Italian Film in the Light of Neorealism

Pirmais vāks
Princeton University Press, 2020. gada 31. marts - 464 lappuses

The movement known as neorealism lasted seven years, generated only twenty-one films, failed at the box office, and fell short of its didactic and aesthetic aspirations. Yet it exerted such a profound influence on Italian cinema that all the best postwar directors had to come to terms with it, whether in seeming imitation (the early Olmi), in commercial exploitation (the middle Comencini) or in ostensible rejection (the recent Tavianis). Despite the reactionary pressures of the marketplace and the highly personalized visions of Fellini, Antonioni. And Visconti, Italian cinema has maintained its moral commitment to use the medium in socially responsible ways--if not to change the world, as the first neorealists hoped, then at least to move filmgoers to face the pressing economic, political, and human problems in their midst. From Rossellini's Open City (1945) to the Taviani brothers' Night of the Shooting Stars (1982). The author does close readings of seventeen films that tell the story of neorealism's evolving influence on Italian postwar cinematic expression.


Other films discussed are De Sica's Bicycle Thief and Umberto D. De Santis's Bitter Rice, Comencini's Bread, Love, and Fantasy, Fellini's La strada, Visconti's Senso, Antonioni's Red Desert, Olmi's Il Posto, Germi's Seduced and Abandoned, Pasolini's Teorema, Petri's Investigation of a Citizen above Suspicion, Bertolucci's The Conformist, Rosi's Christ Stopped at Eboli, and Wertmuller's Love and Anarchy, Scola's We All Loved Each Other So Much provides the occasion for the author's own retrospective consideration of how Italian cinema has fulfilled, or disappointed, the promise of neorealism.

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Saturs

Introduction
3
Visionary City
54
Bicycle Thief by Vittorio De Sica Courtesy of Museum
63
A Neorealist Hybrid
76
Bitter Rice by Giuseppe De Santis Courtesy of
91
Dark Victory
96
Transcending Neorealism
144
to Gramsci
164
Teorema by Pier Paolo Pasolini Courtesy of Museum
255
Power as Pathology
263
I2 Investigation of a Citizen above Suspicion by Elio Petri
277
I3 The Conformist by Bernardo Bertolucci Courtesy
305
Price of Commitment
313
I4 Love and Anarchy by Lina Wertmuller Courtesy
325
Two Italies
339
I5 Christ Stopped at Eboli by Francesco Rosi Courtesy
357

Senso by Luchino Visconti Courtesy of Museum
165
Abstraction as
188
Red Desert by Michelangelo Antonioni Courtesy
195
Miracle
211
posto by Ermanno Olmi Courtesy of Museum
223
Inside
228
IO Seduced and Abandoned by Pietro Germi Courtesy
237
Ambivalent Tribute to Neorealism
360
An Epilogue
391
I7 We All Loved Each Other So Much by Ettore Scola
407
Bibliography of Works Consulted
423
Index
437
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