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Sonenshein, Capt. N., Bureau of Ships..
ADDITIONAL MATERIAL INSERTED IN THE RECORD
“Chairman Pastore Wants Defense To Consider Atomic Propulsion for
Aircraft Carrier,” JCAE press release dated October 11, 1963..
Program, memorandum from Robert S. McNamara, Secretary of
Defense, to the Secretary of the Navy, dated October 25, 1963.-
Appropriations, March 6, 1962..
propulsion for aircraft carriers, JCAE press release dated October 29,
CORRESPONDENCE INSERTED IN THE RECORD
[These hearings were held in executive session. Classified security
information was presented during the executive session. The hearing_record was then reviewed and specific items designated by the DOD and Navy Department as being classified information were deleted prior to publication.]
NUCLEAR PROPULSION FOR NAVAL SURFACE VESSELS 1
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1963
Washington, D.C. The Joint Committee on Atomic Energy met, pursuant to call, at 10 a.m., in the committee room, the Capitol, Hon. John 0. Pastore (chairman) presiding.
Present: Senators John O. Pastore (presiding), Henry M. Jackson, George D. Aiken, and Wallace F. Bennett; Representatives Chet Holifield, Melvin Price, Thomas G. Morris, Craig Hosmer, William H. Bates, Jack Westland, and John B. Anderson.
Committee staff present: John T. Conway, executive director; Edward J. Bauser, assistant director;
George F. Murphy, professional staff member; Jack Newman, staff counsel; James B. Graham, technical adviser; and Jack Rosen, staff consultant.
Representatives of the Department of Defense: Hon. Paul H. Nitze, Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs); Rear Adm. Carlton B. Jones, Chief, Navy Office of Legislative Affairs; Capt. E. R. Zumwalt, Jr., Director, Disarmament (Arms Control Section); Hon. Harold Brown, Director, Defense Research and Engineering; and Col. Grover K. Coe, Congressional Liaison Office.
Řepresentatives of the Department of the Navy: Hon. Fred Korth, Secretary of the Navy; Hon. James H. Wakelin, Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research and Development); Adm. David L. McDonald, Chief of Naval Operations; Vice Adm. Hyman G. Rickover, Assistant Chief for Nuclear Propulsion, Bureau of Ships; Vice Adm. John T. Hayward, commander, Antisubmarine Warfare Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet; Rear Adm. T. F. Connolly, Director, Strike Warfare Division, Office, Chief of Naval Operations; Capt. Vincent P. de Poix, duty under instruction at National War College (former commanding officer, U.S.S. Enterprise); Capt. Raymond E. Peet, commanding officer, U.S.S. Bainbridge; Capt. Eugene P. Wilkinson, Submarine Warfare Division, Office, Chief of Naval Operations, and former commanding officer, U.S.S. Long Beach; Capt. S. T. DeLaMater, Strike Warfare Division, Office, Chief of Naval Operations; Capt. N. Sonenshein, Bureau of Ships; Capt. E. L. Beach, Navy Program Planning Office, Office, Chief of Naval Operations; Capt. Isaac Kidd, administrative aide to Admiral McDonald; Capt. M. G. Bayne, naval aide to the Secretary of Navy; Capt. W. J. Moran,
1 The Joint Committee prepared a report on these hearings entitled, “Nuclear Propulsion for Naval Surface Vessels," December 1963 which was issued on December 22, 1963. 2 Mr. Nitze was appointed Secretary of the Navy on November 29, 1963.
naval aide to Assistant Secretary of Navy (Research and Development); Capt. S. E. Robbins, Director, Congressional Investigations, Office of Legislative Affairs; Comdr. R. O. Welander, Navy Program Planning Office, Office, Chief of Naval Operations; Comdr. J. E. Jenkins,
special assistant to Secretary of the Navy; Comdr. Walter E. Aymond, member of Admiral Hayward's staff; and Milton Shaw, Office of Assistant Secretary of Navy (Research and Development).
Representatives of the Atomic Energy Commission: Hon. Glenn T. Seaborg, Chairman, Hon. James T. Ramey, Hon. John G. Palfrey, Hon. Gerald F. Tape, Commissioners; Gen. A. R. Luedecke, General Manager; Vice Adm. Hyman G. Rickover, Manager, Naval Reactors, Division of Reactor Development; David T. Leighton, Assistant Manager for Surface Ship Projects, Naval Reactors, Division of Reactor Development; and Richard X. Donovan, special assistant to General Manager for Congressional Relations.
Chairmon PASTORE. I have called this meeting to obtain all the information that is available on plans to utilize nuclear power for the propulsion of naval surface vessels and in order that the Joint Committee can determine to what extent it should support in the future research and development work in this area. We also wish to ascertain how effective this program has been in the past and what there is about it, right or wrong, that led to the recent decision.
According to the information that I have received, the Atomic Energy Commission and the Department of Defense have spent approximately $400 million on research and development concerning the use of nuclear power in naval surface vessels. I also understand that there may be $50 to $60 million in the proposed budget for the next fiscal year for the continuation of this work, which is separate and distinct from the nuclear submarine program. Very soon the Joint Committee will have before it the proposed Atomic Energy Commission budget for this work. I want to be certain that the committee receives all of the basic information concerning status of this work and plans for utilizing the technology which has been developed for the propulsion of naval surface vessels before we act on the budget.
I informed the Department of Defense, by letter dated October 9, 1963, of my intention to hold this hearing and over a week ago set the date for this morning. I particularly was interested in reviewing the advantages of nuclear aircraft carrier vis-a-vis the conventional aircraft carrier in connection with the next one to be constructed. Accordingly, I was frankly surprised and somewhat disturbed by the sudden announcement last Friday afternoon, October 25-and this was hand delivered to this office on Friday some time after 5 p.m.-of the decision by the Secretary of Defense that it would be a conventional-powered ship, after I had been told repeatedly it was under study and no decision had been made.
I would like to insert in the record at this point the exchange of correspondence I had with the Department of Defense, starting with my letter of March 1, 1963, to the Secretary of Defense. I would also like to insert in the record copies of my press releases dated October 11, 23, and 29, 1963, publicly announcing this hearing: