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Prizes in Letters offered by the Columbia University School of Journalism : For the best American novel published this year, $1,000; for the best play performed in New York, $1,000; for the best book of the year on United States history, $1,000; for the best American biography, $1,000. Also, Prizes in Journalism, amounting to $3,500 and a $500-medal, and three traveling scholarships having a value of $1,500 each. All offered annually under the terms of the will of Joseph Pulitzer. Particulars in April WRITER.

Prize of $500 offered by Dodd, Mead & Co., for a story of girls from nine to fifteen. Particulars in November WRITER.

Prizes of $5,000, $2,500, $1,000, and $500, and twenty prizes of $250 each for the best twenty-four short stories published by the Photoplay Magazine during 1921. Particulars in August WRITER.

Hart, Schaffner, & Marx prizes of $1,000, $500, $300. and $200 for the four best studies in the economic field submitted by June 21, 1921. Particulars in August WRITER.

Prize of $500, and five prizes of $ico each, offered by the True Story Magazine for the best success stories published between November, 1920, and March, 1921. Particulars in September WRITER.

Berkshire Music Colony, Inc. prize of $1,000 for the best trio for piano, violin and 'cello, submitted before August I, 1921. Particulars in September WRITER.

Etude prize offer of two sets of prizes of $15, $10, and $5, to children and young people for the best musical compositions offered before January 1, 1921. Particulars in September WRITER.

O. Henry Memorial Prizes of $500 and $250 of. fered by the Society of Arts and Sciences, for the best short stories published in America in 1920. Particulars in June WRITER.

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Second Physical Culture six-months' photo prize $100 for the best photograph received before May, 1921, and five dollars for the best photograph each month. Particulars in April WRITER. Two prizes, each of $200, offered by the American Historical Association the Justin Winsor prize for a monograph on American history, and the Herbert Baxter Adams prize for a monograph on the history of the Eastern Hemisphere. Particulars in April WRITER.

Prize of $2,000 for the best essay on "The Control of Foreign Relations of the United States : the Relative Rights, Duties, and Responsibilities of the President, of the Senate and the House, and of the Judiciary, in Theory and in Practice," offered by the American Philosophical Society. Competition to close December 31, 1920. Particulars in July WRITER.

Prize of $2,000 offered by the American Chamber

of Commerce in Paris for the two best essays on "Tolerance in Economics, Religion, and Politics." Particulars in February WRITER.

The Rose Mary Crawshaw Prize for English Literature, value to £100, offered annually by the British Academy. Particulars in May WRITER.

Gratuity prize of £100 for the best reputed story published in 1920 by the London publisher, Herbert Jenkins. Particulars in October WRITER.

Annual Hawthornden prize of £100 offered in England for the best work of imaginative literature In English prose or poetry by an author under forty years of age that is published during the previous

twelve months.

Two prizes offered by Poetry for the best work printed in the magazine in the twelve numbers ending with that for September $200 for a poem or group of poems by a citizen of the United States, and $100 for a poem or group of poems by any author, without limitation.

Prize of $1,000 for a new air for the Yale song, "Bright College Years," offered by the Yale class of 1899. Particulars in April WRITER.

Monthly prizes offered by the Photo-Era (Boston) for photographs, in an advanced competition and a beginner's competition.

Weekly prizes offered by the Boston Post for original short stories by women, published each day. Particulars in May WRITER.

Prizes of two dollars and one dollar offered monthly by Everygirl's Magazine, formerly Wohelo, (New York) for stories, short poems, and essays, written by Camp Fire girls. Particulars in October WRITER.

The Boston Evening Record is paying one dollar each week day for a poem written by a Record reader.

WRITERS OF THE DAY.

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Wilbur S. Boyer, whose story, “The Lallapaloosa," appeared in Everybody's Magazine for October, was born in New York City, educated in its public schools, graduated from its public college the College of the City of New York and has taught ever since in its public schools. He is also a graduate of the New York Law School, and a member of the New York bar, but his storywriting has kept him from practising law. Mr. Boyer says that he finds on referring to his records that "The Lallapaloosa" was written as part of a book before 1909. The book was never published, but after revision the story was sent to the New York Evening Telegram short-story contest in November, 1909, and was rejected. After that it was

revised six times and rejected by seventeen magazines in its various forms, until last December Mr. Boyer always believing that it had "good stuff” in it took it out, had an inspiration, and wrote it all over, and the editor of Everybody's, who also had a soft spot in her heart for the yarn and had been disappointed at the necessity of rejecting it twice previously, snatched it eagerly in its new form. The character of Johnnie Kelly in "The Lallapaloosa" has appeared in thirty stories in four different magazines. With six of these stories as a foundation, Mr. Boyer wrote a novel of 301 pages, entitled "Johnnie Kelly," and the Houghton Mifflin Company published it this fall.

