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1 $110. Limitations on exclusive rights: Exemption of certain per

formances and displays
Notwithstanding the provisions of section 106, the following are not
infringements of copyright:

111 performance or display of a work by instructors or papels
in the course of face-to-face teaching activities of a nonprofit
etual institution, in a classmom or similar place dernted
to instruction, unless in the case of a motion picture or other
swÀMIRUN! Work, the performance, or the display of intriduu
mans » mien bir means of a copr that was not laut." made
under thistle and that the person responsable for the perform
en ben or had reason to believe is not lawful Este:
"permale of a nee iramatu literary or 925-a! work

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1B) the proceeds, after deducting the reasonah proxduring the performance, are used exclusvels temal reinous, or charitable purposes and not for finanrial gain, except where the copyright owner to food or of his objections to the performance under t! mg condition

11) The notice shall be in writing and as mpyright owner or his duly authorised agatata

(11) The potser shall be served on the perut sible for the performanır at least wien darah date of the performance, and shall state the to his ołojections; and

(111) The notice shall comply, in form, met manner of service, w th muretants that the

of Copyrights shall prraribe by regilation, 3) Pentiun atach of a transme.an embuto't ga jerf or display of a work by the public proption of the trgu ** & Blogie INFIN..g apparatus of a Ashd 01.12.01 y vate batera, en

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expressed in words, numbers, or other verbal or numerical sym. bols or indicia, regardless of the nature of the material objects, such as books, perioalicals, manuscripts, phonorecords, or film, in which they are embodied.

“Motion pictures" are audiovisual works consisting of a series of related images which, when shown in succession, impart an impression of motion, togrther with accompanying sounds, if any.

To “perform" a work means to recite, render, play, dance, or act it, either directly or by means of any device or process or, in the case of a motion picture or other audiovisual work, to show its images in any sequence or to make the sounds accompanying it audible.

"Phonorecords" are material objects in which sounds other than those accompanying a motion picture or other audiovisual work, are fixed by any method now known or later developed, and frora which the sounds can be perceived, reproduced, or otherwise communicated, either directly or with the aid of a machine or device. The term “phonorecords" includes the material object in white the sounds are first fixed.

*Pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works" include two-dimensional and three-dimensional works of fine, graphic, and applad art, photographs, prints and art reproductions, maps, glots, charts plans, diagrains, and models.

A “peudonymous work is a work on the copies or piwnomuris, of which the author is identitied under a ficurious name.

-Publuation" is the dhubution of copies of phonorecords of a work to the public by sale or other transfer of ownershup, or by rental, beam, or lending. The offering to distribute copies or phonoremils to a group of persons for purposes of further distribution, publie pwrformance, or publie display, constitutes publieation. A puble prerformance or display of a work does not of twlframtitute publealumn. Topusforin or display a work "publiel," means,

ili topærform or display it at a place open to the public of at any plair wire a sutrtantial number of persons outs.de of a wrmal cir: le of a furuly and its smial acquaintances is gathered;

1.) to transmit or extherwise communicate performance or dopiny of the work to a place specified by clause (1) or to the patuite, toy frans of any desde or process, a becher the

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and in words, comb or other rental 1.41 "I w.deia, regard as of the nature of the revera in de inwoks, perundas, f.12!.'super poders: 4

they are embodied. ition pictures are abloisia) witis 2929*****418 ad images which, mens D, 'S ?on of motion, together with aman

... "perform" a Fork means to reste, ma sop; 11, 12 riter dimrily or by Dean of 21,5 70es * of a motion picture of litera's fase s in any sequence or to make the same the *. -481, 1

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members of the publie capable of merving the pe or display receive it in the same place or in spa

and at the same time or at different times, "Sound mcordings" are works that result from the . series of musical, spokrn, or other sound, but not 110 suis accompanying a motion picture or other andes regardless of the nature of the material objects, si tape, or other phonorwords, in which they are embed

*Siste" includes the District of Columbia and the wealth of Puerto Rico, and any territories to which ma le app! alle by an act of (ongea

A "transfer of copyright ownership" is an 14.4.1 page, exclusive license, or any other conveyance, al hu pantheration of a copyright or of any of the prilia comprised in a copinight, whether or not it is lim.de place of eftert, but not including a nonesi lusiir been

. "Praneminson program is a buły of material sextu gate, has been proxtured for the sole purpuw of er to the poor in squrther and as a unit

To transmut , performance oor dieplay is to reops by any tense of proves whereto images or wt, ka hepeward the place from which they are sent

The "l'hite witalne" when werd in pregnapoty prius the srveral states, the D.strut of Column mont.wraith of Puerto Rim, and the organini terse the ,ish theme of the l'uted atentjenernment

A "wful area leis an area le having an intro, fun toom that " tek merely to portray the *1*** arte le ou in rem vry Infernut: In arta be that jo ? of a usef al art, le

serve a "uful arts ** The sithor's wedere" or * tereer as the at **** urodber the law of hone frenorile at the fine of ether or not the ones later remiatt A wurs of the t'nited States (verene" s•

- er eigene of the Intral states i ser

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(2) a work specially ordered or commissioned for us as a contribution to a collextive work, as a part of a motion pieture or other audiorisual work, as a translation as a supplementary work, as a compilation, as an instructional text, as

test, as answer material for a test, as a photographic or other portrait of one or more persons, or as an atlas if the parties expressly agree in a written instrument signed by

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them that the work shall be considered a work made for hire.

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A supplementary work" is a work prepared for publication

as a secondary adjunct to a work by another author for the 11

purpose of introducing, concluding, illustrating, explaining, 12

revising, commenting upon, or assisting in the use of the other 13

work, such as forenoriis, afterwords, pictorial illustrations, 14

maps, charts, tables, editorial notes, musical arrangements.

answer material for tests, bibliographies, appendixes, and 16

indexes. In “instructional text" is a literary, pictorial, or 17

graphic work prepared for publication with the purpose of I thing

use in sy tematic instructional activities. 19

8 102. Subject matter of copyright: In general

(a) Copyright protection subsists, in acrordance with this title, in onginal works of authorship fixed in any tangible medium of expres.

alon, now known or later deseloped, from which they can be peneived. 23

reproduced, or otherwise communicated, either directly or with the aid of a makuine or desue. Works of authorship include the following

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categories:

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literary works:
(2) musical workm, including any accompanying worla;
(3) dramatic works, including any accompanying muse;
14; pantomims and choreographie works ;
11 pictorial, araphic, and sculptural works;
{6} metion plurrs and other audiovisual works:

in sound ronings. thi In noia e deny copyr ghil protection for an original work of authorsiup extend to any mea, plan, prordure, propesyatem, met hout of operatson, concept, prinesple, or dis overy, rogarvileas of the form in whh it is de riteni, explained, illustrated, or embeded in such

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work

$ 102 Subject matter of copyright: Compilations and derivative

works

tai l hoe milieu t matter of cosporight as spesified by stron timp in

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