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Farley of Simmons College, is the latest English grammar, and perhaps the best. It treats with unusual thoroughness the use of "shall” and "will," "should” and “would,” the infinitive and the infinitive clause, conditional sentences, indirect discourse, and the combination of clauses in sentences oi different kinds. The sentences used throughout the work as examples are taken from standard English and American writers, and the book is peculiarly fitted for use as a reference book in connection with work in English literature and in composition and rhetoric. Old usages found in the classic English writers are cited and explained in notes throughout the text.

BIRDS. By Emile Pickhardt. Illus. trated. 19 pp. Cloth. Boston : Sherman, French, & Co. 1912.

This attractive volume contains a score of bird poems, with illustrations, in which bird lovers will take delight. Mr. Pickhardt's verse is distinguished by poetic fancy and facility of expression which give it special charm.





freight. He wrote in reply : “Dear Sir : I observe that you spell “which' with a 't.' Yours truly.”

Mayor Gaynor, who in his hours of relaxation reads the Discourses, Encheiridion, and Fragments of Epictetus, and thus learns valuable lessons in private and public conduct, writes many letters, in fact he has been dubbed, * The Complete Letter Writer." Perhaps his epistles do not have the charm of Mme de Sévigné's correspondence, the sparkle of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu's letters, the malice of Horace Walpole or the urbanity of Lord Chesterfield, yet they are generally lucid, incisive, unmistakable. His remark about the abuse of adjectives may well be pondered by writers, young and old. Was it William Cobbett, that master of sinewy English, who said: “When a man comes to his adjectives I tremble for him”? One that uses adjectives loosely and thinks that every noun should be accompanied by a descriptive word may not be insincere, but his style loses force, the adjective often lessens the strength of the noun, the diction is slovenly.

It is said that Kinglake, writing his “Invasion of the Crimea," leit each morning blank spaces for adjectives. He then rode horseback and thought as he rode. Returning, he filled the spaces.

Yet Kinglake's style is prolix and often sophomorically rhetorical. It would have been better if he had written out his adjectives in the first draught and then done heroic surgery.

Mayor Gaynor is right : the fewer adjectives the better, and each adjective should be illuminative, the inevitable word. Mr. Seward may not have appreciated Lincoln's speech at Gettysburg, although he did not presume to suggest verbal corrections ; but when Mr. Seward before the civil war described the impending conflict as “irrepressible he chose the one, the fitting word. Boston Herald.

[Readers who send to the publishers of the periodicals indexed for copies of the periodicals containing the articles mentioned in the ' following reference list will confer a favor if they will mention The Writer.)


LETTERS OF WILLIAM VAUGHN Moody. Edited by Daniel Gregory Mason. Atlantic for August.

COMMON SENSE PRONUNCIATION. Robert J. Menner. Atlantic for August.

What MAKES A STORY GREAT. A Maurice Low. Harper's Magazine for August.

THE CRITICAL BOOKSTORE. (A story). William Dean Howells. Harper's Magazine for August. • ENGLAND's New DRAMATISTS. P. P. Howe. North American Review for August.

CORRESPONDENCE OF NIETZSCHE AND STRINDBERG. Herman Scheffauer. North American Review for August.

ROMAIN ROLLAND, AUTHOR OF Jean-CHRISTOPHE." With portrait. Alvan F. Sanborn. Century for Auglist.

O. HENRY IN His Own LETTERS. Arthur W. Page. Brokman for August.

Mrs. BARR AND HER STORY. Bookman for August. CRUB STREET IN Poe's Time, Bookman for August.

EDUCATION THROUGH READING. Dr. E. Benjamin Andrews. Popular Science Monthly for August.

WHEN McClure's BEGAN. Jeannette Gilder. McClure's for August.

ELIZABETH BARRETT BROWNING : WOMAN AND Poet. Emily Hickey. Nineteenth Century for July.

MINOR POETS AND THE LAUREATESHIP. T. H. S. Escott. Contemporary Review for July.



man Kittredge and Frank Edgar Farley. 333 pp. Cloth, 80 cents. Boston: Ginn & Company. 1913.

This advanced grammar, written by Professor Kittredge of Harvard and Professor

A REMEMPRANCE OF George Eliot. Mrs. W. K. Dr. Paul S. Reinsch, of the University of Clifford. Nineteenth Century for July.

