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DEPARTMENTS OF LABOR AND HEALTH, EDUCATION,
AND WELFARE APPROPRIATIONS FOR 1973
Printed for the use of the Committee on Appropriations
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1972
COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS
GEORGE H. MAHON, Texas, Chairman JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi
FRANK T. BOW, Ohio JOHN J. ROONEY, New York
CHARLES R. JONAS, North Carolina ROBERT L. F. SIKES, Florida
ELFORD A. CEDERBERG, Michigan OTTO E. PASSMAN, Louisiana
JOHN J. RHODES, Arizona JOE L. EVINS, Tennessee
WILLIAM E. MINSHALL, Ohio EDWARD P. BOLAND, Massachusetts ROBERT H. MICHEL, Illinois WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky
SILVIO O. CONTE, Massachusetts DANIEL J. FLOOD, Pennsylvania
GLENN R. DAVIS, Wisconsin TOM STEED, Oklahoma
HOWARD W. ROBISON, New York GEORGE E. SHIPLEY, Illinois
GARNER E. SHRIVER, Kansas JOHN M. SLACK, West Virginia
JOSEPH M. MCDADE, Pennsylvania JOHN J. FLYNT, JR., Georgia
MARK ANDREWS, North Dakota NEAL SMITH, Iowa
LOUIS C. WYMAN, New Hampshire ROBERT N. GIAIMO, Connecticut
BURT L. TALCOTT, California JULIA BUTLER HANSEN, Washington DONALD W. RIEGLE, JR., Michigan JOSEPH P. ADDABBO, New York
WENDELL WYATT, Oregon JOHN J. MCFALL, California
JACK EDWARDS, Alabama W. R. HULL, JR., Missouri
DEL CLAWSON, California EDWARD J. PATTEN, New Jersey
WILLIAM J. SCHERLE, Iowa CLARENCE D. LONG, Maryland
ROBERT C. MCEWEN, New York SIDNEY R. YATES, Illinois
JOHN T. MYERS, Indiana
J. KENNETH ROBINSON, Virginia
PAUL M. WILSON, Clerk and Staff Director
NOTE.—This Surveys and Investigations supervisory staff is supplemented by selected personnel borrowed on a reimbursable basis for varying lengths of time from various agencies to staff up specific studies and investigations. The current average annual fulltime personnel equivalent is approximately 42.
GERALD J. CHOUINARD
GEMMA M. HICKEY
FRANCIS W. SADY
DEPARTMENTS OF LABOR AND HEALTH, EDUCATION,
AND WELFARE APPROPRIATIONS FOR 1973
TUESDAY APRIL 11, 1972.
DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
STATEMENT OF THE SECRETARY
HON. JAMES D. HODGSON, SECRETARY OF LABOR
MENT STANDARDS GEORGE C. GUENTHER, ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR OCCUPA
TIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH MICHAEL H. MOSKOW, ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR POLICY EVALU
ATION AND RESEARCH GEOFFREY H. MOORE, COMMISSIONER OF LABOR STATISTICS EDWARD B. PERSONS, ASSOCIATE DEPUTY UNDER SECRETARY FOR
INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS RICHARD F. SCHUBERT, SOLICITOR FRANK G. ZARB, ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR ADMINISTRATION
AND MANAGEMENT CONRAD M. JONES, DEPARTMENTAL BUDGET OFFICER JOHN SHINN, DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR LABOR
MANAGEMENT SERVICES ADMINISTRATION PAUL J. FASSER, JR., DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR
Mr. Flood. The committee will begin hearings with the Department of Labor. We are very pleased that we will have as our first witness the Honorable James D. Hodgson, the Secretary of Labor.
INTRODUCTION OF SUPPORTING WITNESSES
Mr. Secretary, I see you have an array of talent with you. Would you like to introduce them to us?
Secretary Hodgson. I have at my left Mr. Geoffrey Moore, Commissioner of the Bureau of Labor Statistics; Assistant Secretary Lovell, Head of Manpower Administration; Assistant Secretary Guenther, Head of the Office of Safety and Health.
Around the room, our Solicitor, Mr. Schubert; Mr. Shinn, in the corner, of the Office of Labor-Management Services Administration
Assistant Secretary Moskow, head of our Policy Research and Evaluation organization. Mr. Zarb, Assistant Secretary for Administration; Ned Persons, Associate Deputy Under Secretary for International Affairs; and Mr. Fasser who is the Manpower Administrator. You know Mr. Jones, our Budget Officer. Under Secretary Silberman will be here in a few minutes. He is finishing up a session I broke a way from at the White House to join you at this time.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF WITNESSES
Mr. Flood. As we usually do, we will ask that you submit for our record a biographical sketch of yourself and each of the other principal witnesses.
(The biographical sketches follow :)
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF JAMES D. Hodgson, SECRETARY OF LABOR
James D. Hodgson was sworn in as Secretary of Labor on July 2, 1970. Previous to his appointment to the post he was serving as Under Secretary of Labor.
Immediately before entering Government service, Mr. Hodgson had been corporate vice president for industrial relations at Lockheed Aircraft Corp. in Burbank, Calif.
Mr. Hodgson was employed at Lockheed from 1941 to the time of his appointment as Under Secretary, except for the years from 1943 to 1946 when he served as an air combat intelligence officer in the U.S. Navy.
Prior to be named vice president at Lockheed he held a number of personnel and labor relations positions, including the post of corporate director of industrial relations.
