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(d) The term “association ” means a Federal Savings and Loan Association chartered by the Board as provided in section 5 of this Act.

REPEAL OF DIRECT LOAN PROVISION OF FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK ACT

Sec. 3. Subsection (d) of section 4 of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act (providing for direct loans to home owners) is hereby repealed.

CREATION OF HOME OWNERS' LOAN CORPORATION Sec. 4. (a) The Board is hereby authorized and directed to create a corporation to be known as the Home Owners' Loan Corporation, which shall be an instrumentality of the United States, which shall have authority to sue and to be sued in any court of competent jurisdiction, Federal or State, and which shall be under the direction of the Board and operated by it under such bylaws, rules, and regulations as it may prescribe for the accomplishment of the purposes and intent of this section. The members of the Board shall constitute the board of directors of the Corporation and shall serve as such directors without additional compensation.

(b) The Board shall determine the minimum amount of capital stock of the Corporation and is authorized to increase such capital stock from time to time in such amounts as may be necessary, but not to exceed in the aggregate $200,000,000. Such stock shall be subscribed for by the Secretary of the Treasury on behalf of the United States, and payments for such subscriptions shall be subject to call in whole or in part by the Board and shall be made at such time or times as the Secretary of the Treasury deems advisable. The Corporation shall issue to the Secretary of the Treasury receipts for payments by him for or on account of such stock, and such receipts shall be evidence of the stock ownership of the United States. In order to enable the Secretary of the Treasury to make such payments when called, the Reconstruction Finance Corporation is authorized and directed to allocate and make available to the Secretary of the Treas. ury the sum of $200,000,000, or so much thereof as may be necessary, and for such purpose the amount of the notes, bonds, debentures, or other such obligations which the Reconstruction Finance Corporation is authorized and empowered under section 9 of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation Act, as amended, to have outstanding at any one time, is hereby increased by such amounts as may be necessary.

(c) In order to provide for applications heretofore filed, for applications filed within thirty days after this amendment takes effect, and for carrying out the other purposes of this section, the Corporation is authorized to issue bonds in an aggregate amount not to exceed $4,750,000,000, which may be exchanged as hereinafter provided, or which may be sold by the Corporation to obtain funds for carrying out the purposes of this section or for the redemption of any of its outstanding bonds; and the Corporation is further authorized to increase its total bond issue for the purpose of retiring its outstanding bonds by an amount equal to the amount of the bonds to be so retired (except bonds retired from payments of principal on loans), such retirement to be at maturity or by call or purchase or exchange or any method prescribed by the Board with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury: Provided, That no bonds issued under this subsection, as amended, shall have a maturity date later than 1952. Such bonds shall be in such forms and denominations, shall mature within such periods of not more than eighteen years from the date of their issue, shall bear such rates of interest not exceeding 4 per centum per annum, shall be subject to such terms and conditions, and shall be issued in such manner and sold at such prices, as may be

prescribed by the Corporation, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury. Such bonds shall be fully and unconditionally guaranteed both as to interest and principal by the United States, and such guaranty shall be expressed on the face thereof, and such bonds shall be lawful investments, and may be accepted as security, for all fiduciary, trust, and public funds, the investment or deposit of which shall be under the authority or control of the United States or any officer or officers thereof. In the event that the Corporation shall be unable to pay upon demand, when due, the principal of, or interest on, such bonds, the Secretary of the Treasury shall pay to the holder the amount thereof which is hereby authorized to be appropriated out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, and thereupon to the extent of the amount so paid the Secretary of the