Speaking of his slow progress in the literary field, Mr. Boyer says: Had I picked out a competent critic, let him tear me to pieces for two, three, or even four years, not been too anxious to leap into print and stood the gaff, no matter how it hurt, I should have 'landed' sooner, and probably should now be turning out a larger percentage of worthwhile stories. It takes sand to pay out your money to a critic and get no return. You think your yarns as good as many printed and believe that there is a conspiracy to shut you out. It is only when you look back later at the stuff you thought was compelling that you realize what a tyro you were."

Hazel Hall, who wrote the poem, "A Boy Went By," which was printed in the October Century, was born in St. Paul, but has lived most of her life in Portland, Oregon. The poem, "A Boy Went By," is one of a group of poems written in an attempt to depict the types that pass Miss Hall's window. Other poems from this series have appeared in the Century for June, in the Dial, and in the New Republic. Miss Hall has also had poems from a group which she calls "Needlework" printed in Poetry, the Nation, the Liberator, and the Touchstone.

Alexander Hull, whose story, "The Gray Valley," published in Scribner's for November is one of a number of stories which Scribner's has recently bought from him, was born in Columbus, Ohio, and received his gram

mar school education there. He holds bachelor's degrees from Muskingum College and from the University of Pennsylvania. Professionally he has been for a number of years a musician and composer, and has a dozen published songs to his credit. In 1908 he went to Oregon, where he took charge of the music department of Pacific College at Newberg. Mr. Hull has been writing for the magazines since the latter part of 1915, and most of his earlier work appeared in the Red Book, which published a story of his each month for about two years, beginning with the number for June, 1916. In the last five years he has sold about a hundred short stories to such magazines as Scribner's, the Bellman (defunct), Every Week (defunct), the Red Book, the Blue Book, the Green Book, the American Magazine, the Popular Magazine, the Smart Set, the Country Gentleman, and the Ladies' Home Journal. One of his Blue Book stories -"Homer Comes Home " is the current Charles Ray-Ince photoplay production. Mr. Hull expects to complete his first novel, upon which he has been working for the past eighteen months, before Christmas of this year.

BOOK REVIEWS.

PRACTICAL HINTS ON PLAYWRITING. By Agnes Platt. 148 pp. New York: Dodd, Mead, & Co. 1920. Sensible advice about playwriting, based upon experience by one who has been handling plays for years, reading as many as a thousand plays a year for theatre managers, is given in this book, a careful reading and study of which cannot fail to be of benefit to ambitious playwriters. Miss Platt urges writers to visit the theatre frequently and learn to differentiate between the successful effects which are due to the writing of the play and those which are due entirely to the acting or production. Speaking of the importance of 'ensemble," she points out that however good a play may be it will miss its effect on the stage unless it lends itself to acting. The manager wants a play that will speak well, but he does not want "fine" writing. What he wants is a "heart-to-heart " play, a bit of human nature which will go home when played by human beings. One common fault of plays offered to managers is that they are too much alike. The dialogue does not differentiate. Any speech might be spoken by any character. The effect of the

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play is tame, and one feels that on the stage it would be tedious.

No play is of any use unless it works up to a climax, and it has long been an axiom among dramatic critics that if the central situation in a play cannot be summarized in three lines the play has not sufficient backbone to arrest public attention. The essential feature of all playwriting is the knack of "building up."

An author cannot write a good play unless he can see clearly the scenes in which the action is to take place. For practical reasons the playwright should keep his character list down, and cut every expensive detail ruthlessly unless it is absolutely essential to the well-being of the play. Lovableness is the essential quality in a play. Talent, wit, skill, ingenuity, novelty, drama are all great gifts, but they are useless without the greatest of all gifts Charm. To look on the bright side of life, and then to touch the heart of humanity and make it leap to life that is the work of the artist.

The theme is the idea that underlies the play the plot the actual sequence of events. Plot should develop from character, and the events of the play must spring from the types of characters and their position in relation to one another. The action of a play should spring from the character-drawing and seem to us its reasonable fulfilment. The note of the first act should be expectancy. In the second act should come development of the expectancy and the shadow -cast by coming events; in the third act the events themselves; and in the fourth act a solution of the difficulties, which should take the form of a surprise.

These practical suggestions indicate the value of the book, which discusses in a common-sense way all the various features of playwriting. There is a valuable chapter on "How to Sell a Play When Finished, with Hints on Terms and Agreements." with another chapter on stage terms, and a glossary of phrases connected with the stage.