Wisconsin, has been named as minister to JOEN Milton. Henry Newbolt. English Review

China. for July.

THE CORRESPONDENCE OF Nietzsche with BRAN- Frederic Courtland Penfield has been DES. Translated by Beatrice Marshall. English Re.

named as ambassador to Austria-Hungary, vietu for July. Writing PLAYS. Arnold Bennett. English Review

Included in the new British civil list penfor July.

sions are six hundred dollars a year to ArTRAILING BRET HARTE BY MOTOR. Peter B. Kyne. thur Symons, in consideration of the merit Sunset, Pacific Monthly for July.

of his writings and the breakdown of his The ReligiouS EXPERIENCES OF Robert Louis STEVENSON, David Marvin Key. Methodist Review

health ; an annuity of three hundred and for July.

seventy-five dollars to Miss Charlotte McA Woman's EXPERIENCE IN JOURNALISM. Mrs.

Carthy in consideration of the services to Juliet Strauss. National Printer-Journalist for July.

literature of her father, the late Justin McSocio-Economic DevelOPMENT AND THE EDITOR. Charles J. Downer. National Printer-Journalist for

arthy, M. P., and her inadequate means of July,

support ; and to Mrs. Jacinta Leigh Hunt GABRIELE D'ANNUNZIO. E. S. Romero-Todesco. Cheltnam, daughter of the late Leight Hunt, duthor ( London ) for July.

an annuity of two hundred and fifty dollars THE LETTERS OF AN ORDINARY AUTHOR. Collected

for similar reasons. and edited by John Haslette. Author ( London ) for July.

Five unpublished poems of Emily Brontë A SAD AGREEMENT. Author (London ) for July.

have been sold in London for nearly $200. ALFRED AUSTIN. Author ( London ) for July.

The three Brontë sisters once published a LORD AVEBURY, Author (London ) for July.

RABINDRANATH TAGORE, India's Greatest LIVING volume of poems. The trade returns at the PoET. With frontispiece portrait. Basanta Koomar end of a year showed that two copies had Roy. Open Court for July.

been sold, and the remainder of the edition. FROM POETRY TO PROSE. Richard Burton. Bell

was then given away to friends. man for July 5. BARRIE AND THE BARONETCY. Richard Burton. Lord Halsbury at the age of eighty-seve

even Bellman for July 12.

is undertaking the general editorship of A Happy Choice

LAUREATE. Bellman for

“The English Digest," a new work in which July 19.

LITERARY DIPLOMATS. Richard Burton. Bellman the whole case law of England, from early for July 19.

times to the present day, will be given in А PoET THE I. W. W. ( Arturo M. Giovan.

twenty-four volumes of from 800 to 900 pages nitti). Outlook for July 5.

each. For several years Lord Halsbury has Going THROUGH THE NEWSPAPER MILL. Roy S. Durstine. Outlook for July 5.

been editing another work, “ The Laws of POETRY AND

THE School. Harold Trowbridge England," in twenty-eight volumes. Puilsiier. 0:4tlook for July 5.

“The American Drama," a study of the POETRY AND THE Home. Carolyn Sherwin Bailey. Outlook for July 12.

pure native growth of recent years, by RichThe LAUREATESHIP. Reprinted from the London ard Burton, will be published by the T. Y. Times in the Living Age for July 12.

Crowell Co., in September.
The Fortunes of CITIZEN Creel (George Creel ).
With portrait.

• The Adventures of a Newspaper Man," Peter Clark Macfarlane. Collier's for July 19.

by Frank Dilmot, is published by E. P. Dut


Routledge will have ready in the autumn

A Dictionary of Universal Biography," by Dr. Robert Bridges has been chosen as Albert M. Hyamson. There will be about a England's new poet laureate.

quarter of a million brief entries. Louis Joseph Vance has returned to New John Lane has in press a biography of York after a nine-months' stay in Europe, Trollope by T. H. Escott, who was a perwith ninety pieces of baggage of one kind sonal friend of the novelist, and has color another and the manuscript of a new lected much material from others who knew novel.

Trollope well.




“ The Youth of Goethe,” by P. Hume Brown, is published by E. P. Dutton & Co.

“Swinburne : An Estimate," by Professor Drinkwater, is published by E. P. Dutton & Co.

