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normal tax of 1 per cent has not been withheld and paid at the source. Income received by individuals between November 1 and December 31, 1913, upon which the normal tax has been withheld at the source shall be included in their annual return (under column A, page 2, of Form 1040) as income upon which the tax has been withheld.

(T. D. 1950.)

Time for filing returns of income, and penalties in connection

therewith.

You are advised, and will so announce from your respective offices, that the law and regulations require returns of income for the taxable period, March 1 to December 31, 1913, to be made and filed on or before March 1, 1914. The law is mandatory and allows no discretion to be exercised by any officer. Section 3176, Revised Statutes of the United States, as amended and made part of the income tax law, gives to collectors of internal revenue (they being satisfied as to the merits of the claim, and in the reasonable exercise of their judgment and discretion) authority to grant extension of time not to exceed 30 days from the time prescribed by law in which to file a return of net income, and then only in cases where such failure, neglect, or refusal is the result of "sickness or absence."

You are also advised, and will so announce, that there will be no change in income tax regulations as they now exist prior to March 1, 1914, and that all persons and corporations required to make a return which have not as yet done so should make and file their returns at the earliest opportunity and on or before March 1.

Collectors will forward to this office immediately a report showing the number of returns filed in their respective offices as of February 20, 1914.

Penalties and additional tax, in connection with refusal or

neglect to file return of income within the prescribed time.

As to corporations.-For neglect or refusal to make a re turn within the prescribed time, corporations are liable to a penalty not to exceed $10,000; and in case of neglect or refusal to make, or for a false or fraudulent return made, 100 per cent is to be added to the tax; and in the case of neglect or refusal to make and verify a return within the prescribed time (except in case of sickness or absence) 50 per cent is to be added to the tax; and in case of an officer of a corporation or like institution charged with the duty and responsibility of making and verifying a return who makes a false or fraudulent return with the intent to defeat or evade any assessment or tax, he shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and be subject to a fine not to exceed $2,000, or to imprisonment not to exceed one year, or both, at the discretion of the court, together with costs.

As to individuals. For neglect or refusal to make a return within the prescribed time, the penalty is not less than $20 nor more than $1,000; and in case of intentional neglect or refusal to make, or for a false or fraudulent return made, there shall be added 100 per cent to the tax; and in case of neglect or refusal to make a return within the prescribed time (except in case of sickness or absence) there shall be added 50 per cent to the tax.

(T. D. 1956.)

Inquiries relative to the income tax covered by regulations and

rulings to be answered by collectors.

To collectors of internal revenue:

A large part of the volume of correspondence coming to this office asking for information relative to making return and ascertainment of net income, etc., for the income tax, is sufficiently covered by regulations, and should be answered in the offices of collectors.

Collectors have been furnished with copies of Regulations No. 33, and will be advised from time to time of additional rulings in income-tax matters.

Collectors are therefore advised that letters coming to this office asking for information which should be supplied by collectors in accordance with instructions and regulations furnished them, will be referred to collectors for reply and writers of the letters advised of the reference. Collectors, upon receipt of letter referred to them by this office, will give immediate attention to the subject-matter of the inquiry, in accordance with the regulations and instructions bearing upon

the same.

(T. D. 1957.)

Partnerships are not subject to income tax, but are required to file

certificates of ownership of bonds, etc., in connection with coupon and registered interest payments to prevent withholding of their income at the source.

Referring to the following provision in paragraph D of the income tax law

That any persons carrying on business in partnership shall be liable for income tax only in their individual capacity, and the share of the profits of a partnership to which any taxable partner would be entitled if the same were divided, whether divided or otherwise, shall be returned for taxation and the tax paid, under the provisions of this section, and any such firm, when requested by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, or any district collector, shall forward to him a correct statement of such profits and the names of the in. dividuals who would be entitled to the same, if distributed

it is held that the income of partnerships per se is not subject to the income tax. The provisions of the law “relating to the deduction and payment of the tax at the source of income” do not apply to the income of partnerships as such. Taxable members of partnerships will be required to account, in their individual returns, for their respective shares or interest in the partnership profits, whether the same are divided and distributed or not.

Partnerships owning “bonds and mortgages, or deeds of trust, and other similar obligations of corporations, jointstock companies or associations, and insurance companies, shall file certificates of ownership, in Form 1001, evidencing the fact of partnership ownership when presenting for collection or payment coupons or interest orders for interest upon said obligations; and when such certificates are filed, the tax on such interest payments to partnerships shall not be withheld.

The last sentence in Article 14, page 35, and Article 47 of Income Tax Regulations No. 33, providing for claim by partnerships for deduction for legitimate expense incurred in conducting the business of a partnership, are hereby superseded and repealed.

(T. D. 1960.) Corporations are allowed by law to deduct interest actually accrued

and paid within the year on an amount not in excess of paid-up capital stock outstanding at the close of the year, plus one-half the interest-bearing indebtedness then also outstanding. Your attention is called to that provision of the income tax law designated as the third deduction, subdivision (b), paragraph G, reading as follows:

The amount of interest accrued and paid within the year on its indebtedness to an amount of such indebtedness not exceeding onehalf of the sum of its interest-bearing indebtedness and its paid-up capital stock outstanding at the close of the year, and if no paid-up capital stock, the amount of interest paid within the year on an amount of its indebtedness not exceeding the amount of capital employed in the business at the close of the year.

It is held that in the case of a corporation having capital stock this deductible interest is interest actually accrued and paid within the year on an amount of indebtedness not exceeding the paid-up capital stock outstanding at the close of the year, increased by the addition thereto of one-half the interest-bearing indebtedness outstanding at the close of the year.

The qualifying phrase, "outstanding at the close of the year," appearing in the foregoing quotation, is held to apply to both paid-up capital stock and indebtedness, and "one half the sum of" qualifies only the indebtedness, which indebtedness, like the paid-up capital stock, is required by the law to be reported, in making return of annual net income, as outstanding at the close of the year.

If no indebtedness is outstanding at the close of the year, the maximum deduction allowable on account of interest paid will be the amount of interest actually accrued and paid on an amount of indebtedness not exceeding at any time within the

year the entire paid-up capital stock outstanding at the close of the taxable year; that is, in such case, the paid-up capital stock outstanding at the close of the year measures the highest amount of indebtedness upon which deductible interest can be computed.

For the purpose of an allowable deduction, interest on the maximum amount of indebtedness, determined in the manner above indicated, can be computed upon such amount only for the time during which such amount of indebtedness is not in excess of the paid-up capital stock, increased by one-half the sum of the interest-bearing indebtedness outstanding at the close of the year.

In any event, the amount of interest, in order to constitute an allowable deduction, must not only be within the limit of the law as herein defined, but must have actually accrued and been paid within the year for which the return is made.

In cases where no capital stock exists, the limitation as to deduction is confined to interest actually paid on an amount of indebtedness not exceeding at any time during the year the capital employed in the business at the close of the year.

Any provision in the regulations heretofore issued inconsistent with the foregoing is hereby revoked.

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