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The information for this Directory, showing the managing editor : Mr Vaughn, Mr. Lake, Mr. manuscript market and the manuscript requirements Henderson, associate editors, of many publications, has been gathered directly Uses articles on manual training, Vocational from the editors of the periodicals, and is strictly education, household arts. vocational guidance. up to date.

and general articles on the industrial arts which The second printing of the Directory, which is have a relation to education. Also articles on constantly being revised and enlarged, began in The school art and mechanical drawing in fact any. Writer for February, 1916, and a three-years' sub- thing that has a bearing on education in the scription beginning with July, 1916, will give the industrial arts. Sets no length limit, but prefers Directory complete, together with much other valu. articles of not more than 3,000 words. Prints able matter. The third printing is now in progress.

fiction : buys photographs; and pays Before submitting manuscripts to any publication, publication. it is advisable to secure a sample copy.

Inland Printer (M), Chicago. 111. Tarry Hillman.

editor. (Continued from the December WRITER.)

A trade paper for printers. Ilumanitarian (M), 205 West End ave.. New York.

Insurance Critic (M), 95 Williamst. New York. $2.00; Misha Appelbaum, editor W. W: $3.00 250. W. E. Underwood, editor. Young, associate editor.

An insurance trade journal. Uses verse and prose on humanitarian and Inter America (M), 407 West 117th st., New York. progressive subjects. Limits articles to from

A magazine founded by the Carnegie Endow2.500 to 3,000 words. Buys no photographs, and prints no fiction. At present does not pay for

ment for International Peace, and published by contributions, but hopes to do so later.

Doubleday. Page, & Co. English and Spanish

numbers alternate monthly, the Spanish numbers Hunter-Trader Trapper (M). Śs East Main st., being made up of articles from the periodical Columbus, Ohio. $1.50 : 200. O. Kuechler, editor. literature of the United States, and the English

Buys very few nianuscripts, as most of its ar- numbers of similar articles from Spanish and ticles are contributed gratis by readers of the Portuguese periodical literature. magazine. Has an abundance of material on hand at present.

International Magazine (M. 1123 Broadway, New

York. $1.50 : 15€.
Illustrated Sunday Magazine (W), 95 Main st., Suspended publication,
Buffalo, N. Y.
Publication discontinued.

International Digest (Succeeding the National DeIllustrated World CM).

fense Digest) (M), 304 Madison ave.. New York.

formerly Technical World 58th st. and Drexel ave., Chicago. $1.50 :

$1.00 : toe. William J. Hartford, editor. 150. William T. Walsh, editor.

Suspended publication January, 1918.
Prints articles that are of direct service to the

International Studio (M). 120 West 320 st., New reader : of direct service in his business, in the

York. $5.00 : 5oc. W. H. de B. Nelson, director. building or care of his home, or in his pleas

Uses only such material as embraces American ures. This covers a broad field mechanical art, that is to say, painting. sculpture, archidevices, practical psychology, how to get on in

tecture, ete, done by American artists, Prints business, inspirational self-help articles

no fiction and no poetry Buys photographs all are covered, Sets length limit at from 100

only with articles. Sets length limitat from to 2,500 words. Does not print fiction or verse, 500 to 2,500 words, according to the subject, and but buys photographs, printing 200 a month.

pays from $10 to $50, or more. Overstocked at llas departments for Science, Mechanics, In

present. ventions, and "Little Oddities of Life." Pays

ADDITIONS AND CHANGES upon acceptance.

Dearborn Independent (The Ford National Impressions (A Magazine of Diverting Originality) Weekly) (W), Dearborn, Michigan. $1.00 ; sc. (M), 401 West 118th st., New York. $1,50 ; 150. E. G. Pipp. editor. Lewis F. Levenson, Roy L. Mangum, and Jess

A weekly paper in magazine form, first issue Hiller, editors.

