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has the same meaning as defined by section 957, except that, in the case of a United States shareholder that is a member an affiliated group (as defined in 81.861-11T(d)), the entire affiliated group shall be considered to constitute a single United States shareholder. The term “related United States shareholder" is the United States shareholder (as defined in this paragraph (e)(2)(i)) with respect to which related controlled foreign corporations (as defined in paragraph (e)(2)(ii) of this section) are related within the meaning of that paragraph.

(ii) Related controlled foreign corporation. For purposes of this section, the term “related controlled foreign corporation” means any controlled foreign corporation which is a related person (as defined in $1.861-8T(C)(2)) to a United States shareholder (as defined paragraph (e)(2)(i) of this section).

(iii) Value of assets and amount of liabilities. For purposes of this section, the value of assets is determined under $ 1.861-9T(g). Thus, in the case of assets that are denominated in foreign currency, the average of the beginning-ofyear and end-of-year values is determined in foreign currency and translated into dollars using exchange rates on the last day of the related United States shareholder's taxable year. In the case of liabilities that are denominated in foreign currency, the average month-end debt level of such liabilities is determined in foreign currency and then tra ed into dollars using exchange rates on the last day of the related United States shareholder's taxable year.

(3) Treatment of certain stock. To the extent that there is insufficient related person indebtedness of all related controlled foreign corporations under step 3 in paragraph (e)(1)(iii) of this section to achieve as equal ratio in step 4 of paragraph (e)(1)(iv) of this section, certain stock held by the related United States shareholder will be treated as related person indebtedness. Such stock includes

(i) Any stock in the related controlled foreign corporation that is treated in the same manner as debt under the law of any foreign country that grants a deduction for interest or

original issue discount relating to such stock, and

(ii) Any stock in a related controlled foreign corporation that has made loans to, or held stock described in this paragraph (e)(3) in, another related controlled foreign corporation. However, such stock shall be treated as related person indebtedness only to the extent of the principal amount of such loans. For purposes of computing income from excess related person indebtedness in step 4 of paragraph (e)(1)(iv) of this section, stock that is treated under this paragraph as related person indebtedness shall be considered to yield interest in an amount equal to the interest that would be computed on an equal amount of indebtedness under section 1274. Only dividends actually paid thereon shall be included in gross income for other purposes.

(4) Adjustments to assets in apportioning other interest expense. In apportioning interest expense under $1.8619T, the value of assets in each separate limitation category for the taxable year determined under $1.8619T(g)(3) shall be reduced (but not below zero) by the principal amount of third party indebtedness of the related United States shareholder the interest expense on which is allocated to each such category under paragraph (e)(1) of this section.

(5) Exceptions—(i) Per company rule. If

(A) A related controlled foreign corporation with obligations owing to a related United States shareholder has a greater proportion of passive assets than the proportion of passive assets held by the related United States shareholder,

(B) Such passive assets are held in liquid or short term investments, and

(C) There are frequent cash transfers between the related controlled foreign corporation and the related United States shareholder, the Commissioner, in his discretion, may choose to exclude such a corporation from other related controlled foreign corporations in the application of the rules of this paragraph (e).

(ii) Aggregate rule. If it is determined that, in aggregate, the application of the rules of this paragraph (e) increases a taxpayer's foreign tax credit as determined under section 901(a), the Commissioner, in his discretion, may choose not to apply the rules of this paragraph. If the Commissioner exercises discretion under this paragraph (e)(5)(ii), then paragraph (e) shall not apply to any extent to any interest expense of the taxpayer.

[T.D. 8228, 53 FR 35485, Sept. 14, 1988)

one

$ 1.861-11 Special rules for allocating

and apportioning interest expense of an affiliated group of corpora

tions. (a) through (c) (Reserved). For further guidance, see $ 1.861-11T(a) through (c).

(d) Definition of affiliated group-(1) General rule. For purposes of this section, in general, the term affiliated group has the same meaning as is given that term by section 1504, except that section 936 corporations are also included within the affiliated group to the extent provided in paragraph (d)(2) of this section. Section 1504(a) defines an affiliated group as

or more chains of includible corporations connected through 80-percent stock ownership with a common parent corporation which is an includible corporation (as defined in section 1504(b)). In the case of a corporation that either becomes or ceases to be a member of the group during the course of the corporation's taxable year, only the interest expense incurred by the group member during the period of membership shall be allocated and apportioned as if all members of the group were a single corporation. In this regard, assets held during the period of membership shall be taken into account. Other interest expense incurred by the group member during its taxable year but not during the period of membership shall be allocated and apportioned without regard to the other members of the group.

