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INSURANCE OF SAVINGS AND 'LOAN ACCOUNTS 1
SEC. 401. As used in this title
(a) The term “insured institution" means an institution whose accounts are insured under this title.
(b) The term “insured member" means an individual, partnership, association, or corporation which holds an insured account.
(c) The term " insured account” means a share, certificate, or deposit account of a type approved by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation which is held by an insured member in an insured institution and which is insured under the provisions of this title.
(d) The term “default” means an adjudication or other official determination of a court of competent jurisdiction or other public authority pursuant to which a conservator, receiver, or other legal custodian is appointed for an insured institution for the purpose of liquidation.
CREATION OF FEDERAL SAVINGS AND LOAN INSURANCE CORPORATION
Sec. 402. (a) There is hereby created a Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation (hereinafter referred to as the “Corporation"), which shall insure the accounts of institutions eligible for insurance as hereinafter provided, and shall be under the direction of a board of trustees to be composed of five members and operated by it under such bylaws, rules, and regulations as it may prescribe for carrying out the purposes of this title. The members of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board shall constitute the board of trustees of the Corporation and shall serve as such without additional compensation. The principal office of the Corporation shall be in the District of Columbia.
(b) The Corporation shall have a capital stock of $100,000,000, which shall be divided into shares of $100 each. The total amount of such capital stock shall be subscribed for by the Home Owners' Loan Corporation which is hereby authorized and directed to subscribe for such stock and make payment therefor in bonds of the Home Owners' Loan Corporation. The Corporation shall issue to
. the Home Owners' Loan Corporation receipts for payment for or on account of such stock, which shall serve as evidence of the ownership thereof, and the Home Owners' Loan Corporation shall be entitled to the payment of dividends on such stock out of net earnings at a rate equal to the interest rate on such bonds, which dividends shall be cumulative.
1 This is title IV and secs. 512 and 513 of title V of the National Housing Act (Public, No. 479, 73d Cong., H. R. 9620, approved June 27, 1934); as amended by An Act to Provide Additional Home-Mortgage Relief (Public, No. 76, 74th Cong., approved May 28, 1935).
(c) Upon the date of enactment of this Act, the Corporation shall become a body corporate, and shall be an instrumentality of the United States, and as such shall have power
(1) To adopt and use a corporate seal.
4) To sue and be sued, complain and defend, in any court of law or equity, State or Federal.
(5) To appoint and to fix the compensation, by its board of trustees, of such officers, employees, attorneys, or agents, as shall be necessary for the performance of its duties under this title, without regard to the provisions of any other laws relating to the employment or compensation of officers or employees of the United States. Nothing in this title or any other provision of law shall be construed to prevent the appointment and compensation as an officer, attorney, or employee of the Corporation, of any officer, attorney, or employee of any board, corporation, commission, establishment, executive department, or instrumentality of the Government. The Corporation, with the consent of any board, corporation, commission, establishment, executive department, or instrumentality of the Government, including any field services thereof, may avail itself of the use of information, services, and facilities thereof in carrying out the provisions of this title. The Corporation shall be entitled to the free use of the United States mails for its official business in the same manner as the executive departments of the Government, and shall determine its necessary expenditures under this Act and the manner in which the same shall be incurred, allowed, and paid, without regard to the provisions of any other law governing the expendi
ture of public funds.? (d) For the purposes of this title, the Corporation shall have power to borrow money, and to issue notes, bonds, debentures, or other such obligations upon such terms and conditions as the board of trustees may determine. Moneys of the Corporation not required for current operations shall be deposited in the Treasury of the United States, or upon the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, in any Federal Reserve bank, or shall be invested in obligations of, or guaranteed as to principal and interest by, the United States. When designated for that purpose by the Secretary of the Treasury, the Corporation shall be a depositary of public money under such regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, and may also be employed as fiscal agent of the United States, and it shall perform all such reasonable duties as depositary of public money and fiscal agent as may be required of it.