Before coming to Lockheed, he was supervisor of youth employment for the State of Minnesota and worked for the Dayton Co., a Minneapolis department store.
Mr. Hodgson has also served as consultant to the State of California on Manpower matters, as community advisor to the Institute of Industrial Relations, UCLA, and as a member of the Los Angeles Mayor's Labor-Management Executive Committee.
Born in Dawson, Minn., on December 3, 1915, Mr. Hodgson received an A.B. degree from the University of Minnesota in 1938. He also did graduate work at the University of Minnesota and the University of California at Los Angeles. He was an instructor in labor relations for 5 years at the latter university.
In May of 1970 Mr. Hodgson was the recipient of the University of Minnesota's Distinguished Achievement Award.
He has authored such articles as "Employing the Unemployables," in the Har. vard Business Review, “Automation" in the University of Michigan Quarteriy, and “Federal Regulation of Unions” in the Harvard Business School publication Management Thinking.
Mr. Hodgson is married to the former Maria M. Denend of San Francisco, Calif. The couple has a married daughter, Mrs. R. J. Nachman of Boulder, Colo., and a son, Frederic of Malibu, Calif.
Mr. and Mrs. Hodgson live in Washington, D.C.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF LAURENCE H. SILBERMAN, UNDER SECRETARY OF LABOR
Laurence H. Silberman was nominated for Under Secretary of Labor by President Nixon on June 19, 1970. Previous to the nomination, Mr. Silberman was serving as Solicitor of Labor. In that capacity, he was the Agency's chief legal officer and supervised all legal activities, including enforcement proceedings under various laws for which the Department has authority.
Born October 12, 1935, in York, Pa., Mr. Silberman received a B.A. degree in history from Dartmouth College in 1957 and an LL.B from Harvard Law School in 1961.
From 1961 until 1967 Mr. Silberman practiced law in Honolulu, specializing in labor law. From 1964 until 1967 Mr. Silberman was a partner in the law firm of Moore, Silberman, and Schulze. Mr. Silberman also lectured on labor law and legislation at the University of Hawaii and served as a member of the Hawaii Bar Association Ethics Committee.
In late 1967, Mr. Silberman came to the Appellate Division of the Generals Counsel's Office of the National Labor Relations Board in Washington, D.C.
Mr. Silberman is married to the former Rosalie Gaull of Boston, Mass. They live with their three children, Robert, Katherine, and Anne, in Potomac, Md.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF MALCOLM R. LOVELL, JR., ASSISTANT SECRETARY
FOR MANPOWER Born in Greenwich, Conn., on January 1, 1921, Mr. Lovell holds an industrial administrator degree and a master of business administration degree from the Harvard Business School.
From June 1969 until his appointment as Assistant Secretary for Manpower, Mr. Lovell served as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Manpower and Manpower Administrator.
From January 1969 until June 1969, Mr. Lovell served as Executive Associate for Manpower with the Urban Coalition.
From July 1965 until 1969, Mr. Lovell served as director of the Michigan Employment Security Commission. He also acted as a special assistant to Governor Romney and served as chairman of the State labor mediation board. Mr. Lovell has also managed the employee services office at American Motors and served on the company's national labor bargaining committee.
During World War II, Mr. Lovell was an officer in Naval Intelligence stationed in China. His distinguished performance was rewarded by the Secretary of Navy's Letter of Citation, and the Hung Hua decoration of the Government of Nationalist China.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF W. J. USERY, JR., ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF LABOR
FOR LABOR-MANAGEMENT RELATIONS W. J. Usery, Jr., was nominated by President Nixon as Assistant Secretary of Labor for Labor-Management Relations in January 1969 and took office on February 7, 1969, after Senate confirmation.
He directs the work of the Department which deals with the broad field of labor-management relations. One of his principal roles is top labor-management troubleshooter in national emergency disputes.
He is responsible for administering the Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act, the Welfare-Pension Plans Disclosure Act, and principal portions of Executive Order 11491, as amended, dealing the certain labormanagement relations in the Federal service. His responsibilities include administering laws concerning veterans' reemployment rights.
He is chairman of the Working Party on Industrial Relations under the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The OECD has headquarters in Paris, France.
From 1956 until his appointment, Mr. Csery was grand lodge representative of the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers (IAM), AFL-CIO, and participated in most of the national labor-management negotiations in the aerospace industry, frequently serving as chairman of the unions negotiating committee.
From 1961 to 1967, he was the industrial union representative on the President's Missile Sites Labor Committee at the Kennedy Space Center and at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala.
Born in Hardwick, Ga., on December 21, 1923, Mr. Usery attended Georgia Military College from 1938 to 1941, and Mercer University in 1948–49. He received the Distinguished Alumni Award from Georgia Military College in 1971 for his work in labor-management relations. He served in the U.S. Navy from 1943 to 1946.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF RICHARD J. GRUNEWALD, ASSISTANT SECRETARY
OF LABOR FOR EMPLOYMENT STANDARDS
Richard J. Grunewald was appointed in January 1972 as Assistant Secretary. In this capacity he oversees the functions and responsibilities of the Office of Federal Contract Compliance, the Women's Bureau and the Office of Wage and Compensation Programs.
Prior to his appointment, Mr. Grunewald served as Assistant Secretary of Labor for Policy, Evaluation, and Research.
From 1965 to 1971, Mr. Grunewald was vice president, administration, for the Winchester Group of the Olin Corp., located in New Haven, Conn.