January 11, 1919. Uses general articles and short Does not pay for contributions, but uses ar stories, jokes, if good, and juvenile matter, if ticles on pertinent questions, satire ; verse; good. Does not print poetry, but buys photostoriettes, vignettes ; epigrams ; essays on drama, graphs, and has departments for all the family art, and literature ; short humor short one-act

Household Hints ; Fashion and Fancy Work plays ; and unusual short stories, either excep- Sports; Financial World and Investments tionally bright or morbid stories that do not Juvenile. One full page of each issue contains appeal to the ordinary editor. Sets length limits only articles written by Mr. Ford himself. Sets at 3.000 words, and does not buy photographs..

no length limits, but prefers short manuscripts, Improvement Era (M). 20 Bishops' Building, Salt

and fiction of a character especially for women. Lake City, Utah. $2.00; 200. Edward H. Ander- Harper's Bazar (M), International Magazine Co., son, associate editor,

119 West 4oth st., New York. $4.00 ; 35c. John Prints general articles, short stories, poetry,

Chapman Hilder, editor. and jokes, as well as photographs, and has special Uses general articles, serials and short stories, departments : but buys only short stories. Sets but no novelettes, poetry, jokes, plays or juvelength limits at from 1,000 to 3,000 words, and nile matter. Buys photographs. Sets length pays on acceptance.

limits for short stories at from 4,000 to 7,000 Independent (W), 119 West 4oth st., New York,

words: for serials, six or seven instalments of $4.00 ; TOC. Hamilton Holt, editor.

about 6,500 words each. Prefers fiction with Prints general articles and poetry, but no fic- Bleesy noff blot hand action, and sophistication. tion. Sets length limitat 3,000 words, but prefers articles of from 600 to 2,500 words. Buys

World Tomorrow (M), 118 East 28th st., New photographs, and pays a cent a word on publica



Norman Thomas, managing tion,

editor ; Walter G. Fuller, editorial secretary. Indiana Farmers' Guide (Combination of Farmers'

“A Journal Looking Toward a Christian Guide and the Indiana Farmer ), (W), Hunting.

World. Established by the Fellowship of Reconton, Indiana. $1.00 : 50. T. L. Wheeler, editor.


medium for the free discus

sion of questions relative to the interpretation Uses general articles, short stories, serials,

of Christianity to our age and its application juvenile matter, and material for the different

for the reconstruction of society, Uses short departments : does not buy poetry. Buys photo

general articles discussing developments and regraphs, Sets length limits at from 500 to 1,000

form in political, socialand industrial condi: words, Pays first month after publication.

tions national and international. Prints Industrial Arts Magazine (M), 129 Michigan st., poetry, and makes occasional prize offers. Does Milwaukee, Wisconsin. $2.00; 250. W. CI Bruce, not pay for manuscripts at present.

The third printing of this Directory enlarged and revised was begun in THE WRITER for March, 1917. Back numbers can be supplied. A three-years' subscription beginning with July, 1916 (price, $4.50 ), will give the Directory complete, with additions and chan


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ENTERED AT THE BOSTON POST OFFICE AS SECOND-CLASS MAIL MATTER novel is the one that merges all these varied

forms of human activity in a comprehensive


movement, wherein man, though endowed

THE MECHANISM OF THE YOVEL : A Primer of with a certain measure of freedom, is never-

Fictional Art. V. Thomas L. Marble

theless guided and directed, humbled and


chastened, by a Power he dimly perceives and

LI, Edward B. Hughes


but vaguely understands.

Editorial Courtesy,

A Businesslike

Jane Eyre is neither better nor worse for

Poet's Scheme, 4 More Postal Law Ab.

all the emotional storms that assail her, and


though Rochester is duly abased by his great



affliction, his sudden accession of spiritual

Economy oi Paper, 6 — Prizes and Big Checks grace seems hardly more than a conventional

for Poetry, 6 Suggestions for Rejection incident in the happy ending of the story.


Professor Horne does not find "a lack of



development in Miss Austen's heroines,” yet,



Albert J. Cook, 10 - Roy S. Durstine

as a rule, the experiences through which they


pass," he declares, are not of a nature to

Ralph Henry Barbour, II Mary Carolyn

cause any notable growth."

Davies, 11 Edna Ferber, 12 - Edgar A.