Treasury shall succeed to all the rights of the holders of such bonds. The Secretary of the Treasury, in his discretion, is authorized to purchase any bonds of the Corporation issued under this subsection which are guaranteed as to interest and principal, and for such purpose the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to use as a public-debt transaction the proceeds from the sale of any securities hereafter issued under the Second Liberty Bond Act, as amended, and the purposes for which securities may be issued under such Act, as amended, are extended to include any purchases of the Corporation's bonds hereunder. The Secretary of the Treasury may, at any time, sell any of the bonds of the Corporation acquired by him under this subsection. All redemptions, purchases, and sales by the Secretary of the Treasury of the bonds of the Corporation shall be treated as public-debt transactions of the United States. The bonds issued by the Corporation under this subsection shall be exempt, both as to principal and interest from all taxation (except surtaxes, estate, inheritance, and gift taxes) now or hereafter imposed by the United States or any District, Territory, dependency, or possession thereof, or by any State, county, municipality, or local taxing authority. The Corporation, including its franchise, its capital, reserves and surplus, and its loans and income, shall likewise be exempt from such taxation; except that any real property of the Corporation shall be subject to taxation to the same extent, according to its value, as other real property is taxed. No such bonds shall be issued in excess of the assets of the Corporation, including the assets to be obtained from the proceeds of such bonds, but a failure to comply with this provision shall not invalidate the bonds or the guaranty of the same. The Corporation shall have power to purchase in the open market at any time and at any price not to exceed par any of the bonds issued by it. Any such bonds. so purchased may, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, be sold or resold at any time and at any price. For a period of six months after the date this subsection, as amended, takes effect, the Corporation is authorized to refund any of its bonds issued prior to such date or any bonds issued after such date in compliance with commitments of the Corporation outstanding on such date, upon application of the holders thereof, by exchanging therefor bonds of an equal face amount issued by the Corporation under this subsection as amended, and bearing interest at such rate as may be prescribed by the Corporation with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury; but such rate shall not be less than that first fixed after this subsection, as amended, takes effect on bonds exchanged by the Corporation for home mortgages. For the purpose of such refunding the Corporation is further authorized to increase its total bond issue in an amount equal to the amount of the bonds so refunded. Nothing in this subsection, as amended, shall be construed to prevent the Corporation from issuing bonds in compliance with commitments of the Corporation on the date this subsection, as amended, takes effect.

(d) The Corporation is authorized, for a period of three years after the date of enactment of this Act, (1) to acquire in exchange for bonds issued by it, home mortgages and other obligations and liens secured by real estate (including the interest of a vendor under a purchase-money mortgage or contract) recorded or filed in the proper office or executed prior to the date of the enactment of this Act, and (2) in connection with any such exchange, to make advances in cash to pay the taxes and assessments on the real estate, to provide for necessary maintenance and make necessary repairs, to meet the incidental expenses of the transaction, and to pay such amounts, 'not exceeding $50, to the holder of the mortgage, obligation, or lien 'acquired as may be the difference between the face value of the bonds exchanged plus accrued interest thereon and the purchase price of the mortgage, obligation, or lien. The face value of the bonds so exchanged plus accrued interest thereon and the cash so advanced shall not exceed in any case $14,000, or 80 per centum of the value of the real estate as determined by an appraisal made by the Corporation, whichever is the smaller. In any case in which the amount of the face value of the bonds exchanged plus accrued interest thereon and the cash advanced is less than the amount the home owner owes with respect to the home mortgage or other obligation or lien so acquired by the Corporation, the Corporation shall credit the difference between such amounts to the home owner and shall reduce the amount owed by the home owner to the Corporation to that extent. Each home mortgage or other obligation or lien so acquired shall be carried as a first lien or refinanced as a home mortgage by the Corporation on the basis of the price paid therefor by the Corporation, and shall be amortized by means of monthly payments sufficient to retire the interest and principal within a period of not to exceed fifteen years; but the amortization payments of any home owner may be made quarterly, semiannually, or annually, if in the judgment of the Corporation the situation of the home owner requires it. Interest on the unpaid balance of the obligation of the home owner to the Corporation shall be at a rate not exceeding 5 per centum per annum. The Corporation may at any time grant an extension of time to any home owner for the payment of any

• Sec. 4. (c) of Home Owners' Loan Act of 1933 read originally as follows:

“ The Corporation is authorized to issue bonds in an aggregate amount not to exceed $2,000,000,000, which may be sold by the Corporation to obtain funds for carrying out the purposes of this section, or exchanged as hereinafter provided. Such bonds shall be issued in such denominations as the Board shall prescribe, shall mature within a period of not more than eighteen years from the date of their issue, shall bear interest at a rate not to exceed 4 per centum per annum, and shall be fully and unconditionally guaranteed as to interest only by the United States, and such guaranty shall be expressed on the lace thereof. In the event that the Corporation shall be unable to pay upon demand, when due, the interest on any such bonds, the Secretary of the Treasury shall pay to the Corporation the amount of such interest, which is hereby authorized to be appropriated out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, and the Corporation shall pay the amount of such interest to the holders of the bonds. Upon the payment of such interest by the Secretary of the Treasury the amount so paid shall becoine an obligation to the United States of the Corporation and shall bear interest at the same rate as that borne by the bonds upon which the interest has been so paid. The bunds issued by the Corporation under this subsection shall be exempt, both as to principal and interest, from all taxation (except surtaxes, estate, inheritance, and gift taxes) now or hereafter imposed by the United States or any District, Territory, dependency, or possession thereof, or by any State, county, municipality, or local taxing authority. The Corporation, in cluding its franchise, its capital, reserves and surplus, and its loans and income, shall likewise be exempt from such taxation ; except that any real property of the Corporation shall be subject to taxation to the same extent, according to its value, as other real property is taxed."

Sec. 1 (a) of An Act to Guarantee the Bonds of the Home Owners' Loan Corporation amended sec. 4 (c) of the Home Owners' Loan Act of 1933 to read as above set forth in the text, except that the first sentence of the amendment made by sec. 1 (a) of An Act to Guarantee the Bonds of the Home Owners' Loan Corporation read as follows:

"(c) The Corporation is authorized to issue bonds in an aggregate amount not to exceed $2,000,000,000, which may be sold by the Corporation to obtain funds for carrying out the purposes of this section, or exchanged as hereinafter provided."

Sec. 1 (b) of An Act to Guarantee the Bonds of the Home Owners' Loan Corporation provided that the amendments made to sec. (c) of the Home Owners' Loan Act of 1933 by sec. 1 (a) of An Act to Guarantee the Bonds of the Home Owners' Loan Corporation (except with respect to refunding) shall not apply to any bonds issued prior to Apr. 27, 1934, by the Home Owners' Loan Corporation under such sec. 4.(c), or to any bonds issued after Apr.

27, 1934, in compliance with commitments of the Corporation outstanding on Apr. 27, 1934.

Sec. 506 (a) of the National Housing Act amended the first sentence of sec. 4 (c) of the Home Owners' Loan Act of 1933, as amended, to read as folllows:

"(c) The Corporation is authorized to issue bonds in an aggregate amount not to exceed $3,000,000,000, which may be exchanged as hereinafter provided, or which may be sold by the Corporation to obtain funds for carrying out the purposes of this sec tion or for the redemption of any of its outstanding bonds called in for retirement; and the Corporation is further authorized to increase its total bond issue in an amount equal to the amount of the bonds so called in and retired."

Sec. 11 of An Act to Provide Additional Home-Mortgage Relief amended the Arst sentence of sec. 4 (c) of the Home Owners' Loan Act of 1933, as amended, to read as above set forth in the text.

installment of principal or interest owed by him to the Corporation if, in the judgment of the Corporation, the circumstances of the home owner and the condition of the security justify such extension.* As used in this subsection, the term “real estate" includes only real estate held in fee simple or on a leasehold (1) under a lease for not less than ninety-nine years which is renewable, or (2) under a lease having a period of not less than fifty years to run from the date the mortgage was executed, upon which there is located a dwelling or dwellings for not more than four families, which is used in whole or in part by the owner as a home or held by him as his homestead, and which has a value of not to exceed $20,000.5 No discrimination shall be made under this Act against any home mortgage by reason of the fact that the real estate securing such mortgage is located in a municipality, county, or taxing district which is in default upon any of its obligations.

