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convention of the National Federation of Musical Clubs, at Moline, 111., Davenport, lowa, and Rock Island, ill., next June.
of Commerce in Paris for the two best essays on “ Tolerance in Economics, Religion, and Politics." Particulars in February WRITER.
The Rose Mary Crawshaw Prize for English Lit. erature, value to £100, offered annually by the British Academy. Particulars in May Writer.
Gratuity prize of £100 for the best reputed story published in 1920 by the London publisher, Herbert Jenkins. Particulars in October WRITER.
Annual Hawthornden prize of £100 offered in Eng. land for the best work of imaginative literature in English prose or poetry by an author under forty years of age that is published during the previous twelve months.
Two prizes offered by Poetry for the best work printed in the magazine in the twelve numbers end. ing with that for September $200 for a poem or group of poems by a citizen of the United States, and $100 for a poem or group of poems by any author, without limitation.
Prize of $1,000 for a new air for the Yale song, “ Bright College Years," offered by the Yale class of 1899. Particulars in April WRITER.
Monthly prizes offered by the Photo-Era ( Boston) for photographs, in an advanced competition and a beginner's competition.
Weekly prizes offered by the Boston Post for original short stories by women, published each day. Particulars in May WRITER. Prizes of two dollars and
dollar offered monthly by Everygirl's Magazine, formerly Wohelo, ( New York) for stories, short poems, and essays, written by Camp Fire girls. Particulars in October WRITER.
The Boston Evening Record is paying one dollar each week day for a poem written by a Record reader.
Prize offers still open :
Prizes in Letters offered by the Columbia Uni. versity School of Journalism : For the best Ameri. can novel published this year, $1,000 ; for the best play performed in New York, $1,000 ; for the best book of the year on United States history, $1,000 ; for the best American biography, $1,000. Also, Prizes in Journalism, amounting to $3,500 and a $500-medal, and three traveling scholarships having a value of $1,500 each. All offered annually under the terms of the will of Joseph Pulitzer. Particulars in April WRITER.
Prize of $500 offered by Dodd, Mead & Co., for a story of girls from nine to fifteen. Particulars in November WRITER.
Prizes of $5,000, $2,500, $1,000, and $500, and twenty prizes of $250 each for the best twenty-four short stories published by the Photoplay Magazine during 1921. Particulars in August WRITER.
Hart, Schaffner, & Marx prizes of $1,000, $50, $300, and $200 for the four best studies in the economic field submitted by June 21, 1921. Particulars in August WRITER.
Prize of $500, and five prices of $100 each, offered by the True Story Magazine for the best success stories published between November, 1920, and March, 1921. Particulars in September WRITER.
Berkshire Music Colony, Inc. prize of $1,000 for the best trio for piano, violin and 'cello, submitted before August 1, 1921. Particulars
in September WRITER.
Etude prize offer of two sets of prizes of $15, $10, and $5, to children and young people for the best musical compositions offered before January 1, 1921. Particulars in September WRITER.
0. Henry Memorial Prizes of $500 and $250 of. fered by the Society of Arts and Sciences, for the best short stories published in America 1920. Particulars in June WRITER.
Second Physical Culture six-months' photo prize contest - $100 for the best photograph received before May, 1921, and five dollars for the best photograph each month. Particulars in April WRITER.
Two prizes, each of $200, offered by the American Historical Association the Justin Winsor prize for a monograph on American history, and the Herbert Baxter Adams prize for a monograph on the history of the Eastern Hemisphere. Particulars in April WRITER. Prize of $2,000 for the best essay on
“ The Con trol of Foreign Relations of the United States : the Relative Rights, Duties, and Responsibilities of the President, of the Senate and the House, and of the Judiciary, in Theory and in Practice," offered by the American Philosophical Society. Competition to close December 31, 1920. Particulars in July WRITER.
Prize of $2,000 offered by the American Chamber
WRITERS OF THE DAY.
