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the Administrator before the design marked with such identifica

tion is made public. After registration the registration number may be used instead of the elements specified in (2) and (3) hereof.

(b) The notice shall be so loxated and applied as to give reasonable notice of design protection while the useful article embodying the design is passing through its normal channels of commerre. This requirement may be fulfilled, in the case of sheetlike or strip materials bearing repetitive or continuous designs, by application of the notice to each repetition, or to the margin, selvage, or reverse side of the material at reasonably frequent intervals, or to tags or labels affixed to the material at such intervals.

(c) When the proprietor of a design has complied with the provi. sions of this section, protection under this title shall not be affected by the removal, destruction, or obliteration by others of the design notice on an article.

EFFECT OF OMISSION OF NOTICE Sex: 207. The omission of the notice prescribed in section 206 shall not cause loss of the protection or prevent recovery for infringement against any person who, after written notice of the design protection, begins an undertaking leading to infringement: Prorided, That such omission shall prevent any recovery under section 2:22 against a person who began an undertaking leading to infringement before receiving written notice of the design protection, and no injunction shall be had unless the proprietor of the design shall reimburse said person for any reasonable expenditure or contractual obligation in connection with such undertaking incurred before written notice of design protection, as the court in its discretion shall direct. The burden of proving written notice shall be on the proprietor.

INFRINGEMENT SEC. 205. (a) It shall be infringement of a design protected under this title for any person, without the consent of the proprietor of the design, within the United States or its territories or possessions and during the term of such protection, to

(1) make, have made, or import, for sale or for use in trade, any infringing article as defined in subsection (d) hereof; or

(2) sell or distribute for sale or for use in trade any such infringing article: Provided, however, That a seller or distributor of any such article who did not make or import the same shall be deemed to be an infringer only if

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(i) he induced or acted in collusion with a manufacturer to make, or an importer to import such article (merely purchasing or giving an order to purchase in the ordinary course of business shall not of itself constitute such inducement or collusion); or

(ii) he refuses or fails upon the request of the proprietor of the design to make a prompt and full disclosure of his source of such article, and he orders or reorders such article after having received notice by registered or certified mail

of the protection subsisting in the design. (b) It shall be not infringement to make, have made, import, sell, or distribute, any article embodying a design created without knowledge of, and copying from, a protected design.

(c) A person who incorporates into his own product of manufacture an infringing article acquired from others in the ordinary course of business, or who, without knowledge of the protected design, makes or processes an infringing article for the account of another person in the ordinary course of business, shall not be deemed an infringer except under the conditions of clauses (i) and (ii) of paragraph (a) (2) of this section. Accepting an order or reorder from the source of the infringing article shall be deemed ordering or reordering within the meaning of clause (ii) of paragraph (a) (2) of this section.

(d) An “infringing article" as used herein is any article, the design of which has been copied from the protected design, without the cor sent of the proprietor: Provided, however, That an 'illustration or picture of a protected design in an advertisement, book, periodical, newspaper, photograph, broadcast, motion picture, or similar medium shall not be deemed to be an infringing article. An article is not an infringing article if it embodies, in common with the protected design, only elements described in subsections (a) through (d) of section 202.

(e) The party alleging rights in a design in any action or proceeding shall have the burden of affirmatively establishing its originality whenever the opposing party introduces an earlier work which is identical to such design, or so similar as to make a prima facie showing that such design was copied from such work.

APPLICATION FOR REGISTRATION SEC. 209. (a) Protection under this title shall be lost if application for registration of the design is not made within six months after the date on which the design was first made public as provided in section 304 (b).

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1 (b) Application for registration or renewal may be made by the 2 proprietor of the design. 3 (c) The application for registration shall be made to the Adminis4 trator and shall state (1) the name and address of the author or 5 authors of the design; (2) the name and address of the proprietor 6 if different from the author; (3) the specific name of the article, in7 dicating its utility; (4) the date when the design was first made public 8 as provided in section 201(b); and (5) such other information as may

