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and Mary Eleanor Roberts. 311 Pp. Cloth. Springfield, Mass. : The Home Correspondence

School. 1913
PERCEPTIONS. By Robert Bowman Peck.

48 PP. Cloth. Cork street,

London : Elkin Mathews. 1913.

THE AUTHOR OF “ KEULAH Land " (Edgar Page Stiles ). With portraits. H. D. Jones. Christiax Endeavor World for October 16.

THE FUTURE OF JOURNALISM. Bellman for October 18.



[Readers who send to the publishers of the periodicals indexed for copies of the periodicals containing the articles mentioned in the following reference list will confer a favor if they will mention THE WRITER.)


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JUSEPH PULITZER, REMINISCENCES OF A SECRETARY. Illustrated. Alleyne Ireland. Metropolitan for November. The MAN WHO WROTE “ DAMAGED

Goods" (Eugene Brieux ). With portrait. Louis Sherwin. Metropolitan for November.

JANE G. AUSTEN. W. D. Howells. Editor's Easy Chair, in Harper's Magazine for November.

GENIUS IN WRITING. Editor's Study, in Harper's Magazine for November.

WHY GOLDWIN SMITH CAME TO AMERICA. Arnold Haultain. North American Review for November.

TнE ENGLISH GIRL IN FICTION. Mrs. W. L. Courtney. North American Review for November.

HORACE THAUBEL, DEMOCRAT. Paul Hanna. Forum for November.

AMERICAN BACKGROUNDS FOR FICTION. The Pennsylvania Dutch. Helen R. Martin. Bookman for November.

Tue MAKING OF AN AMERICAN LIBRARY. The Art of Browsing. Arthur E. Bostwick. Bookman for November.

CHICAGO IN FICTION. Floyd Dell. Bookman for November

BYRON AND CROLY. Samuel C. Chew, Jr. Modern Language Notes for November.

SOME Notes ON SPENSER AND BACON. Walter Graham. Modern Language Notes for November.

SHAKSPERE AND PUBLIC AFFAIRS. Sir Sidney Lee. Contemporary Review for September.

THE STORY TELLER'S CRAFT. IV. - The artist and the public. Arnold Bennett. English Review for October

Spanish NoveliSTS OF TO-DAY. Reprinted from the Contemporary Review in the Eastern and Western Review for October.

AUTHORS AND AGENTS. 1. - Fees and accounts ; II. - Whose servant. Author ( London ) for Octo. ber.

FRANCES MIRIAM WHITCHER (Widow Bedott"). Oscar Fay Adams. Christian Register for October 2.

Irish Novels. Reprinted from the Quarterly Re• view in the Living Age for October 4.

OSCAR WILDE AS EDITOR. How he ran a woman's magazine. With portrait. Arthur Fish. Harper's Weekly ior October 4.

The three-year-old bill incorporating the American Academy of Arts and Letters, for the purpose of encouraging literature and art in this country, has been reintroduced in Congress. Named in the bill are about one hundred foremost men of letters of this country. They are incorporators and are to elect directors. To the original list, have been added the

of Owen Wister, Pennsylvania ; Herbert Adams, New Hampshire ; Augustus Thomas and Timothy Cole, New York.

'Albert Edwards," whose real name is Arthur Bullard, has sailed for Panama, probahly to get material for a book.

Charles Scribner's Sons announce “The Art of the Short Story," by Carl H. Grabo, instructor in English in the University of Chicago.

Katherine Tynan ( Mrs. Hinkson) has written the reminiscences of twenty-five years of her life.

Everard Meynell, the son of Wilfred and Alice Meynell, has written a life of Francis Thompson which will appear in America this month. Mr. Meynell knew the poet intimately, and had access to his diary and letters.

The Letters of William Vaughn Moody, edited by Daniel G. Mason, which have been running in the Atlantic Monthly, are now published in book form by the Houghton Mifflin Company.

The long expected “Life of Miguel de Cervantes" by Professor J. FitzmauriceKelly will be published soon.

“ The Life of Henry Labouchere," by Algar Labouchere Thorold, a nephew of the London editor, is published by G. P. Putnam's Sons.



