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Thank you for the opportunity to present the Copyright Office budget request for fiscal year 2002.

We seek the funding necessary to permit the Copyright Office to administer the nation's copyright law and

provide expert policy assistance to Congress and the Executive Branch so that the nation maintains a strong

and effective copyright system - one that serves both owners and users of copyrighted works.

I would like to note at the outset that our budget request has been revised to some extent from our

original submission to take into account important planning and public service improvement activities in

which we are now engaged. As reported in the Librarian's May 14, 2001 reprogramming letter to the

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committee, the Copyright Office is withdrawing the CORDS Full Large-Scale Production request which

Fiscal Year 2002 Request Summary

To enable as to föly serve Congress and the American people, it is crocs: *06$

appropriation be increased from $92 m.Eon to $128 million - Si no less team eis :

appropriation of S13,771,000. We have growing policy support requirements to Congress and the Encore

Branch, as well as a growing regulatory workload from pessage of the Digital Elena Cepung

require adequate resources. The Office is requesting S12,836,815 in net appropriations and $1.0

offsetting collections authority. This represents a $3,668,843 million net appropriation in or the

fiscal 2001 net appropriation of 59,167,972. The increase is needed to preserve the No-Ya K

a further reduction and to fund $1,668,843 for mandatories and price level changes

The Copyright Office request for its Offsetting Collections Authority represents a decrease of

$1,620,000 from $23,500,000 to $21,880,000. The decrease is based on projected annual revenue read

$21,500,000 and expending $380,000 from the Copyright Office No-Year account. The Copyright of

believes that the fees collected from the public that are in the No-Year account should be retainiai

reinvested into providing improved services for the copyright community. As such, we strongly urge the

Congress to approve the retention of the No Year account funds for BPR implementation and information

technology improvements.

Approximately two-thirds of the Copyright Office budget is funded by fee receipts, primarily fees paid

for registering copyrighted works in the Office. In July 1999, we implemented a new fee schedule which

raised our basic registration fee by 50%, from $20 to $30. This fee increase has resulted in fewer copyright

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The policy and regulatory functions of the Office - activities benefitting the nation as a whole instead

of providing a specific service to an individual or organization - are funded by net appropriations. These

activities include support to the Congress and Executive branch agencies, legal and regulatory work under

the Copyright Act, and public education efforts.

Major Copyright Office Initiatives

The Copyright Office has two very important, closely-aligned, initiatives now underway. Both

initiatives - information technology planning and business process reengineering - will shape the Copyright

Office's future and its service to the American people. Just as the copyright law has had to adjust to

technological changes, our daily business operations and processes are challenged in similar ways.

1. Information Technology

We have begun a major reassessment and planning effort regarding our information technology (IT)

systems. The Copyright Office relies on the collection, processing, storage and presentation of information

to fulfill its duties under the U.S. Copyright Act. Information processing and products are critical in the

registration of claims to copyright, the recordation of documents pertaining to copyrighted works, statutory

licenses, and the Office's responsibilities as an agency of public record. Access to information is also the

basis for the substantive policy and regulatory work the Office performs for the U.S. Congress and the

executive branch.

Currently, the Copyright Office has more than 20 separate information systems. For the most part,

they have been developed separately and are not supportive of full information sharing and integration. Some Two principal factors will shape Copyright Office IT planning in the next few years. First, in order

to fully serve our customers, the Office needs to have its current public services available online to the

greatest extent possible. Second, last month we made a decision on the business process reengineering (BPR)

option we will pursue and will complete a BPR implementation plan this summer. This effort will result in

significant changes to our current processes, organization, and facilities. In addition, the changes will rely

heavily on the use of new technology, all of which will result in more effective and timely service to our

customers.

Our original direction on reengineering was to work within the confines of our existing IT structure.

The results of our reengineering work have shown us that we need to accelerate the Office's use of new

technology, not only for the processes impacted by reengineering, but for the entire Office. We need to

undertake a fundamental transformation in our public services: from paper and hard-copy based processing

to primarily electronic processing. Our processes must change from traditional manual capabilities to IT

enabled functions.

This year, through our Copyright Office Electronic Registration, Recordation and Deposit System

(CORDS), we will electronically receive about 30,000 digital works for registration. This is about 5 percent

of our total registrations. Now we need to broaden our IT approach so that electronic receipt and processing

becomes the primary way we register works. We will encourage that works submitted for registration be

submitted online. Once they are submitted, we will use technology to a much greater extent than we have,

to process them quickly and ensure a timely public record.

This not only helps the Copyright Office provide better public services, but is also is a key component

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collections through copyright registration and through the mandatory deposit provisions of section 407 of the

copyright law.

Our newly-formed Copyright Office Information Systems Working Group has just begun its work.

So that this critical initial planning can be completed and specific resource requirements identified, I am

requesting a modification in our Fiscal Year 2002 request.

Until we revise our overall IT strategy to respond to our new business processes, I believe we should

not proceed with funding for the CORDS Full Large-Scale Production System, as requested in our original

submission. We do need to maintain the CORDS system so that we can continue to provide an electronic

registration option for those now using it and others who wish to. I expect that usage of the current CORDS

system will increase in terms of the number of users and quantity and types of works registered. Yet, we do

not want to accelerate further development of CORDS until we establish an overall electronic delivery op

services strategy.

As discussed in the Librarian's recent reprogramming letter for the Copyright Office, I request that

the Office proceed as follows:

Permanently reprogram $620,000 savings from Marking and Tagging in Fiscal Year 2001 to

Information Technology Planning and Development. In the current fiscal year, these funds

would be used to conduct a requirements analysis which will provide us with an IT strategy

that: supports reengineering, redevelops our aging systems and expands the electronic delivery

of our public services. (Our Marking and Tagging requirements will continue to be met and

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