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Lat: stat covered by cupyright, and that of the remaining 10 percent, 20 per
ut of the nursts were for publications more than 5 years old, and orly 17 pant vnt of all riuests were for materials five years old or Jo In view of th. A is that the overwhelming volume of photocopying involved neither current putatione por muitiple apsing of the wate publications, it is manifest that ibe pt. mopping by the libraries was not taking the place of subcription, In led, iihnary pibotexuping services may actually help to increas mulriptions, by puiduk a kind of advertising for the periodicals in which requesten and atinif valur. While there is no evidence that prohibiting traditional library photoenpt Ing.
( b allig libraries and ultimately the publieto pay copyright royalties 1sur la pistupying will make any contribution to the promotion of wieder er 12+ arts, or that there would be any other benetit to the public, it is manifest that te dirt and indirect costs of tbe prohibition will be great. simply to avertain Ileat a nya.ty payable and to collect, arount for and remit tle royaity will L e bravy administratave us. If the Counting charges are pa****d on to
nary pains, they wil magnify the direct cost impact on the public, and .verage up I! tle oue! In charge to the libraries' periodionle buget, it will DL tedun autu ripilons, multing in a de rease in the furioduain availabie to l' rary tusen and low of suinription ikome to publishers. Another runt
le ole rand theft and mutiation of publications, and the more libraries prin fanfair ad rattnet of bullated material, the 11 they Lave to end et hrs Ink and Journals. But bertain the heaviestint
wil tetto iltar..l.le cost te) Mabolir hip, men hand oration tit11. fr : detrt09) fint which in, fmation of a ruly fre will pn winnh'y ***
. ***** and other toparl.ers who work 1alter and sup'aludly ****1 am tr plots for referent
1 yetin which this subminittee is called upon to answer mar de almo'y ** N old filtry te prohibited from makinat a sere r est, Airple
T ajrnal artile of of an elor from another published work, or liable for nity fre wmpas trenoar it oftains the copy fri, or supplies it to a trar o tirar a library member of a county or mainal library Svetrin, car
14* ,m of Illoraries? Revnun it is clear that $T). h custotnary 18 I I I v* ale to site, I'll nel min of librar U*** from !!... Y to nirr.! lich would otherwise be travaille and d Da fart kripas tjne for antription to the pr hile attins ( 1 ) ** quorum!'..le !!!) en e 'd . lem :'.'den mo' It is
this statement be included in the record of the hearings held May 14, 1913 by Representative Robert W. Kastenmeier.
The Music Library Association, on behalf of the public which its members werte, wishes to take exception to the exclusion of music from the library copy privileges specified in section 108 of H.R. 2223. We feel that patrons of 1 libraries should be granted the same rights of access to information we are extended to library users in other fields. We maintain that failure to recorde this fqual right of access is discriminatory and contrary to the public intend
Although music may occupy a special position in the concert hall or on the air, music in the library is not substantially different from any other subject coute tion in the library. Music is widely studied in schools and universities but for as a performing art but as a humanistic discipline equivalent to English literatur or history, and in usic libraries are constituted to serve these studies.
Most music libraries are located in large univerxities, liberal arts college, conservatories and large public libraries with extensive research coleti " Music libraries are the repository for one thousand years of Western culture ibe perio for which we have notated readable records of our musical heritage. Scholars and students come to music libraries to examine and study theep 16 Such study ju a demanding discipline and serious students need to sturiy, analyz. and compare portions of complex musical scores in the same was that alta students of medieval history, French, or biology nord a c'es to data in the spective fields, Just as th> plare of Shakeare represent more than a 10 for actors to a specialist in English literature, so the symphonies of Beetlevien are of intellectual and aesthetic concern to students and scholar of 1111ic
Perhaps the committee is unaware that the exclusion of music in clause (2) of section 105 Would restrict the works of Bach, Beethoven and Mozart as well 14 those of living composers. Edited versions of music from any century mar be registered for Class E (musical composition) copyright. It is, in fact, alaest 11
wwlhje to find a score of any kind published in this century which do Dont bear a apis right notice, and this notice makes no distinction between editorial and authorship copyright. Thus the exclusion of music works in clanse h) will a 18-4 study not only of the music of Bela Bartok who died in 1915 but of works by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (d. 1791 ) and Guillaume de Machaut id. 13711. Norh riserfetton may not be the intent of the legislature, but it will be the effect of the statute as it not stands,
Another characterization of music is the practice of ning schilarly ed. n38 In Larce muniti Bolume anthologies and collected works. Such sets are customarils fuun only in libraries. Many of them have been out of print for years. Becali me of their value, Bolume of such sets are rarely available for circulation. Restrie tion of phim316* Irun such editions as included in 10 th would relevate their contes'tay hbrary shelves were only those with time and the ablaty un for more in the reading rowu ld fetit from thetu.