The home country of R. L. Stevenson is A prize of $1,000 for the most constructive carefully examined in a work to be pub- and helpful essay on the subject of adverlished this month by Francis Watt, through tising or sales submitted before May 15 is Methuen. The book deals largely with the offered by the Advertising & Selling Magascenery of the novels and plays, and there zine, New York. is a critical estimate of Stevenson as

Pearson's Magazine ( London ) offers and writer.

three first prizes of $250 each and ten prizes Anthony Trollope : His Work, Associ- of $50 each for the best stories of from 1,000 ates, and Originals," by T. H. S. Escott, is to 10,000 words submitted before January published by the John Lane Company.

13, 1914. “Henrik Ibsen, Poet, Mystic, and Moral- Oliver Morosco has announced a play conist,” by Henry Rose, is published by Dodd, test, to the winner of which he will give a Mead, & Co.

prize of $1,000, advance royalties of $500, “ Paul Bourget,” by the Abbé Ernest

and favorable terms for the life of the play. Diinnet, published by the Houghton Mifflin

The contest will close January 15. No play Company, tells the salient facts of Paul Bour

ni the sex" or vice” variety will be conget's life, traces his evolution as a writer,

sidered. Mr. Morosco prefers a comedy, but and discusses his position in contemporary

will not limit the contest to that sort of enFrench literature with respect both to the

tertainment. Manuscripts may be sent direct

to Mr. Morosco in Los Angeles, or to T. past and to the future.

Daniel Frawley, Longacre Building, New Copies may now be obtained from the Pub.

York. lishers' Association, Stationers' Hall, London, of the “ Technical Dictionary of Pub

Street & Smith, New York, have begun lishing" in seven languages — French, Ger.

publishing a new magazine, called Women's

Stories, which will appear on the seventh and man, English, Spanish, Dutch, Italian, and Hungarian — presented by Mr. Heinemann

twenty-third of each month. It is an all

fiction, illustrated magazine, intended to to the International Congress of Publish

make a special appeal to women. The pubers, held at Budapest. Not only are all the

lishers say : technical terms included of publishing and

Better than anything in the

world, current fiction represents the tenbookselling, but also those of printing, bind.

dency of the thought of the times, and the ing, engraving, and the like, as well as bibliographical and book collecting terms. In

niost significant fact in the fiction of today is

that women addition, appendices showing, among other

are demanding less and less

the avoidance of the facts of life in the things, how the types vary and how proofs

stories they read.” This will make the are corrected in different countries are in

seventh of the Street & Smith publications, cluded, and a full index is given in each lan

the others being Ainslee's Magazine, the guage.

Popular Magazine, Smith's Magazine, the The Lake Mohonk Conference on Inter

People's Magazine, the New Story Maganational Arbitration offers a first prize of

zine, and the Top-Notch Magazine. $200 and a second prize of $100 for the best essays on International Peace," by under- A Canadian monthly magazine for women graduate women students or any college or called Everywoman's World is published by university in the United States ; and a prize

the Continental Publishing Company, Ltd.,

of Toronto. of $100 for the best essay on “International Arbitration” by an undergraduate man stu- The Manhattan Review (New York) is dent of any college or university in the a new monthly magazine devoted largely to United States or Canada. The essays, which economics and international political submust be submitted not later than March 15, jects, with special reference to our relations 1914, must not exceed 5,000 words.

with the Latin American republics.


The Mid-West Quarterly has been estab- The missionary magazine for children, lished by the University of Nebraska in the Everyland, is now published by the Missionbelief that there exists in this country a ary Education Movement, 156 Fifth avenue, quantity of excellent writing for which there New York City. is no adequate medium of publication, and

The Laurentian Publishers have estabto afford opportunity for the intellectual es

lished themselves in Chicago with offices in say of a critical character. The Mid-West

Steinway Hall, announcing an intention of Quarterly will appear under the editorial

"specializing in Chicago writers." supervision of P. H. Frye, with associate

In Munsey's Magazine henceforth will apeditors Hartley Burr, Alexander and Philo

pcar no serial stories, but instead there will M. Buck, Jr. It will be published by the

be a complete novel in each issue. For the Putnams, being issued during the months of

December number, “ Black Is White," by January, April, July, and October.

