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he asks only $1.25" to help cover the expense,” being willing to share the

expense with the author, for the sake of making a sale. His fitness to revise the manuscript is shown by the English of his letter. It is interesting to note that Mr. Hobart writes "Ms.” and “Mss.” for “MS.” and “MSS."

Editor The WRITER.) I sent the $1.25 and received the following acknowledgment :New York

London

Washington THE COSMOS MAGAZINE

40.)-402

Sixth Street Northwest
Telephones :

Editorial Rooms, Main 6112
General Offices, Main 6221

Washington, D. C.

April 9, 1917.
Mr. Allan McCorkindale,
Calendonia,

N. Y. Dear Sir Your favor, with remittance at band, and, as per my letter, I will read over your Ms. carefully, edit

in places and type it in proper form ; also help you in the matter of putting you in touch with likely pub. lishers.

Will write you just as get this work finished in good shape. Very sincerely yours,

H. A. Hobart. May 15, I received a typewritten copy of my story and ten magazine addresses to which my manuscript might be submitted. Accompanying these was copy of a letter from the McLean Company, Baltimore, addressed to Horace D. Hitchcock, Editor, The Cosmos Magazine, and reading as follows :

( Copy )
THE MCLEAN COMPANY
Publishers and Booksellers

7 Clay Street

Baltimore, Md. Mr. Horace D, Hitchcock, Editor, The Cosmos Magazine, Washington, D. C.

Dear Sir Replying to your inquiry we beg to state that we desire Mss. of 5,000 to 10,000 words for issue in small volume form for our Miniature Library. For regular book issue we can consider anything over 10,000 words. We are always glad to examine book Mss. of fiction, biography, travel, education, science, poetry, also groups of short stories suitable for volume issue.

soon

as

I can

For books of verse, which we also issue in fine cloth bindings, we require enough material to fill 24 or more pages of ordinary poetry. We can consider short single poems or small groups of poems

for booklet use. Ali Mss, sent to us must be sent fully prepaid with stamps enclosed for their return if not found available. We will not be responsible for any Mss. sent otherwise.

We are very glad to know of the great success “ The Cosmos Magazine has achieved as a distinctive. publication of national circulation. Your magazine is one that can interest anyone, and, for this reason we will undoubtedly soon see it classed as one of the big leaders. Thanking you

for

your interest, and with sentiments of esteem, we are

Respectfully yours,

THE MCLEAN COMPANY. [ It will be observed that the writer of the letter signed “The McLean Company," also writes “Ms.," and that his literary style is not unlike that of Mr. Hitchcock, whom he is addressing. It will be observed also that the McLean Company can use almost anything in the way of manuscripts, from a short poem to a great, big book. Editor THE WRITER)

I was glad at that time to obtain publishers' addresses, as my acquaintances along this line were few, and I submitted some rhymes, entitled “A Jewel-decked Castle,"

to the McLean Company. June ui, I received this letter New York Baltimore

Washington
THE MCLEAN COMPANY

Publishers and Booksellers
62 Rippel Building, 7 Clay Street

Baltimore, Md.
Correspondence Branch Phone, St. Paul 3269

June 4, 1917. Mr. Allan A. McCorkendale,

Caledonia, N. Y. Dear Sir We are in receipt of your poem A Jewel-Decked Castle." The preliminary re. port is favorable and it is probable we shall be in a position to make you an offer for the publication of the work in volume form. If this recommendation is confirmed by the Management

very likely receive contract within a short time. Meanwhile, we are

Very truly yours,

THE MCLEAN COMPANY. [In this letter, the address "62 Rippel Building” in the printed heading is cancelled, and the address "7 Clay street" is

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it is stipulated that if the amount of royalties accruing before the accounting period, at any time exceeds five hundred dollars,

a statement shall be made in the interval. 8. It is agreed that we are to distribute from

40 to 100 copies of your book in order to secure reviews and for other advertising objects, inclusive of advisable samples to dealers and buyers ( at our expense ) said

copies exempt from accounting. 9. In consideration of the above costly and expert

special and specific service it is agreed that you will pay to The McLean Company the

of $100.00 (One Hundred Dollars) which may be paid kalf down on signing of contract, and the balance on receip: of proofs, which acquits you of further liability weder this contract. in witness whereof we have hereto attached the signature of this company which with the affixing of your signature will constitute this a valid contract of which you are to retain one copy and return the other. THE MCLEAN COMPANY,

A. M. Burchall

Contract Manager. BALTIMORE, MD. June 13th, 1917.

