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ern progress and the broadest literary catho- der the lash of progress, is passing from licity,” and adds: “The fourth editor joy- wonder unto wonder. fully reaffirms this creed. There can be no "Perhaps Mr. Gilder's period of literary simpler and more comprehensive statement flowering, though surely coming, must be of this magazine's present spirit and pur- postponed another decade. The need of the poses.”
moment is to discover where we are, what Mr. Yard also pays tribute to the editorial is accomplishing about us. Where have all aims and ideals of Richard Watson Gilder; these struggling activities brought
us? quotes his prophecy, made in 1886, that there What have they really done? What do they should be “ during the next ten years a re- mean? Whither do they tend ?” vival of creative literature," since American
The salutatory ends with these words : life was so “rich in feeling and action and "As for the rest, we shall conserve the meaning," and adds this comment:
best that the Century has stood for in the Like most prophecies, Mr. Gilder's has
past. We shall offer a larger proportion of been only partly fulfilled. Yet the eighteen fiction than formerly, and shall bring it as years since he uttered it have proved at near to truth and make it as interpretative least that it was true, though its realization of life as conditions allow. We shall mainhas been delayed by the extraordinary activ- tain illustration at the highest point modern ity of these later years. The history of all method will permit. We shall cultivate human progress shows that the art of any history and poetry and the essay. We shall period is, so to speak, the flowering of that explore conditions at home and abroad. We period. The bloom appears only after stem shall make this magazine, fearlessly and in and stalk have shot to their full growth and the white light of to-day, as nearly the magaleaves have expanded and darkened to their zine of the century as courage and devotion maturity. The bubbling sap of Mr. Gilder's
and eyes that see and minds that shrink not time is showing now in new and surprising
can do." growth and our problem to-day is not so much to enjoy the flowering literature
Limiting the Scope of Writers. In editorial which he promised as to study and to meas
circles there is talk of a new weekly to be ure and to comprehend as nearly as pos
launched by "the Hearst magazines " "to sible the wealth of scientific and social and compete with the Saturday Evening Post.” political and industrial achievement which The phrase has become a cliché brought out has amazingly developed.
every time the idea of a large weekly circu“There is no escaping the fact that civili
lation arises. There is no reason, however, zation, like the river tumbling and swirling to think the gossip is without foundation. between two lakes, is passing turbulently
Writers who hear of the new weekly infrom the old convention of the last several
quire: “ Are they going to corral a bunch?" generations to the unknown almost unguess
Which being interpreted means are they able convention of the not distant future. going to standardize a group of writers-one The feminist movement, the uprising of for business stories, one for "love" stories, labor, the surging of innumerable socialistic one for girls' adventures, one for humor, currents can mean nothing else than the cer. one for “the sob stuff," and so on. The tain readjustment of social levels. The de- process is first to confine a writer to his mand of the people for the heritage of the specialty and then rope him down to what bosses is not short of revolution. The re- he shall do in it. The anarchists are missing bellious din of frantic impressionistic groups
a chance to do literature a valuable service. is nothing if not strenuous protest against a They should convert the magazine editors. frozen art. The changed Sabbath and the There is no class more in need of the doctempered sermon mark the coldly critical trine of non-interference with personality. appraisement of religious creeds. And sci- The corralling process is being done rather ence, meantime, straining and sweating un- for whole groups of magazines than for a
Vautrin, who it now seems was copied from
Advice to Playwrights. Personally, I do not look upon playwriting as an art. To me it is toil; real, downright, sleep-destroying, nerve-racking labor, which, to accomplish the best results, should be started with an apprenticeship in the theatre that begins at the stage door and which, to thoroughly absorb, should be continued until its technic, from the curtain line to the gridiron, is as familiar as A, B, C. If the ambitious author of the future would adopt this course he would not be compelled to knock at so many managerial doors before finding one willing to produce his plays. — George M. Cohan, in Chicago Record-Herald.
single one such as the new weekly. I heard yesterday of one proffered contract for one writer's whole annual output at ten cents a word. This particular profieree preierred liberty. Vany do not. The piece-work system of magazine writing may be depended upon to suppress individuality and check growth in a large number of writers.George Crane Cook, in the Chicago Evening Post.
