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AGE CLASSIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES.

The following table shows, by general nativity and race, the per cent of male employees within each age group:

Table 110.- Per cent of male employees within each age group, by general nativity and

race.

(strDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [This table includes only races with 40 or more males reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

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Of the employees in this locality for whom information was secured, 6 per cent are from 14 to 19 years of age; 14.5 per cent are from 20 to 24; 17.4 per cent are from 25 to 29; 17.7 per cent are from 30 to 34; 25.4 per cent are from 35 to 44; 14.6 per cent are from 45 to 54; and only 4.3 per cent are 55 or over. The proportion of individuals from 14 to 19 and from 25 to 29, respectively, is largest for the nativeborn of native father, second largest for the native-born of foreign father, and smallest for the foreign-born; the proportion of individuals from 35 to 44 and 45 to 54, respectively, is largest for the foreign-born, second largest for the native-born of foreign father, and smallest for the native-born of native father; the proportion of individuals from 20 to 24 is largest for the native-born of foreign father, second largest for the native-born of native father, and smallest for the foreign-born; the proportion of individuals from 30 to 34 is largest for the foreign-born, second largest for the native-born of native father, and smallest for the native-born of foreign father; and the proportion of individuals 55 years of age or over is larger for the foreign-born than for either the native-born of native father or the native-born of foreign father. Of the foreign-born, the North Italians and Dutch have the largest proportion of employees from 14 to 19 years of age; the South Italians and North Italians, in the order mentioned, have the largest proportion of employees from 20 to 24, from 25 to 29, from 30 to 34, respectively; and the Dutch and Germans have the largest proportion of employees from 35 to 44, from 45 to 54, and 55 or over, respectively.

CHAPTER V.

GENERAL PROGRESS AND ASSIMILATION.

Citizenship-Ability to speak English-[Text Tables 111 to 115 and General Tables

80 to 82).

CITIZENSHIP.

The extent to which foreign-born employees have acquired or manifested an interest in attaining citizenship is set forth in the following table which shows, by race, the present political condition of foreign-born male employees who have been in the United States five years or over and who were 21 years of age or over at the time of coming to this country. Table 111.- Present political condition of foreign-born male employees who have been in

the United States 5 years or over and who were 21 years of age or over at time of coming, by race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)
[By years in the l'nited States is meant years since first arrival in the l'nited States.)

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It appears from the data presented in the preceding table that, of the male employees for whom information was secured, 35.4 per cent are fully naturalized and 18.8 per cent have first papers only. The proportion of employees fully naturalized is largest for the Germans, second largest for the Dutch, and smallest for the South Italians, while the proportion of employees having first papers only is largest for the Dutch, second largest for the South Italians, and smallest for the Germans.

The interest exhibited by silk-dyeing employees of foreign birth in acquiring citizenship after designated periods of residence in this country is indicated in the following table, which shows, by years in the United States and race, the present political condition of foreign-born male employees who were 21 years of age or over at time of coming to the United States: Table 112.- Present political condition of foreign-born male employees who were 21 years

of age or over at time of coming to the United States, by years in the United States and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. This table includes

only races with 100 or more males reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign-born.)

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Of the 362 male employees studied 35.4 per cent are fully naturalized and 18.8 per cent have first papers only. From the total figures, as well as by the only race shown in this table, it is seen that interest in civic affairs increases as the period of residence in the United States is extended.

ABILITY TO SPEAK ENGLISH.

The next table presented shows, by race, the percentage of foreignborn male employees of non-English-speaking races, who were able to speak English: Table 113.- Per cent of foreign-born male em ployees who speak English, by race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [This table includes only non-English-speaking races with 40 or more males reporting. The total, how.

ever, is for all non-English-speaking races.)

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From the data presented in the above table it appears that 69.8 per cent of the foreign-born male employees for whom information was secured speak English. The proportion of individuals speaking English is largest for the Dutch and Germans, in the order mentioned, and smallest for the North Italians.

The table next submitted makes possible a comparison by age at time of coming to the United States and race, the per cent of foreign

, born male employees who were able to speak English.

Table 114.- Per cent of foreign-born male em ployees who speak English, by age at time

of coming to the United States and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [This table includes only non-English-speaking races with 100 or more males reporting. The total, how.

ever, is for all non-English-speaking races.]

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It appears from the data presented in the above table that 96.3 per cent of the foreign-born male employees who came to the United States when under 14 years of age can speak English, as compared with 65.6 per cent of those who came here when 14 or over. All of the Germans and a larger proportion of the North Italians than of the South Italians who came to the United States when under 14 can speak English, while the proportion of individuals who came when 14 or over who are able to speak English is largest for the Germans, second largest for the South Italians, and smallest for the North Italians. In the case of all three races, for which the percentages are given, a considerably larger proportion of individuals who came to this country when under 14 than of individuals who came here when 14 or over can speak English.

The advancement manifested by employees of foreign birth and non-English-speaking races in acquiring an ability to speak English after designated periods of residence is shown in the table following. The table shows, by years in the United States and race, the per cent of foreign-born male employees who were able to speak English. Table 115.-Per cent of foreign-born male employees who speak English, by years in the

United States and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the l'nited States. This table includes

only non-English-speaking races with 100 or more males reporting. The total, however, is for all nonEnglish-speaking races.)

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