To George Eliot, on the other hand, the

Guest, 12 Joel Chandler Harris


cardinal problem was the development of

The Longest Poem, 13 To Overcome Self- higher qualities through the testing processes

consciousness in Writing

of life. Silas Marner finds a little child sleep-


ing on his hearth, and the hand of that little




child is the hand of Destiny. Slowly but

surely it leads him out of his gloomy self-

centeredness and miserly greed into the sun-


light of human love, of fellowship and of

liberality. The plot of this novel, though


comprising a distinct chain of outward events

analytically interpreted and touched with emo-



tion, mainly concerns the growth of the hu-

man soul. Destiny is shown, not in the form

Jane Austen and George Eliot-Hawthorne

of miraculous intervention, but in the logic of

and his Philosophy of Sin Hardy and


cause and effect.

Hawthorne's Treatment of Sin. Haw-

The Story of the Human Soul. However

thorne sounded a deeper note. There are

thrilling may be the story of adventure or

other evolutionary forces at work in the

the emotional novel, however penetrating and

spiritual world besides goodness and inno-

truthful the character-study, it is, after all,

cence, and his characters are tried and tem-

the story of the human soul that most vitally

pered in the fiery furnace of sin.

concerns mankind ; and since deed, thought,

"Is he not beautiful ?” said Miriam,

and passion all have their influence on the

watching the sculptor's eye as it dwelt ad-

development of the individual, the truly great

miringly on Donatello. So changed, yet

Copyright, 1919, by William H. Hills. All rights reserved.


still, in a deeper sense, so much the same! He has traveled in a circle, as all things heavenly and earthly do, and now comes back to his original self, with an inestimable treasure of improvement won from an experience of pain. How wonderful is this ! I tremble at my own thoughts, yet must needs probe them to their depths. Was the crime — in which he and I were wedded was it a blessing, in that strange disguise ? Was it a means of education, bringing a simple and imperfect nature to a point of feeling and intelligence which it could have reached under no other discipline ?"

" You stir up deep and perilous matter, Miriam," replied Kenyon. “I dare not follow you into the unfathomable abysses whither you are tending."

* Yet there is a pleasure in them ! I delight to brood on the verge of this great mystery,” returned she. “The story of the fall of man! Is it not repeated in our romance of Monte Beni ? And may we follow the analogy yet farther ? Was that very sin – into which Adam precipitated himself and all his race – was it the destined means by which, over a long pathway of toil and sorrow, we are to attain a higher, brighter, and profounder happiness than our last birthright gave ? will not this idea account for the permitted existence of sin, as no other theory can ?”

" It is too dangerous, Miriam ! I cannot follow you !” repeated the sculptor. “Mortal man has no right to tread on the ground where you now set your feet."

“Ask Hilda what she thinks of it," said Miriam, with a thoughtful smile. “At least, she might conclude that sin which man chose instead of good been so beneficently handled by omniscience and omnipotence, that, whereas our dark enemy sought to destroy us by it, it has really become an instrument most effective in the education of inteliect and soul."

The Scarlet Letter.” – The working of that unseen Power that moulds our destinies is nowhere more beautifully and naturally expressed than in the forest scene, where Hes. ter Prynne, alone with Arthur Dimmesdale, has thrown aside the scarlet letter, and Pearl - “the living hieroglyphic, in which was revealed the secret they so darkly sought to hide" – has commanded her mother to restore it to her bosom.

“ Was ever such a child !” observed Hester, aside to the minister. “O, I have much to tell thee about her ! But,

in very truth, she is right as regards this hateful token. I must bear its torture yet a little longer, — only a few days longer, - until we shall have left this region, and look back hither as to a land which we have dreamed of. The forest cannot hide it! The mid-ocean shall take it from my hand, and swallow it up forever !"

With these words, she advanced to the margin of the brook, took up the scarlet letter, and fastened it again into her bosom. Hopefully, but a moment ago, as Hester had spoken of drowning it in the deep sea, there was a sense of inevitable doom upon her, as she thus received back this deadly symbol from the hand of fate. She had Aung it into infinite space ! - she had drawn an hour's free breath! – and here again was the scarlet misery, glittering on the old spot ! So it ever is, whether thus typified or no, that an evil deed invests itself with the character of doom. Hester next gathered up the heavy tresses of her hair, and confined them beneath her cap.

