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COPYRIGHT-Continued Sec. 109. Limitations on exclusive rights: Effect of transfer of particular copy or

phonorecord. 110. Limitations on exclusive rights: Exemption of certain performances and

displays. 111. Limitations on exclusive rights: Secondary transmissions. 112. Limitations on exclusive rights: Ephemeral recordings. 113. Scope of exclusive rights in pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works. 114. Scope of exclusive rights in sound recordings. 115. Scope of exclusive rights in nondramatic musical works : Compulsory license

for making and distributing phonorecords. 116. Scope of exclusive rights in nondramatic musical works: Public perform

ances by means of coin-operated phonorecord players. 117. Scope of exclusive rights: U'se in conjunction with computers and similar

information systems. $ 101. Definitions

As used in this title, the following terms and their variant forms mean the following:

An “anonymous work" is a work on the copies or phonorecords of which no natural person is identified as author.

"Audiovisual works" are works that consist of a series of related images which are intrinsically intended to be shown by the use of machines or devices such as projectors, viewers, or electronic equipment, together with accompanying sounds, if any, regardless of the nature of the material objects, such as films or tapes, in which the works are embodied.

The “best edition" of a work is the edition, published in the United States at any time before the date of deposit, that the Library of Congress determines to be most suitable for its purposes.

A person's "children” are his immediate offspring, whether legitimate or not, and any children legally adopted by him.

A “collective work” is a work, such as a periodical issue, anthology, or encyclopedia, in which a number of contributions, constituting separate and independent works in themselves, are assembled into a collective whole.

A “compilation" is a work formed by the collection and assembling of pre-existing materials or of data that are selected, coordinated, or arranged in such a way that the resulting work as a whole constitutes an original work of authorship. The term "compilation" includes collective works.

"Copies" are material objects, other than phonorecords, in which a work is fixed by any method now known or later developed, and from which the work can be perceived, reproduced, or otherwise



imitations on exclusive rights Effect of rail ** :* phonorecord. imitations on esclusive rights Eremp, era un displays mitations on exclucire rights. Beryandant in mitations on exclusive rights Epbre a no ope of exclusive rights in pictoria: grata , pe of exclusive rights in sound m ind.ngs pe of exclusive rights in nondrana';" 4 ) *** for or making and distributing ph pe of exclusive rights in poudari penyim .. bees by means of coinarrated pls perfekt pe of exclusive rights I'in con jane

the formation systems Definitions

communicated, either directly or with the aid of a t drvore Ihr term "pop•*" ineludes the material cols , * phonorerond, in which the works first fixed

opyright owner." with trepert to any one of the rights comprendi in a copyright, refers to the owner o tular nght.

A work u "rrrated” when it is fixed in a copis or pl for the first time: where a work is prepared over a por the pustion of it that has been fixed at ans partenastitutes the work as of that time, and where the wesel prepared in different versek, parh irron


d in this title, the following terms and be 13*


n "anonymous work“,« . work of the roupa.. nich no natural person is de titraspod 243 udiovisual works are wors that are the in which are intrinucally intended to tell **: blog nes or desires such as projetor 4** apparemmy ment, together with compabbu !• soon * nature of the matera. d., o PA,

the works are embodied.
"best edition" of work is there?
States at any time before le date of

b r uger
I Congress determine tole sama analo
Nons "children arr hus ir date

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Page Cairns, Robert W., executive director, American Chemical Society... 229 Prepared statement.--

231 Cameron, Prof. Rondo, author.--

467 Prepared statement.-

473 Chapin, Edward W., counsel, Broadcast Music, Inc.

907 Ciancimino, Albert F., counsel, SESAC, Inc.---.

398, 1738 Prepared statement.--..

397, 1738 Cohen, Edwin G., executive director of the Agency Instructional Television.-..-----------

859 Prepared statement.--

810 Cohen, John, member of the board of directors, National Association of Recording Merchandisers, Inc......

1371 Prepared statement.. Collins, Fred, Jr., president, Music Operators of America. ....

10 Cooper, Edward, vice president, Motion Picture Association of America..-.-.-.-.-.-.-.

1731 Cooper, Robert, executive secretary, Community Antenna Televisi Association.....

613 Prepared statement....

624 Copland, Aaron, composer...

Prepared statement...
Coppedge, John 0., chairman, National Collegiate Athletic Associa-

tion, Cable Television Association, Cable Television Association

Prepared statement.....
Cornils, Wayne, chairman, Small Market Radio Committee, National
Association of Broadcasters..

1366 Cramer, Edward M., president, Broadcast Music, Inc...

907 Davis, Louis F. (Chip), composer....

396 Prepared statement.-

395 I Dew, Walter, Advertising Typographers Association...

1142 Prepared statement....

1212 Ebenstein, Daniel, on behalf of Leonard Storch Enterprises, Inc.

Prepared statement....
Evans, Robert V., vice president and general counsel, CBS, Ine... 684.763
Prepared statement.

