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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

APPROPRIATIONS

FOR 1964

HEARINGS

BEFORE A

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE

COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
EIGHTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS STANFORD

FIRST SESSION

UNIVERSITY

SUBCOMMITTEE ON DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND RELATED
AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS

JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi, Charma

WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky

JOSEPH P. ADDABBO, New York

95547

WALT
ROBERT

Ross P. POPE, Staff Assistant to the Subcommittee

Washingt

ᏢᎪᎡᎢ 1

BUDGET FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

GENERAL AGRICULTURAL OUTLOOK

SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE

Printed for the use of the Committee on Appropriations

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON: 1963

COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS

CLARENCE CANNON, Missouri, Chairman

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JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi
GEORGE W. ANDREWS, Alabama
JOHN J. ROONEY, New York
J. VAUGHAN GARY, Virginia
JOHN E. FOGARTY, Rhode Island
ROBERT L. F. SIKES, Florida
OTTO E. PASSMAN, Louisiana
JOE L. EVINS, Tennessee
JOHN F. SHELLEY, California
EDWARD P. BOLAND, Massachusetts
WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky
DANIEL J. FLOOD, Pennsylvania
WINFIELD K. DENTON, Indiana
TELD K
TOM STEED, Oklahoma

JOSEPH M. MONTOYA, New Mexico

GEORGE E. SHIPLEY, Illinois

JOHN M. SLACK, JR., West Virginia JOHN LESINSKI, Michigan

JOHN J. FLYNT, Georgia

NEAL SMITH, Iowa

ROBERT N. GIAIMO, Connecticut

JULIA BUTLER HANSEN, Washington

EDWARD R. FINNEGAN, Illinois CHARLES S. JOELSON, New Jersey JOSEPH P. ADDABBO, New York

BEN F. JENSEN, Iowa
WALT HORAN, Washington

GERALD R. FORD, JR., Michigan

HAROLD C. OSTERTAG, New York

FRANK T. BOW, Ohio

CHARLES RAPER JONAS, North Carolina

MELVIN R. LAIRD, Wisconsin

ELFORD A. CEDERBERG, Michigan

GLENARD P. LIPSCOMB, California
JOHN J. RHODES, Arizona

JOHN R. PILLION, New York
WILLIAM E. MINSHALL, Ohio
ROBERT H. MICHEL, Illinois

SILVIO O. CONTE, Massachusetts

WILLIAM H. MILLIKEN, JR., Pennsylvania EARL WILSON, Indiana

ODIN LANGEN, Minnesota

WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON, Wyoming

BEN REIFEL, South Dakota

LOUIS C. WYMAN, New Hampshire

KENNETH SPRANKLE, Clerk and Staff Director

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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE APPROPRIATIONS

FOR 1964

MONDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1963.

SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE

WITNESSES

HON. ORVILLE L. FREEMAN, SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE JOHN A. BAKER, ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE JOSEPH M. ROBERTSON, ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT SECRETARY CHARLES L. GRANT, DIRECTOR OF FINANCE AND BUDGET OFFICER, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

INTRODUCTORY REMARKS

Mr. WHITTEN. Gentlemen, the committee will come to order. Mr. Secretary, we are glad to have you and your associates with us today in connection with the justifications for the Department of Agriculture 1964 appropriations.

I believe this is the 15th year that I have had the privilege of being either the ranking Democrat or the chairman of this subcommittee. Through the years we have had many, many problems. I think now, perhaps, we have some of the most difficult. The declining numbers engaged in agriculture causes many, many groups to pay little attention to them, politically and otherwise.

However, as the number engaged in agriculture has declined, the total investment has greatly increased and the total risk has greatly increased. Further, the fine job that the American farmers, the few that are still in the business, have done has been primarily responsible for the ability of this Nation to spend 60 to 65 percent of its total governmental income for defense. This small group of farmers, doing the fine job they have, has enabled us to do that without a decline in our standard of living. Or, expressed another way, the 8 to 10 percent that are on the farm have freed the other 92 percent to defend our Nation and to run our factories and our industrial plants.

The other thing that we have difficulty getting over to the American people is that agriculture is still the greatest single market for industry. And, with all due deference to the President and his argument about what reductions in taxes will do for the economy, I would point out here, and will point out to him in the event I have the opportunity, that a decline in farm purchasing power will do 10 times more damage than his tax reduction would provide any advantage.

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