Lapas attēli

The fiscal 2002 budget request contains four major elements. Before I explain

those elements, I would like to highlight the Library's decision to withdraw the Copyright

Office's request of $2,688,109 and 13 FTEs to accelerate the development of the

Copyright Office's electronic registration, recordation, and deposit system (CORDS).

Since the date the Library's fiscal 2002 budget was submitted to the Congress in

January 2001, the Copyright Office has received new information from its reengineering

project team that points to the need to do further analysis of the Office's total systems

requirements before any further acceleration of the CORDS systems is undertaken. We

are also reducing the Copyright Office's use of receipts by the $1.1 million that was

budgeted to fund a portion of the CORDS project. I ask that the Congress maintain the

fees accumulated in the Copyright Office's no-year receipt account (including the $1.1

million) for the inescapable and significant automation costs that we know will be

necessary to fund the Office's electronic transformation in the future. The Register of

Copyrights, Ms. Marybeth Peters, will elaborate further on this change and the critical

need to maintain the no-year receipt account in her statement. The numbers contained

in this statement have been adjusted to reflect the decision to withdraw the Copyright

Office's request.

Program Decreases ($121.4 million) -- The Library's fiscal 2001 budget provides

no-year funds for several activities that do not require additional funding in fiscal

2002 and may or may not continue beyond fiscal 2001. Specifically, the National

Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program ($99.8 million), the

establishment of a Center for Russian Leadership Development ($10 million), three

digital access projects ($10.6 million), and a phased reduction in the Integrated


Library System ($1 million) are program decreases in fiscal 2002.

• Mandatory Pay and Price-level Increases ($20 million) -- The Library's budget

funds primarily people and technology -- categories where costs increase each year

because of mandated pay and inflationary price-level increases. Unless these

increases are funded, existing programs must be cut. Funding our fiscal 2002

budget request for mandatory pay and price-level increases will enable the Library

to sustain its basic, traditional services while addressing its inescapable digital

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• Digital Futures Increases ($18.8 million) - The Library's digital futures budget

request for fiscal 2002 covers support for the Congressional Research Service's

conduct and delivery of policy analysis and research; the National Digital Library's

continuing infrastructure requirements; and the Library's computer security

infrastructure. Technology is going to define how we do business with our principal

client, the Congress of the United States, for the foreseeable future. The

Congressional Research Service (CRS) must have necessary policy expertise to

assist the Congress as it considers laws affected by technology. The Director of

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CRS, Daniel Mulhollan, will elaborate further on this request in his statement.

Collections Access, Preservation, and Security Increases ($11.8 million) -- The

Library's massive multiformat collections are the heart of the institution. As these

artifactual collections continue to grow, reflecting the unceasing creativity of

American and other authors, the Library must continue to invest in securing and

preserving these cultural records, our primary assets. The funds requested for

collection care will enable the Library to deacidify books printed on deteriorating

paper; test options for developing a paper-strengthening capability; clean and repair

materials destined for remote storage; and, following the opening of the Ft. Meade

repository this year, we will begin realigning the multimillion-volume general

collections so that books are properly housed.

The Library's budget request for fiscal year 2002 -- $442.7 million in net

appropriations (as adjusted) and $34.7 million in authority to use receipts -- supports the

Library's mission to make its resources available and useful in the increasingly digital

21st century. This is a net decrease of $68.4 million or 13.4 percent below fiscal 2001

($121.4 million in decreases less program increases of $51.6 million and receipts

decreases of $1.4 million). A major part of the $51.6 million in program increases ($20

million) is needed to fund mandatory pay raises (driven largely by the January 2002 pay

raise of 4.6 percent) and unavoidable price-level increases. The Library is requesting

an increase of 108 full-time equivalent (FTE) positions -- from 4,099 to 4,207 FTEs.

Even with such an increase, the Library would still have 342 fewer FTEs (or 7.5 percent

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The core of the Library is its incomparable collections -- and the specialists who

interpret and share them. The Library's nearly 121 million items include almost all

languages and media through which knowledge and creativity are preserved and


The Library has more than 27 million items in its print collections; 12 million

photographs; 4 million maps, 2 million audio recordings; 800,000 motion pictures,

including the earliest movies ever made; 4 million pieces of music; 54 million pages of

personal papers and manuscripts, including those of 23 Presidents of the United States,

as well as hundreds of thousands of scientific and government documents.

New treasures are added each year. Notable acquisitions during fiscal

2000 include: nearly 100 additional old volumes to help reconstruct Thomas Jefferson's

original library; a rare, complete and perfect Venetian map of 1559 describing the whole

world; the maps drawn by Lafayette's cartographer; the papers of Philip Roth and Lucas

Foss, the Kenneth Walker architectural drawings; the letters of Edna St. Vincent Millay;

the first known map of Kentucky; the Coville Photography collection; a unique collection

of Russian sheet music covers; and the film collection of Baron Walter de Mohrenschildt.

During fiscal 2000, the Library also reached agreement on the regular, ongoing deposit

of the archives of electronic journals published by the American Physical Society;

continued its relationship with Bell & Howell on cost-effective access to its digital archive

of U.S. doctoral dissertations; and built on the existing gift agreement with the Internet

Archive to select and acquire open-access Web resources of special interest to the

Library -- such as the Web sites of all U.S. Presidential candidates.

Every workday, the Library's staff adds approximately 10,000 new items to the

collections after organizing and cataloging them. The Library then finds ways to share

them with the Congress and the nation -- by assisting users in the Library's reading

rooms, by providing on-line access across the nation, and by featuring the Library's

collections in cultural programs.

Major annual services include delivering more than 590,000 congressional

research responses and services, processing more than 580,000 copyright claims,

circulating more than 22 million audio and braille books and magazines free to blind

and physically handicapped individuals all across America, and cataloging more than

250,000 books and serials that provide the nation's libraries with inexpensive

bibliographic records and save them an estimated $268 million annually.

The Library also provides free on-line access, via the Internet, to its automated

information files, which contain more than 75 million records -- to congressional offices,

Federal agencies, libraries, and the public. The Library's Internet-based systems include

major World Wide Web (www) services (e.g, Legislative Information System, THOMAS,

<, Global Legal Information Network, the Library of Congress On-line

Public Access Catalog, at <>), and various file transfer options.

Library of Congress programs and activities are funded by four salaries and

expenses (S&E) appropriations supporting congressional services, national library

services, copyright administration, services to blind and physically handicapped people,

and management support. A separate appropriation funds furniture and furnishings.

- Digital Futures Initiatives

The Library of Congress is bringing America's story -- in all its variety -- to

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everyone, whether at work, in their homes, in schools, or in libraries. The digital

explosion has imposed on us a new mission-critical workload and the need to expand

our high-quality free on-line services to the Congress, K-12 education, and the American

public. This task must be superimposed on our equally critical traditional services of

acquiring, cataloging, preserving, serving, and storing artifactual materials. The Library

is requesting $18.8 million and a 80-FTE increase to support the Digital Future, which

consists of three components:

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