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In the past few years, we have invested steadily in our technology to the point where, as mentioned earlier, every employee has up-to-date hardware and software, and our internal network and data communications are among the best in government. That level of accomplishment allows us to reduce new hardware and software spending somewhat in fiscal years 2001 and 2002 to accommodate major systems development efforts. Thus, in fiscal years 2001 and 2002, we will:
migrate our mission-critical Budget Analysis Data System to a
automate or replace older systems for administrative processes,
further develop our intranet as a primary delivery mechanism for
update a limited number of network and desktop software
develop a secure facility to house confidential and sensitive data
Streamline Procurement - Our goal is to modernize our procurement process so that it is a streamlined, paperless process with greater emphasis on competition.
During fiscal year 2000, we investigated processes and supporting software used by other organizations and began redesigning our current procurement process. We are now implementing a new automated system for processing purchase requests, issuing purchase orders, and tracking obligations, orders, and payments to vendors.
Mr. Chairman, during the last two years we have worked very hard to meet the needs of the Congress and to rebuild our staff during a period of great competition in the
labor market. To do this, we have raised starting salaries for new graduates and undertaken a variety of efforts to make CBO a more desirable employer for talented economists and policy analysts. The budget increase you provided last year remedied our earlier financial problems and, along with our extensive efforts to reduce our nonpayroll costs, has allowed us to make good progress. Nonetheless, we are still having difficulty attracting new Ph.D.s, and we must maintain competitive wages for all our analysts in order to retain them. Our budget request will allow us to continue our progress and meet the goals we have set for ourselves.
We began to examine the concept of the “New Economy,” convening a conference of experts to examine trends in productivity, the effects of new technology on certain industries, and the implications of relatively strong productivity growth in 1995 through 1999 for monetary and fiscal policies. And we provided analyses in support of Congressional consideration of proposals relating to patients' rights, increasing the number of people covered by health insurance, military health care, national missile defense, federal national disaster insurance, and increasing the federal minimum wage.
The Congress's view of the quality of the agency's assistance in the budget process is made clear by the numerous times CBO was asked to testify and the many occasions on which it was asked by the Congress to provide answers on budget questions in the waning hours of the fiscal year 2001 budget process. During the year, CBO officials testified 14 times for a variety of committees, including several appearances before the House and Senate Budget Committees, House and Senate Appropriations Committees, House Ways and Means Committee, and other House and Senate legislative committees.
In 2000, we continued to publish our Budget Options report detailing hundreds of possible methods for reducing spending or raising revenues. The report also included a discussion of major proposals to increase spending or cut taxes that have been prompted by the emergence of large budget surpluses.
Work Priorities for Fiscal Years 2001 and 2002
As always, our emphasis must be on producing the budget projections, cost estimates, and other information that the Congress relies on to do its work. In particular, issues related to the projected budget surpluses have been prominent this year, and Social Security and Medicare reforms are expected to continue as priorities during this Congress. Tax issues will also likely require significant effort as the 2002 budget
In fiscal year 2001, CBO will produce long-range cost estimates and impact analyses of Social Security for both current law and what is expected to be a large number of reform proposals. As part of the agencywide effort to analyze Social Security reform options, we will expand and enhance our actuarial and microsimulation models for estimating Social Security over the long term (75 years). Our analytic agenda includes integrating analysis of the long-term macroeconomic effects and fiscal (budgeting) implications into our long-range models. And we will begin development
of long-range models for estimating Medicare. We anticipate a continuing high level
Other important policy work that will be completed in 2001 includes an analysis of
Also important to our work this year and next will be our access to new data on
Internal Management Strategy, Progress, and Priorities for 2001 and 2002
In addition to focusing directly on its mission, CBO, like any effective and highly
Enhancing Recruitment and Retention. During the next two years, we will expand
Strengthen Recruitment Strategy - Our goal has been to focus our efforts on
In 1998 the agency experienced an unusual number of vacancies and was
vacancies more quickly and to reach our fiscal year 2000 staffing objective of 225 staff years. Our program included:
raising offering salaries for new Ph.D. and Master's candidates
simplifying our application process and drastically shortening
creating a high-quality recruitment brochure for our college
developing new systems to track recruitment contacts and job
more aggressively advertising critical vacancies and beginning
We also expanded the number of schools where we recruit and began sending recruitment materials to more institutions with relevant programs in economics and public policy, and to a wider variety of schools with diverse student populations.
In fiscal years 2001 and 2002, we will further expand our campus
visits to include more schools with diverse student populations, provide additional training to staff on effective recruitment techniques, complete our automation efforts, and implement an expanded training and orientation program for new employees.
Furthermore, to help retain high-performing employees and to be more competitive in recruiting, we are providing larger merit pay increases to entrylevel employees and continuing what we believe is a very successful awards program for outstanding performers. The awards program benefitted roughly a third of our permanent employees in fiscal year 2000.
Improve CBO's Training Programs - Our goal is to improve management and job skills by investing in our people through training, education, and professional development.