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typewritten in It will appear later that 7 Clay street and the Rippel Building are the same location. Editor The WRITER.)

Duly enclosed was this printed contract with typewritten inserts, which I have indicated by italics — which I was to sign and return with one hundred dollars “to pay part of the expense":

CONTRACT Specific Contract and Agreement for the Pro

duction of a Book ( with Special Service As. tached ) Between THE MCLEAN COUPINY,

Publishers, oi Baltimore, and Mr. Allan A. McCorkendale of Caledonia, New

York. 1. Under the terms of this contract it is agreed

that we will issue in attractive form your Ms. entitled A Jewel-Decked Castle” to be priced at $.50, style and paper, designing, to be submitted to you, if desired, before using. The Ms. contains 42 lines ; volume

to be artistically printed, and illustrated. 2. It is understood that the copyright of the

book is to be in the author's name and is to be secured by us, we paying all the ex

pense of same. 3. We agree under this contract to render the

following specific work and service on the production of the book, typesetting, paper, printing, designing, distribution of review copies, listing in the trade journals, advertising in magazines, cataloguing, ad. visable correspondence with book dealers and the production and distribution of the book according to the explicit provision for the production and for the special service comprised by this contract ; announce

at the back of book at publisher's option ( which will constitute our sole re

sponsibility ). 4. We agree to assume the entire expense of

subsequent necessary editions, during the existence of this contract, it being under: stood that the aggregate orders such case must total 500 copies of the book in order to render this clause operative, it being understood that the contract runs for one year from date, renewable by mutual

consent in writing. 5.

You are to receive 50 copies of your book

free upon issue ; also any additional up to

200 copies inclusive. 6. We will agree to pay and account for

you on all of the copies sold by us a per centage of 40 per cent. the first 1,000 copies ; 45 per cent. for all copies up to and including 2,500 and 50 per cent. for all copies succeeding the disposal of 2,500

copies. 7. Statement of accounting of whatever royal.

ties due to be rendered semi-annually but

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Author's Signature. ( Seal ) [ It should be observed that the manu

anuscript which the McLean Company thinks of bringing out "in volume form” is described by Mr. McCorkendale as “some rhymes," and that the contract forwarded to him says : “ The manuscript contains 42 lines." He is asked to pay one hundred dollars for bringing out a 42-line poem, illustrated, “in volume form." Obviously, if one thousand copies of the “volume” are sold at fifty cents apiece the author will get two hundred dollars, in addition to two hundred copies iree, which he can perhaps sell for fifty cenis apiece, and if two thousand, five hundred copies are sold, his profit will be proportionately greater. The statement of * specific work and service," later described as “costly and expert special and specific service,” to be rendered by the publishers, is qurite impressive. Returns – if any must be prompt, since the contract runs only for a year, renewable by mutual consent in writing.” The subtle suggestion in paragraph 7 that the amount of royalties accruing in a six-months' period may exceed five hundred dollars would doubtless make an impression on an author. At the same time, it

to

on

line poem.

will be noticed that the McLean Company does not make any definite promises which it might possibly regret, although it agrees to assume “the entire expense of subsequent necessary editions” that is to say, if it has unfilled orders for five hundred copies of the "book" at any time within a year.

Editor THE WRITER.)

I did not have one hundred dollars for this purpose, and informed Mr. Burchall, contract manager, of the fact June 26, I received from him a letter which read as fo!lows : New York Baltimore

Washington
THE MCLEAN COMPANY
Publishers and Booksellers

7 Clay Street

Baltimore, Md.
Correspondence Branch

June 25th, 1917.
Mr. Allan A. McCorkendale,

Caledonia, New York.
Dear Mr. McCorkendale We have made
strong efforts to permit you to see the publica-
tion of your book concerning which

we have been in negotiation. A contract was submitted to you which was acceptable, but the publica. tion is kept out of your reach, apparently for lack of necessary money

to assist in the issuance.

We want to see this book of yours published. Why should the

Ms.

lie dead, month after month, year after year ? We have now decided to suggest an experiment to you easily within your power to embrace and which if successful will allow you to see your book published without any further outlay on your part whatsoever.