By way of cutrint. 1110* Idun libraries are not aburned with ephemeri For instante, tie uultitudinous lead warm and kuitar arrangptueuta which constitute the bulk of pright registrations do not dind their way into the regular polition of the Library of Congrek, much le** into smaller tranex FAU ale nik* 10 111. Partical for liburan to hone and care for material w trh *** 1st bave 111e mai ikniteatre or enduring aesthetic value. e putt), armaturPuiy sont un prixd about the protection of curriot. salatale, chris1y111.pien j*) Restriction of literary vini Dot # vets Drotti1w. te alust th.. int. *We have manter onlih works ar no t
r is like to * fud in literaries Sewadiy, any moneinn und a infrin**** t1t (
Work. A f**ular X ar riample, mid certainly take a metr and larunupy down bear from a reinting or the radi) mare ently thanda
N o rs do pot hare the convenience of the publisher's binding which is vital to
*kr ute of a wei und score. Of Qurne serious perforiners une libraries but it is rh fy to enlarge their horizons and understanding that they do re
Is any we would like to ruind the cutumitier that the privileg krantel 18 mtina ju only apply to marerial which cannot be obtained throkh current tra le surry Poruymahir publishers will respond to popular demand he supply tre materiale to all this need. On the other hand the library is frequently the
bure for aliure, the out of print, the archaic work which is not in kleut dazand but are to which is urgently needed by a very few. D rir;y the words a musical work** Wepe incinded in the exInwiane to
: - Jok at the Instipation of the Music Publishers Association, an organiza. 1. pt.paratively narrow vn mie interest those chief function is the
Ingrment of cop right raitice. We feel that we, not they, represent the publie Larrot 114 ?* privileges entended in section 10s are not in the preanal f**ist pijl .14.4 PXpt insofar as the librarians are not for the I jr wettbryre. Plotowywing certainly means mor wrir and tear on *
210 pretty menny more pork for the librarian) 'I he Moste library . ! here -*ko not for its members' tenience, but on treball of the # p, Bladers whou ter our collatione Ieri;s of a jote in lIR *3 recognize the enri lument to our
*P what w buntis study and it encouragement through lihroria prutide, M e fall forrt of mr rulinral heritage and its study na strh in ni
a longer be a'e mharly dispose There is no valid di tion between the ", larly up of muur in a library and the mind or use of wholariy materinis # r ap .in'ine. The Pir-jon of their from the privileges huntei in me
*1 *at as well as that of the poput Nuh an action would din rintranet
1. RTS atsi d teatrar to the best interest of the puble who are te ulimate netejar mholarsip in general Therafute ve refait n'iy txt +) the 1:1 Nutramm.1m* on Patents Truenari and
his rita' tle wuris a musical work" from me job of IR"
scientific and technical interests in library and information pienin ard ir l. nology--especially as these are applied in the selection, recording, retrieval 14 effective utilization of man's knowledge for the general welfare and the adar meat of mankind.
Special Libraries Association was organized in 1909 to derelop liars and information resources for special segments of our communities whlb adequately served by public libraries or by libraries in educational instituti At first the emphasis was on special subject corerage in each special titrary as it related to the interests and business of its parent organization, for at le surce of statistical data for both corporations and the agencies of the na'i government and state governments; business data for banks and investment firms; chemical information for the then dereloping chemical induxiry : mph neering information for the emerging complexes of engineering and consiste e companies, etc.
During the past 60 years and with particular growing needs for rapid inl. s tion delivery since World War II.-specialized libraries and information centen have been established in all segments of our nation's affairs. They exist in for profit enterprises and pot-for-profit organizations, as well as in government agescies. Some are open to public use, and others have restricted access (1 ***120 of security classified materials) or are part of a for-profit organization idey* " ' proprietary information). During this period of accelerated growth, the original emphasis on special subjects has been replaced more and more by the pit of speciglized information serriets for a specialiud clientele. An example of an a ***ialized information service for a specialized clientele is the luginative Refers ence Service of the Library of Congrese. Although the Library of Congre** * whole is often called a "national library," the entire Library of CongTp twell 18 twistians, an outstanding example of a definition of service to a $*tialized cien tele: The ('ongrpes of the United States of America.
