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Messrs. Greene & Co. and reinitted, under instructions from the Secretary of the
Treasury, to Messrs. Baring Brothers & Co., bankers of the United States at
London, whose receipt was regularly transınitted by your petitioner to the
Secretary of the Treasury.

That on the 27th of March, 1857, the said house of Greene & Co. failed, having
in their hands at that time $1,464.46 deposited by your petitioner, derived from
fees of office, and belonging to the United States.

That your petitioner, in order to prevent confusion in his accounts with the
Treasury, remitted the full amount to Messrs. Baring Brothers & Co., for account
of the United States, from the proceeds of his own salary for the quarter.

That in proof of this he respectfully refers to documents herewith, marked C,
as well as to the declaration of the Hon. John Y. Mason, minister of the United
States at Paris, marked D, and to the certificate, marked E, of several respectable
American merchants residing in France. who knew the standing of Messrs.
Greene & Co. as bankers before their failure and to whom the event was as
unlooked for and as unexpected as it was to your petitioner.

That your petitioner was not guilty of negligence or want of prudence in the care of the public money; but on the contrary, he humbly conceives the loss arose from circumstances beyond a prudent and discreet control exercised by him.

That Messrs. Greene & Co. have paid your petitioner 10 per cent upon the
amount of the public money in their hands at the time of their failure, but as more
than two years have elapsed since it took place, and as all hopes of any further
payment being made are abandoned by your petitioner, as well as by others
having funds in their hands, your petitioner feels impelled to seek relief of your
honorable bodies, which he humbly and respectfully trusts may be accorded
to him.

And your petitioner therefore prays your honorable bodies to authorize and
direct that the sum of $1,318, with interest thereon, be reimbursed him.
And your petitioner will ever pray.

United States Consul at Havre.


(Extract of a letter from the Fifth Auditor of the Treasury Department.]

WASHINGTON CITY, D. C., August 14, 1858.
Allow me, sir, to take this opportunity to compliment you upon the uniform
neatness and accuracy with which your accounts are made up.
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,


Acting Fifth Auditor, WILLIAM H. VESEY, Esq.,

United States Consul, Havrc.


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DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Washington, May 14, 1859. Sir: Your dispatch (No. 9) of the 15th of February last, in which you request the President's permission to resign the office of consul of the United States at Havre, has been received.

Some delay has unavoidably occurred in acceding to your wish to be relieved of the duties of the consulate in consequence of the difficulty of suitably filling an office of so much importance as the Havre consulate, the duties of which in your hands have been discharged so acceptably to the commercial interests of the United States and to this Department.

I have now to acquaint you that the President has selected as your successor Mr. Simeon M. Johnson, who was formerly United States consul at Matanzas, and has been more recently connected with the judiciary department of his native State.

In accepting your resignation, I am directed by the President to assure you that the satisfactory manner in which you have discharged the official duties during the last sixteen years of the consulates at Lisbon, Antwerp, and Havre has justly merited and received the commendation of the Government of the United States. I am, sir, your obedient servant,


United States Consul, Havre.


PARIS, March 23, 1859. We certify that the account on our books of W. A. Vesey, esq., American consnl at Havre, showed a balance in his favor of 7,623f. 200. (seven thousand six hundred and twenty-eight francs twenty centimes) on the 27th of March, 1857; which sum was then due to him.

GREENE & Co., in lią.

PARIS, March 23, 1859. 1, Thomas Taylor, of Havre, in the Empire of France, do hereby solemnly declare and make oath that I have been many years employed as cashier and principal clerk in the American consulate at this port; that to my positive knowledge Mr. W. H. Vesey, United States consul at Havre aforesaid, was in the habit of depositing in the hands of Messrs. Greene & Co., respectable American bankers of Paris,

for safe-keeping, fees received at that office on account of the United States; that on or about the 27th day of March, 1857, Messrs. Greene & Co. suspended their payments, and the amount in their hands so paid to them, belor zing to the United States, amounted on this day to 7,628f, 20c., say 7.628 francs and 20 centimes, agreeably to the above declaration, which amount Mr, Vesey paid to the United States from out of his private funds; that since the date of such payment to the United States by Mr. Vesey he has received a dividend from Greene & Co. of 10 per cent thereon, and that for the balance of 6,865f. 40c., say 6,865 francs and 40 centimes, equal to $1.318.15, say $1,318.15, Mr. Vesey has no security whatever, or for any part thereof.


