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BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
Vincent P. Barabba, Director
Robert L. Hagan, Deputy Director James W. Turbitt, Associate Director for Field
Operations and User Services
DATA USER SERVICES DIVISION
Michael G. Garland, Chief
Preparation of this edition was
of manuscript for the printer. The Census Library, Dorothy W. Kaufman, Chief, also lent valuable assistance.
The cooperation of the many contributors to this volume and to the prior editions is gratefully acknowledged. Following the practice established by the prior editions, every data series shown in this volume is, to the extent possible, specifically identified by source as to issuing agency and/or individual author, publication title, publisher, and date of issue. Frequently all five items are shown; frequently additional information is given.
The bicentennial edition of Historical Statistics of the United States is the third in the series of volumes inaugurated in 1949. In both form and content, the bicentennial edition has drawn heavily from, and built upon, the two prior editions. Both the first volume, Historical Statistics of the United States, 1789 to 1945, issued in 1949, and the second volume, Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1957, issued in 1960, were prepared by the Bureau of the Census with the cooperation of the Social Science Research Council (SSRC). Although the SSRC did not participate in the preparation of the bicentennial edition, its cooperation in the first two volumes was invaluable in establishing those volumes as the basis for continuing work in the field of historical statistics. Similarly, the many individuals and agencies who made important and distinctive contributions to the first two volumes were instrumental in the preparation of the present one. Immediately following the table of contents, therefore, are reprinted the "official roster and credits" pages from the first two volumes. Also, incorporated within the "Acknowledgments for Chapter Contributions," under the title of each edition, are the credits to contributors as they appeared in the first two volumes.
Analytical review and editing of text tables was primarily the responsibility of Helen E. Teir, Assistant Chief, Statistical Compendia Staff, Data User Services Division. During the period January 1972 to June 1973, Elma D. Beynon was primarily responsible for obtaining the cooperation and assistance of the many subject consultants and for immediate supervision of compilation operations. Suzanne L. Worth assisted Mrs. Beynon and, from July 1973 to November 1974, was responsible for working with consultants and for supervision of the technical and clerical staff. Alma L. Butler, assisted by Kay Swenson, was responsible for final editing and preparation
Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970,
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents
Occupied units, vacancy rates, and price indexes
tries (P 301-317)-Output value of finished com-
and owned, world and United States (Q 473–480)—
Documented vessels, by region, type, and service
Aircraft production and exports (Q565-576)-
Domestic and international transportation (Q 577-
TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH SYSTEMS.
Telephones, conversations, and toll rates (R 1-16)
-Bell and independent companies, summary (R
17-45)-Western Union Telegraph Company,
summary (R 46-55)-Domestic and international
RADIO AND TELEVISION_
Stations, sets produced, and households with sets
(R 93-105)-Advertising expenditures, finances,
and employment (R 106-139)-Safety and special
radio stations (R 140-162).
POSTAL SERVICE, NEWSPAPERS, AND BOOKS.
Post offices, finances, material issued, mail handled,
and employees (R 163-187)--Postal rates (R 188-
191)-New books and new editions published (R
192-217)-Newsprint consumption, newspapers,
and periodicals (R 218-257).
Horsepower of prime movers (S 1-14)-Raw ma-
terial and fuel consumption (S 15-31)-Electric
energy production (S 32-52)-Electric generating
plants and installed capacity (S 53-94)-Fuel con-
sumption by electric utilities (S 95-107)-Electric
energy service, prices, and use (S 108-132)-
Finances of privately owned electric utilities (S 133–
146) Rural electrification (S 147-159)—Water
power (S 160-175)-Natural gas and gas utility and
pipeline industries (S 176-218).
Distribution and Services...
National income originating, persons engaged, and
average earnings (T 1-42)-Legal form of organiza-
tion (T 43-57)-Inventories (T 58-78)-Retail es-
tablishments, sales, and persons engaged, by kind of
business (T 79-196)-Sales of multiunit retail
firms (T 197-219)-Chain stores, retail trade
margins, and retail store sales (T 220-271)-De-
partment store indexes (T 272-273)-Wholesale
establishments, sales, expenses, and persons en-
gaged, by kind of business (T 274-371)-Wholesale
sales, stocks, and trade margins (T 372-390)—
Service establishments and receipts, by kind of
business (T 391-443)-Advertising volume, ex-
penditure indexes, and newspaper lineage (T444–
International Transactions and Foreign Commerce
INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTIONS AND FOREIGN AID.
Balance of international payments (U 1-25)—U.S.
investments abroad and foreign investments in U.S.
(U 26-74)-U.S. foreign grants and credits (U 75–
(Y 79–186)—Costs of presidential elections (Y 187–
and debt (Y 567-637)-Federal grants to State and
medical care, and life insurance (Y 998-1031).