The editor of the Associated Sunday Magazines (New York) wants traveling men to teil their own stories of the triumphs and tragedies, the problems and philosophies, o their everyday life and says : “We are willing to pay $100 in prizes to traveling men every two weeks as follows:

Twenty-five dollars for the best contribution ; twenty dollars for the second best ; fifteen dollars ior the third best ; ten dollars to two dollars for all others accepted.” Manuscripts are limited to one thousand words.

The largest literary prize on record is to be awarded at St. Petersburg in 1925. The prize amounts to $1.540,000 and it is to be given for the best history in any language dealing with the Czar Alexander I. In 1833 Alexander's most loyal helper, Araktcheef, deposited 50,000 rubles ( $25,000 ) in the Bank of St. Petersburg to be left at compound interest for ninety-two years for this award. A quarter of the sum is to be used in printing the winning manuscript and translating it into various languages and rewarding the next best work with a consolation prize. The winner will thus get well over $1,000,000.

L. A. Rankin & Co., 372 Boylston street, Boston, are going to publish a magazine for girls.

New York has a new magazine called the Bible Champion and published by the Bible League of America, with Rev. Dr. Jay Benson Hamilton as editor, its object being to rekindle faith in the old Bible stories.

Rev. Herbert B. Gwyn has resigned as editor of the Churchman, and Rev. Charles K. Gilbert, secretary of the New York Dio. cese Social Service Commission, will take charge of the paper for the present.

Charles Dwyer, for seven years editor of the Ladies' World, will become editor of the Woman's World ( Chicago ) September 1. Herbert Kaufman will continue his editorial contributions.

Arthur Page, son of Ambassador Walter H. Page, has succeeded his father as the editor of the World's Work, and has also taken over the work laid down by the late Henry Peyton Steger as literary executor of O. Henry.

August Harold Hedge will relinquish the editorship of the London Saturday Review at the end of this month, and its chief proprietor, Hon. Gervase Beckett, M. P., will become editor-in-chief, with the assistance of George A. B. Dewar as literary editor.

Little Folks and the Children's Magazine ( Salem, Mass.) have been combined.

The Chautauquan has become a weekly publication. The first number in the month will be devoted to magazine features, while the other three will be of the ordinary weekly nature.

The offices of Good Housekeeping, Hearst's, the Cosmopolitan, and Harper's Bazar have been removed from 381 Fourth avenue to 119 West 4oth street, New York.

The Caxton Society, Incorporated, publishers of the Caxton Magazine and books, at Chatham, N. Y., has filed a petition in bankruptcy with liabilities of $24,961, of which $17,143 are secured and $375 for salaries, and nominal assets of $42,674, including cash in bank, three dollars.

New light on William Vaughan Moody is shed by the letters from him to Daniel Gregory Mason, published in the Atlantic Monthly for August.

Mr. Howells, in the Study Chair” in Harper's Magazine for August, makes it clear that he deems the note of idealism to be iar less dominant in national literature now than it was when he was a youth.

The Red Book ( Chicago ) adds thirtytwo pages of reading matter with its August issue, and will now contain 208 pages in each number.

The estate of Alfred Austin amounts to $10,490.

Henri Rochefort died at Aix-les-Bains July 1, aged eighty-two.

Professor John Milne died at Newport, Isle of Wight, July 31, aged sixty-three.

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No. 9.




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PAGE DESCRIPTION Which Carries THE STORY ForWARD. Emma Younglove


with James Lane Allen ). James Ernest King. 130 THE DRAMA OF PURE EMOTION. Pierre Loving. 132 COMMON ERRORS WRITING CORRECTED. XXV. Edward B. Hughes


134 Author and Publisher, 134 — The Newspaper of the Future


Herbert Coolidge, 135 Robert Welles
Ritchie, 135 - Charles Saxby, 136 – Anne
Ueland Taylor, 136 — Louis Untermeyer, 136
- LeRoy Titus Weeks


137 Robert Bridges, 137 — · Lizzie York Case, 138

· William De Morgan, 138 - W. W. Jacobs, 139 - George Meredith, 139 — Henry Sienkiewicz, 139 - Oscar Wilde


140 The Policy of the Century Magazine, 140 — Limiting the Scope of Writers, 141 – Drawing Characters from Life, 142 — Advice to Playwrights


142 NEWS AND Notes


strong features," “a small man," "small eyes," small face,” “a little man," "development of the forehead," "shining eyes," these are all.