We propose to issue a fine Descriptive Folder, containing an ORDER BLANK, to be circuilated among book buyers, dealers, jobbers and also to lists of your personal friends (to be supplied by you ) with an object of securing such a number of Advance Orders as will permit the issuance of the book without cost to you. This Folder would be beautifully printed and whatever number you wanted for your own personal to be supplied free, the remainder to be used by us for a vigorous and immediate Campaign. All

would require of you would be the nominal assistance of $25.00 to help us out in the expert preparation of the Folder, printing, distribution, etc. This payment would be credited to you and added to the first royalty pay. ment accruing after the issuance of your

book. Your total liability would be the small sum named ; should our efforts fail in the sale of your book

accept the total responsibility and loss.

You will therefore kindly submit to us a brief synopsis of your book in your own words (to

us

be elaborated and perfected by us ) enclosing
also your photograph if you wish it to be used ;
together with the remittance named and we will
go ahead full speed. Sign and return the car-
bon of this letter enclosed which will be a
memorandum of our important undertaking.
Let us now get together and see if we can't get
out this booklet of yours without further delay.
If this offer is not acceptable, let us know and
the Poem will be returned at once.

Faithfully yours,
THE MCLEAN COMPANY,

per A. M. Burchall [ It will be observed that Mr. Burchall, like Mr. Hobart, writes “Ms.” for “MS.”. It should be remembered that the "book," of which Mr. McCorkendale is requested to suhmit a brief synopsis,” to be used in the Folder, with the ORDER BLANK, is the 42

Editor The WRITER.) It did not seem wise to me to invest twenty-five dollars in this way and so I declined this offer. December 14, a letter came !0 me from the Saulsbury Publishing Co., Rippel Bldg., Baltimore, Md., as follows :New York Office

Cleveland Office 305 Broadway

Schofield Bldg.
Phone, 21 30 Worth

Phone, Main 5268
SAULSBURY PUBLISHING COMPANY

Incorporated
Rippel Building
Baltimore, Md.

December 13th, 1917.
Mr. A. A. McCorkendale,

Caledonia, N. Y. Dear Mr. McCorkendale Your book Ms. together with memo of your correspondence has been referred to us by The McLean Co. as they are going out of business. We have carefully considered your Ms.

You no doubt know from your experience in sending your Mss. to publishers, that very few, if any, put out books unless the author has a pen name of commercial value or unless the author has faith in his work and co-operates with his her publisher. Good interesting work will sell no matter who puts it out.

Our facilities are such that we believe we can make your book attractive and possess selling value. We are willing to publish it under the terms of the enclosed contract which we send in blank. If you decide to take up the matter

will send contracts duly executed. Our terms, as per clause No. 9. would be for you to assume at least 40 per cent. of total outlay, royalty to be in proportion. This would necessitate a payment of $100.00 half to be deposited in your bank subject to our sight draft on pres. entation of proofs, the balance to be paid in small monthly installments. This plan, which

use

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we

we

we

are not

are

fully protects you is different from other publishers who require contract payment made on signing.

We would give our careful attention to your book and to the many details of successful pube lishing and selling. If, however, you interested or are unable to take up the matter under any terms, please advise us and the Ms. will be returned at once. Awaiting your consideration, we Very truly yours, Saulsbury Publishing Co. Inc. By T. C. McNamee

Secretary. [ Oddly enough, Mr. McNamee, of the Saulsbury Publishing Company, which in succeeding the McLean Company in the Rippel Building is back from 7 Clay street the same

location also writes "Ms." and “Mss.” for “MS.” and “MSS.," and the

literary style of his letter seems familiar. Reputable publishers will be interested in his statement that “very few, if any, put out books unless the author has a pen-name of commercial value, or unless the author has faith in his work, and co-operates with his or her publisher" especially in view of his declaration that “good interesting work will sell, no matter who puts it out.” – Editor The Writer.]

I declined this proposition, and my manuscript was returned to the parental home which it had left more than six months before.

But the end was not yet.
CALEDONIA, N. Y. Allan McCorkendale.

( To be continued.)

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THE MECHANISM OF THE NOVEL.