(e) All notes, bonds, debentures, or other such obligations issued by the Corporation shall be exempt, both as to principal and interest, from all taxation (except surtaxes, estate, inheritance, and gift taxes) now or hereafter imposed by the United States, by any Territory, dependency, or possession thereof, or by any State, county, municipality, or local taxing authority. The Corporation, including its franchise, capital, reserves, surplus, and income, shall be exempt from
The last sentence was added by sec. 22 of An Act to provide Additional Home-Mortgage Relief.
all taxation now or hereafter imposed by the United States, by any Territory, dependency, or possession thereof, or by any State, county, municipality, or local taxing authority; except that any real property of the Corporation shall be subject to State, territorial, county, municipal, or local taxation to the same extent according to its value as other real property is taxed.
(f) The Corporation shall make an annual report of its operations to the Congress as soon as practicable after the 1st day of January in each year.
(g) No individual, association, partnership, or corporation shall use the words “ Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation or any combination of any of these words which would have the effect of leading the public in general to believe there was any connection, actually not existing, between such individual, association, partnership, or corporation and the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation, as the name under which he or it shall hereafter do business. No individual, association, partnership, or corporation shall advertise or otherwise represent falsely by any device whatsoever that his or its accounts are insured or in anywise guaranteed by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation, or by the Government of the United States, or by any instrumentality thereof; and no insured member shall advertise or otherwise represent falsely by any device whatsoever the extent to which or the manner in which its accounts are insured by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation. Every individual, partnership, association, or corporation violating this subsection shall be punished by a fine of not exceeding $1,000, or by imprisonment not exceeding one year, or both.
INSURANCE OF ACCOUNTS AND ELIGIBILITY PROVISIONS
Sec. 403. (a) It shall be the duty of the Corporation to insure the accounts of all Federal savings and loan associations, and it may insure the accounts of building and loan, savings and loan, and homestead associations and cooperative banks organized and operated according to the laws of the State, District, or Territory in which they are chartered or organized.
(b)_Application for such insurance shall be made immediately by each Federal savings and loan association, and may be made at any time by other eligible institutions. Such applications shall be in such form as the Corporation shall prescribe, and shall contain an agreement (1) to pay the reasonable cost of such examinations as the Corporation shall deem necessary in connection with such insurance, and (2) if the insurance is granted, to permit and pay the cost of such examinations as in the judgment of the Corporation may from time to time be necessary for its protection and the protection of other insured institutions, to permit the Corporation to have access to any information or report with respect to any examination made by any public regulatory authority and to furnish any additional information with respect thereto as the Corporation may require, and to pay the premium charges for insurance as hereinafter provided. Each applicant for such insurance shall also file with its application an agreement that during the period that the insurance is in force it will not make any loans beyond fifty miles from its
principal office except with the approval of, and pursuant to regulations of, the Corporation, but any applicant which, prior to the date of enactment of this Act, has been permitted to make loans beyond such fifty mile limit may continue to make loans within the territory in which the applicant is operating on such date; will not, after it becomes an insured institution, issue securities which guarantee a definite return or which have a definite maturity except with the specific approval of the Corporation, or issue any securities the form of which has not been approved by the Corporation; will not carry on any sales plan or practices, or any advertising, in violation of regulations to be made by the Corporation; will provide adequate reserves satisfactory to the Corporation, to be established in accordance with regulations made by the Corporation, before paying dividends to its insured members; but such regulations shall require the building up of reserves to 5 per centum of all insured accounts within å reasonable period, not exceeding twenty years, and shall prohibit the payment of dividends from such reserves, or the pay: ment of any dividends if any losses are chargeable to such reserves : Provided, That for any year dividends may be declared and paid when losses are chargeable to such reserves if the declaration of such dividends in such case is approved by the Corporation.*
(c) The Corporation shall reject the application of any applicant if it finds that the capital of the applicant is impaired or that its financial policies or management are unsafe; and the Corporation may reject the application of any applicant if it finds that the character of the management of the applicant or its home financing policy is inconsistent with economical home financing or with the purposes of this title. Upon the approval of any application for insurance the Corporation shall notify the applicant, and upon the payment of the initial premium charge for such insurance, as provided in section 404, the Corporation shall issue to the applicant a certificate stating that it has become an insured institution. In considering applications for such insurance the Corporation shall give full consideration to all factors in connection with the financial condition of applicants and insured institutions, and shall have power to make such adjustments in their financial statements as the Corporation finds to be necessary.