Wilbur S. Boyer, whose story, “The Lallapaloosa," appeared in Everybody's Magazine for October, was born in New York City, educated in its public schools, graduated from its public college the College of the City of New York and has taught ever since in its public schools. He is also a graduate of the New York Law School, and a member of the New York bar, but his storywriting has kept him from practising law. Mr. Boyer says that he finds on referring to his records that “ The Lallapaloosa” was written as part of a book before 1909. The book was never published, but after revision the story was sent to the New York Evening Telegram short-story contest in November, 1909, and was rejected. After that it was
revised six times and rejected by seventeen
mar school education there. He holds bachmagazines in its various forms, until last De- elor's degrees from Muskingum College and cember Mr. Boyer — always believing that it from the University of Pennsylvania. Prohad “good stuff" in it took it out, had an fessionally he has been for a number of inspiration, and wrote it all over, and the years a musician and composer, and has a editor of Everybody's, who also had a soft dozen published songs to his credit. In 1908 spot in her heart for the yarn and had been he went to Oregon, where he took charge of disappointed at the necessity of rejecting it the music department of Pacific College at twice previously, snatched it eagerly in its Newberg. Mr. Hull has been writing for the new form. The character of Johnnie Kelly magazines since the latter part of 1915, and in “The Lallapaloosa " has appeared in thirty most of his earlier work appeared in the Red stories in four different magazines. With six Book, which published a story of his each of these stories as a foundation, Mr. Boyer month for about two years, beginning with wrote a novel of 301 pages, entitled “ Johnnie the number for June, 1916. In the last five Kelly," and the Houghton Mifflin Company years he has sold about a hundred short published it this fall.
stories to such magazines as Scribner's, the Speaking of his slow progress in the liter- Bellman ( defunct ), Every Week ( defunct ), ary field, Mr. Boyer says : Had I picked the Red Book, the Blue Book, the Green out a competent critic, let him tear me to Book, the American Magazine, the Popular pieces for two, three, or even four years, not Magazine, the Smart Set, the Country Genbeen too anxious to leap into print and stood tleman, and the Ladies' Home Journal. One the gaff, no matter how it hurt, I should have of his Blue Book stories – “Homer Comes * landed’ sooner, and probably should now be Home” is the current Charles Ray-Ince turning out a larger percentage of worth- photoplay production. Mr. Hull expects to while stories. It takes sand to pay out your complete his first novel, upon which he has money to a critic and get no return. You been working for the past eighteen months, think your yarns as good as many printed before Christmas of this year. and believe that there is a conspiracy to shut you out. It is only when you look back later
BOOK REVIEWS. at the stuff you thought was compelling that you realize what a tyro you were."
PRACTICAL HINTS ON PLAYWRITING. By Agnes Platt.
148 pp. New York : Dodd, Mead, & Co. 1920. Hazel Hall, who wrote the poem, “A Boy
Sensible advice about playwriting, based Went By," which was printed in the October
upon experience by one who has been hand
ling plays for years, reading as many as a Century, was born in St. Paul, but has lived thousand plays a year for theatre managers, is most of her life in Portland, Oregon. The given in this book, a careful reading and poem, “A Boy Went By," is one of a group
study of which cannot fail to be of benefit to of poems written in an attempt to depict the
Miss Platt urges
writers to visit the theatre frequently and types that pass Miss Hall's window. Other
learn to differentiate between the successful poems from this series have appeared in the effects which are due to the writing of the Century for June, in the Dial, and in the New play and those which are due entirely to the Republic. Miss Hall has also had poems
acting or production. Speaking of the imfrom a group which she calls “Needlework'
portance of ensemble,” she points out that
however good a play may be it will miss its printed in Poetry, the Nation, the Liberator, effect on the stage unless it lends itself to and the Touchstone.
acting. The manager wants a play that will speak well, but he does not want “fine” writ
ing. What he wants is a “heart-to-heart". Alexander Hull, whose story, “The Gray
play, a bit of human nature which will go Valley,” published in Scribner's for November
home when played by human beings. One
common fault of play's offered to managers is is one of a number of stories which Scrib
that they are too much alike. The dialogue ner's has recently bought from him, was born does not differentiate. Any speech might be in Columbus, Ohio, and received his gram- spoken by any character. The effect of the
play is tame, and one feels that on the stage it would be tedious.
No play is of any use unless it works up to a climax, and it has long been an axiom among dramatic critics that if the central situation in a play cannot be summarized in three lines the play has not sufficient backbone to arrest public attention. The essential feature of all playwriting is the knack of "building up.”