George Barr McCutcheon, is announced. Dress and Vanity Fair (New York) is

In the November Atlantic, William Arthur a new periodical published by Conde Nast,

Guil in who has made a success of Vogue and other

a study of the business

man in

American fiction finds that the type receives. journals. The Vanity Fair part deals with

fuller and fairer treatment than at the hands such outdoor pastimes as football, tennis,

of English novelists, but finds also a tendency golf, motoring, and yachting, and also with affairs of the stage.

on the part of our writers to regard busi

ness as an occupation that should be reguThe Criterion of Fashion is the new pub

lated by sentiment rather than by law. lication of the Curtis Publishing Company,

Professor A. G. Newcomer died at Stancontinued from Toilettes.

ford University, September 15, aged fortyThe Stenographer and the Phonographic

nine. World, the two oldest and strongest independent shorthand periodicals of America,

Captain Frederic Stanhope Hill died in have been consolidated under the title of

Cambridge, Mass., September 24, aged

eighty-four. the Stenographer and Phonographic World. The consolidated journal will be issued here- Professor Charles F. Richardson died at after, monthly, from the office of the Sten- Sugar Hill, N. H., October 8, aged sixtyographic World Publishing Gompany, 428 two. Perry Building, Philadelphia, but will be Stanley Waterloo died in Chicago, Octoedited from New York City by James N. ber , aged sixty-seven. Kimball, editor-in-chief, assisted by Bates

Mrs. Mary Bradford Crowninshield died at Torrey, of Boston, and H. G. Healey, of

Melrose, Mass., October 15. New York.

William Garrott Brown died at New CaThe Pulitzer Publishing Company, naan, Conn., October 19, aged forty-five. trolled by Walter Pulitzer, which publishes

Miss Mary A. Lathbury died at East the Welcome Guest, is to be investigated by

Orange, N. J., October 21, aged seventycommittee of the stockholders. Mrs.

two. Walter Pulitzer says that after the failure of Satire, her husband bought the Welcome

Reuben Gold Thwaites died at Madison, Guest on bonds borrowed of her. Walter

Wisconsin, October 22, aged sixty years. Pulitzer is a son of the late Albert Pulitzer, Samuel Eberly Gross died at Battle Creek, who was a brother of Joseph Pulitzer of the Michigan, October 24, aged sixty-nine. New York World. The heirs of Joseph Mrs. Isabel Chapin Barrows died at GroPulitzer are in no way associated with Wal- ton-on-Hudson, N. Y., October 25, aged ter Pulitzer in his publication ventures. sixty-eight.




Vol. XXV.


No. 12.







180 The Proper Preparation of Manuscript, 180 - Eleanor Hallowell Abbott's Style


181 Faith Baldwin, 181 – Eugene A. Clancy, 181 -- M. Gauss, 181 Erwald Stuart Hinton, 181 - Frazier Hunt, 182 Frederick Niven, 182 - David Potter, 182 — Harold Titus, 183 - Margaret Widdemer.


183 Henryk Sienkiewicz, 183 – Anthony Trol. lope


184 Preying on Poets, 184 - Good Style Not a Mere Matter of Words, 185 – Authors Who Wrote in Bed, 185 – Use Short Sentences, 186 – New Poetry.


186 News AND NOTES




school endeavor to secure the same results by using language in the same way - doing violence to its words, wrenching its forms, and dislocating, more or less completely, its entire structure. They strive to catch and hold the attention of their readers, not by following the established rules of English composition, but by using extraordinary or inappropriate adjectives, by disregarding the significance of nouns, by twisting sentences into eccentric or grotesque forms, and by inventing figures of speech that are always far-fetched, capricious, fantastic, and often preposterously absurd.

This contorted style is shown at its best

or worst - in “ The White Linen Nurse' of Miss Eleanor Abbott, which ran for three nionths as a serial in the Century Magazine, and which is now published in book form. The plot of the story is not much better, or worse, than the plots of many other stories that the magazines print ; but the incidents are forced, the characters talk and behave as no conceivable or realizable human beings would naturally talk or behave, and the framework of narrative shows everywhere a straining after originality, eccentricity, and sensational effect.

An illustration of the forced incident is to be found in the automobile accident. Motor cars often get beyond control and throw their occupants out ; but a gasoline engine that is “dead” as the result of an accident does not bring itself to life and then have perceptible “tremors,”. emit “ horrid creaks," and go “crinkle crankle" every few minutes in order to provide the story teller with a means of prolonging the reader's suspense.