(d) Any applicant which applies for insurance under this title after the first year of the operation of the Corporation shall pay an admission fee based upon the reserve fund of the Corporation, which, in the judgment of the Corporation, is an equitable contribution.
PREMIUMS ON INSURANCE
SEC. 404. (a) Each institution whose application for insurance is approved by the Corporation shall pay to the Corporation, in such manner as it shall prescribe, a premium charge for such insurance equal to one-eighth of 1 per centum of the total amount of all accounts of the insured members of such institution plus any creditor obligations of such institution. Such premium shall be paid at the time the certificate is issued by the Corporation under section 403, and thereafter annually until a reserve fund has been established by the Corporation equal to 5 per centum of all insured accounts and creditor obligations of all insured institutions; except that under regulations prescribed by the Corporation such premium charge may be paid semiannually. If at any time such reserve fund falls below such 5 per centum, the payment of such annual premium charge for insurance shall be resumed and shall be continued until the reserve is brought back to such 5 per centum. For the purposes of this subsection, the amount in all accounts of insured members and the amount of creditor obligations of any institution may be determined from adjusted statements made within one year prior to the approval of the application of such institution for insurance, or in such other manner as the Corporation may by rules and regulations prescribe.
: As amended by src. 23 of An Act to Provide Additional Home-Mortgage Relief. Formerly this phrase read “not exceeding ten years.".
* As amended by sec. 23 of An Act to Provide Additional Home-Mortgage Relief. Sec. 403 (b) of the National Housing Act originally ended with the phrase "chargeable to such reserves."
6 As amended by sec. 24 of An Act to Provide Additional Home-Mortgage Relief. Sec. 403 (d) originally read as follows:
"(d) Any applicant which applies for insurance under this title after the first year of the operation of the Corporation, shall pay an admission fee based upon the reserve fund of the applicant which, in the judgment of the Corporation, is an equitable contribution."
(b) The Corporation is further authorized to assess against each insured institution additional premiums for insurance until the amount of such premiums equals the amount of all losses and expenses of the Corporation; except that the total amount so assessed in any one year against any such institution shall not exceed oneeighth o of 1 per centum of the total amount of the accounts of its insured members and its creditor obligations.
(c) Each insured institution which has paid a premium charge in excess of one-eighth of 1 per centum of the total amount of the accounts of its insured members and its creditor obligations shall be credited on its future premiums with an amount equal to the total amount of such excess."
PAYMENT OF INSURANCE
Sec. 405. (a) Each institution whose application for insurance under this title is approved by the Corporation shall be entitled to insurance up to the full withdrawal or repurchasable value of the accounts of each of its members and investors (including individuals, partnerships, associations, and corporations) holding withdrawable or repurchasable shares, investment certificates, or deposits, in such insti. tution; except that no member or investor of any such institution shall be insured for an aggregate amount in excess of $5,000.
(b) In the event of a default by any insured institution the Corporation shall promptly determine the insured members thereof and the amount of their insured accounts, and shall make available to each of them, after notice by mail at his last-known address as shown by the books of the insured institution, and upon surrender and transfer to the Corporation of his insured account, either (1) a new insured account in an insured institution not in default, in an amount equal to the insured account so transferred, or (2) at the option of the insured member, the amount of his account which is insured under this sec
& As amended by sec. 25 (a) of An Act to provide Additional Home-Mortgage Relief. As originally enacted the word was one-fourth."
? Subsection (c) was added by sec. 25 (b) of An Act to Provide Additional HomeMortgage Relief.