(2) Inclusion of section 936 corporations—i) Rule—(A) In general. Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (d)(2)(i)(B) of this section, the exclusion of section 936 corporations from the affiliated group under section 1504(b)(4) does not apply for purposes of this section. Thus, a section 936 corporation that meets the ownership re

quirements of section 1504(a) is a member of the affiliated group.

(B) Exception for purposes of alternative minimum tar. The exclusion from the affiliated group of section 936 corporations under section 1504(b)(4) shall be operative for purposes of the application of this section solely in determining the amount of foreign source alternative minimum taxable income within each separate category and the alternative minimum tax foreign tax credit pursuant to section 59(a). Thus, a section 936 corporation that meets the ownership requirements of section 1504(a) is not a member of the affiliated group for purposes of determining the amount of foreign source alternative minimum taxable income within each separate category and the alternative minimum tax foreign tax credit pursuant to section 59(a).

(ii) Section 936 corporation defined. For purposes of this section, $1.861-9, and $1.861-14, the term section 936 corporation means, for any taxable year, a corporation with an election in effect to be eligible for the credit provided under section 936(a)(1) or section 30A for the taxable year.

(iii) Example. This example illustrates the provisions of paragraph (d)(2)(i) of this section:

Example-(A) Facts. X owns all of the stock of Y. XY constitutes an affiliated group of corporations within the meaning of section 1504(a) and uses the tar book value method of apportionment. In 2000, Y owns all of the stock of Z, a section 936 corporation. Z manufactures widgets in Puerto Rico. Y purchases these widgets and markets them exclusively in the United States. Of the three corporations, only z has foreign source income, which includes both qualified possessions source investment income and general limitation income. For purposes of section 904, Z's qualified possessions source investment income constitutes foreign source passive income. In computing the section 30A benefit, Y and Z have elected the cost sharing method. Of the three corporations, only X has debt and, thus, only X incurs interest expense. (B) Analysis for regular tax. Assume first that X has no alternative minimum tax liability. Under paragraph (dX2) of this section, Z is treated as a member of the XY affiliated group for purposes of allocating and apportioning interest expense for regular tax purposes. As provided in $1.861-11T(b)(2), section 864(e)(1) and (5) do not apply in computing the combined taxable income of Y and Z under section 936, but these rules do apply in computing the foreign source taxable income

see

of the XY affiliated group. The effect of in- (d)(3) through (6) (Reserved). For furcluding 2 in the affiliated group is that X, ther guidance, $ 1.861-11T(d)(3) the only debtor corporation in the group, through (6). must, under the asset method described in

(7) Special rules for the application of $1.861-9T(g), apportion a part of its interest

$ 1.861-11T(d)(6). The attribution rules expense to foreign source passive income and

of section 1563(e) and the regulations foreign source general limitation income. This is because the assets of Z that generate

under that section shall apply in deterqualified possessions source investment in- mining indirect ownership under come and general limitation income are in- $1.861-11T(d)(6). The Commissioner cluded in computing the group apportion- shall have the authority to disregard ment fractions. The result is that, under sec- trusts, partnerships, and pass-through tion 904(f), X has an overall foreign loss in entities that break affiliated status. both the passive and general limitation cat- Corporations described in $1.861egories, which currently offsets domestic in

11T(d)(6) shall be considered to concome and must be recaptured against any

stitute members of an affiliated group subsequent years' foreign passive income and

that does not file a consolidated return general limitation income, respectively, under the rules of that section.

and shall therefore be subject to the (C) Analysis for alternative minimum tar. As

limitations imposed under $1.861sume, alternatively, that X is liable to pay

11T(g). The affiliated group filing a the alternative minimum tax. Pursuant to consolidated return shall be considered section 59(a), X must compute its alternative to constitute a single corporation for minimum tax foreign tax credit as if section purposes of applying the rules of $1.861904 were applied on the basis of alternative