Illustrations of forced, artificial, realizable talk and behavior are to be found


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Edmund Burke once said, in comparing the literary style of a certain author with that of Dr. Johnson : “ It has all the contortions of the sibyl without the inspiration.” This epigrammatic criticism is quite as applicable, perhaps, to the style of some modern authors as it was to the style of Dr. Young. Among American story writers of a certain class there seems to be an increasing tendency to produce sensational effects by practicing the art of the contortionist. The supple-bodied posture master tries to create interest or excite amazement by twisting himself into strained or convulsed attitudes, and by forcing his limbs into positions that are unusual, unnatural, or strenuously cramped. Writers of the contortionist





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on almost every page. No imaginable child who has been thrown out of an automobile, whose clothing has been torn to pieces, whose eye has been so badly bruised that it looks like a "prizefighter's,” and whose father has been suddenly killed, is likely to exclaim : “ Is n't it fun!" and then to add as an afterthought : But I had n't exactly planned to have him dead.” A trained nurse who sees a man crushed under an automobile may conceivably ask herseli : “What's the dose for a man under a car ?" But a nurse who proposes to release the crushed man by“ beginning at the beginning and taking the automobile all apart" is so foolish as to be unimaginable.

The straining aiter effect, which is characteristic oi “ The White Linen Nurse” as a whole, is · particularly noticeable in what Macaulay has called the Turkey carpet style.” Take, for example, the treatment of the soul. Locke has described the human soul as “an immaterial spirit,” but in Miss Abbott's narrative the soul turns pale, “ sweats” like a hard-working Stevedore, land “creaks” like a rusty door-hinge. But other animate and inanimate things behave in ways that are equally surprising. Nerves “rattle," glory “ crackles," laughter “ scuds” and “ zigzags," smiles tug,” “whang,” and twitter”; hearts "plunge," "pitch,” and “lurch"; gloom gets “stale,” campfires become “conscious," paths "falter"

and grow “wistful,” footsteps * crackle” through leaves, threats “zigzag," fangs “snarl,” locks “bite," hurdygirdies romp," and even

a fountain pen “ dallies daringly."

As for Viss Abbott's trees, plants, and flowers, there is hardly anything that they cannot do.

Willows "yearn," pine trees “guzzle,” phlox “clamors," pansies “tiptoe velvet-footed across the grass," and even "the mild old grass totters palsiedly down to watch some skittish young violets and bluets frolic in and out of a giggling brook.” In the next revised edition of “ How to Tell the Birds from the Wild Flowers” attention should certainly be called to these floral idiosyncrasies. No one is likely to

mistake a pine tree for a pine warbler if he will only remember that one “guzzles " while the other sings.

Seme of Miss Abbott's verbal combinations are so bizarre as to be puzzling, if not unintelligible. What, for example, is “a romantic smell” ? Is it the metallic scent of the stars? This seems probable, but one is leit in doubt. “ Phosphorescent breeze" is another puzzler. To visualize in imagination a luminous zephyr is extremely difficult ; but it is no harder, perhaps, than to imagine a “conscientious” towel ; a “scented” star ;

browsing " spoon ; a ' leaf-green voice," " indomitable roof-top,"

squaretoed year.”

In the invention of extraordinary metaphors and similes the author of “The White Linen Nurse” stands without a rival. No other literary contortionist has ever dared to liken a moving automobile to "a huge portentous pill floating on smoothest syrup.” It sounds like the recital of a trained nurse's nightmare. But why "portentous”? Apparently for no other reason than that both words begin with “p.” Writers of the contortionist school rely chielly upon incongruous adjectives and frenzied metaphors, but they do not wholly disdain such effects as may be produced by alliteration or assonance, and all through “The White Linen Nurse” are scattered such alliterative combinations as ' portentous pill,” “pranks and posies," "pinkiness of passing,” “passion primitive, protective. proprietary," "glad glow," "vaporous vigil,” “ listless lake,” “breasted birdlings," "hurled hopefully," “ dallied daringly," “ murky mystery,” and 'chasm of crankiness."

One would suppose that with unlimited freedom to change arbitrarily the meaning of adjectives, adverbs and nouns, the literary contortionist would find the dictionary supply of words amply large to meet all his wants ; but he never does. In “ The White Linen Nurse" the author has enriched her vocabulary by coining a lot of such new and expressive words "temperish," “ wanly.” “edginess," "craggedly," "worriedly," "wincingly," "courtingly," "scarily,"



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