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making better known the wonderful scenic beauties of the Pacific Northwest.

BOOKS RECEIVED : [ The Writer is pleased to receive for review any books about authors, authorship, language, literary topics, or any books that would be of real value in a writer's library, such as works of reter. ence, history, biography,, or travel. There is no space

in the magazine for the review of fiction, poetry, etc. All books received will be acknowledged under this heading. Selections will be made for review in the interest of The Writer's readers. ] The News IN THE COUNTRY PAPER. By Charles G.

Ross. 41 pp. Paper. Columbia, Mo.: University of Missouri. 1913. LOVE LIFE OF JESUS AND MARY OF BETHANY, AND POEMS. By L. W. Jacobs. 243 PP.

Cloth. Sapulpa, Ok. : Francis "Warren Jacobs.


[Readers who send to the publishers of the periodicals indexed for copies of the periodicals containing the articles mentioned in the following reference list will confer a favor if they will mention THE WRITER.]

nyms, and associated words, an

arrangement which makes it possible, by turning to the word that one thinks of first, to find almost instantly any word that may be desired. Thus one has at command every English word that he may ever desire to know or to use in the expression of thoughts and ideas, since any unknown or forgotten word can be found in the book as easily as a known word can be turned to in a dictionary. The Printer's DICTIONARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS.

By A. A. Stewart. 367 pp. Cloth, $2.00. Boston : The School of Printing, North End Union. 1912.

Connected with the North End Union of Boston is School of Printing ior apprentices, conducted under the auspices of the Boston Typothetae Board of Trade. This “ Printer's Dictionary," compiled by Mr. Stewart, the instructor of the school, a handbook of definitions and information about processes of printing, with a briei glossary of terms used in book binding, has been in preparation for several years and is the work of the pupils in the school. The aim has been to compile rudimentary information for the young printer, but the result is a glossary of technical terms and a handbook of information that will be of value to any one interested in the printing art. The book is in every way creditable both to the compiler and to the seventy-five or eiglity young printers by whose labors while learning it was put in type. NAPOLEON'S CAMPAIGN RUSSIA ANNO 1812. By

Dr. A. Rose. 212 pp. Cloth, $1.50. New York : Dr. A. Rose, 173 Lexington avenue. 1913.

Dr. Rose's book is medico-historical, a medical history of the hundreds of thousands who perished from cold, hunger, fatigue, or misery in Russia in Napoleon's campaign. The book is interesting and instructive, and gives

complete concise story of the events of the ill-iated expedition. THE GUARDIANS

COLUMBIA. By John H. Williams. 144 pp. Cloth, $1.50, net ; $1.66, post. paid. Tacoma, Wash. : John H. Williams. 1912.

More than two hundred fine illustrations, including eight in colors, add to the attractiveness of this beautiful book, which is devoted to Mt. Hood, Mt. Adams, and Mt. St. Helena, the Columbia River, and its great forests. “The Guardians of the Columbia " is a companion volume to “ The Mountain That Was ‘God,'” also published by Mr. Williams, which is so attractive that in less than two years 45,000 copies have been sold. More than fifty photographers have co-operated to make the pictures for the present book, and the letterpress is worthy of the illustrations. Mr. Williams is rendering a valuable service in




PRESENT TENDENCIES IN ENGLISH SPEECH. I. Leila Sprague Learned. II. – Ellwood Hendrick. Atlantic for May. INSECTS


GREEK Poetry. Lafcadio Hearn. Atlantic for May.

The AssociATED Press. Frank B. Noyes. North American Review for May.

POPULARITY IN LITERATURE. R. A. Scott-James. North American Review for May.

RECOLLECTIONS OF HENRIK IBSEN. Boilette Son. tum. Bookman for May.

Robert ALEXANDER Wason. Book News Monthly for May.


Forum for May. ILLUMINATION AND EYESTRAIN. Ellice M. Alger, M. D. Medical Review of Reviews for May.

THE POET OF THE SIERRAS. With portrait. Case and Comment for May.

Note GUSTAV FRENSSEN. Warren Washburn Florer. Modern Language Notes for May.

A SCIENTIFIC Basis FOR METRICS. Charles W. Cobb. Modern Language Notes for May.