City of Paris, Empire of France, ss: On this 23d day of March, 1859, before me, Henry W. Spencer, United States consul at Paris, aforesaid, personally appeared Thomas Taylor, the person described in and who made the foregoing declaration, and made solemn oath that the contents thereof were true, the said Thomas Taylor being personally known to me.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and official seal on the day and year aforesaid. (L. S.]


United States Consul,


Puris, January 19, 1857. I certify that since I have been in Paris I employed Messrs. Greene & Co. as my bankers until they suspended business in the month of March last; that up to the date of their suspension the house had my entire confidence, and the very large number of depositors with them shows that the confidence was general.

I further certify that Mr. W. H. Vesey, the consul of the United States at Havre, has often conversed with me on the subject of his safe-keeping of the public money in his hands in the interval between its receipt and disbursement or remittance. In the absence of instructions from the Government, and as the provision made by law for the safe-keeping of the public money-made by the independent treasury act-does not extend to foreign countries, Mr. Vesey's depositing such moneys with bankers appeared to me to be judicious and far more

1 Should have been twenty-six-St. Ubes 10+ years omitted.

socure than to endeavor to keep them in his own custody in a seaport town like Havre, where both at his consulate and lodgings they would have been greatly exposed.

His banking with the branch house of Messrs. Greene & Co., at Havre, met my entire approval, and I more than once expressed to him the opinion that, without some other means of security being furnished by the Government, that course seemed to me best for the public interests.

I had no right to control the operation, but I thought then, and still think, that as consul he used extreme diligence and judicious means to protect the public interests.


We, the undersigned, residing and transacting business in Havre and Paris, hereby certify that Messrs. Greene & Co., American bankers at Paris, were considered, previous to their failure, highly respectable bankers, and that a large number of our countrymen, travelers as well as others, deposited funds in their hands for safe-keeping.


Late Chargé d'Affairs of the United States at Stockholm.

[See pp. 684, 696, 721, 722.]

January 15, 1862.

(Senate Report No. 6.]

Mr. Browning made the following report:

The Committee on Foreign Relations, to whom was referred the memorial of the legal representatives of J. E. Martin, deceased, late acting consul of the United States at Lisbon, praying compensation for diplomatic services, have had the same under consideration, and now report:

It appears from the memorial that on July 19, 1850, on the recall of Mr. J. B. Clay, chargé d'affaires of the United States at Lisbon, the archives of the legation were placed in the hands of Mr. Martin, then the acting consul of the United States at that port; that from that time to June 15, 1851, when Mr. C. B. Haddock, the successor of Mr. Clay, arrived at Lisbon, the entire duties and responsibilities of the legation rested upon Mr. Martin, and were performed by him; that during that time the fees and emoluments derived by Mr. Martin from the consulate were insufficient to pay the current expenses of the office; and that he received no compensation whatever for the additional duties and responsibilties devolved upon him by having the charge of the legation.

The statements of the memorial of the legal representatives of Mr. Martin are fully sustained by a letter from the then Secretary of State, dated February 29, 1856, as to the time during which the affairs of our legation at Lisbon remained in Mr. Martin's charge, and the justice of his claim for compensation is strongly urged in a letter from Mr. Haddock, then United States chargé d'affaires at Lisbon, dated January 18, 1853.

Your committee learn that Mr. Martin died at Lisbon, August 3, 1856, and thereupon the guardian of his three orphan children filed the memorial in their behalf—this claim being their sole inheritance. A bill for their relief was reported to the Senate at the first session of the Thirty-fourth Congress (No. 322), again at the first session of the Thirty-fifth Congress (No. 134), and again at the first session of the Thirty-sixth Congress (No. 273), all of which bills were voted by the Senate. They were all in turn reported on favorably to the House of Representatives, without amendment, but were never reached on the Calendar.

Regarding this case as being within the principle heretofore established in the allowance of similar claims, the committee report a bill for the relief of the memorialists and recommend its passage.

June 16, 1862.

[Senate Report No. 59.)

Mr. Sumner made the following report:

The Committee on Foreign Relations, to whom was referred the memorial of Isaac R. Diller, late United States consul at the port of Bremen, Germany, praying compensation for moneys expended by him while in the discharge of his ofticial duties, have had the same under consideration, and now report:

It appears from the memorial that Mr. Diller was appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the Senate as consul to Bremen in the year 1857; that he took possession of the consulate on the 1st day of August of that year, and that he continued to perform the duties thereof until the 20th day of September, 1861, a period of four years, one month, and twenty days. That during this period he received as compensation for his services the sum of $2,000 per annum, as provided by the act of August 18, 1856, which was not sufficient to defray his personal expenses, and that he was also called upon to expend his private funds for clerk hire, fuel, and lights, traveling expenses on official business, and the relief of destitute seamen, to the amount of $1,380.55, a reimbursement of which he asks.