11T(g). For taxable years beginning minimum taxable income instead of taxable

after December 31, 1989, $ 1.861– income. Under paragraph (d)(2)(i)(B) of this

11T(d)(6)(i) shall not apply in detersection, for purposes of the apportionment of

mining foreign source alternative mininterest expense in determining alternative minimum taxable income within each limi

imum taxable income within each septation category, Z is not considered a mem

arate category and the alternative ber of the XY affiliated group. Thus, the

minimum tax foreign tax credit pursustock (and not the assets) of Z are included

ant to section 59(a) to the extent that in computing the group apportionment frac- such application would result in the intions. Pursuant

to

sections clusion of a section 936 corporation 59(g)(4)(C)(iii)(IV), 861(a)(2)(A), and 862(a)(2), within the affiliated group. This paradividends paid by a section 936 corporation graph (d)(7) applies to taxable years beare foreign source income subject to a sepa

ginning after December 31, 1986. rate foreign tax credit limitation for alternative minimum tax purposes. Thus, under

(e) through (g) [Reserved). For fur

ther guidance, see $1.861-9T(g)(3), the stock of Z must be con

$ 1.861-11T(e) sidered attributable solely to the statutory

through (g). grouping consisting of foreign source divi

[T.D. 8916, 66 FR 273, Jan. 3, 2001) dends from Z. The effect of excluding Z from the affiliated group is that X must apportion

$ 1.861-11T Special rules for allocating a part of its interest expense to the separate and apportioning interest expense category for foreign source dividends from Z

of an affiliated group of corporain computing alternative minimum taxable

tions (temporary regulations.) income within each separate category. If, as a result, under section 904(f), X has a sepa

(a) In general. Sections 1.861-9T, 1.861– rate limitation loss or an overall foreign loss 10T, 1.861–12T, and 1.861-13T provide in the category for dividends from Z for al- rules that are generally applicable in ternative minimum tax purposes, then that apportioning interest expense. The loss must be allocated against X's other in- rules of this section relate to affiliated come (separate limitation or United States

groups of corporations and implement source, as the case may be). The loss must be

section 864(e) (1) and (5), which requires recaptured in subsequent years under the

affiliated group allocation and apporrules of section 904(f) for purposes of the al

tionment of interest expense. The rules ternative minimum tax foreign tax credit.

of this section apply to taxable years

beginning after December 31, 1986, ex(iv) Effective date. This paragraph cept as otherwise provided in $1.861– (d)(2) applies to taxable years begin- 13T. Paragraph (b) of this section dening after December 31, 1989.

scribes the scope of the application of

the rule for the allocation and apportionment of interest expense of affiliated groups of corporations, which is contained in paragraph (c) of this section. Paragraph (d) of this section sets forth the definition of the term "affiliated group" for purposes of this section. Paragraph (e) describes the treatment of loans between members of an affiliated group. Paragraph (f) of this section provides rules concerning the affiliated group allocation and apportionment of interest expense in computing the combined taxable income of a FSC or DISC and its related supplier. Paragraph (g) of this section describes the treatment of losses caused by apportionment of interest expense in the case of an affiliated group that does not file a consolidated return.

(b) Scope of application—(1) Application of section 864(e) (1) and (5) (concerning the definition and treatment of affiliated groups). Section 864(e) (1) and (5) and the portions of this section implementing section 864(e) (1) and (5) apply to the computation of foreign source taxable income for purposes of section 904 (relating to various limitations on the foreign tax credit). Section 904 imposes separate foreign tax credit limitations on passive income, high withholding interest income, financial services income, shipping income, income consisting of dividends from each noncontrolled section 902 corporation, income consisting of dividends from a DISC or former DISC, taxable income attributable to foreign trade income within the meaning of section 923(b), distributions from a FSC or former FSC, and all other forms of foreign source income not enumerated above ("general limitation income''). Section 864(e) (1) and (5) and the portions of this section implementing section 864(e) (1) and (5) also apply in connection with section 907 to determine reductions in the amount allowed as a foreign tax credit under section 901. Section 864(e) (1) and (5) and the portions of this section implementing section 864(e) (1) and (5) also apply to the computation of the combined taxable income of the related supplier and a foreign sales corporation (FSC) (under sections 921 through 927) as well as the combined taxable income of the related supplier and a domestic international

sales corporation (DISC) (under sections 991 through 997).

(2) Nonapplication of section 864(e) (1) and (5) (concerning the definition and treatment of affiliated groups). Section 864(e) (1) and (5) and the portions of this section implementing section 864(e) (1) and (5) do not apply to the computation of subpart F income of controlled foreign corporations (under sections 951 through 964), the computation of combined taxable income of a possessions corporation and its affiliates (under section 936), or the computation of effectively connected taxable income of foreign corporations. For the rules with respect to the allocation and apportionment of interest expenses of foreign corporations other than controlled foreign corporations, see 88 1.882-4 and 1.882-5.