be required by the Administrator. The application for registration 10 may include a description setting forth the salient features of the de11 sign, but the absence of such a description shall not prevent registra12 tion under this title. 13 (d) The application for registration shall be accompanied by a 14 statement under oath by the applicant or his duly authorized agent or 15 representative, setting forth that, to the best of his knowledge and be16 lief (1) the design is original and was created by the author or authors 17 named in the application ; (2) the design has not previously been regis18 tered on behalf of the applicant or his predecessor in title; (3) the de19 sign has been made public as provided in section 204(b); and (4) the 20 applicant is the person entitled to protection and to registration under 21 this title. If the design has been made public with the design notice 22 prescribed in section 206, the statement shall also describe the exact 23 form and position of the design notice. 24 (0) Error in any statement or assertion as to the utility of the article 25 named in the application, the design of which is sought to be regis26 tered, shall not affect the protection secured under this title. 27 (f) Errors in omitting a joint author or in naming an alleged joint 28 author shall not affect the validity of the registration, or the actual 29 ownership or the protection of the design: Provided, That the name of 30 one individual who was in fact an author is stated in the application. 31 Where the design was made within the regular scope of the author's 32 employment and individual authorship of the design is difficult or im33 possible to ascribe and the application so states, the name and address 34 of the employer for whom the design was made may be stated instead

of that of the individual author. 36 (g) The application for registration shall be accompanied by two 37 copies of a drawing or other pictorial representation of the useful 38 article having one or more views, adequate to show the design, in a 39 form and style suitable for reproduction, which shall be deemed a 40 part of the application.

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(h) Related useful articles having common design features may be included in the same application under such conditions as may be prescribed by the Administrator.

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BENEFIT OF EARLIER FILING DATE IN FOREIGN COUNTRY

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Sec. 210. An application for registration of a design filed in this country by any person who has, or whose legal representative or predecessor or successor in title has previously regularly filed an application for registration of the same design in a foreign country which affords similar privileges in the case of applications filed in the United States or to citizens of the United States shall have the same effect as if filed in this country on the date on which the application was first filed in any such foreign country, if the application in this country is filed within six months from the earliest date on which any such foreign application was filed.

OATHS AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Sec. 211. (aths and acknowledgments required by this title may be made before any person in the United States authorized by law to administer oaths, or, when made in a foreign country, before any diplomatic or consular officer of the United States authorized to administer oaths, or before any official authorized to administer oaths in the foreign country concerned, whose authority shall be proved by a certificate of a diplomatic or consular officer of the United States, and shall be valid if they comply with the laws of the state or country where made. EXAMINATION OF APPLICATION AND ISSUE OR REFUSAL OF REGISTRATION

SEC. 212. (a) Upon the filing of an application for registration in proper form as provided in section 209, and upon payment of the fee provided in section 215, the Administrator shall determine whether or not the application relates to a design which on its face appears to be subject to protection under this title, and if so, he shall register the design. Registration under this subsection shall be announced by publication.

(b) If, in his judgment, the application for registration relates to a design which on its face is not subject to protection under this title, the Administrator shall send the applicant a notice of his refusal to register and the grounds therefor. Within three months from the date the notice of refusal is sent, the applicant may request, in writing, reconsideration of his application. After consideration of such a request, the Administrator shall either register the design or send the applicant a notice of his final refusal to register.

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71 (c) Any person who believes he is or will be damaged by a registration under this title may, upon payment of the prescribed fee, apply to the Administrator at any time to cancel the registration on the ground that the design is not subject to protection under the provisions of this title, stating the reasons therefor. Upon receipt of an application for cancellation, the Administrator shall send the proprietor of the design, as shown in the records of the Office of the Administrator, a notice of said application, and the proprietor shall have a period of three months from the date such notice was mailed in which to present arguments in support of the validity of the registration. It shall also be within the authority of the Administrator to esta ish, by regulation, conditions under which the opposing parties may appear and be heard in support of their arguments. If, after the periods provided for the presentation of arguments have expired, the Administrator determines that the applicant for cancellation has established that the design is not subject to protection under the provisions of this title, he shall order the registration stricken from the record. Cancellation under this subsection shall be announced by publication, and notice of the Administrator's final determination with respect to any application for cancellation shall be sent to the applicant and to the proprietor of record.

(d) Remedy against a final adverse determination under subparagraphs (b) and (c) above may be had by means of a civil action against the Administrator pursuant to the provision of section 1361 of title 28, U'nited States Code, if commenced within such time after such decision, not less than 60 days, as the Administrator appoints.

(e) When a design has been registered under this section, the lack of utility of any article in which it has been embodied shall be no defense to an infringement action under section 220, and no ground for cancellation under subsection (c) of this section or under section 2:23.

CERTIFICATION OF REGISTRATION Sec. 213. ('ertificates of registration shall be issued in the name of the l'nited States under the seal of the Office of the Administrator and shall be recorded in the official records of that Office The certificate shall state the name of the useful article, the date of filing of the application, the date on which the design was first made public as provided in section 204(b) or any earlier date as set forth in section 205(b), and shall contain a reproduction of the drawing or other pictorial representation showing the design. Where a description of the salient fea

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57-786 0 • 76 - pt. 1 - 6

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