Almost all the pure description is devoted to expressions of countenance. The following are examples: Loungers with eager and mean curiosity in their faces – the expression in the faces of the circle around a dog worrying a rat to death." “A small, slouchy man with a terrier face and small eyes, wicked but humorous and good-natured. He went toward

young Senator Clarke with a grin of amused and cruel pleasure on his small, intensely energetic face. This expression changed to affable, faintly respectful kindliness as he stood beside the young man — stood where Clarke might see."

This last sentence affords an illustration of another peculiarity of these descriptions -- their merging into narration. Often and often is change of expression noted, sometimes briefly, sometimes exhaustively: Clarke listened with a disgusted, disdainful expression that gradually changed to amusement.” “At the sound she turned her head and burst into a radiant smile." “ The look of stormy resolution abruptly left his face, to be replaced by an expression of weakness that was grotesque, so ill did it fit his strong features.”

A curious interweaving of narration and description occurs when description is wrought of relating effects which are complished: “So madly in love with her that every one who them together knew it." Could there be a more vivid description? “They were shining, intensely alive eyes. As she looked at him, welcoming him so dazzlingly, the expression of shamed, self-despising vacillation returned to his face.”

“ Clarke





David Graham Phillips, a most virile writer, avoids description almost entirely in some of his stories; in others he uses it freely. Making a study of the descriptive portions, phrases, and sentences from “The Bribe," published in the Cosmopolitan for January, 1911, I found that they contained a thousand words, about one-sixth of the total number in the story.

But such descriptions !

Only a very few briei phrases have to do with merely physical characteristics, and

these have certain significance:




steadily at Jessica Bushrod without speaking. The smile died from her face. Into her eyes came a fascinated, frightened expression, and her lips and her cheeks suggested that they were burning with the fire of invisible kisses."

The close of this quotation illustrates an

other phase of these descriptions — their suggestiveness, usually of dynamic quality: “The look was speech, vigorous speech — a concentrated essence of negation."

Such descriptions as these have value in narration, they carry the story forward. VENTURA, Calif.

Emma Younglove.





Very vital


James Lane Allen, at work in Boston this go to a second body of workers, nearly all summer, foretells an expansion of American of whom are distributed among the newsperiodical literature, and scouts 'Ambassa- papers of the country. The critics receive dor Page's idea that a shrinkage is either the output of the creative workers, and imminent or desirable. As for the recent ther, too, for the most part at least, are changes in the staff and management of deeply in earnest, perfectly sincere, and many New York periodicals, he finds them resolved to do their best. Thus there are but natural in the life history of any monthly vast bodies of contemporary workers or weekly. A magazine simply dies of old related each other in age on account of laws which we

way. reach," says Dr. Allen. The fact that a “ The total result of this relation may be number of such deaths have occurred of broken into many partial results. One is late he takes as evidence that American that the sympathies of the body of critics periodicals are in a state of transition. They pass by way of the books over to the great are adjusting themselves to the developing body of creative workers. This is the first standards of the reading public. Soon they and chief value of such criticism that it will emerge,

more numerous, better suited puts new life into the authors. This result to the needs of the age, and endowed with is direct and positive and of incalculable the vigor of a new birth.

value to the body of workers. Mr. Allen is “working," not “living,” in “ Juthors cannot live on anything but an ivy-grown house on Newbury street. sympathies, nor does

any other human There the interviewer sought him out. The being, doing any other work, live on anyleading topic for the interview the author thing but sympathy in what he does. So chose himself -- the relations of authors to that you may put down all the sympathies the newspaper critics of authors.

over from the critics

to the “ The subject is of great importance,” he writers as the foremost vital and absolutely premised, “ both to the large body of work- indispensable intluence

the creative ers trying to produce American literature, workers and on the literature of their time. and to that other immense body of work- Consider what is the channel this iners organized to make known the value of fuence takes. An author puts out a book. it to a vast public. Here, first, is a body His publishers distribute it broadcast to of creative workers who are in large meas- the leading newspaper offices of our entire ure perfectly sincere, very serious, and literary world. In each office is a critic. intent upon doing their best, whatever that Within three months, at most, the verdict of best may be. The results of their labor every critic in the land has reached the

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