Drawing Characters from Life. -,"I largely model my characters," says Owen Johnson, “after recognizable types; and this with malice aforethought. For the public, which acquires its realism through the papers, recognizes inconsistencies in the concrete individual where it will not proceed philosophically to abstract generalizations.
Create out of the imagination a character such as John G. Slade in · The Sixty-first Second, lay down the bold proposition that amid the financial adventurers to-day there can be two periods, one a conscienceless, brutal, lawless seizing of power, and the second a constructive period, when the same man, his power acquired, can turn with equal enthusiasm to projects of national good, and the thesis would be rejected as impossible and indefensible. But give to the character certain points of resemblance to three or four great promoters in the public eye, and the reader, adjusting the character of fiction to the characters in the day's news with which he is familiar, proceeds without irritation.
“I do not mean to say that my characters are close transcripts from living persons. This is very rarely true. Usually three to six personalities of the same general condition will be drawn upon and the character evolved, just as the artist builds his landscape from several sketches. Of course to the professional this is the commonest A, B, C Balzac is full of recognizable portraits, such as those of George Sand and Alired de Musset. Even lately in the old police records which Stoddard Dewey has been investigating have been found the records of that most highly colored character
LITERARY ARTICLES IN PERIODICALS.
THE TRIBULATIONS OF AN AMATEUR BOOK BUYER. Juhn L. Hervey. Atlantic for September.
THE LUSINESS MAN IN ENGLISH NOVELS. William wrthur Gill. Atlantic for September.
LETTERS OF WILLIAM VAUGHN Moody. II. Atlan. tic for September. AMERICANISMS, REAL OR REPUTED. Thomas
R. Lounsbury. Harper's Magazine for September.
A l'isit TO WHISTLER. Maria Torrilhon Buel. Century for September.
THE SPIRIT OF THE CENTURY, Topics of the Time, Century for September,
LIVING ENGLISH Poets. R. A. Scott-James. North American Reviete for September.
LILE PICTURES OF O. HENRY. IV. Bookman for September.
EMIL VERHAEREIV. F. Theis. North American Recicu' for September,
New WOXDERS OF PHOTOGRAPHY. W. N. Taft. World's il'ork for September.
Some New ANECDOTES OF MARK TWAIN. Illustiated. Marion Schuyler Allen. Strand for September.
THE LOVE OF POETRY. Laura Spencer Portor. W’oman's Home Companion for September.
RUDYARD KIPLING'S POETRY. Forum for September.
THE AMERICAN NEWSPAPER AND ITS MAKING. Dr. Albert A. Snowden. American Industries for September.
MRS. ILUBERT BARCLAY AT HOME. Norma Bright Carson. Book News MonNily for September.
REPORTERS. Forrest Clark. Phonographic Magazine ior August.
EDICATION THROUGH READING. Dr. E. Benjamin Andrew's. Popular Science Monthly for August.
Ths POETY OF FRANCIS THOMPSON, Austin Har rison. English Review for August.
HENRI ROCHEFORT. John F. MacDonald. Contenporary Review for August. LITERATURE
DEMOCRACY. Mowry Saben. Forum for August.
ARNOLD BENNETT. The novelist of the Five Towns. R. A. Scott. James. Bellman for August 2. " THE Wisdom
Shaw." Richard Burton. Bellman for August 23.
THE OPTIMISM OF ROBERT Louis STEVENSON. Rev. John Reid Shannon, Ph.D., D. D. Zion's Herald for Jugust 13. CONFESSIONS
REFORMED DRAMATIC Critic. Julian Street. Illustrated. Harper's Weckly for August 16 and 23.
ORATORS Who Have INFLUENCED ME. DISRAELI. With portrait. T. P. O'Connor, M. P. Harper's Weckly for Jugust 23.
STRINDBERG AND THE ANGLO-SAXON MIND. With portrait. Edwin Björkman. Harper's Il’eekly for August 30. FOREIGN LESSONS
AMERICAN PLAYWRIGHTS. Arthur Hopkins. Harper's Il’eekly for August 30.