JOE GARGERY AND His RECOLLECTIONS OF DICKENS. With portraits. T. Andrew Richards. Strand for May.

BOCCACCIO. Walter Raleigh. English Review for May.

Robert COLLYER AND Cornell UNIVERSITY. Dr. Thomas Frederick Crane. Christian Register for March 20.

MARK TWAIN: HUMORIST AND PessimiST. Edwin Mims. Methodist Review for April.

THE AGENT, LITERARY AND DRAMATIC. “G. H. T." Author (London) for April.

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FREE-LANCING. By an editor. Author ( London ) for April

BRITISH WRITERS AND JOURNALISTS IN PORTUGAL. James Baker, F. R. G. S. Author (London) for April.

The Poet OF VERMONT ( Mrs. Julia Caroline Rip. ley Dorr ). With portraits. Robert Hoosick Washburne. Zion's Herald for April 9.

THE SHACKLED EDITOR. By an editorial writer. Collier's for April 12,

THE NEWSPAPER - AN UNDEVELOPED BUSINESS. Illustrated. James H. Collins. Saturday Evening Post for April 12.

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At the first annual meeting of the Authors' League officers were elected as follows : President, Winston Churchill; vicepresident, Theodore Roosevelt ; secretary and treasurer, Ellis Parker Butler ; honorary vice-presidents, John Burroughs, Mrs. Mary E. Wilkins Freeman, Dr. John Grier Hibben, and Dr. William M. Sloane ; councilors, Gelett Burgess, Robert W. Chambers, Hamlin Garland, Miss Ellen Glasgow, Charles Rann Kennedy, Jack London, Cleveland Moffett, Harvey J. O'Higgins, Booth Tarkington, and Miss Carolyn Wells. The league now has nearly four hundred 'members.

Mary Roberts Rinehart says that she has cleared more than $100,000 on her novels and fully as much in royalties on her plays during the last seven years. The smallest amount that one of her books brought, she says, was $1,200, while the greatest amount received in royalties for any one of her stories was $50,000. Collier's has engaged Miss Viola Rose

story editor. The price of the paper is now five cents a copy.

Caspar Whitney, for many years editor of the Outing Magazine, has lately become the editor of Outdoor World and Recreation.

In "A Small Boy and Others,” published by the Scribners, Henry James has written the story of his boyhood.

"Jean Jacques Rousseau," by Gerhard Gran, professor of literature in the University of Kristiania, is published by the Scribners.

“The Insanity of Genius," by J. F. Nisbet, which has gone through six editions in England, is published by the Scribners.

A brief sketch, " The Newspaper," is included in the Home University Library (Holt). It is by G. Binney Dibblee, and it is chiefly concerned with the rise and development of English journalism.

** Dr. Johnson and His Circle," by John Bailey, has been added to the Home University Library.

"William Ernest Henley," a monograph by L. Cope Comford, is published by Con. stable of London.

William Morris : A Critical Study,” by John Drinkwater, is published by Mitchell Kennerley, New York.

Clement Shorter has nearly completed the biography of George Borrow, on which he has been long engaged. An article on Borrow in Scotland, which he contributes to the April Fortnightly Review, forms an introduction of the biography. “ George Meredith," by

Constantine Photiades, is published by the Scribners.

Smith & Elder are to publish a new life of Jane Austen, based on the memoir by J. E. Austen-Leigh, the letters published by Lord Brabourne, and other family documents, some of them never before published. The book is written by two members oi Jane Austen's family, W. AustenLeigh and R. Austen-Leigh.

Collier's ( New York) offers a first prize of $2,500, a second prize of $1,000, and eight prizes of $500 each for the ten best original short stories, of any length whatever from the very shortest up to 12,000 words. All manuscript

be typewritten, and all must be unsigned, with no indication that would divulge the authorship. Every manuscript must be accompanied by a plain sealed envelope, on which is inscribed the name of the story, and in which is the writer's full name and address. All manuscripts must be mailed on or before September 1. The prize money will be given in addition to the regular rates paid for the stories. There is no limit to the number of stories any writer may submit.