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JAMES BRANCH CABELL. John J. Gunther. Bookman for November.

STEPHEN PHILLIPS IN EVERYDAY LIFE. Harold D. Phillips. Bookman for November.

MAY SINCLAIR. C. A. Dawson Scott. Bookman for November.

W. L. GEORGE ON AMERICAN LITERATURE. Donald Lawder. Bookman for November.

THE COLYUMISTS' CONFESSIONAL. XI.
House, by Himself. With portrait. Everybody's for
Jay E.
November.

THE LYRIC WRITER. Musical Courier for November 4.

KIPLING IN THE MOVIES. Literary Digest for November 6.

LITERARY VALUE OF SCHOOL TEACHERS. Literary Digest for November 6.

PERPETUAL MOTION AS DISCOVERED BY A MOVIEPLAY WRITER. Literary Digest for November 13. TAMING MARK TWAIN. Literary Digest for November 13. CLYDE FITCH, A BOY WHO BECAME A $250,000 A YEAR DRAMATIST. Literary Digest for November 13.

"SISSY'

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EVOLUTION OF THE BOOK-PUBLISHING BUSINESS. With portrait of William Heinemann. Literary Digest for November 20.

KNUD HAMSUN

NOBEL PRIZE WINNER. With portrait. Literary Digest for November 20.

THE ADVENTUROUS CAREER OF JOHN REED, WRITER AND RADICAL. Charles A. Merrill. Reprinted from the Boston Globe in the Literary Digest for November 20.

How TO TRAIN A TECHNICAL WRITER. John J. Cochrane. Literary Digest for November 20; Fourth Estate for November 27.

NEWS AND NOTES,

The fifth quinquennial election of Immortals" for the New York University Hall of Fame has resulted in the choosing of six men and one woman, of whom Mark Twain was the only author.

William Milligan Sloane has been elected president of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, to succeed the late William Dean Howells. Membership in the Academy is limited to fifty, and Lorado Taft, Booth Tarkington, Childe Hassam, and David Jayne Hill have been elected to fill the vacancies made by the deaths of William Dean Howells, Alden Weir, Dr. Horatio Parker, and Kenyon Cox.

Guillot de Saix, a prominent French writer, has been sued by Maurice Verne, the famous playwright, for using his name and portraying his private life in published writings.

Temple University, Philadelphia, will offer a course in photoplay study and scenario writing, beginning in January.

Frances Taylor Patterson, instructor in photoplay composition in Columbia University, is the author of "Cinema Craftsmanship: A Book for Photoplaywrights," just published by Harcourt, Brace, & Howe.

"The Gentle Art of Columning: A Treatise on Comic Journalism," by C. L. Edson, is published by Brentano's.

“The Editorial: A Study in the Effectiveness of Writing," by Leon Wilson Flint, is published by D. Appleton & Co.

"The Life and Letters of Hamilton W. Mabie," by Edwin W. Morse, is published by Dodd, Mead, & Co.

"The Traditions of European Literature, from Homer to Dante," by Barrett Wendell, is published by Charles Scribner's Sons.

Dodd, Mead, & Co. are the American publishers of S. M. Ellis's biography of George

Meredith.

"Literary Culture in Early New England. 1620-1730," by Thomas Goddard Wright, has just been brought out by the Yale University Press.

"Literary Essays," by George Edward Woodberry (Harcourt, Brace, & Howe), treats of Landor, Byron, Matthew Arnold, Cervantes, Virgil, Montaigne, and Swinburne.

"The Connecticut Wits and Other Essays," by Henry Austin Beers (Yale University Press), is a collection of papers of literary criticism, including, among others, essays on Milton, Thackeray, Emerson, John Hay, and James Whitcomb Riley, and closing with an essay on the Art of Letter Writing."

"A Study of Shakspere's Versification," with an inquiry into the trustworthiness of the early texts, by M. A. Bayfield, M. A., is published in this country by the Macmillan Company for Cambridge University

Press.

A symposium "On American Books," by Five American Critics, reprinted from the London Nation, is published by B. W. Huebsch. The five authors contributing to it are J. E. Spingarn, Francis Hackett, H. L. Mencken, Morris Cohen, and Padriac Colum.

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"An Adventure with a Genius," by Alleyne Ireland (E. P. Dutton & Co.), is a book of reminiscences of Joseph Pulitzer, which was first published under the title, "Joseph Pulitzer Reminiscences of a Secretary."