The inadequacy of the salary which Mr. Diller received and the necessity for employment by him of clerks in order to properly perform his official duties is clearly set forth in a letter from Hon. Lewis Cass, Secretary of State, to Hon. G. W. Hopkins, chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the Ilouse of Representatives, dated January 12, 1859:

The compensation attached to the consulate at Bremen (wrote Mr. Cass) is $2,000 per annum, and the consul is not permitted to transact business. The consular fees, which in 1857 amounted to $1,177.27, are, under existing provisions of law, paid into the United States Treasury. A large number of American vessels are constantly arriving in Bremen, requiring the immediate attention not only of the consul himself but one or two clerks, and since the establishment of a line of steamers between New York and Bremen the cousular duties have been largely increased by the number of American travelers arriving and departing.

The Bremen office is also made, to some extent, a distributing office for parcels and letters transmitted from the Department to the United States consular and diplomatic officers residing on the Continent, the rate of postage being about 50 per cent less upon mail matter sent directly to Bremen than if forwarded via Liverpool. Bremen is also the principal port from which emigrants take their departure to the United States, the number thus leaving amounting in the first ten months and a half of 1858 to 22,522 and for the first nine and a half months in 1857

to 44,951. It will be readily seen that the time of an intelligent consul must be much occupied in furnishing emigrants with information and in attending to their wants. A competent clerk can not be obtained for less than $600 per annum, which, in consequence of the repeal of the seventh section of the act of August 18, 1856, regulating the diplomatic and consular systems of the United States, must be paid from the compensation provided for the consul. The cost of living in Gerinany has also, within a few years, largely increased, as will be seen by reference to the accompanying extracts from dispatches of the United States minister at Berlin and the consul-general at Frankfort relating to the consulate at Bremen.

Governor Wright, minister at Berlin, informed the Department, in a dispatch dated September 18, 1858, that the consul at Bremen “ can not, with the most rigid economy, live upon his present salary,” and S. Richer, esq., consul-general at Frankfort, said, in a dispatch dated October 12 of the same year, that, for reasons which he gave at length, it was his entire conviction that $4,000 salary and $1,000 for office expenses would be no more than a reasonable compensation” for Mr. Diller.

The memorialist states that to procure the services of an American citizen as consular clerk, in accordance with the “regulations,” who was acquainted with the language of the country, he was compelled to pay his first assistant $600 a year, which he did actually pay during the four years that he held the office, and that the German correspondence relating to emigration occupied nearly the whole of this individual's time during that period. To a second clerk he paid $200 a year, which, he represents, was not a remuneration commensurate with the amount of labor performed but as much as the memorialist was able to pay under the circumstances. The total amount paid by him for clerk hire is shown to have been $3,305.55.

The memorialist further represents that he was obliged to expend $120 for fuel and lights for the consular oflice; that he paid $350 for the relief of destitute American citizens, many of them sent to him by United States consuls in the interior of Germany that they might be sent home; and that his traveling expenses on official business during the period of his consulate were $605. These journeys were to Berlin to consult with the American minister there in relation to the compulsory enlistment of American citizens, to Frankfort to consult with the United States consul there on the transfer of German vessels to the American flag during the Italian war, and to the port of Bremen to ascertain the real nationality of vessels for which United States papers were asked to render them neutrals.

The committee having requested the opinion of the Department of State in regard to the above items of expenditure by the memorialist, received in reply a letter from IIon. William II. Seward, Secretary of State, dated April 12, 1862, in which he said:

In regard to office expenses “for fuel and lights," I have to state that the Department has never authorized any consul to charge such expenditures to the Government.

Neither are consuls allowed to charge the Government their “traveling expenses," unless, which is very rarely the case, they are traveling on public business under the special orders of the Department or of a United States legation.

There is no appropriation subject to the d 'sposition of the Department to enable it to refund to ministers and consuls the donations which they may make in charity to destitute American citizens other than seamen. On two occasions a bill for this purpose has passed the Senate but been lost in the House of Representatives, after debate, on the ground that it would lead to a large and constantly increasing expenditure. In this view of the subject the Department fully concurs. Special appropriations have been occasionally made by Congress from time to time for the relief of the consuls at Panama. Habana, Hongkong, and Mauritius for the relief thus afforded to American citizens. At the two places

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