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SPACE SCIENCES

HEARINGS

BEFORE

COMMITTEE ON
SCIENCE AND ASTRONAUTICS
U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTY-SIXTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

FEBRUARY 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 17, 18, 24, MARCH 2, AND 12, 1959

[No. 11]

Printed for the use of the Committee on Science and Astronautics

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

40691

WASHINGTON : 1959

COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE AND ASTRONAUTICS

OVERTON BROOKS, Louisiana, Chairman JOHN W. McCORMACK, Massachusetts JOSEPH W. MARTIN, JR., Massachusetts. GEORGE P. MILLER, California

JAMES G. FULTON, Pennsylvania OLIN E. TEAGUE, Texas

GORDON L. McDONOUGH, California VICTOR L. ANFUSO, New York

J. EDGAR CHENOWETH, Colorado B. F. SISK, California

FRANK C. OSMERS, JR., New Jersey ERWIN MITCHELL, Georgia

WILLIAM K. VAN PELT, Wisconsin JAMES M. QUIGLEY, Pennsylvania

A. D. BAUMHART, JR., Ohio DAVID M. HALL, North Carolina

PERKINS BASS, New Hampshire LEONARD G. WOLF, Iowa

R. WALTER RIEHLMAN, New York JOSEPH E. KARTH, Minnesota KEN HECHLER, West Virginia EMILIO Q. DADDARIO, Connecticut WALTER H. MOELLER, Ohio DAVID S. KING, Utah J. EDWARD ROUSH, Indiana

CHARLES F. DUCANDER, Executive Director and Chief Counsel

DR. CHARLES S. SHELDON II, Technical Director
SPENCER M. BERESFORD, Special Counsel

PHILIP B. YEAGER, Special Consultant
II

DEPOSITED BY THE

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

8886
or

Statements of -

Page

Anderson, Lt. Gen. Samuel E., commander, Air Research and Develop-

ment Command, U.S. Air Force

87, 127

Barclay, Brig. Gen. John A., commander U.S. Army Ballistic Missile

Agency-

197

Beach, Maj. Gen. Dwight E., Director, Air Defense and Special

Weapons, Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Military Operations,
Department of the Army --

239

Boushey, Brig. Gen. Homer A., Director of Advanced Technology,

Office of Deputy Chief of Staff, Development, U.S. Air Force

116

Brucker, Hon. Wilber M., Secretary of the Army--

195
Campbell, Leon, moon watch program, Smithsonian Astrophysical
Observatory, Cambridge, Mass.

483
Dick, Maj. Gen. W. W., Jr., Director, Special Weapons, Office of

Chief of Research and Development, Department of the Army 235

Donovan, Allen F., vice president and director, astrovehicles, Space

Technology Laboratories, Inc., Los Angeles.-

194

Dryden, Dr. Hugh L., Deputy Administrator, National Aeronautics

and Space Administration..

13

Dulles, Hon. Allen W., Director, Central Intelligence Agency

415

Gise, Lawrence P., Assistant Director (Administration), Advanced

Research Projects Agency

390

Glennan, Dr. T. Keith, Administrator, National Aeronautics and

Space Administration.

3

Godel, William H., Director, Policy and Planning, Advanced Research

Projects Agency

390

Hagen, Dr. John P., Director, Vanguard Division, National Aero-

nautics and Space Administration.

366

Hayward, Rear Adm. John T., Assistant Chief of Naval Operations

(Research and Development).

152

Holaday, William M., Director of Guided Missiles, Office of Secretary

of Defense, and Chairman, Civilian-Military Liaison Committee,

National Aeronautics and Space Administration ---

319, 390

Hynek, Dr. J. Allen, Associate Director, Smithsonian Astrophysical

Observatory, Cambridge, Mass..

480

Johnson, Roy W., Director, Advanced Research Projects Agency,

Department of Defense.

315, 390

Lemnitzer, Gen. Lyman L., Vice Chief of Staff, U.S. Army-

201

Masterson, Rear Adm. K. S., Director, Guided Missile Division,

Department of Defense..

173

McElroy, Hon. Neil H., Secretary of Defense-

417

Newell, Dr. Homer L., Jr., Assistant Director for Space Sciences,

National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

59

Peters, Comdr. Irvin G., program manager, navigation satellite,
Bureau of Ordnance, Department of the Navy-

304
Raborn, Rear Adm. W. F., Director, Special Projects Office, Depart-
ment of the Navy-

186

Roadman, Col. Charles H., Chief of Human Factors Division, Di-

rectorate of Research and Development, Headquarters, U.S. Air

Force..

123

Schriever, Maj. Gen. Bernard A., commander, Ballistic Missile Divi-
sion, U.S. Air Force---

99, 129

Siepert, Albert F., Director of Business Administration, National

Aeronautics and Space Administration

53

Silverstein, Dr. Abe, Director, Space and Flight Development, National

Aeronautics and Space Administration --

363

Statement of_Continued

Page Stewart, Dr. Homer Joe, Director of Planning and Evaluation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration..

11 Sydnor, Lt. Col. W. D., of Air Defense Division, in Director, Special

Weapons, Office of Chief of Research and Development, Depart-
ment of the Army

266 Twining, Gen. Nathan F., Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, Department of Defense--

427 von Braun, Wernher, Director, Development Operations Division, Army Ballistic Missile Agency, Huntsville, Ala

217 Wagner, Capt. E. O., Coordinator of Missile Ranges, Office of Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air)

273 White, Gen. Thomas D., Chief of Staff, U.S. Air Force

73 Wyatt, De Marquis D., Assistant to the Director of Space Flight

Development, National Aeronautics and Space Administration - 64 York, Dr. Herbert F., Director of Defense Research and Engineering, Department of Defense --

309, 390

MISSILE DEVELOPMENT AND SPACE SCIENCES

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE AND ASTRONAUTICS,

Washington, D.C., Monday, February 2, 1959. The committee met in the caucus room, Old House Office Building, at 10 a.m., Hon. Overton Brooks (chairman) presiding.

The CHAIRMAN. The Committee on Science and Astronautics will please come to order.

Now, gentlemen of the committee, this morning, we have just a little bit of official committee business. So I am going to suggest to the committee we go into executive session for about 5 minutes. I think 5 minutes will dispose of what we have, and during that time I regret to say that we will have to exclude everybody from the meeting. And then we will reopen in 5 minutes with the regular list of witnesses that we have this morning, beginning with Dr. Glennan.

I hope you will bear with us in that respect.
Will the committee please come to order ?

If there is no objection, we will clear the room and go into executive session.

(Whereupon the committee proceeded in executive session, thereafter reconvening in further public proceedings, as follows:)

The CHAIRMAN. The committee will please come to order.

Gentlemen of the committee, this is the first public activity of the newly constituted Committee on Science and Astronautics. It is interesting to note that the action creating this committee in the House of Representatives, and a parallel action creating a Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences in the Senate, represents the first such addition to standing committees of the Congress since 1892, two-thirds of a century ago.

The House of Representatives has recognized that changing times have brought new and grave responsibilities to the Congress, including concern with the larger role for science and the new dimension to human affairs in outer space. Speaking as chairman, all of us appreciate the importance of assignment to membership on this committee, and we will do our best to discharge our duties in service to the Congress and to the American people.

This committee has already held organizational meetings in executive session. This morning we are opening our first hearings. They represent but the first step in an orderly and comprehensive plan of study and investigation during the coming year.

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