"A Treasury of Heroes and Heroines," by Clayton Edwards (Frederick A. Stokes Company), includes a large number of famous people in history, as well as many in legends.

Robert M. McBride & Co. have republished in pamphlet form Hugh Walpole's article, "The Art of James Branch Cabell," which appeared in the Yale Review for June. Copies of the pamphlet will be sent on application.

Louise Imogen Guiney died at ChippingCamden, England, November 2, aged fiftynine.

Charles Noel Douglas died in Brookline November 13, aged fifty-seven.

Mrs. Alice Elinor Bartlett ("Birch Arnold") died in Detroit November 18, aged seventy-two.

Mrs. Burton Harrison (Constance Cary Harrison) died in Washington November 22, aged seventy-seven.

Practical Hints on Playwriting

By AGNES PLATT

This book, by an authority on the subject of stage technique, has been designed to help the beginner in the difficult art of writing a really good play, and to clear away any obstacles which beset may the more advanced. Miss Platt is able to give the most valuable and practical advice, having been dramatic adviser to many producers,

PARTIAL CONTENTS: What the public want; what the managers want; what the practical actor wants. Things that are essential in a good play, and those that a successful playwright must avoid. How to choose a plot; how to decide upon its treatment; how to build up a scenario. How to select and differentiate the characters. The art of writing characteristic and telling lines. Situations, curtains, atmosphere and detail. Practicability and expense. How to sell a play when finished, with hints terms and agreements. Stage terms; glossary. Price, $1.50.

Published by

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"THE WRITER" FOR SEPTEMBER. THE WRITER'S DIRECTORY OF PERIODICALS. JOKE WRITING, by Frank V. Faulhaber. DOCTORING A SICK ENCYCLOPEDIA, by "A Reformed Free Lance." EDITORIAL: A Newspaper Poet's Popu larity, Meticulous Semi-literate Proofreading. THE MANUSCRIPT MARKET. WRITERS OF THE DAY. CURRENT LITERARY TOPICS: Adventures of a Manuscript. BOOK REVIEWS, etc.

"THE WRITER" FOR OCTOBER. THE WRITER'S DIRECTORY OF PERIODICALS. WRITING FOR THE TRADE PRESS, by D. G. Baird. T. L. Masson, on LIFE'S RATE OF PAYMENT FOR JOKES. EDITORIAL: Demand for Juvenile Books, Authors' Incomes, The Shelfless Library. THE MANUSCRIPT MARKET. WRITERS DAY. CURRENT LITERARY TOPICS: Fake Music Publishers Again, The and Photoplay Literature, Elaborating the Plot. BOOK REVIEWS, etc.

"THE WRITER" THE WRITER'S DIRECTORY

NATING

OF

THE

FOR NOVEMBER. OF PERIODICALS. ELIMITHE REJECTION SLIP, by D. F. Kirby. THE DIALOGIC OPENING, by G. Glenwood Clark. EDITORIAL: Plot Possibilities of the Freudian Psychoanalysis, Magazine English. LITERARY SHOP TALK. THE MANUSCRIPT MARKET. WRITERS OF THE DAY: Edna Clare Bryner, Charles M. I and May Sidney Waldo Tames

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2.00

XXIX. (1917) XXX. (1918) XXXI. (1919)

A complete set of thirty-one volumes ordered singly would cost $68. The price of volumes of which the extra supply, after making the largest possible number of sets, is short, is likely to be further advanced at any time. Those who need single volumes to complete sets, therefore, are advised to order them at once.

Single numbers of THE WRITER will be sent for fifteen cents each, excepting the numbers for August, November, and December, 1887; January-Decem ber, inclusive, 1889; October, 1891; and April, 1898 - which are out of print excepting in bound Unbound volumes for certain years can be supplied at $1.50 each. Information will be given on application. Address:

volumes.

THE WRITER PUBLISHING CO., P. O. Box 1905,

Bostan, Mass.

Notable Numbers of THE WRITER: JAMES RUSSELL LOWELL MEMORIAL NUMBER. With appreciations of Mr. Lowell by the leading American authors. September, 1891. Sent, post-paid, on receipt of fifteen cents.

OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES MEMORIAL NUMBER. With appreciations of Dr. Holmes by the leading American authors. November, 1894. Sent, post-paid, on receipt of fifteen cents.

WALTER PATER'S ESSAY on "STYLE" complete in THE WRITER for January, 1898. Sent, postpaid, on receipt of fifteen cents.

FREDERIC HARRISON'S Essay "ON STYLE IN ENGLISH PROSE," in full in TR WRITER for August, 1898. Sent post-paid on receipt of fifteen

cents.

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