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For the Hart, Schaffner, & Marx Prize Essays in economics for 1914, the following topics are suggested : (1) The competitive relations of the Suez and Panama canals ; (2) A study of the economic conditions preceding and following the crisis of 1907 ; (3) Price regulation by governmental authority ; (4) A theory of public expenditures ; (5) A study of shipping combinations in ocean transportation, and their inAuence on rates ; (6) How far has the regulation of freight charges affected the development of railways in the United States ? (7) A study of the changes of modern standards of living ; (8) A study of the cost to the United States of its possession of the Philippine Islands. Papers should be sent before June 1, 1914, to J. Laurence Laughlin, University of Chicago.

The first number of The Scout, a magazine for Boy Scouts, will appear in New York this month. The publication office will be at the national headquarters of the American Boy Scouts, 68 William street, and P. T. Mason will be editor-in-chief, with Norman L. Sper as assistant editor.

A new monthly, which will probably be called Pulitzer's Magazine, will be published in New York beginning next fall by the Pulitzer Magazine Company, which Walter Pulitzer, one of the corporators, says has a capital of $200,000. Of the projected publication Mr. Pulitzer is quoted as saying : “It will be the mouthpiece of a new conservatism and the constructive elements of the country which have worked in silence too long."

The Thinker's World is a new monthly published in Chicago by Cora Mickle Hoffer. The publication is devoted to thought."

A new London magazine, the Blue Review, will be conducted on co-operative principles, similar to those successfully adopted in the case of certain French reviews, notably Le Mercure de France. Writers of the younger generation have bound themselves to contribute regularly to the Blue Review without payment for nine months, at the end of which the profitsharing scheme will come into operation.

The New Statesman is the name of a new sixpenny London weekly inspired by Sidney Webb and Bernard Shaw.

Harper's Bazar has been sold by Harper & Bros. to William Randolph Hearst. A new company, known a's Harper's Bazar, Inc., will publish the periodical. Offices have been established at No. 381 Fourth avenue, where other Hearst magazines the Cosmopolitan, Hearst's Magazine, Good Housekeeping, Motor and Motor Boat. ing — have headquarters. Elizabeth Jordan, who has conducted Harper's Bazar, will stay with the Harpers.

The business of the Woman's World Publishing Company has been placed in the hands of Curtis P. Brady, as receiver in bankruptcy, the court instructing him, until further orders, to continue the business of the Woman's World Publishing Company

usual. Thus the publication of the Woman's World ( Chicago ) will not be interfered with by the bankruptcy proceedings.

The Bellman says that for more than a year it has been seeking an artist who could produce political cartoons fit to rank with those in Punch for wit and workman. ship, but although it is prepared to pay a liberal price and to make a term engagement with such a man, its quest has been vain.

“ From Fiction to Facts" is a useful booklet issued by the Milwaukee public library, which gives directions for using good fiction to enliven and illustrate English history and American colonial history, telling, for instance, at just what points in reading Green's “ Short History of the English People” certain historical novels should be read.

Will Carleton's estate, according to the appraiser, amounted to “seventy-five dollars less than nothing."

Clifton Bingham died at Bristol, England, March 26, aged fifty-three.

Professor Edward Dowden died in Dublin April 4, aged sixty-nine. Thaddeus Burr Wakeman died

at Cos Cob, Conn., April 24, aged seventy-eight.

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Vol. XXV.


No. 6.







82 THE MIDDLEMAN IN LETTERS. Truman Cross. 83 SHOULD WRITERS Read ? Annie Bigony Stewart


Composing Poetry on the Typewriter, 86
Importance of Clearness in Writing, 86
A Play Prize Offer


87 Lowell Hardy, 87 — Hattie Lee MacAlister, 87 — Morris McDougall, 88 Harriet Spof. ford Potter


88 Robert Browning, 88 — Anatole France, 89

Eden Phillpotts, 89 — Robert Sterling Yard 89 CURRENT LITERARY Topics

90 The Magazine Business, 90 — How H. G. Wells Deals with Publishers,

– The Recipe for Canadian Stories, 91 — - Highest Price for a Poem, 91 - Unnecessary Phrases,

Why So Few Good Books ? 91 - Novel Writing and Serial Writing, 91 Marketing a Novel, 92 - Journalist Novelists






blers and murderers - as patterns of vice and not of virtue. No girl, reading “Vanity Fair,” is tempted to be a Becky Sharp, nor any boy, reading Oliver Twist,” to be a Bill Sykes.