(c) General rule for affiliated corporations. Except as otherwise provided in this section, the taxable income of each member of an affiliated group within each statutory grouping shall be determined by allocating and apportioning the interest expense of each member according to apportionment fractions which are computed as if all members of such group were a single corporation. For purposes of determining these apportionment fractions, stock in corporations within the affiliated group (as defined in section 864(e)(5) and the rules of this section) shall not be taken into account. In the case of an affiliated group of corporations that files a consolidated return, consolidated foreign tax credit limitations are computed for the group in accordance with the rules of $1.1502–4. Except as otherwise provided, all the interest expense of all members of the group will be treated as definitely related and therefore allocable to all the gross income of the members of the group and all the assets of all the members of the group shall be taken into account in apportioning this interest expense. For purposes of this section, the term “taxpayer” refers to the affiliated group (regardless of whether the group files a consolidated return), rather than to the separate members thereof.

(d)(1) and (2) (Reserved). For further guidance, see $1.861-11(d)(1) and (2).

(3) Treatment of life insurance companies subject to taxation under section 801—(i) General rule. A life insurance company that is subject to taxation under section 801 shall be considered to constitute a member of the affiliated group composed of companies not taxable under section 801 only if a parent corporation so elects under section 1504(c)(2)(A) of the Code. If a parent does not so elect, no adjustments shall be required with respect to such an insurance company under paragraph (g) of this section.

(ii) Treatment of stock. Stock of a life insurance company that is subject to taxation under section 801 that is not included in an affiliated group shall be disregarded in the allocation and apportionment of the interest expense of such affiliated group.

(4) Treatment of certain financial corporations-(i) In general. In the case of an affiliated group (as defined in paragraph (d)(1) of this section), any member that constitutes financial corporations as defined in paragraph (d)(4)(ii) of this section shall be treated as a separate affiliated group consisting of financial corporations (the “financial group''). The members of the group that do not constitute financial corporations shall be treated as members of a separate affiliated group consisting of nonfinancial corporations ("the nonfinancial group'').

(ii) Financial corporation defined. The term "financial corporation" means any corporation which meets all of the following conditions:

(A) It is described in section 581 (relating to the definition of a bank) or section 591 (relating to the deduction for dividends paid on deposits by mutual savings banks, cooperative banks, domestic building and loan associations, and other savings institutions chartered and supervised as savings and loan or similar associations);

(B) Its business is predominantly with persons other than related persons (within the meaning of section 864(d)(4) and the regulations thereunder) or their customers; and

(C) It is required by state or Federal law to be operated separately from any other entity which is not such an institution.

(iii) Treatment of bank holding companies. The total aggregate interest expense of any member of an affiliated group that constitutes a bank holding company subject to regulation under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 shall be prorated between the financial group and the nonfinancial group on the basis of the assets in the financial and nonfinancial groups. For purposes of making this proration, the assets of each member of each group, and not the stock basis in each member, shall be taken into account. Any direct or indirect subsidiary of a bank holding company that is predominantly engaged in the active conduct of a banking, financing, or similar business shall be considered to be a financial corporation for purposes of this paragraph (d)(4). The interest expense of the bank holding company must be further apportioned in accordance with $1.8619T(f) to the various section 904(d) categories of income contained in both the financial group and the nonfinancial group on the basis of the assets owned by each group. For purposes of computing the apportionment fractions for each group, the assets owned directly by a bank holding company within each limitation category described in section 904(d)(1) (other than stock in affiliates or assets described in $1.8619T()) shall be treated as owned pro rata by the nonfinancial group and the financial group based on the relative amounts of investments of the bank holding company in the nonfinancial group and financial group.

(iv) Consideration of stock of the members of one group held by members of the other group. In apportioning interest expense, the nonfinancial group shall not take into account the stock of any lower-tier corporation that is treated as a member of the financial group under paragraph (d)(4)(i) of this section. Conversely, in apportioning interest expense, the financial group shall not take into account the stock of any lower-tier corporation that is treated as a member of the nonfinancial group under paragraph (d)(4)(i) of this section. For the treatment of loans between members of the financial group and members of the nonfinancial group, see paragraph (e)(1) of this section.

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