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Annual List Return by Withholding Agents. ART. 69. Withholding agents shall make an annual list return (Form 1042), in duplicate, to the collector of internal revenue for the district in which the withholding agent resides or has his principal place of business on or before the 1st day of March in each year, showing the names and addresses of persons who have received incomes in excess of $3,000, on which the normal tax of 1 per cent has been deducted and withheld during the preceding year. This return must be accompanied by all forms presented claiming exemptions and deductions.

E

FIDUCIARIES.

(See T. D. 1943 and T. D. 1961.) Guardians, etc., as Fiduciary Agents, to Deduct Tax. Notice

of Deduction to be Filed with Other Withholding Agents.

Art. 70. Guardians, trustees, executors, administrators, agents, receivers, conservators, and all persons, corporations, or associations acting in any fiduciary capacity, hereinafter referred to as fiduciary agents, who hold in trust an estate of another person or persons, shall be designated the "source" for the purpose of collecting the income tax, and by filing notice with other debtors or withholding agents said fiduciary shall be exempt from having any income, due to them as such, withheld for any income tax by any other debtor or withholding agent. Other debtors or withholding agents upon receipt of such notice shall not withhold any part of such income from said fiduciary and will not in such case be held liable for normal tax of 1 per cent due thereon. The form of notice to be filed with the debtor or withholding agent by fiduciary will be on Form 1015. Where such exemption is not claimed, notice thereof on Form 1019 should be filed with the withholding agent.

Annual Return to be Made to the Collector of the District.

Art. 71. Fiduciaries shall, on or before March 1 of each year, make and render a return of the income coming into their custody or control and management from each trust or estate when the annual interest of any beneficiary in said trust or estate is in excess of $3,000. This return (Form 1041) must be filed with the collector for the district in which the fiduciary resides or has his principal place of business, and shall contain an itemized statement of the

gross

income and deductions claimed.

Notice of failure to file return as required shall be served upon the fiduciary. (See Art. 18.)

The entries on the first page of Form 1041 in column headed “Amount of income paid or accrued to beneficiaries” should not include their respective shares of income derived from dividends on the stock or from the net earnings of corporations, joint-stock companies, etc., subject to like tax or the income on which the normal tax of 1 per cent has been deducted and withheld at the source by the debtor or the prior withholding agent, as these two items of income are treated as deductions in determining the amount of income subject to tax for which the fiduciary as withholding agent has to account.

When the share of any beneficiary, therefore, in the amount stated on line 3 of the first page of said return is in excess of $3,000, return must be made. Return to Include Only Income Accruing from Trust,

Unless Otherwise Authorized by Beneficiary. Art. 72. As each such fiduciary acts solely in behalf of the beneficiaries of the trust, the annual return required in such cases has reference only to the income accruing and payable through said fiduciary, and not to the income of the beneficiary derived from other sources. If, however, such fiduciary is legally authorized to act for such beneficiary as agent or attorney in fact, he may in such case also make for the beneficiary the personal annual return (Form 1040) required by law.

Annual Return to Include List of Beneficiaries, Showing

Tax Withheld from Each. Art. 73. The annual return of the fiduciary shall contain a list of the name and full address of each beneficiary and the share of said income to which each may be entitled. There must also be entered opposite the name of each beneficiary the amount of exemption, if any, claimed by him, the amount of income on which the fiduciary is liable for tax, and the amount of tax withheld, and the said return shall be signed and sworn to by the fiduciary, if an individual, making same, and his full address must be stated. If the fiduciary is an organization, the return shall be signed and sworn to by the president, secretary, or treasurer of said organization. Return to be Made of Undistributed Income Accruing Dur

ing the Year. Claim for Exemption of Undistributed In come. Paragraph C.

Art. 74. Fiduciaries having control of any portion of an annual income accruing during the year, but not distributed or paid to the beneficiaries during the year, shall, in rendering their annual return (Form 1041), give the name and address of each of said beneficiaries having a distributive interest in said income, and shall furnish all information called for in such returns. The fiduciary shall in all such cases withhold and pay to the collector, as provided by law, the normal tax of 1 per cent upon the distributive interest of each of said beneficiaries when in excess of $3,000, the same as if said income was actually distributed and paid. Exemption under paragraph C, however, may be claimed by the beneficiary or his legal representative by filing his claim for exemption with the fiduciary agent. Tax Withheld on Undivided Income Not to be Again

Withheld When Income is Distributed. ART. 75. When the normal tax on undivided annual net income has been so withheld, such tax shall not be again withheld when such portion of the income is actually distributed and paid to said beneficiary.

PART 3

RELATING TO THE INCOME TAX IMPOSED BY SECTIONS 2 AND

4 OF THE ACT OF OCTOBER 3, 1913, on CORPORATIONS, JOINT-STOCK COMPANIES OR ASSOCIATIONS, AND INSUR

ANCE COMPANIES. Organizations Subject to Tax. One Per Cent on Entire Net

Income. Art. 76. Under the provisions of sections 2 and 4 of the act of October 3, 1913, every corporation, joint-stock company or association, and every insurance company organized in the United States, no matter how created or organized, except those specifically exempted, shall be subject to pay annually an income tax of 1 per centum per annum upon the entire net income arising or accruing from all sources during the preceding calendar or fiscal year, as the case may be. Certain exceptions as to taxability will be noted specifically hereinafter.

Foreign Corporations Subject to the Tax. Art. 77. A similar tax shall be levied, assessed against, and paid annually by corporations, joint-stock companies or associations, and insurance companies organized, authorized, or existing under the laws of any foreign country upon the amount of net income accruing from business transacted and capital invested within the United States during such year.

Corporations Defined. Art. 78. “Corporation” or “corporations," as used in these Regulations, shall be construed to include all corporations, joint-stock companies or associations, and all insurance companies coming within the terms of the law, and such organizations will hereinafter be referred to as "corporations.”

Associations, Real Estate Trusts, Etc., Subject to Tax. ART. 79. It is immaterial how such corporations are created or organized. The terms "joint-stock companies” or "associations" shall include associates, real estate trusts, or by whatever name known, which carry on or do business in an organized capacity, whether organized under and pursuant to State laws, trust agreements, declarations of trusts, or otherwise, the net income of which, if any, is distributed, or distributable, among the members or share owners on the basis of the capital stock which each holds, or, where there is no capital stock, on the basis of the proportionate share of capital which each has invested in the business or property of the organization, all of which joint-stock companies or associations shall, in their organized capacity, be subject to the tax imposed by this act. Corporations Required to Make Returns. Mutual Telephone

and Mutual Insurance Companies Not Exempt. ART. 80. Every corporation not specifically enumerated as exempt shall make the return of annual net income required by law whether or not it may have any income liable to tax, or whether or not it shall be subordinate to or controlled by another corporation. Mutual telephone companies, mutual insurance companies, and like organizations, although local in character, and whose income consists largely from assessments, dues, and fees paid by members, do not come within the class of corporations specifically enumerated as exempt. Their status under the law is not dependent upon whether they are or are not organized for profit. Not coming within the statutory exemption, all organizations of this character will be required to make returns of annual net income, and pay any income tax thereby shown to be due. For this purpose the surplus of receipts of the year over expenses will constitute the net income upon which the tax will be assessed.

A railroad or other corporation which has leased its properties in consideration of a rental equivalent to a certain rate of dividends on its outstanding capital stock and the interest on the bonded indebtedness, and such rental is paid by the lessee directly to the stock and bond holders, should, never

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