THE POETRY of Robert BRIDGES. Reprinted from the Quarterly Rezien in the Lizing Age for August 30.
Paul Armstrong, the playwright, dramatized Alias Jimmy Valentine " from 0. Henry's story in five days and has received royalties of $75,000 from the play, according to an affidavit filed in court. It was testified that the ideas, structural arrangements, and situations of the play were all suggested by George C. Tyler, of Liebler & Co., the producers of the play.
The Princess Troubetskoy, formerly Amélie Rives, suing for $3,000 damages an auto11!obilist whose car stuck her horse while she was riding last October, causing her to be thrown, says that she has lost $2,000 on account of the accident, through inability to fulfil a literary contract.
Alired Austin, the late poet laureate, for many years did his daily task as a journalist at home with the assistance of a telegraph wire run into his study sixty miles from the London Standard office. His instructions went over the wire, and his editorial article went to town by train. Sometimes he would telegraph the whole article.
William Lequieux, writing from Brussels to the receiver in whose hands his financial affairs have been put on petition of his wife, who claimed $1.500 arrears under the deed of separation, says he regrets he cannot attend the meeting of his creditors, as he is in Belgium,“ without the necessary funds to go to London."
“ Hawthorne and His Publisher," by Miss Caroline Ticknor, is a record of a long friendship between an author and his publisher.
In “ Oscar Wilde and Myself” Lord Alfred Douglas will seek not merely to give an analysis of the purely literary and artistic aspects of Wilde's work, but also to say something about the many prominent people that made up Wilde's circle in artistic London. He will also give a large number of anecdotes and sayings of Wilde, with drawings, facsimile letters, and other illustrations never before made public.
A biography entitled “Ouida : A Memoir," prepared by Viss Elizabeth Lee, will be published soon.
NEWS AND NOTES.
The $10,000 prize in the American play contest organized by Winthrop Ames will be awarded probably November 1. There were 1,617 manuscripts received.
Brand Whitlock has been named for minister to Belgiuni.
Arnold Bennett says that the royalties on the sales of his books last year in America alone were more than $100,000, and that he got as much more from the royalties on “ Milestones” and his other plays.
“The Early Life of Mark Rutherford hy Himself” is published by Humphrey Milford in London. Its autobiographical notes were written by Mr. White when he was seventyeight years old.
The Century Company is to publish this fall a study of “Beaumont the Dramatist' by Charles Mills Gayley, professor of the English language and literature in the University of California.
* William Morris," a study in personality, by Arthur Compton-Rickett, is published by E. P. Dutton & Co.
The music department of the General Federation of Women's Clubs offers a prize of histy dollars for the best music for the federation hymn, and the contest is open to any member of the federation until January I, 1914. It is desired that the music be written in two or three parts for women's voices.
The Rogers Peet Company, 842 Broadway, New York, is going to publish a boys' magazine, which Frank D. Halsey has in charge.
All Outdoors, a new quarterly, is published by the Outing Publishing Company, of New York, publisher of the Outing Magazine.
The Home Magazine is the title of a new magazine published in Chicago by Frank O. Balch, formerly publisher of Home Life.
Munsey's Magazine has stopped using serial stories and now prints a complete novel in each number.
The Watchman (Boston) and the Examiner ( New York), two well-known Baptist papers, have been consolidated. The consolidated paper is called the Watchman-Examiner and will be published from Boston and New York. Dr. Curtis Lee Laws has resigned his pastorate in Brooklyn to become the editor-in-chief. Dr. E. F. Merriam will have charge of the Boston office and the New England edition of the paper.
Norman Hapgood says in the first number of Harper's Weekly issued under his control : “We do not intend to use fiction to build up circulation in a way that would collect for us a mass of readers who care for little else."
Eugene Berry Watt, a young man who for two years has operated “The National Authors' Institute” in New York City, has been arrested on a charge of using the mails to deiraud, and has been put under $2,000 bonds for trial. The postal authorities say that Watt obtained about $20,000 by duping hundreds of inexperienced short-story writ
and moving-picture playwrights. He charged fees ranging from $2 to $50. Watt was convicted in 1908 for conducting a similar scheme and sentenced to two years in the Atlanta penitentiary, but his youth and promises to reform gained him a release on pa role.
