Rea was consul as aforesaid no allowance was provided by law for clerk hire.

During the year following his retirement a provision for clerk hire not exceeding $1,500 per year was provided by law, and the salary of the consul was at the same time increased from $2,000 to $2,500 per year.

The duties of the office during Mr. Rea's incumbency required the assistance of one or more clerks, the compensation for which Mr. Rea was obliged to pay out of his own salary.

During Mr. Rea's incumbency he transmitted to the Treasury about 5 per cent more fees and did about 25 per cent more business than

either his predecessor or successor in office, as will appear by the following table:

Comparative statement of fees, salary, and allowances received at the several consulates therein named, showing the great disproportion between the compensation and duties of Belfast, as compared with any other consulate in the British Isles, during Mr. Rea's incumbency of it.


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Fees accounted for to the United States.






$8,285.90 282.58 1,167.75

$11,995.38 1,312.58 2,279.75 5,750. 55





3, 169.21

$2,500.00 $500.00 $1,500.00


10,713.73 11, 480.02 1, 158.80 1.162.49 3,502.63


1 Made up of a fee of 25 cents allowed to the consul upon each official transaction over and above the legal fee, which was turned into the Treasury; repealed in 1869.


2 Emolument derived from agencies; this consulate also enjoys the 25-cent fee same as Belfast previous to July, 1869.

From agencies.

Act giving 20 per cent on salary for office rent went into effect July 1, 1873.
Act allowing $1,500 a year for clerk hire went into effect July 1, 1874.


Of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives:

From this table it will be seen that the salary and allowances of Mr. Rea were $1,500 less than those of his predecessor and $2,300 less than his successor received, each doing 25 per cent less work than was performed by Mr. Rea, and also that Mr. Rea's remittances to the Treasury were over $2,000 per annum greater than those of either his predecessor or successor in office.

The committee annex copies of letters of Mr. Evarts, late Secretary of State, and of the present Secretary of State, addressed to the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives, in confirmation of the statements herein made:

Washington, January 26, 1880.

SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 20th instant. It relates to your letter of 13th instant in reference to the claim of Mr. James Rea,

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