As if there were a withering spell in the sad letter, her beauty, the warmth and richness of her womanhood, departed, like fading sunshine ; and a gray shadow seemed to fall across her."

The Novels of Hardy. This same sense of the inevitableness of things, of human desires dominated by a Superior Will, characterizes the realistic novels of Thomas Hardy ; and whatever may be said in disparagement of Hardy's philosophy, there can be no question but that his principal characters are exemplars of spiritual growth. Of Tess in “Tess of the D'Urbervilles " the Folletts have said : "She is an inspiring picture of the fortitude of the human soul expressing itself in the virtues of steadfastness, obstinate devotion, and self-effacement." And again : “She is a pure woman faithfully presented' in her struggle against all the impurities in the world."

"The Octopus.– Some of our more recent writers have practically personified the evolutionary principle, making it the vital and all-embracing power

within the novel. Howells has said of " The Octopus ” : “The play of an imagination fed by a rich consciousness of the mystical relations of nature and human nature, the body and the soul of earthly life, steeps the whole theme in an odor of common growth. It is as if the


Wheat sprang out of the hearts of men, in the conception of the young poet who writes its Iliad, and who shows how it overwhelms their lives, and germinates anew from their deaths."

This is literally true. Just as Walt Whitman reads a divine lesson in the grass, “perennially sprouting, universal, formless, common, the always spread feast of the herds," so does Norris catch the hint of God's eternal purpose in the wheat, “ that mighty worldforce, that nourisher of nations." Annixter, cherishing the "little seed” of love in the dark recesses of his nature ; Hilma, blossoming into rarest beauty under the spell of dawning motherhood ; Presley, striving to

express the mighty truths which so long lay dormant in his mind ; Vanamee, sending his psychic summons out into the vast unknown – all are but different manifestations of the same deific power which swings “the pendulum of the seasons," and causes the grain of wheat, long buried in the deep, dark furrows of the earth, to answer “to the call of the sun." Destiny is relentless, and the wheat growers are crushed at last in the tentacles of that "iron-hearted Power" against which they have presumed to lift their puny strength. Nemesis appears in the guise of the wheat, however, and the death of S. Behrman adds the final touch of irony. Thomas L. Marble. GORHAM, N. H.

( To be continued.)



President Wilson is authority for the dic- Esq." The proper address is "Mr. John tum that the nations with which we have Jones." In addressing a man without a title been associated in the war are not "our in England, it is not good form not to use Allies,” but “only the nations with which the “Esquire," if he is a gentleman, or a profesUnited States is associated."

sional man, as distinguished from a tradesThe British Court is not “The Court of man. In England “Mr.” in an address beSt. James,” but “The Court of St. James's.” fore the name is used only in addressing St. James's palace, London, built by Henry tradesmen. VIII, has been the official town residence of According to a military man, Major S. the English Court since the fire at Whitehall J. M. Auld, in fact, – the plural of "shell" in 1698. Ward, Lock, & Co.'s London guide is "shell," and to say, for instance, “a rain ( Who now would refer to Baedeker !) says : of shells" is “very civilian." " St. James's Palace, 'Our Court of St. In this country “My dear Mr. Brown" at James's', to which foreign ambassadors and the beginning of a letter is regarded as more ministers are still accredited, though it has formal than “Dear Mr. Brown." In Englong since ceased to be the sovereign's resi- land, it is the other way. The English fashdence," etc. The Official U. S. Bulletin, how- ion seems to be more reasonable, but a ever, records the "selection of John William national custom or prejudice is not easily Davis, solicitor-general, as Ambassador to upset. Great Britain."

There is no logical reason for the use of Speaking of “ The Star-Spangled Banner,” the phrase, "only too " for "very" in such the title should be written thus. It is not cor- sentences as, “I shall be only too glad to rect to write : “The words of the Star- come," so that the Northwestern Christian Spangled Banner,'" or "of the Star Advocate was rhetorically wrong when it Spangled Banner.'”

said : "We shall be only too willing to note It is not good form in this country to ad- the death of any Methodist boy in the Northdress a man, for instance, as “ John Jones, western territory." Edward B. Hughes.


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