Richard G. Radger and Gordon Badger and the Gorham Press, of Boston, have been made defendants in suit for $100,000 brought by David T. Smith, of Louisville, Ky., said to be an aged attorney, for alleged breach of contract in connection with the printing and publishing of a manuscript by Smith,
The story printed in the May number of Short Stories under the title “ Aft A-Gley," which Doubleday, Page, & Co. bought from James Fraser, of Edwardsville, Kansas, was really W. W. Jacobs' story, “Twin Spirits," published by Dodd, Mead & Co. in book form in 1901, in a volume entitled “Light Freights." Mr. Fraser denies any intent to plagiarize, and says he does not remember ever having read the story.
F. G. Browne & Co., Chicago, publishers, have incorporated under the name of Browne & Howell Co., with a capital stock of $60,000.
Hall Caine's latest novel appears in English, Bohemian, Danish, Dutch, Flemish, French, and Swedish, with other versions in German, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Polish, Spanish, and Yiddish soon to follow.
Miss Nell Speed died August 2 in Richmond, Va., aged thirty-three.
Michael Maybrick (“Stephen Adams") died at Buxton, in the Isle of Wight, August 25, aged sixty-nine.
Alice Miller Wicks (Mrs. Albert M. Kruger ) died in Philadelphia August 26.
Charles Chapin Sargent, Jr., died at Bedford, N. Y., August 26, aged thirty-nine.
A MONTHLY MAGAZINE TO INTEREST AND HELP ALL LITERARY WORKERS.
BOSTON, OCTOBER, 1913.
ENTERED AT THE BOSTON POST-OFFICE AS SECOND-CLASS MAIL MATTER.
PAGE COMMON ERRORS
145 STORIES THAT ARE NOT STORIES. William Ed. ward Park
Publishers' Contracts, 148 — Origin of Church
149 The Harpy Ending. Annie Bigoney Stewart . 149 WRITERS OF THE DAY
150 PERSONAL Gossip ABOUT AUTHORS
151 Robert Browning, 151 -“ Pierre de Coule. vain," 151 — Stewart Edward White
151 CURRENT LITERARY Topics ...
152 Editing for Girls, 152 - The End of the Story, 152 — Prices Paid for Poetry, 153 Scouting for New Authors, 153 -Names of Characters in Fiction, 154 — A“ New Style' in Journalism, 154 — Naming the “ World's Work," 155 — Increasing One's Vocabulary, 155 The Earnings of Writers, 156 – The Mission of the Novelist, 156 — Plays Now Written for Women, 157 - Writing an Opera, 157 The Editor Regrets,"
to both sexes. “Employé " and "employée" are French words, and the first cannot be applied to a woman or the second to a man.
Employé” is not properly written without an accented “é."
The German word “Kur" does not mean 'cure,” but “treatment," so that “Traubenkur," for instance, should not be translated grape-cure," but
grape-treatment." " To cure in English means restore to health ; to effect a cure,” but in other languages it means merely to apply “a method of remedial treatment of disease, medical or hygienic care; method of medical treatment.” The German word for “restoration to health” is “Heilung,” not“Kur.” The Latin word cura ” means merely care," a shade of meaning which is preserved in the derived term curator.” An Italian physician was made to say, when his article was translated into English: “I cured ten typhoid patients last month and six of them died.” What he feally said was that he had treated the patients.
The newspaper reporter who wrote of a statue of a guardian angel completed by a sculptor as monument for a cemetery :
The piece has been fashioned for a private party,” meant "for a private person.”
It is no more correct to say of a lady : She was beautifully gowned," than it would be to say of a
man that he handsomely coated, vested, and panted.
* Nom de plume" is a poor French phrase for “pseudonym,” or “pen name." It will be looked for in vain in a French dictionary. The French have the phrase “nom de guerre," meaning the sobriquet which in ancient times a soldier took when he enlisted, and by extension the phrase has come to be generally applied to a borrowed name under which a person is generally known. The phrase, nom de plume,” is no better be
COMMON ERRORS IN WRITING
CORRECTED. - XXVI.