An author cannot write a good play unless he can see clearly the scenes in which the action is to take place. For practical reasons the playwright should keep his character list down, and cut every expensive detail ruthlessly unless it is absolutely essential to the well-being of the play. Lovableness is the essential quality in a play. Talent, wit, skill, ingenuity, novelty, drama are all great gifts, but they are useless without the greatest of all gifts Charm. To look on the bright side of life, and then to touch the heart of humanity and make it leap to life that is the work of the artist.
The theme is the idea that underlies the play : the plot the actual sequence of events. Plot should develop from character, and the events of the play must spring from the types of characters and their position in relation to one another. The action of a play should spring from the character-drawing
us its reasonable fulfilment. The note of the first act should be expectancy. In the second act should come development of the expectancy and the shadow -cast by coming events ; in the third act the events themselves ; and in the fourth act a solution of the difficulties, which should take the form of a surprise.
These practical suggestions indicate the value of the book, which discusses in a common-sense way all the various features of playwriting. There is a valuable chapter on * How to Sell a Play When Finished, with Hints on Terms and Agreements,” with another chapter on stage terms, and a glossary of phrases connected with the stage.
Clyde Fitch, A “ Sissy” Boy Who BECAME A $250,000 A YEAR DRAMATISt. Literary Digest for No. vember 13
EVOLUTION OF THE Book-PUBLISHING BUSINESS. With portrait
William Heinemann. Literary Digest for November 20.
KNU'D HAMSUN Nobel Prize WINNER. With portrait. Literary Digest for November 20.
THE ADVENTUROUS CAREER OF JOHN REED, WRITER AND RADICAL. Charles A. Merrill. Reprinted from the Boston Globe in the Literary Digest for November 20.
How TO TRAIN A TECHNICAL Writer. John J. Cochrane. Literary Digest for November 20; Fourth Estate for November 27.
NEWS AND NOTES.
LITERARY ARTICLES IN PERIODICALS.
The fifth quinquennial election of “Immortals" for the New York University Hall of Fame has resulted in the choosing of six men and one woman, of whom Mark Twain was the only author.
William Milligan Sloane has been elected president of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, to succeed the late William Dean Howells. Membership in the Academy is limited to fifty, and Lorado Taft, Booth Tarkington, Childe Hassam, and David Jayne Hill have been elected to fill the vacancies made by the deaths of William Dean Howells, Alden Weir, Dr. Horatio Parker, and Ken
[ Readers who send to the publishers of the period. icals indexed for copies of the periodicals containing the articles mentioned in the following reference list will confer a favor if they will mention The WRITER.)
THE DEVELOPMENT OF AMERICAN DRAMA, William Archer. Harper's Magazine for December. ROBERT Louis STEVENSON'S CONTRIBUTION
TO LITERATURE AND
LIFE. Lauchian MacLean Watt. Scribner's for December.
THREE CONRAD Novels. Joseph CONRAD. Dial for December.
SOME CONTEMPORARY JAPANESE Poets. Madame Yukio Ozaki. Asia for December.
Guillot de Saix, a prominent French writer, has been sued by Maurice Verne, the famous playwright, for using his name and portraying his private life in published writings.
Temple University, Philadelphia, will offer The Story of a Style,” by William Bayard a course in photoplay study and scenario Hale (B. W. Huebsch ), is a psychoanalytic writing, beginning in January.
study of President Wilson. Frances Taylor Patterson, instructor in In the second part of his autobiographical photoplay composition in Columbia Univer- volumes, entitled “My Life and Friends," Dr. sity, is the author of “ Cinema Craftsman- James Sully gives a series of pen portraits of ship : A Book for Photoplaywrights,” just George Eliot, Herbert Spencer, George published by Harcourt, Brace, & Howe. Meredith, Leslie Stephen, and William James.
“The Gentle Art of Columning : A Treat- The Art of Poetry," by William Paton ise on Comic Journalism,” by C. L. Edson, is Ker ( Oxford University Press ), is the inpublished by Brentano's.
augural lecture which was delivered before “The Editorial : A Study in the Effective- the University of Oxford, June 5, 1920. ness of Writing,” by Leon Wilson Flint, is “ The Poetry of John Dryden," by Mark published by D. Appleton & Co.