CHAPTER VI.

set, sunrise, etc., by the manipulation of elec

tric lights. The effect of setting upon situaSETTING

tions and characters must be visibly shown : Stage Setting and the Setting of the Novel

it cannot, except in rare instances, be verbally The Attitude of the Old Epic Poets Toward

described. In fact, any description of setting Nature Landscape, Inanimate Objects,

whatsoever emanating from the characters Animals, and Human Beings Setting ; ( and it must so emanate if employed at all ) Represented as in Harmony with or in Op

can hardly fail to be irrelevant, since the picposition to the Characters.

torial representation of the scene described is Definition of Setting. In no respect is the visible to the eye. distinction between the novel and the drama

The Privilege of the Novelist. The novelmore clearly marked than in the matter of

ist, on the other hand, may suspend his diasetting. By the term "setting” is here meant logue for a time and indulge in the most the environment (including foreground and

elaborate descriptions of background. Though background ) in which the action proceeds,

compelled by the necessities of his craft to whether that environment be nature and the paint his scene in words, he may, if he accompaniment of natural forces, animate or

chooses, convert that necessity into a privilege, inanimate objects, or actual human beings. and make his setting a vital part of the story

Stage Setting. In the production of a itself. To be sure, the dramatist is not alplay, landscape and houses or other struc- together fettered in this regard. Zangwill tures which comprise the material surround- has wonderfully vitalized his background in ings in which the characters move must be "The Melting-Pot.” But the freedom of portrayed by painted scenery. The illusion of treatment, the opportunity for personal exthunder, rain, tumult, and the like must be planation and interpretation, which the novelcreated by imitative noises ; lightning, sun- ist enjoys, is denied the dramatist, whose

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descriptive powers are restricted to the spoken comment of his characters upon a tangible, visible scene.

Neutral Treatment. There is a certain type of novel in which the treatment of locality is analogous to the playwright's description of stage setting. Nature is lifeless, and landscape of no greater significance than the conventional scenery of the theatre. Stevenson has called attention to this fact in connection with the novels of Fielding. Other critics have found a like defect in Richardson's work.

Nature and the Epic Poets. – The old epic poets attached far greater importance to nature and natural phenomena than did the early English novelists. Back of forest, hill, stream, wind, wave, and cloud stood the immortal gods using the forces of nature to aid and abet the earthly children whom they loved, or to harass those who had incurred their enmity.

Æolus at the instigation of Juno releases the raging winds in order to disperse the fleet of Æneas, whose goddess mother is Juno's rival. Thus Virgil reveals the antagonistic side of nature.

When the Trojan women set fire to the boats, Æneas prays to Jove for succor. The beneficent offices of nature are thus disclosed :Scarce had he said, -ben southern stores arise : From pole to pole the forky Egzssing fies : Loud rattling shakes the

plain : Heaven bellies downward, and desceeds is a: Whole sheets of water from the cissis ze set Which, hissing throagh ite pieces, the 36

prevent, And stop the fiery pest.

Human Background ix Epic Pers. - ? was nature the only setting that was deed. Every mortal comtat acquired 2 23.1 distinction by reason oi tra: *55. *222's of the gods, who were aans geeste in human guise or wrapped suga *** contending armies forward Scorect lent a unique significance to be tak ground.

Sympathetic Natural Setting novelists were not 1052 2 2 2 alogous treatment of serioz i:

from any suggestion of the intervention of pagan gods, but equally sentient and vital.

Charlotte Brontë's description of back. ground is worthy of careful study. In " Jane Eyre” nature reflects, interprets, and foreshadows events and emotions. The great moorland into which Jane strays after she has fied from Thornfield receives her with a synipathy that is almost human. She declares :

Not a tie holds me to human society at this moment not a charm or hope calls me where my fellow-creatures are none that saw me would have a kind thought or a good wish for me. I have

relative but the universal mother, Nature : I will seek her breast and ask repose.

I struck sıraight into the heath ; I held on to a hollow I saw deeply furrowing the brown moor-side ; I waded knee-deep in its dark growth ; I turned with its turnings, and finding a moss-blackened granite crag in a hidden angle, I sat down under it. High banks of moor were about me ; the crag protected my head : the sky was Over that.

I touched the heath ; it was dry, and yet warm with the heat of the summer day. I looked at the sky ; it was pure: a kindly star twirkien just above the chasm ridge, The dew ieil, but with propitioue soit. ness ; breeze whispered. Mature seemed to me besign and 2000 ; I thought she losed rre, 6cast as I was; and I, who írom rran cord anscinate, oriy mis. iris, rejection, inst, Cur:2 to her with fica! fordres. Tonigt, at wo de ser quest

a. I nar fier child; my mother 9ze without IT.Geard ***.99 175C",

Inanimale Object: Pepresented a: 11. patrizing with Characters,

The War Fars." tae irez, sotis, imsarıSZ 21 74 ; 6,3 6,4 irat, mais

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