Many of the modern novels - and the tendency seems to grow — breathe the air of a hothouse of sexual passion. They are an unwholesome and insidious influence young men and women, and a demoralizing source of contamination — the more dangerous because accepted as current modern literature. They infest the shelves of the book stores. Publishers print them because they “sell," as of course they sell, just as vile photographs would sell if they were allowed on every shop counter. The popular novelists of to-day, too many of them, exercise their talents in a study and presentation of the erotic passion, and make it a theme for fine phrasing and seductive philosophy and winning attractiveness. A lady recently took from the village circulating library a novel which the young woman in charge, who probably had never read it, glibly commended in the usual style as very popular and interesting." It so insidiously salacious, and at its close so actually detailed in its word-picturing that the lady bought and burnt it to prevent its circulation in the town.

No wonder that domestic scandals and irregularities and unseemly divorce sensations grow apace and fill our newspapers. Of course the age is lax in this respect, and no doubt the novelist may claim that he is only catering to a public sentiment and portraying what exists. But there are a good many nastinesses which exist but which it is not desirable to have continuously under our noses. And it is unfortunate that


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Complying with the request of the editor of The WRITER, I repeat to those who read the magazine the regret I expressed at the Authors Club supper with regard to the tendency in much modern fiction to make sexual immoralities and indecencies a recognized and accepted phase of modern life, and to treat them in a way not to repel, but to attract. It is true that former novelists have immoral characters in their stories, but these were portrayed - as the other villains of the piece were portrayed, the thieves and gam


the novelist, and the publisher also, do not feel that their function is not to pander to a depraved taste and encourage it, but to eliminate it and bring in something better.

I am sure that there is a growing protest against this glossed and candied poison. I was struck by a letter which I saw from an elderly lady of true New England refine

ment to a leading magazine. She has read it with reverence and delight for fifty years, and she asked it: “Is it necessary or wise that the irregularities of our social life

hould be photographed in a serial such as yours?" The words were mild, but they were full of meaning.

John D. Long. HINGHAM, Mass.






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The happy ending, I was about to say, is always vicious. But adjectives must be chosen nowadays with as much vintages. So let us assert that the happy ending is more often than not obviously inartistic, and at times even blindly immoral, whereas the author's purpose was ostensibly something both moral and artistic.

Happiness, in life as in fiction, seems to be accepted as a goal in itself, justifying the use of any means for its attainment. This may be a good philosophy of life, but it is no creed for an artist. There are two objections to this current opinion regarding fiction : for one thing, an enforced happy ending, in any form of art, twists and warps so grievously what should be the natural, logical conclusion as to render the achievement as a whole inharmonious, artificial, untrue to life. It is bad art, which is the same as saying that it is not art at all.

Of course any form of imaginative literature may be from first to last essentially joyful and sing itself through to an impossibly blissful conclusion, and be a masterpiece"; it is well that it should be so ; its creator could not conclude it other than happily and remain true to the principles of art. But he has of his own choice selected that kind of theme which is fragrant with honey and clover. That is one thing. But something quite different is the happy ending merely for the sake of the happy ending. This latter mode of treatment is repre

hensible, particularly from the aesthetic point of view, and finds its only apology in the acknowledged commercial exigency of the moment. If that commercial intent of the writer and publisher be fully and generally understood, the less the possibilities for harm ; but even then the evils of the offense are not in the least mitigated.

In the name of Art, whether moral or not; in the name of Morals, whether artistic or not, let us have the happy ending only when consistency and the harmony of the theme demand it, unless we wish to make all ideals basely commercial ones. I have my doubts as to whether any portion of the reading public prefers a happy ending all the time. One cannot live by honey alone. Pleasure be derived from an unhappy ending through the pleasure we take in the beauty of artistic achievement. If this were not true “ Hamlet” would have to be re-written to meet the requirements of to-day, and “Othello ” would end with beer and skittles. But what would “Hamlet " or Othello" be with a happy ending? Or “Tannhäuser" ?

Or the Laocoon group of the Vatican ? Or Rubens' “ Descent From the Cross"? We forget sometimes in making our demands on fiction that we should not expect the same unreasonable requirements to be followed in the sister arts of the drama, painting, and sculpture. By carrying these demands into neighboring fields of art we get a true perspective of


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