Van Doren ( Harcourt, Brace, & Howe ), is “ The Life and Letters of Hamilton W.
a discussion of Dryden's non-dramatic verse, Mabie," by Edwin W. Morse, is published by
with especial attention given to the celebrator, Dodd, Mead, & Co.
the satirist, the journalist, the singer, and the “The Traditions of European Literature,
story-teller. from Homer to Dante," by Barrett Wendell,
Spanish Prose and Poetry, Old and is published by Charles Scribner's Sons. New," with translated specimens and brief Dodd, Mead, & Co. are the American pub
biographical sketches of the authors, by Ida lishers of S. M. Ellis's biography of George
Farnell, is published by the Oxford UniverMeredith.
sity Press. "Literary Culture in Early New England.
“An Adventure with a Genius,” by Alleyne 1620-1730," by Thomas Goddard Wright, has
Ireland (E. P. Dutton & Co.), is a book of just been brought out by the Yale University
reminiscences of Joseph Pulitzer, which was Press.
first published under the title, “ Joseph Pulit
Edward “Literary Essays," by George
zer : Reminiscences of a Secretary.” Woodberry (Harcourt, Brace, & Howe ),
“A Treasury of Heroes and Heroines,” by
Clayton Edwards treats of Landor, Byron, Matthew Arnold,
( Frederick A. Stokes Cervantes, Virgil, Montaigne, and Swinburne.
Company ), includes a large number of fa
mous people in history, as well as many in “The Connecticut Wits and Other Essays,"
legends. by Henry Austin Beers (Yale University Press ), is a collection of papers of literary
Robert M. McBride & Co. have republished
in pamphlet form Hugh Walpole's article, criticism, including, among others, essays on
“The Art of James Branch Cabell," which Milton, Thackeray, Emerson, John Hay, and
appeared in the Yale Review for June. James Whitcomb Riley, and closing with an
Copies of the pamphlet will be sent on appliessay on the “Art of Letter Writing."
cation. "A Study of Shakspere's Versification," with an inquiry into the trustworthiness of
Louise Imogen Guiney died at Chippingthe early texts, by M. A. Bayfield, M. A., is
Camden, England, November 2, aged fifty
nine. published in this country by the Macmillan Company for the Cambridge University
Charles Noel Douglas died in Brookline Press.
November 13, aged fifty-seven. A symposium “On American Books," by
Mrs. Alice Elinor Bartlett ("Birch Five American Critics, reprinted from the
Arnold") died in Detroit November 18, London Nation, is published by B. W. aged seventy-two. Huebsch. The five authors contributing to it Mrs. Burton Harrison (Constance Cary are J. E. Spingarn, Francis Hackett, H. L. Harrison ) died in Washington November Mencken, Morris Cohen, and Padriac Colum. 22, aged seventy-seven.
Practical Hints on Playwriting
2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00
2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00
2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00
OF THE WRITER?
sible of bound volumes of TRE WRITER, and after By AGNES PLATT
these are gone no more can be procured. We offer
these complete sets while they last - Vol. I.-XXXI. This book, by an authority on the ( 1887-1919) - for $60 each, carriage prepaid to any subject of stage technique, has been de- part of the United States. The prices of bound
volumes ordered singly hereafter will be : signed to help the beginner in the diffi
Vol. 1. (1887)
$5.00 cult art of writing a really good play,
II. (1888) and to clear away any obstacles which
IV. (1890 may beset the more advanced. Miss
V. (1891) Platt is able to give the most valuable
VI. 1892-93 )
VII. (1894) and practical advice, having been dra
VIII. (1895 matic adviser to many producers,
IX. ( 1896 PARTIAL CONTENTS: What the public
XI. (1898) want; what the managers want; what
XII. (1899) the practical actor wants Things that
XIV. (1901) are essential in a good play, and those
XV. (1902) that a successful playwright must avoid.
XVI. (1903 How to choose a plot; how to decide
XVIII. (1906) upon its treatment; how to build up a
XIX. (1907 scenario. How to select and differen
XX. 1908) tiate the characters. The art of writing
7,00 characteristic and telling lines. Situa
2.00 tions, curtains, atmosphere and detail.
2.00 Practicability and expense. How to sell
XXVI. (1914) a play when finished with hints on
XXVII. (1915) terms and agreements. Stage terms ;
2.00 Published by
XXXI, (1919) DODD, MEAD & COMPANY A complete set of thirty-one volumes ordered
singly would cost $68. The price of volumes of
which the extra supply, after making the largest NEW YORK
possible number of sets, is short, is likely to be further advanced at any time. Those who need single
volumes to complete sets, therefore, are advised to Mention THE WRITER.
order them at once.
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