• As amended by sec. 3 of An Act to Guarantee the Bonds of the Home Owners' Loan Corporation, deleting from the end of the sixth sentence of sec. 4(d) of the Home Owners' Loan Act of 1933 the words " and no payment of any installment of principal shall be required during the period of three years from the date this Act takes effect it the home owner shall not be in default with respect to any other condition or covenant of his mortgage."

6 The seventh sentence of sec. 4(d) of the Home Owners' Loan Act of 1933 read originally as follows:

"As used in this subsection, the term 'real estate' includes only real estate held in fee simple or on a leasehold under a lease renewable for not less than ninety-nine years, upon which there is located a dwelling for not more than four families used by the owner as a home or held by him as a homestead and having a value not exceeding $20.000."

The seventh sentence of sec. 4 (d) of the Home Owners' Loan Act of 1933 was amended by sec. 508 (b) of the National Housing Act to read as follows: (sec. 508 (b) incorrectly states that the following amendment was made to sec. 4 (c) of the Home Owners' Loan Act of 1933):

"As used in this subsection, the term 'real estate includes only real estate held in fee simple or on a leasehold (1) under a lease for not less than ninety-nine years which is renewable, or (2) under a léase having a period of not less than fifty years to run from the date the mortgage was executed, upon which there is located a dwelling for not more than four families used by the owner as a home or held by him as a homestead and having a value not exceeding $20,000.".

Sec. 10 of An Act to Provide Additional Home-Mortgage Relief amended the seventh sentence of sec. 4 (d) of the Home Owners' Loan Act of 1933, as amended, to read as above set forth in the text.

For the purposes of this Act, levies of assessments upon real property, made by any special district organized in any State for public improvements, shall be treated as general-tax levies are treated. The Board shall determine the reasonableness of the total annual burden of taxes and assessments of all kinds upon any property offered as security for the payment of a loan made by the Corporation and the effect of the total levies upon the loanable value of such property, but no deduction shall be made from the loanable value of any property for levies not due at the time of making such loan in any instance where the total annual taxes and assessments borne by the said property for all purposes does not exceed a sum which, in the discretion of the Board, is a reasonable annual tax burden for such property.

(e) The Corporation is further authorized, for a period of three years from the date of enactment of this Act, to make loans in cash subject to the same limitations and for the same purposes for which cash advances may be made under subsection (d) of this section, in cases where the property is not otherwise encumbered; but no such loan shall exceed 50 per centum of the value of the property securing the same as determined upon an appraisal made by the Corporation. Each such loan shall be secured by a duly recorded home mortgage, and shall bear interest at the same rate and shall be subject to the same provisions with respect to amortization and extensions as are applicable in the case of obligations refinanced under subsection (d) of this section.

(f) The Corporation is further authorized, for a period of three years from the date of enactment of this Act, in any case in which the holder of a home mortgage or other obligation or lien eligible for exchange under subsection (d) of this section does not accept the bonds of the Corporation in exchange as provided in such subsection and in which the Corporation finds that the home owner cannot obtain a loan from ordinary lending agencies, to make cash advances to such home owner in an amount not to exceed 40 per centum of the value of the property for the purposes specified in such subsection (d). Each such loan shall be secured by a duly recorded home mortgage and shall bear interest at a rate of interest which shall be uniform throughout the United States, but which in no event shall exceed a rate of 6 per centum per annum, and shall be subject to the same provisions with respect to amortization and extensions as are applicable in cases of obligations refinanced under subsection (d) of this section.

(g) The Corporation is further authorized to exchange bonds and to advance cash to redeem or recover homes lost by the owners by foreclosure or forced sale by a trustee under a deed of trust or under power of attorney, or by voluntary surrender to the mortgagee sub

& This paragraph was added by sec. 12 of An Act to Provide Additional Home-Mortgage Relief.

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