- 653, 764
Farmer, Ernest R., president, Shawnee Press, Inc., Delaware Water
Gap, Pa ..........

344 Prepared statement.....

342 Feist, Leonard, executive vice president, National Music Publishers Association....

Fitzpatrick, James, general counsel, Recording Industry Association

of America .-.
Ford, Frederick W., counsel, Ad Hoc Committee of Concerned Cable
Television Operator for a Fair Copyright Law....

Prepared statement -

6.36 Freitag, Bernard J., teacher, Council Rock High School, New Town,

276 Gastel, Joseph, copyright attorney...................

Prepared statement..... • Glover, John D., direrior, ('ambridge Research Institute..... 1401 Prepared statement,

Goldbloom, Irwin, Deputy Assistant Attorney General, Civil Division,
Department of Justice....

Prepared statement.....
Golodner, Jack, executive secretary, Council of AFL-CIO C'nions for

Professional Employees....
Gorekov, Stanley, president, Recording Industry Association of
America, Inc.............

... 1298, 1393
Prepared statement....

- 1304, 1394 Gramugla, Thomas, independent Record & Tape Association of America - - - .- .-..--

1235 Prepared statement....

1279 Hamlinch, Marvin, Amencan Guild of Authors and Composers...... 1646

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* ter C ontinued

Hardy, Ashtan R., General Counsel, Federal Communications

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Prepared statement.. H. an. David, ki Tape Service.... 1.8tvwer, Jolin, chairman, Advocates for the Art

Prepared statement ... Hitrine, Howard B, executive director, Ansaciation for ldcat. Contramunications & Technology.-------

Prrgarid atatement ... Herk. Phap R., on behall of Don V. Ruck, vice president, uit. Hecne y la gue....

Prepared statement..... Han, Rotart I, fircutive secretary, National Council of Tead


Protard statement...
I.1., Lar, prendent, GuamCable TV (o...

Port arrd statement.. ...1. Downs, . prraldent, Association of American Pills

Prepared state tient . . H. , Wisam ki, prezident, Holiy wood buim (vuncul Karinetrin, Abraham L., former Register of, Labra

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h o V. barl. bryr.dent. Want Spacial Pridirts hitp, Irwin, aurinsri for the Author league of America, Inc

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kr.-4. Hai cairan, Rui Bard of Dirrt

a tan Brodeunten K."" Awie ('ottimorru Berball..... ....

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Irenent.. 1. American Guild of Asllan add (&;

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Peer, Ralph, vice president, Peer-Southern Organization; directorPage
National Music Publishers Association..

Quayle, Donald R., senior vice president for broadcasting, Corpora-
tion for Public Broadcasting----

859 Prepared statement.---..

63 Raskind, Leo J., representing the Association of American Law

Schools, the American Association of l’niversity Professors, and the
American Council on Education.......

Prepared statement.....
Ringer, Barbara, Register of Copyrights, Library of Congress...

1779, 1807, 1863, 1901
Prepared statement.

95 Rockwell, Dr. Margaret, Washington Ear...

1757 Sandler, Jack B., chairman, Government Relations Committee of the Book Manufacturers Institute, Inc.---

1695 Prepared statement.....

1697 Sheppard, Dr. Walter, representing the Association of Public Radio Stations...

1757 Simon, Gerald A., managing director, Cambridge Research Institute. Simpson, Paul C., Nashville, Tenn.... .

693 Prepared statement..---

690 Smith, Eric H., associate general counsel, Public Broadcasting Service .............-

Prepared statement...
Steinbach, Sheldon E., staff counsel, American Council on Education.. 268
Strackbein, 0. R., representing International Allied Printing Trades

Prepared statement......

1666 Summers, John B., general counsel, National Association of Broadcasters .

Prepared tatement...
Tegtmeier, Rene D., Assistant Commissioner for Patents, Depart-
ment of Commerce...----
Prepared statement.....

Valenti, Jack, president, Motion Picture Avanciation of America, Inc.
and the Annociation of Motion Picture & Television Producers, Inc 704
Prepared statementenna

T ronce.705, 701, 1731 • Van Arkel, Gerard, general counsel, International Typographical

1694 Prepared statement

1668 Wally, I Alan, prudent, Recard & Tape Association of America... 1238 Prepared statement --

Wasilewski, Vincent T., prodent, National Association of Broad-

Prepared statement
W entrom, Alfrd .copi right attorney..---.

1142 Prepared statement

Wicks, David (), Jr, Becker Communications Advocates.

Prepant atatement
Wolf, I Sanford, the American Federation of Musicians AFL-C10).

and the American Federation of Television and Radio Artists

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Prepard statement
Won Par, Ion Antonio Borja, a Representative in Congress from

the Territory of Gam
Zimmerman, Thomas I. frat vice preudent, National Religious
broadcaster, Ine

Prrond statement
ZirkowskiPolli, prodent, Inbormation Industry Assialana

Prepared «tate mint


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