The specialized clients are normally the employees of the parent organizati t. The kpecialized information services are based on the speely availability of infor mation, both for current projects and for management determination of det 14.38 returiirg future efforts of the parent organization. To theon ends, the method SL inclu le not only librarians, but also persons who are enhjert wwwiali **- & that tter can evaluate and sun out the irrelevant, the roudant and the time often perles fortions of the voluminous published literature. The totalitr of the literature includes not onlr the publications of commercial publisher of capita rizlin bowls and priodicals, but also the aralanche output of government 123 (ies (often with yurity handling minirements) plus tie par ntxa!!***1 (In integral curtirate documents (with the obvious perd to protect progerie 9 IT or mimjetitire information),
Alla rest!jeti oberration. It should he noted that the planeering work in fi.arhine 124 for information stora up and retrieral inom mimpiterion) trik pare 111 alized libraries and information centers in the 1920's and 19*1** Simlarir,
p> 1141 for triniaturization of the balk of the literature in microforms trid thround the influenit Of SLA's liaison with designers and mardilarturers of 11.1 prisodig hiipi'l.
ft. JAN, but not leant. SLA planeered the concept of infirmation neesorke Jong
* p anters and other rommnnication derip bad ben de velo SLA.
far-?*£174) Il triuniratione among its members thrugh the Aviation's t'il ne il.rult net werk of (!.4 and Dirisione Initiated trase than a ri , t * 116 WIB . ln frelentiy united in frone to the Dule of I r" !r. main",11
m iryent, 1. * from 17in Dirlafons which represent hriad felds of serfall a t! nel!T7, an'ine te se!}*. The fille maharapiqetiyle for
*** .. ori pe arid B X 1 . t? sh M rr Tilraria 19. yfy and X71711 Rp1*** **,d on tai T: mro offran en lp .ini, I n s ) Orond in 47 Termal (?appier which rup
!!! fr. 111,
a t'mon riesige trup in parla! mot : *AL!* " runt 1 *. et:11 17 Nin i'r All the p=* sự 's Chorts & Fir • }, al llaries . W 1!10 In its or r is a profile.
c o m malo 4.0 ans ar oor 'Y A hir year. To r p tip. Prints if **3 1. prouts as gier, go to "fissa. inaume And nietor 1:ame. T:
e for each title with a range from 500 to our top category of "best sellers A prel of lott 30 copies sold pwp title. : (mmonta on 107. Fair ('se, -The Association is in agreeinent with the
rafrath of "fair use" as stated in $ 107. We feel, however, that it is necessary to minent werifically on one phrase in Itein (4):
41.refert of the use upon the potential market for or value of the cups gird work. (Emphasis indicated.) Te rigtize that there may be some validity in the claims of some b ler !
le tint they may have some lots of income due to multiple photos grof a single article from an inue of the furiol!cal that is still argilable in =941 If the 1ste Is Ou tati! print (that is, if the publiser has not nmintained
k in-print or in-stock), it is diffeuit to conceive how a photocopy of **!! print material can onlike any loss of income to the publisher.
1.**.7, the slow deilvery by publishers to fulnll an order for a single in print 1o je is totally unrrrptable to the needs of our f**ialized users who are
"," fair the mannement de n 'There is little question that it is an * rn'lre l lbillty to pure publisher jalons to germ.it 1!. *"*?y fra* trap within any reasonable time. Moreover, the custs and delays in "sorb presjons would be prohibitive.
* **** want to note that the preparation of photocopie 0 pt.-! 9**. in 12.r ann not entisen las of income to the ap: hors, Autlion are taryf:d boy p inber of learned or trade frientials (either as a one tille fast or as rutally payment ). Inderd, the Opite direction of Ju 11,4 :1 1.75 Pue "prorapt in rent years. pake chara**** 1 to be paid by the ani, .. .po r t to the publisher. 1hese jag charxes are usually in the rain of **** Nii je prister! Inge
(mments on 14. Reprodurtion by Libraries and Architet -
11) T... reproduction or distribution is made without any purpose of direct
direct renmernal adiantage .thasis add-11 1. Al l the meaning of the ext1.6 lange in heryery tw97.2 a
it seal library wrat ons are conducted for pint of **13.0*ort
On !! ad ago" when the liheart's pornt aren!1.9 ! in ) by % 19 .!, or ontv.al pustiti. O'!'p thru its predicts at 1,17* It (*******
"! Ple ei.tik lan unge of i Brasil) may have been liiipted to pr. !! # "...ne rrial Avantage' ti) an authorized or unauthoriz1 reprinter or res **.* * interrateriale hrfelt.at ATIT*(*n taller inte tillar of inname: